 
 Black nationalist and first
democratically elected black
president of South Africa (1994–99).
 After joining the ANC, h...
 He attended South African Native College and studied law at the
University of the Witwatersrand.
 In 1944 he joined the...
 He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to
build support for nonviolent means of protest agai...
5
 In 1952, Mandela and Oliver Tambo set up South Africa's first black-run
law firm.
 He started off as a pacifist — then ...
 He appeared in a Spike Lee film- Mandela has a cameo in
1992's Malcolm X as a teacher reciting one of the civil rights a...
 He created the Nelson Mandela’s Children Fund.
 A charity that helps poor South African children.
 He said that – ―Chi...
9
 According to media- a
terrorist is made into some
kind of folk hero.
 Mandela did not fight for
actual equality and fre...
11
A leader of his people –
• Nelson Mandela was the first black President of South Africa.
• He spent 27 years in prison for...
 
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Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela

  1. 1.  
  2. 2.  Black nationalist and first democratically elected black president of South Africa (1994–99).  After joining the ANC, he helped to form the ANC Youth League in a bid to increase youth activism and help end racism.  In 1948, apartheid was introduced, stripping black inhabitants of South Africa of their rights and enforcing racial segregation.  His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system.  Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. 2
  3. 3.  He attended South African Native College and studied law at the University of the Witwatersrand.  In 1944 he joined the African National Congress (ANC), a black- liberation group, and became a leader of its Youth League.  Mandela subsequently held other ANC leadership positions, through which he helped revitalize the organization and oppose the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party.  In 1952 in Johannesburg, with Oliver Tambo, Mandela established South Africa’s first black law practice, specializing in cases resulting from the post-1948 apartheid legislation.  Also in 1952, Mandela played an important role in launching a campaign of defiance against South Africa’s pass laws, which required nonwhites to carry documents authorizing their presence in areas that the government deemed ―restricted‖. 3
  4. 4.  He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to build support for nonviolent means of protest against the discriminatory laws.  In 1955 he was involved in drafting the Freedom Charter, a document calling for nonracial social democracy in South Africa.  His antiapartheid activism made him a frequent target of the authorities.  In 1956 he was arrested with more than 100 other people on charges of treason that were designed to harass antiapartheid activists.  In 1962, he got arrested. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6.  In 1952, Mandela and Oliver Tambo set up South Africa's first black-run law firm.  He started off as a pacifist — then took up arms.  Mandela was a master of disguise and a genius at evading.  He was dressed in a chauffeur's outfit when he was finally arrested.  A courtroom speech about being ready to die helped save his life.  In prison, he was highly skilled at secretly passing notes.  He had a chance to get out of prison — and declined, on principle.  When he finally got out, he only strengthened his fight against Apartheid. 6
  7. 7.  He appeared in a Spike Lee film- Mandela has a cameo in 1992's Malcolm X as a teacher reciting one of the civil rights activist's speeches.  But he refused to deliver a certain line of Lee's script.  He worked as hard to make peace as he did to bring down Apartheid.  His policies saved and improved innumerable lives.  He used sports to bring the racially divided country  He was open about his biggest mistake — and tried till the end to make up for it.  He probably won more awards than anyone in history.  There's now a global holiday in his honor. 7
  8. 8.  He created the Nelson Mandela’s Children Fund.  A charity that helps poor South African children.  He said that – ―Children are the wealth of our country.‖ ―They must be given love.‖  Established the Nelson Mandela Foundation and The Mandela Rhodes Foundation.  Mandela realized the transformative and unifying power of sports, and used that power to make changes that protests and diplomacy could not. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10.  According to media- a terrorist is made into some kind of folk hero.  Mandela did not fight for actual equality and freedom for all people.  He fought for communism. 10 • He killed people, committed terrorism to force into power a communist government. • Mandela was trained by terrorist group Algerian Liberation Army in 1961.
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. A leader of his people – • Nelson Mandela was the first black President of South Africa. • He spent 27 years in prison for trying to overthrow the pro-apartheid government. • After he left prison, he worked to achieve human rights and a better future for everyone in South Africa. Why is he famous? • Nelson Mandela became famous for his long fight against bad government and racial prejudice. • He became a hero to people all over the world. • As South Africa's President, he was respected for his courage and wisdom in bringing people together to live in peace. 12
  13. 13.  

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