Symbols of matrimony


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Symbols of matrimony

  1. 1. Teaching the Sacrament of MatrimonyCatholic CCD Lessons on Marriage in the Church Jan 25, 2009 Diane Laney Fitzpatrick Sacrament of Matrimony - Stock.xchng, Nat ArnettTeaching the sacrament of matrimony can enlighten children on this sacred bond blessed by God.The Catholic Church has considered marriage to be a holy sacrament since Jesus said, "For this cause a man shall leavehis father and mother, and cleave to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh."When learning about the seven sacraments -- baptism, Eucharist, reconciliation, confirmation, anointing the sick, holyorders and matrimony -- children can relate to the first four; theyve either experienced their own or theyvewitnessed and celebrated with relatives. Matrimony, however, is a sacrament few children understand. It iscomplicated by todays high rate of divorce, remarriage, annulments and todays lifestyles that break from thechurchs wish for a lifelong union.Teaching young Catholics about the sacrament of matrimony invariably leads to questions about civil marriage andhow it relates to the churchs holy union between a man and a woman. In the eyes of the church, a Catholic weddingis a permanent union between two people, and cannot be broken.Ads by GoogleThe Unforgivable SinCan You Commit It? What is the Unpardonable Sin? Explained Here.www.worldtocome.orgCatholic HomeschoolingAccredited Catholic curriculum, testing, resources, and materialswww.setonhome.orgThe definition of marriage has changed from country to country, state to state, over many years, but the sacrament ofmatrimony in the Catholic Church remains a sacred bond between a man and a woman.Activities for Teaching the Sacrament of Matrimony Parents marriage -- Children should be encouraged to ask their parents about their marriage ceremony. Who was in their wedding party? What does the couple remember about that day? What do they recall about their wedding vows? Children in CCD class can take turns sharing their parents wedding story and showing photographs with the class. At the end of the discussion, CCD teachers can share their own wedding story or that of their parents and emphasize the parts of the wedding that are unique to the Catholic sacrament of marriage.
  2. 2. The symbols of marriage - A church wedding is full of symbols of marriage that have meaning in the Catholic faith. The rings symbolize the continuity of the sacrament of matrimony, and that the marriage vows are forever. A white wedding gown is a reminder of the white baptismal garment worn when a Catholic first joins the Christian family, and in a wedding ceremony represents the start of another new family. The bride carries a bouquet of flowers, an ancient symbol of fertility and a call for protection upon the new couple. Often a bouquet of flowers is laid at the feet of a statue of Mary. The wedding blessing - A Catholic Church wedding includes wedding vows and a priests blessing. When discussing the sacrament of matrimony, children may enjoy reading the marriage ceremony, traditional wedding vows and the wedding blessing. Children can write the wedding blessing - "May the Lord in His goodness strengthen your consent and fill you both with His blessings. What God has joined together, let no man put asunder." - around a drawing of two intertwined rings.A lesson on the sacrament of matrimony is part of a well-rounded instruction on all seven sacraments and importantfor childrens understanding of the tenets of their faith.Read more at Suite101: Teaching the Sacrament of Matrimony: Catholic CCD Lessons on Marriage in the Church| Suite101.com of MatrimonySacraments at HT / MatrimonyWhy guidelines for the sacrament of marriage?The Catholic Church believes and teaches that marriage is a sacrament, a symbol of the love of JesusChrist for his people, the church. As a sacrament, marriage is also a covenant by which a man and awoman establish a partnership of the whole of life. Marriage is also ordered toward the good of thespouses and the procreation and education of children. It is meant to be a life-long commitment, untildeath.Catholic parishes have the responsibility of assisting couples to understand and to prepare for theresponsibilities of the sacrament of marriage. With that in mind, we offer the following information andguidelines.Who can marry at Holy Trinity Church?Registered and active members of Holy Trinity are welcome to celebrate their marriage at Holy Trinity.This is true even if one party is neither a member nor a Catholic, as long as the party is also free tomarry in the Catholic Church. Non-parishioners can also be married here, but they will need permissionfrom the proper pastor of the Catholic party or parties. All couples must contact the church at least sixmonths prior to the planned wedding day.Are there other conditions for marrying at Holy Trinity?
