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BCC 2005 - Justice Biometrics Cooperative

This presentation describes coordination of Department of Justice biometric activities, and was given at the 2005 Biometric Consortium Conference.

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BCC 2005 - Justice Biometrics Cooperative

  1. 1. Justice Needs for Biometrics Duane Blackburn FBI September 2005
  2. 2. Justice & Biometrics: One Opinion Now Back to Reality…
  3. 3. Justice Biometrics Cooperative • Established by the U.S. Deputy Attorney General • Mission JBC – Foster collaboration within DOJ on biometric issues and activities – Function as a focal point and clearinghouse for information on biometric research, technologies, and applications – Support participation of DOJ components in interagency and international working groups on biometric technologies
  4. 4. Annual Status Report
  5. 5. Activities Discussed at BCC 2005
  6. 6. Biometrics Catalog • U.S. Government sponsored information sharing resource about biometric technologies • Increased in size and scope due to the efforts of JBC members Catalog resources include: Government Documents - Legislative Reports - Federal Solicitations – Newsroom - Conference Presentations - Research Reports - Evaluation Reports - Commercial Products and Consultants
  7. 7. DOJ Needs & Requirements Development • Faster capture of forensics-quality, rolled-equivalent finger prints and palm prints FY04 • Identity fixing/baselining of individuals such as: - Identify management across law enforcement, courts, and corrections - Common ID card for DOJ employees and contractors and extension of that common ID card to State and local criminal justice employees • Identification from video surveillance • Tracking of evidence through a chain of custody • Logical and/or physical access control • Real-time and/or post-event identification from audio surveillance
  8. 8. Justice Needs for Biometrics Note: These needs are the perspective of the speaker and not official needs statements of the Department of Justice or it’s component agencies.
  9. 9. Justice Needs for Biometrics Prevention • Surveillance of school courtyards for unauthorized individuals • Background checks • Coordination with US-VISIT, State, and DoD
  10. 10. Justice Needs for Biometrics Crime is committed • Surveillance tapes • Latent prints • Internet (missing children)
  11. 11. Justice Needs for Biometrics Prosecution • Evidence must be usable - Daubert - Chain of custody • Explainable to juries • Sentencing – prior criminal? ?
  12. 12. Justice Needs for Biometrics Incarceration • Fixed Identity – Same person in and out? – Distribution of medication – Prisoner privileges • Visitor Control/Watchlist Database Database
  13. 13. Justice Needs for Biometrics Officer Safety • Traffic stops (ID people before approaching car) • Smart guns
  14. 14. Justice Needs for Biometrics General Needs • Access control • Who is watching me • Social/legal/privacy
  15. 15. Justice Needs for Biometrics LEA-ready • Affordable • Easy to use • Rugged • No stovepipe solutions
  16. 16. NIJ Solicitation Hints • <$500k • Identify specific criminal justice need • Use existing research databases & statistic packages when appropriate (BEE) • If new data is collected, share it with other researchers •Participate in USG “challenge problems” and evaluations • 6.3 development; not 6.1, not equipment buys • Meet identified R&D needs