The Constitution


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The Constitution

  1. 1. The Constitution
  2. 2. The Principals of the Constitution of the United States
  3. 3. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>The people hold the ultimate authority </li></ul><ul><li>A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them. </li></ul>
  4. 4. II. Limited Gov’t <ul><li>Framers wanted to guard against tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed </li></ul>
  5. 5. III. Federalism <ul><li>The division of power between State and National Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Some powers are shared </li></ul><ul><li>The National Government has the “supreme power” </li></ul>
  6. 6. IV. Separation of Powers <ul><li>No one holds “too much” power </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch makes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive branch carries out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch interprets the laws </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Senate and House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Make our laws Elastic Clause Art 1 Section 8 </li></ul><ul><li>The Congress shall have Power - To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate Money </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Post Offices and Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Declare War </li></ul>
  8. 8. Executive Branch <ul><li>The President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Chief of State </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Legislator </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in Chief </li></ul>
  9. 9. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court and other Federal Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Considers cases involving national laws </li></ul><ul><li>Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional” </li></ul>
  10. 10. V. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Prevents the abuse of power in government </li></ul><ul><li>Each branch can check each other branch </li></ul>
  11. 11. Executive Checks <ul><li>Propose laws to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Veto laws made by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate foreign treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint federal judges </li></ul><ul><li>Grant pardons to federal offenders </li></ul>
  12. 12. Legislative Checks <ul><li>Override president’s veto </li></ul><ul><li>Ratify treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm executive appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Impeach federal officers and judges </li></ul><ul><li>Create and dissolve lower federal courts </li></ul>
  13. 13. Judicial Checks <ul><li>Declare executive acts unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court holds the final check </li></ul>
  14. 14. Check Your Knowledge <ul><li>Which of these definitions is false? </li></ul><ul><li>Impeach —To be accused of doing something wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism —A system of gov’t splitting powers between nat’l and state gov’t. </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Review —Power of the Supreme Court to pass laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent power —Powers that are shared by state </li></ul><ul><li>and nat’l government. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Check Your Knowledge T he Constitution was based on the principle of a. virtual representation b. supreme state governments c. supreme central government d. federalism
  16. 16. Check Your Knowledge The Federalists believed the passage of the Constitution was necessary to preserve the Union because a. individual states could reject national policy b. The Congress was getting too powerful c. the individual states had too little power d. A Bill of Rights was necessary