  3. 3. It is also necessary that the couple manifest the following:Freedom from prior marriages (consult other pamphlets about decree of nullity of previous marriage andabout convalidation of existing civil marriage)Each party must be at least 18 years oldMaturity and free choice of each partyAppreciation of the Catholic faith and participation in that faith by CatholicsParticipation and honesty in the marriage preparation programs of the Catholic diocese and parishCouples must have known each other for at least one year prior to the date of marriageWhat is the preparation required for the sacrament of marriage?The Catholic Diocese of Dallas requires the following of couples:Fill out in the presence of a clergyman of the parish a pre-marital investigation form.A recent copy (less than six months prior to wedding date) of your baptismal record for each Catholic.An affidavit attesting to your freedom to marry in the Catholic Church filled out by family members orclose friend.Additional marriage preparation programs of each parish.Holy Trinity Church requires the following of couples:Completion of the FOCUS marriage preparation instrument and discussion of the results of thequestionnaire with the clergy person preparing the couple for marriage.At least one or two of the following:Engaged Encounter - a weekend program of communication and spiritual formation of marriage.Texas Law-civil license, acquired less than 30 days prior to wedding date.What about the actual wedding ceremony?The couple is involved in planning the ceremony with the minister, choosing the prayers and scripturereadings and vow wording. The couple also plans the appropriate music for the ceremony with theparish liturgy/music director. The director may be contacted through the parish office.Can other priests or ministers take part in the wedding ceremony?Normally, the clergy of the parish conducts weddings at Holy Trinity. Other ministers (Catholic or non-Catholic) may assist. However, for another minister to conduct the ceremony, permission is requiredfrom the pastor. Also, if such a request is made, the normal procedure is for that minister to takeresponsibility for the premarital preparation with the couple.When can weddings take place at Holy Trinity Church?Weddings may take place on Saturday, except for Holy Saturday and the Saturdays preceding ChristmasDay and New Year’s Day.
  4. 4. Times available for scheduling weddings are: 11am, 2pm and 7:00pm.Wedding rehearsals are scheduled hourly the Friday evening prior to the wedding, with the latest starttime being 5 pm. Times for weddings and rehearsals are filled on a first-come, first-served basis.What about marriages between Catholics and non-Catholics?The Catholic Church allows Catholics to marry non-Catholics in the Church as long as each party is freeto marry in the Catholic Church. A non-Catholic previously married in his or her church is not free tomarry in the Catholic Church automatically upon receiving a divorce. However, an annulment from theCatholic Church is possible for previously married non-Catholics as well as for Catholics. Consultpamphlet on annulments.Since the wedding party, families, and guests at such marriages will be of different denominations, weencourage a ceremony of scripture readings, prayers and vows, without Mass.Two significant issues for “interfaith marriages” are the practice of the faith of each party and the raisingof the children. These issues need to be addressed before the marriage. Symbols of the Sacrament ofMatrimony XBy Neil Kokemuller, eHow Contributor| updated May 19, 2011 Openness to creation of new life is considered part of the couplescommitment in Christian matrimony.Matrimony, or Christian marriage, is one of the sacraments of the Catholic church. Sacramentsare faith-filled acts during which the Catholic church and other Christian churches believe thepower of God is present with Christian believers. Baptism, Eucharist, Reconciliation,
