By: Jonathan    Davila               1
   Son of a court physician   Born in Stagira, Chalcidice 384 BC   Died in Euboea 322 BC   Aristotle was Plato’s stude...
   He claimed that complete understanding of a thing    required identifying its “four causes”   He believed that nature...
   The belief that reality consist of the natural    world   Naturalist universe is ordered in that    everything in it ...
   Believes that human beings are part of the    natural order and behave according to fix    laws and principles   Unde...
   Form is the universe divided into the realm of    becoming and the realm of being   Distinguished from content only i...
   Matter is the common material stuff found in a    variety of material things; matter has no distinct    characteristic...
   Material Cause is the material (substance)    from which a thing comes and which change    occurs.   Formal Cause is ...
   Entelechy is “Having its end within itself”   Includes nutritive and sensitive soul plus    capacity for analysis, un...
   Teleological Thinking is a way of explaining    or understanding a thing in terms of its ultimate    goal, or final ca...
   Character is the sum total of a person’s traits including    behavior, habits, likes, and etc.   The mean is the midp...
Hope you enjoyed my   presentation!                      12
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Aristotle The Naturalist

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Aristotle The Naturalist

  1. 1. By: Jonathan Davila 1
  2. 2.  Son of a court physician Born in Stagira, Chalcidice 384 BC Died in Euboea 322 BC Aristotle was Plato’s student and teacher of Alexander The Great. Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. 2
  3. 3.  He claimed that complete understanding of a thing required identifying its “four causes” He believed that nature is ordered and guided internally. He taught that there are three kinds of soul and that they constitute a hierarchy. He believed in using factual information and collecting facts to make a better world He was a Philosophical Naturalist Aristotles form can be abstracted from matter, but cant exist independently like matter. 3
  4. 4.  The belief that reality consist of the natural world Naturalist universe is ordered in that everything in it follows consistent and discoverable laws of nature Nature always acts with a purpose and the key to understand anything lies in determining its essential purpose 4
  5. 5.  Believes that human beings are part of the natural order and behave according to fix laws and principles Understanding of nature is necessary to understanding human nature. Aristotle based his philosophical positions on scrutiny, not on the isolated contemplation of mathematical laws or “pure laws” 5
  6. 6.  Form is the universe divided into the realm of becoming and the realm of being Distinguished from content only in thought never the fact For Aristotle, form exists within the natural order embedded in particular things and can not exist independently. Aristotelian form is that which is in matter and makes a thing what it is, but can’t exist independently. 6
  7. 7.  Matter is the common material stuff found in a variety of material things; matter has no distinct characteristics until some form is imparted to it or until the form inherit in a thing becomes actualized. Change is a series of smaller changes in which matter loses and gains form. The strongest principle of growth lies in human choice. 7
  8. 8.  Material Cause is the material (substance) from which a thing comes and which change occurs. Formal Cause is the shape or form into which matter is changed. Efficient Cause is the triggering cause that initiates activity; the substance by which a change is brought about. Final Cause is for which activity or process take place 8
  9. 9.  Entelechy is “Having its end within itself” Includes nutritive and sensitive soul plus capacity for analysis, understanding various forms and making reasoned decisions. Inner urge that drives all things to blossom into their own selves. In order or design that governs all natural processes. For Aristotle, psyche is the form of the body. 9
  10. 10.  Teleological Thinking is a way of explaining or understanding a thing in terms of its ultimate goal, or final cause Eudemonia often translates as “Happiness” Aristotle refers to fully realized existence; state of being fully aware, vital alert Sophrosyne is wisdom as moderation; finding the mean between excess and deficiency. 10
  11. 11.  Character is the sum total of a person’s traits including behavior, habits, likes, and etc. The mean is the midpoint between two other points; For Aristotle, moral virtue was characterized as a mean between too little and too much. According to Aristotle, we become our best selves in the process of becoming fully functioning human being. 11
  12. 12. Hope you enjoyed my presentation! 12

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