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  1. 1. In the DEEP WebLet’s go fishing…
  2. 2. As summarized from a White Paper by Michael K Bergmanentitled, “The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden Value” A link to the 50+ page document is provided at the end of this lecture (1).
  3. 3. “Searching on the Internet today can becompared to dragging a net across the surface ofthe ocean.”
  4. 4. Here’s another way to look at it.
  5. 5. Some key points to remember “Most of the Web’s information is buried down on dynamically generated sites, and standard search engines never find it.” “The deep Web is qualitatively different from the surface Web.” Bright Planet has quantified the size and relevancy of the deep Web in a study based on data collected in 2000.
  6. 6. Key findings from the study include: Public information on the deep Web in currently 400-550 times larger than the commonly defined WWW. Deep Web contains 7,500 terabytes of information compared to 19 terabytes on the surface Web. Deep Web contains nearly 550 billion individual documents compared to 1 billion on the surface Web. More than 200,000 deep Web sites presently exist.
  7. 7. Key findings from the study include: The typical deep Web site is not well known to the Internet-searching public. The deep Web is the largest growing category of new information on the Internet. More than half of the deep Web content resides in topic- specific databases. A full 95% of the deep Web is publicly accessible information – not subject to fees or subscriptions.
  8. 8. I Love this quote! “Eighty-five percent of Web users use search engines tofind needed information, but nearly as high a percentage cite the inability to find desired information as one of their biggest frustrations.”
  9. 9. Bright Planet did an analysis of thelargest deep Web sites And compiled a list of 60 known, largest deep Web sites containing data of about 750 terabytes of roughly 40 times the size of the known surface Web. Roughly two-thirds of these sites are public ones, representing about 90% of the content available within this group of sixty. We will be exploring two of these sites in our exploration of government resources, US Census and GPO Access. The full list of 60 sites is presented as Table 2 in the linked White Paper at the end of this lecture .
  10. 10. Bear with me as we review some basic civics welearned in the 4th grade.
  11. 11. Who remembers this? This is suppose to have the schoolhouse rock video for three ring circus. It is just an added piece of fun – but it wouldn’t download via email to be included here.
  12. 12. Yes, that is right.Executive BranchLegislative BranchJudicial BranchAll three branches are represented in the deep Web.
  13. 13. Executive Branch President Vice-President Departments (Presidential Cabinet) – Some examples include  Department of Transportation  Department of Labor  Department of Justice
  14. 14. Executive Branch President Vice-President Departments (Presidential Cabinet) – Some examples include  Department of Transportation  Department of Labor Department of Justice Now, let’s just drill a little deeper on this one department.
  15. 15. Department of Justice The primary rulemaking components of the Department of Justice include:  Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)  Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)  Bureau of Prisons (BOP)  Civil Rights Division  Office of Justice Programs  Executive Office for Immigration Review
  16. 16. Department of Justice The primary rulemaking components of the Department of Justice include:  Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)  Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)  Bureau of Prisons (BOP)  Civil Rights Division  Office of Justice Programs  Executive Office for Immigration Review Once again let’s drive down on one facet – the DEA
  17. 17. Drug Enforcement Administration(DEA) enforces federal controlled substances laws andregulations. Through its diversion control program(DCP), the DEA regulates drug manufacturers,distributors, importers, exporters, hospitals, doctors,pharmacists, and others involved with controlledsubstances, and tracks transactions involving designatedchemicals that have legitimate uses but are subject todiversion for illicit purposes.
  18. 18. Just one example… Controlled Substances Act (2). Just one of the laws they enforce. It is codified as part of the US Code. The DEA is charged with enforcing its provisions. US Code is one of the sources we will work with in this unit.
  19. 19. Okay let’s back up.Executive BranchLegislative BranchJudicial Branch
  20. 20. Legislative Branch Congress  House of Representatives  Senate What do they do?  No jokes here. They make the laws.  How?
  21. 21. Nope, I couldn’t resist one more. This has the schoolhouse rock video on I’m a Bill – but I couldn’t send it – the PPT exceeded file size even after compression.
  22. 22. Judicial Branch Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution. The Supreme Court and the other courts in the Federal system issue opinions (or rulings) and access to those opinions are considered part of the deep Web.
  23. 23. As we have discussed, there are 3 branchesof government. We have focused thus far onthe Federal Level. In addition to the Federallevel, we must also learn about the othertwo levels of government: State and Local There are deep Web resources for those as well.
  24. 24. Please note as we move through this portion of thelecture, I am using examples based on the State ofMISSOURI and the Local of SPRINGFIELD. You canadapt these examples to fit your state and locality. Let us proceed.
  25. 25. Executive BranchState LocalMissouri Governor, Jay Nixon Springfield Mayor, Bob StephensWithin the Executive Branch are works with City staff in the varioussix statewide elected officials and departments to see that the lawssixteen executive departments (city ordinances) are enforced.responsible for executing the lawsof the state.
  26. 26. Legislative BranchState Local House of Representatives and  Springfield City Council Senate make up the Missouri  Citizens, City staff or Council Congress in Jefferson City. members suggest an The bill to law process ordinance that may resolve a problem or address a concern. matches the Federal system.  Those proposed ordinances go through a series of readings, debate, committee work, and a vote before some are enacted into law. Some die just like at Fed or State level.
  27. 27. Judicial BranchState Local Missouri Court System  Springfield Municipal Court
  28. 28. Deep Web at the State and Local Levels Missouri Revised Statutes (3) Missouri Code of State Regulations (4) Casenet – Missouri Court records case records including docket entries, parties, judgments and charges in public court. Restrictions apply (5). Springfield City Code and Zoning Ordinances (6) Springfield MO Outstanding Municipal Warrants (7)I point these out not because we will necessarily cover them, but toillustrate that these are all government resources that can beconsidered part of the deep Web. Including them may alsoencourage you to seek out such resources in your own jurisdictions.
  29. 29. This is a three-week unit onGovernment Resources. Week One – Reading and Discussion Board Participation Week Two – Exploration of Resources Week Three – Practice via Assignment Please visit the Discussion Board, Unit Support, and Assignments sections of Blackboard to proceed.
  30. 30. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF LECTURERESOURCES1. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text- idx?c=jep;view=text;rgn=main;idno=3336451.0007.1042. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/21cfr/21usc/index.ht ml3. http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/statutes.htm4. www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/csr.asp5. https://www.courts.mo.gov/casenet/base/welcome.do6. http://library.municode.com/index.aspx?clientId=115987. http://www.springfieldmo.gov/spd/wanted/municipalwa rrants/default.aspx

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