  5. 5. Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders and Anointing the Sick are the seven sacraments. Each sacrament has certain religious symbolism important to its practice. Other People Are Reading Symbols Used in Matrimony Sacrament of Matrimony Crafts for ChildrenPrint this article1. Spoken Vows o The Saint Barnabas Roman Catholic Church points out that Christian marriage is distinct from other sacraments because it is conferred by each spouse onto the other. Ceremonial reciting of vows is part of this process of couples joining together in matrimony. This may include personal statements from one to the other, along with vows common to most Christian marriages during which each person recites commitment to the marriage. Rings o Rings are a major symbol in a Christian marriage used to convey unity and to serve as a tangible reminder to each spouse of the marital commitment. Typically, during the matrimonial ceremony, the officiant directs each person to present a ring as they recite their vows. It is the physical symbol to coincide with the verbal expression of love and faithful commitment to the marital union. o Sponsored Links  Process Flowcharts Make Process Flow Charts Fast See Examples. Free Download! Church o Though many Americans refer to a church wedding as a general concept of having a traditional, large wedding in a church, the church serves as an important religious symbol to the Catholic Church and other Christian church denominations. Saint Barnabas indicates that holding a wedding in a church building demonstrates the
  6. 6. couples faithful commitment to a Christian marriage and it shows an outward sign of that commitment before invited family and friends.Final Blessing o A final blessing is common in many marriages, but it holds special significance as a symbol in the Catholic churchs sacrament of matrimony. When the priest, recognized by the Catholic church as the head of the church, gives his final blessing to the couple and in marriage, he essentially degrees the marriage valid and worthy in the eyes of God and the church. This final blessing, traditionally, symbolizes why the church abhors divorce.Read more: Religious Symbols of the Sacrament of Matrimony |eHow.com Catechism No. 3 - Lesson 26LESSON TWENTY-SIXTH: On MatrimonyQ. 1005. What is the Sacrament of Matrimony?A. The Sacrament of Matrimony is the Sacrament which unites a Christian man and woman in lawfulmarriage.Q. 1006. When are persons lawfully married?A. Persons are lawfully married when they comply with all the laws of God and of the Church relatingto marriage. To marry unlawfully is a mortal sin, and it deprives the souls of the grace of the Sacrament.Q. 1007. When was marriage first instituted?A. Marriage was first instituted in the Garden of Eden, when God created Adam and Eve and made themhusband and wife, but it was not then a Sacrament, for their union did not confer any special grace.Q. 1008. When was the contract of marriage raised to the dignity of a Sacrament?A. The exact time at which the contract of marriages was raised to the dignity of a Sacrament is notknown, but the fact that it was thus raised is certain from passages in the New Testament and from theconstant teaching of the Church ever since the time of the apostles. Our Lord did not merely add grace tothe contract, but He made the very contract a Sacrament, so that Christians cannot make this contractwithout receiving the Sacrament.Q. 1009. What is the outward sign in the Sacrament of Matrimony, and in what does the wholeessence of the marriage contract consist?A. The outward sign in the Sacrament of matrimony is the mutual consent of the persons, expressed bywords or signs in accordance with the laws of the Church. The whole essence of the marriage contractconsists in the surrender by the persons of their bodies to each other and in declaring by word or signthat they make this surrender and take each other for husband and wife now and for life.Q. 1010. What are the chief ends of the Sacrament of Matrimony?
