Black nationalist and first
democratically elected black
president of South Africa (1994–99).
After joining the ANC, he helped to
form the ANC Youth League in a bid
to increase youth activism and help
In 1948, apartheid was introduced,
stripping black inhabitants of South
Africa of their rights and enforcing
His negotiations in the early 1990s
with South African Pres. F.W. de
Klerk helped end the
country’s apartheid system.
Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. 2
He attended South African Native College and studied law at the
University of the Witwatersrand.
In 1944 he joined the African National Congress (ANC), a black-
liberation group, and became a leader of its Youth League.
Mandela subsequently held other ANC leadership positions, through which
he helped revitalize the organization and oppose the apartheid policies of
the ruling National Party.
In 1952 in Johannesburg, with Oliver Tambo, Mandela established South
Africa’s first black law practice, specializing in cases resulting from the
post-1948 apartheid legislation.
Also in 1952, Mandela played an important role in launching a campaign
of defiance against South Africa’s pass laws, which required nonwhites to
carry documents authorizing their presence in areas that
the government deemed ―restricted‖.
He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to
build support for nonviolent means of protest against the discriminatory
In 1955 he was involved in drafting the Freedom Charter, a document
calling for nonracial social democracy in South Africa.
His antiapartheid activism made him a frequent target of the authorities.
In 1956 he was arrested with more than 100 other people on charges of
treason that were designed to harass antiapartheid activists.
In 1962, he got arrested.
In 1952, Mandela and Oliver Tambo set up South Africa's first black-run
He started off as a pacifist — then took up arms.
Mandela was a master of disguise and a genius at evading.
He was dressed in a chauffeur's outfit when he was finally arrested.
A courtroom speech about being ready to die helped save his life.
In prison, he was highly skilled at secretly passing notes.
He had a chance to get out of prison — and declined, on principle.
When he finally got out,
he only strengthened his
fight against Apartheid.
He appeared in a Spike Lee film- Mandela has a cameo in
1992's Malcolm X as a teacher reciting one of the civil rights activist's
But he refused to deliver a certain line of Lee's script.
He worked as hard to make peace as he did to bring down Apartheid.
His policies saved and improved innumerable lives.
He used sports to bring the racially divided country
He was open about his biggest mistake — and tried till the end to make
up for it.
He probably won more awards than anyone in history.
There's now a global holiday in his honor.
He created the Nelson Mandela’s Children Fund.
A charity that helps poor South African children.
He said that – ―Children are the wealth of our country.‖
―They must be given love.‖
Established the Nelson Mandela Foundation and The Mandela Rhodes
Mandela realized the transformative
and unifying power of sports, and
used that power to make changes
that protests and diplomacy could not.
According to media- a
terrorist is made into some
kind of folk hero.
Mandela did not fight for
actual equality and freedom
for all people.
He fought for communism.
• He killed people, committed
terrorism to force into power
a communist government.
• Mandela was trained by
terrorist group Algerian
Liberation Army in 1961.
A leader of his people –
• Nelson Mandela was the first black President of South Africa.
• He spent 27 years in prison for trying to overthrow the pro-apartheid
• After he left prison, he worked to achieve human rights and a better future
for everyone in South Africa.
Why is he famous?
• Nelson Mandela became famous for his long fight against bad
government and racial prejudice.
• He became a hero to people all over the world.
• As South Africa's President, he was respected for his courage and wisdom
in bringing people together to live in peace.