Democratic governments

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Democratic governments

  1. 1. Two Democratic Governments
  2. 2. Democratic Governments <ul><li>There are two major forms of democratic governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The citizens elect the leaders in democratic government. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>There are close ties between the executive and legislative branches. </li></ul><ul><li>Head of State is pretty much symbolic; this position holds very little power </li></ul><ul><li>Executive power is vested in the Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The Prime Minister (chief executive) leads the cabinet and is the head of the government. </li></ul>
  4. 4. United Kingdom <ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Voters elect members to Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament has 2 Houses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Commons : The Political Party with the most votes in the House of Commons chooses the Prime Minister , the government’s leader with no set term. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Lords : Little power with most members being nobles having inherited their titles </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Presidential Democracy <ul><li>Voters elect legislators </li></ul><ul><li>Voters elect (indirectly) the president. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Therefore, in the presidential system voters have a more direct say about those who serve in two branches of the government : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Branches of Government
  7. 7. United States <ul><li>Representative Democracy – Voters choose their leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Republic – Power divided between the national and state governments </li></ul><ul><li>The executive power is given to one person, the President. </li></ul><ul><li>The President serves as leader of the nation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Executive Legislative Citizens Citizens Legislative Executive Elect Elect Select Elect Parliamentary System Presidential System

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