  7. 7. A. The chief ends of the Sacrament of matrimony are: 1. To enable the husband and wife to aid each other in securing the salvation of their souls; 2. To propagate or keep up the existence of the human race by bringing children into the world to serve God; 3. To prevent sins against the holy virtue of purity by faithfully obeying the laws of the marriage state.Q. 1011. Can a Christian man and woman be united in lawful marriage in any other way than bythe Sacrament of Matrimony?A. A Christian man and woman cannot be united in lawful marriage in any other way than by theSacrament of Matrimony, because Christ raised marriage to the dignity of a sacrament.Q. 1012. Were, then, all marriages before the coming of Christ unlawful and invalid?A. All marriages before the coming of Christ were not unlawful and invalid. They were both lawful andvalid when the persons contracting them followed the dictates of their conscience and the laws of God asthey knew them; but such marriages were only contracts. Through their evil inclinations many forgot orneglected the true character of marriage till Our Lord restored it to its former unity and purity.Q. 1013. What do we mean by impediments to marriage?A. By impediments to marriage we mean certain restrictions, imposed by the law of God or of theChurch, that render the marriage invalid or unlawful when they are violated in entering into it. Theserestrictions regard age, health, relationship, intention, religion and other matters affecting the good of theSacrament.Q. 1014. Can the Church dispense from or remove these impediments to marriage?A. The Church can dispense from or remove the impediments to marriage that arise from its own laws;but it cannot dispense from impediments that arise from the laws of God and nature. Every lawmakercan change or excuse from the laws made by himself or his equals, but he cannot, of his own authority,change or excuse from laws made by a higher power.Q. 1015. What is required that the Church may grant, when it is able, dispensations from theimpediments to marriage or from other laws?A. That the Church may grant dispensations from the impediments to marriage or from other laws, theremust be a good and urgent reason for granting such dispensations. The Church does not grantdispensations without cause and merely to satisfy the wishes of those who ask for them.Q. 1016. Why does the Church sometimes require the persons to whom dispensations are grantedto pay a tax or fee for the privilege?A. The Church sometimes requires the persons to whom dispensations are granted to pay a tax or fee forthe privilege: 1. That persons on account of this tax be restrained from asking for dispensations and may comply with the general laws; 2. That the Church may not have to bear the expense of supporting an office for granting privileges to a few.Q. 1017. What should persons who are about to get married do?A. Persons who are about to get married should give their pastor timely notice of their intention, makeknown to him privately whatever they suspect might be an impediment to the marriage, and make sureof all arrangements before inviting their friends.
  8. 8. Q. 1018. What timely notice of marriage should be given to the priest, and why?A. At least three weeks notice of marriage should be given to the priest, because, according to the lawsof the Church, the names of the persons about to get married must be announced and their intendedmarriage published at the principal Mass in their parish for three successive Sundays.Q. 1019. Why are the banns of matrimony published in the Church?A. The banns of matrimony are published in the Church that any person who might know of anyimpediment to the marriage may have an opportunity to declare it privately to the priest before themarriage takes place and thus prevent an invalid or unlawful marriage. Persons who know of suchimpediments and fail to declare them in due time are guilty of sinQ. 1020. What things in particular should persons arranging for their marriage make known tothe priest?A. Persons arranging for their marriage should make known to the priest whether both are Christians andCatholics; whether either has been solemnly engaged to another person; whether they have ever madeany vow to God with regard to chastity or the like; whether they are related and in what degree; whethereither was ever married to any member of the others family and whether either was ever godparent inbaptism for the other.Q. 1021. What else must they make known?A. They must also make known whether either was married before and what proof can be given of thedeath of the former husband or wife; whether they really intend to get married, and do so of their ownwill; whether they are of lawful age; whether they are sound in body or suffering from any deformitythat might prevent their marriage, and lastly, whether they live in the parish in which they ask to bemarried, and if so, how long they have lived in it.Q. 1022. What is particularly necessary that persons may do their duty in the marriage state?A. That persons may do their duty in the marriage state, it is particularly necessary that they should bewell instructed, before entering it, in the truths and duties of their religion for how will they teach theirchildren these things if they are ignorant of them themselves?Q. 1023. Can the bond of Christian marriage be dissolved by any human power?A. The bond of Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power.Q. 1024. Does not a divorce granted by courts of justice break the bond of marriage?A. Divorce granted by courts of justice or by any human power does not break the bond of marriage, andone who makes use of such a divorce to marry again while the former husband or wife lives commits asacrilege and lives in the sin of adultery. A civil divorce may give a sufficient reason for the persons tolive apart and it may determine their rights with regard to support, the control of the children and othertemporal things, but it has no effect whatever upon the bond and spiritual nature of the Sacrament.Q. 1025. Does not the Church sometimes allow husband and wife to separate and live apart?A. The Church sometimes, for very good reasons, does allow husband and wife to separate and liveapart; but that is not dissolving the bond of marriage, or divorce as it is called, for though separated theyare still husband and wife, and neither can marry again till the other dies.Q. 1026. Has not the Church sometimes allowed Catholics once married to separate and marryagain?
