Cynthia Gurrero & David Macias
*Plural Executive
 As the Chief Executive of the United States, the






president selects his or her top department...
*Plural Executive (Cont.)
 They are elected independently.
 Reflects the States Conservative Tradition.
 Independently ...
Elected Officials:
Lieutenant Governor
 Many Political Scientists believe that the office of

lieutenant governor is the ...
Elected Officials: Attorney General
 The State’s lawyer
 Serves 4 year term with no limit on terms
 Defends Texas and i...
Elected Officials: Comptroller of
Public Accounts
 States accountant and Chief Tax Collector
1. Tells legislature how muc...
Elected Officials: Commissioner of
General Land
 Has responsibility for leasing and use of

public land.
 Serves 4-year ...
Elected Officials: Commissioner of
Agriculture
 Regulates pesticides and provides

info, training and licenses.
 Establi...
Appointed Offices
Governor appoints Secretary of

State, Insurance
Commissioner, and adjutant
General.
Interprets the el...
Appointed Offices: Insurance
Commissioner
Regulates Insurance company
practices.
Ensures companies have the
financial re...
Appointed Offices: Adjutant
General
Highest - ranking state military
leader, besides the governor.
Oversees Army Nationa...
The Bureaucracy
Needed to carry out laws
Citizens think faceless bureaucrats

are lazy or power hungry.
Has about 150,0...
The Bureaucracy: Hierarchy and
Expertise
Chain of demand
People needed “connections” to

obtain a government job back th...
The Bureaucracy: Accountability
 Governor does not do direct control

over agencies
 Most state boards don’t follow anyo...
Elected Boards: Texas Railroad
Commission
Gained control over oil, gas
production, pipelines, and trucking
in the past ye...
Elected Boards: State Board of
Education
Oversees Texas Education Agency.
Members are elected by district.
The Commissi...
Administrative Boards
Parks & Wildlife Department
Department of Transportation
Health & Human Services

Commission.
University Boards and Coordinating
Board
Oversight for Public

Universities
Occupational Licensing Boards
 Sets Standard for occupational licensing
 Contains members of Public and workers in

the ...
Regulatory – Boards: Public Utility
Commission.
Sets rates for companies and
regulates utility.
Regulates electric & pho...
Sunset Advisory Commission
 Determines if agencies outlive usefulness.
 Unconstitutionally mandated agencies

(Must be r...
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Chapter 8 Teaxs Politics

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Chapter 8 Teaxs Politics

  1. 1. Cynthia Gurrero & David Macias
  2. 2. *Plural Executive  As the Chief Executive of the United States, the     president selects his or her top department officers or Cabinet – in order to help him run the nation. At the State level, the Cabinet System is also the normal structure . In Texas, however, there is no cabinet system. The system. The State has a Plural Executive: the governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller, land commissioner, and agriculture commissioner.
  3. 3. *Plural Executive (Cont.)  They are elected independently.  Reflects the States Conservative Tradition.  Independently elected executive officials limit the power of the governor.  The executive branch is able to carry out laws through an extensive bureaucracy.
  4. 4. Elected Officials: Lieutenant Governor  Many Political Scientists believe that the office of lieutenant governor is the most powerful position in the state.  Role is to Succeed the governor in case of death, removal, or resignation.  Greatest powers are within legislative arena.
  5. 5. Elected Officials: Attorney General  The State’s lawyer  Serves 4 year term with no limit on terms  Defends Texas and it’s Constitution  The office has about 4,200 employees, and employs about 400 attorneys with 70 regimal offices.  Departments Include:  Consumer Protection Division  Child Support Enforcement Division  Collections Division and Opinion Committee.
  6. 6. Elected Officials: Comptroller of Public Accounts  States accountant and Chief Tax Collector 1. Tells legislature how much money it has to spend. 2. Finds way to save the state money and spend Funds more efficiently. 3. Fills out federal grant paperwork. When done correctly, the state could receive more federal money.  Performance Review of Comptroller transferred to Legislative Budget Board.  In 1995 an amendment was passed to abolish state treasurer’s office. These Functions were then transferred to Comptroller.
  7. 7. Elected Officials: Commissioner of General Land  Has responsibility for leasing and use of public land.  Serves 4-year Term.  States public land belongs to the PSF / Permanent School Fund.  Requires candidate running for position to be an experienced farmer
  8. 8. Elected Officials: Commissioner of Agriculture  Regulates pesticides and provides info, training and licenses.  Establishes the accuracy of the weights.  Only statewide executive offices that isn’t constitutionally mandated.
  9. 9. Appointed Offices Governor appoints Secretary of State, Insurance Commissioner, and adjutant General. Interprets the election Code
  10. 10. Appointed Offices: Insurance Commissioner Regulates Insurance company practices. Ensures companies have the financial resources to cover potential claims.
  11. 11. Appointed Offices: Adjutant General Highest - ranking state military leader, besides the governor. Oversees Army National Guard, Air National Guard and Texas National Guard.
  12. 12. The Bureaucracy Needed to carry out laws Citizens think faceless bureaucrats are lazy or power hungry. Has about 150,000 employees
  13. 13. The Bureaucracy: Hierarchy and Expertise Chain of demand People needed “connections” to obtain a government job back then. This was called the “Spoils System”
  14. 14. The Bureaucracy: Accountability  Governor does not do direct control over agencies  Most state boards don’t follow anyone. 1. Depend on legislative appropriations 2. Sunset review process is for the legislature to close and or modify an agency.
  15. 15. Elected Boards: Texas Railroad Commission Gained control over oil, gas production, pipelines, and trucking in the past years. Usually regulates Railroad transportation in Texas.
  16. 16. Elected Boards: State Board of Education Oversees Texas Education Agency. Members are elected by district. The Commissioner sends suggestions to the governor.
  17. 17. Administrative Boards Parks & Wildlife Department Department of Transportation Health & Human Services Commission.
  18. 18. University Boards and Coordinating Board Oversight for Public Universities
  19. 19. Occupational Licensing Boards  Sets Standard for occupational licensing  Contains members of Public and workers in the field.  Regulates licensing in Cosmetology, Dentistry, Occupational Therapy, Polygraphy, and Audiology.
  20. 20. Regulatory – Boards: Public Utility Commission. Sets rates for companies and regulates utility. Regulates electric & phone Companies.
  21. 21. Sunset Advisory Commission  Determines if agencies outlive usefulness.  Unconstitutionally mandated agencies (Must be renewed every 12 years)  Does self evaluation then public hearings held.  5 Senators appointed by the lieutenant Gov. 5 rep appointed by speaker & 2 members of Public, 1 appointed by speaker other by lieutenant Gov.

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