  9. 9. A. The Church has never allowed Catholics once really married to separate and marry again, but it hassometimes declared persons apparently married free to marry again, because their first marriage wasnull; that is, no marriage on account of some impediment not discovered till after the ceremony.Q. 1027. What evils follow divorce so commonly claimed by those outside the true Church andgranted by civil authority?A. The evils that follow divorce so commonly claimed by those outside the true Church and granted bycivil authority are very many; but chiefly: 1. A disregard for the sacred character of the Sacrament and for the spiritual welfare of the children; 2. The loss of the true idea of home and family followed by bad morals and sinful living.Q. 1028. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony?A. The effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony are: 1. To sanctify the love of husband and wife; 2. To give them grace to bear with each others weaknesses; 3. To enable them to bring up their children in the fear and love of God.Q. 1029. What do we mean by bearing with each others weaknesses?A. By bearing with each others weaknesses we mean that the husband and wife must be patient witheach others faults, bad habits or dispositions, pardon them easily, and aid each other in overcomingthem.Q. 1030. How are parents specially fitted to bring up their children in the fear and love of God?A. Parents are specially fitted to bring up their children in the fear and love of God: 1. By the special grace they receive to advise and direct their children and to warn them against evil; 2. By the experience they have acquired in passing through life from childhood to the position of parents. Children should, therefore, conscientiously seek and accept the direction of good parents.Q. 1031. To receive the Sacrament of Matrimony worthily is it necessary to be in the state ofgrace?A. To receive the Sacrament of Matrimony worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace, and it isnecessary also to comply with the laws of the Church.Q. 1032. With what laws of the Church are we bound to comply in receiving the Sacrament ofMatrimony?A. In receiving the Sacrament of matrimony we are bound to comply with whatever laws of the Churchconcern Matrimony; such as laws forbidding solemn marriage in Lent and Advent; or marriage withrelatives or with persons of a different religion, and in general all laws that refer to any impediment tomarriage.Q. 1033. In how many ways may persons be related?A. Persons may be related in four ways. When they are related by blood their relationship is calledconsanguinity; when they are related by marriage it is called affinity; when they are related by beinggod-parents in Baptism or Confirmation, it is called spiritual affinity; when they are related by adoption,it is called legal affinity.Q. 1034. Who has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of marriage?
  10. 10. A. The Church alone has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of marriage, though the statealso has the right to make laws concerning the civil effects of the marriage contract.Q. 1035. What do we mean by laws concerning the civil effects of the marriage contract?A. By laws concerning the civil effects of the marriage contract we mean laws with regard to theproperty or debts of the husband and wife, the inheritance of their children, or whatever pertains to theirtemporal affairs. All persons are bound to obey the laws of their country when these laws are notopposed to the laws of God.Q. 1036. Does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a differentreligion or no religion at all?A. The Church does forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or noreligion at all.Q. 1037. Why does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a differentreligion or no religion at all?A. The Church forbids the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion, or noreligion at all, because such marriages generally lead to indifference, loss of faith, and to the neglect ofthe religious education of the children.Q. 1038. What are the marriages of Catholics with persons of a different religion called, and whendoes the Church permit them by dispensation?A. The marriages of Catholics with persons of a different religion are called mixed marriages. TheChurch permits them by dispensation only under certain conditions and for urgent reasons; chiefly toprevent a greater evil.Q. 1039. What are the conditions upon which the Church will permit a Catholic to marry one whois not a Catholic?A. The conditions upon which the Church will permit a Catholic to marry one who is not a Catholic are: 1. That the Catholic be allowed the free exercise of his or her religion; 2. That the Catholic shall try by teaching and good example to lead the one who is not a Catholic to embrace the true faith; 3. That all the children born of the marriage shall be brought up in the Catholic religion. The marriage ceremony must not be repeated before a heretical minister. Without these promises, the Church will not consent to a mixed marriage, and if the Church does not consent the marriage is unlawful.Q. 1040. What penalty does the Church impose on Catholics who marry before a Protestantminister?A. Catholics who marry before a Protestant minister incur excommunication; that is, a censure of theChurch or spiritual penalty which prevents them from receiving the Sacrament of Penance till the priestwho hears their confession gets special faculties or permission from the bishop; because by such amarriage they make profession of a false religion in acknowledging as a priest one who has neithersacred power nor authority.Q. 1041. How does the Church show its displeasure at mixed marriages?A. The Church shows its displeasure at mixed marriages by the coldness with which it sanctions them,prohibiting all religious ceremony at them by forbidding the priest to use any sacred vestments, holywater or blessing of the ring at such marriages; by prohibiting them also from taking place in the Churchor even in the sacristy. On the other hand, the Church shows its joy and approval at a true Catholicmarriage by the Nuptial Mass and solemn ceremonies.
  11. 11. Q. 1042. Why should Catholics avoid mixed marriages?A. Catholics should avoid mixed marriages: 1. Because they are displeasing to the Church and cannot bring with them the full measure of Gods grace and blessing; 2. Because the children should have the good example of both parents in the practice of their religion; 3. Because such marriages give rise to frequent disputes on religious questions between husband and wife and between their relatives; 4. Because the one not a Catholic, disregarding the sacred character of the Sacrament, may claim a divorce and marry again, leaving the Catholic married and abandoned.Q. 1043. Does the Church seek to make converts by its laws concerning mixed marriages?A. The Church does not seek to make converts by its laws concerning mixed marriages, but seeks onlyto keep its children from losing their faith and becoming perverts by constant company with persons notCatholics. The Church does not wish persons to become Catholics merely for the sake of marryingCatholics. Such conversions are, as a rule, not sincere, do no good, but rather make such convertshypocrites and guilty of greater sins, especially sins of sacrilege.Q. 1044. Why do many marriages prove unhappy?A. Many marriages prove unhappy because they are entered into hastily and without worthy motives.Q. 1045. When are marriages entered into hastily?A. Marriages are entered into hastily when persons do not sufficiently consider and investigate thecharacter, habits and dispositions of the one they intend to marry. It is wise to look for lasting qualitiesand solid virtues in a life-long companion and not to be carried away with characteristics that pleaseonly for a time.Q. 1046. When are motives for marriage worthy?A. Motives for marriage are worthy when persons enter it for the sake of doing Gods will and fulfillingthe end for which He instituted the Sacrament. Whatever is opposed to the true object of the Sacramentand the sanctification of the husband and wife must be an unworthy motive.Q. 1047. How should Christians prepare for a holy and happy marriage?A. Christians should prepare for a holy and happy marriage by receiving the Sacraments of Penance andHoly Eucharist; by begging God to grant them a pure intention and to direct their choice; and by seekingthe advice of their parents and the blessing of their pastors.Q. 1048. How may parents be guilty of great injustice to their children in case of marriage?A. Parents may be guilty of great injustice to their children in case of marriage by seeking thegratification of their own aims and desires, rather than the good of their children, and thus for selfish andunreasonable motives forcing their children to marry persons they dislike or preventing them frommarrying the persons chosen by the dictates of their conscience, or compelling them to marry when theyhave no vocation for such a life or no true knowledge of its obligations.Q. 1049. May persons receive the Sacrament of Matrimony more than once?A. Persons may receive the sacrament of Matrimony more than once, provided they are certain of thedeath of the former husband or wife and comply with the laws of the Church.Q. 1050. Where and at what time of the day should Catholics be married?
  12. 12. A. Catholics should be married before the altar in the Church. They should be married in the morning,and with a Nuptial Mass if possible.Q. 1051. What must never be forgotten by those who attend a marriage ceremony in the Church?A. They who attend a marriage ceremony in the Church must never forget the presence of the BlessedSacrament, and that all laughing, talking, or irreverence is forbidden then as at other times. Women mustnever enter into the presence of the Blessed Sacrament with uncovered heads, and their dress must be inkeeping with the strict modesty that Our Lords presence demands, no matter what worldly vanity orsocial manners may require.