Camstaman and nathan


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Camstaman and nathan

  1. 1. By Nathan and Camstaman
  2. 2. Hitler and the Nazis believed there was one ‘master race’ that was superior and better than everyone else… To qualify to be an Aryan, you had to have/be; • Blue eyes • Blonde hair • Pure German roots • No Jewish heritage • German/Northern European Hitler believed there was three types of white person; Latin Aryan and Slavs. He also called Japanese people yellow Aryans.
  3. 3. • Jews • The gays • Black people • Disabled people • Jehovah witnesses • Gypsies • Social democrats • The mentally retarded • The deaf • Transsexuals • Religious dissidents • Soviets • Poles • Other political opponents
  4. 4. • Hitler blamed the Jews for all the misfortunes that had befallen Germany; The loss of the First World War was the result of a Jewish conspiracy, the Treaty of Versailles was also a Jewish conspiracy designed to bring Germany to her knees and the hyperinflation of 1923 was the result of an international Jewish attempt to destroy Germany. • On buses, trains and park benches, Jews had to sit on seats marked for them. Children at schools were taught specifically anti-Semitic ideas. Jewish school children were openly ridiculed by teachers and the bullying of Jews in the playground by other pupils went unpunished. If the Jewish children responded by not wanting to go to school, then that served a purpose in itself and it also gave the Nazi propagandists a reason to peddle the lie that Jewish children were inherently lazy and could not be bothered to go to school.
  5. 5. • Volksgemeinschaft is a German expression meaning people's community. The Nazis wanted Germans who could contribute to society through work, military service or mother hood. Everyone else, including the severely disabled, mentally ill and unhealthy, were seen as a burden on the community.
  6. 6. • They were passed in 1935 and their job was to deny Jews citizenship In Germany. The Reich citizenship war made Jews ‘subject’ rather that citizens. This meant that the Jews lost the right to vote and become government officials. One law named ‘the protection of German blood and honour’ banned marriages between Jews and Aryans.
  7. 7. • The most violent actions taken against the Jews in the years 1933 to 1939 occurred on the ninth and tenth of November 1938. This followed the murder of Ernst Von Rath, a secretary in the German embassy in Paris by a polish Jew. At a reunion of those involved in the Munich putsch, Goebbels seized this event as an excuse to suggest a campaign of terror against the Jews. • It was called ‘Kristallnacht’ (the night f broken glass) because thousands of Jewish shop windows were shattered and 815 shops were destroyed, 191 synagogues se on fire and 76 synagogues demolished. In addition to this, 91 Jews were killed and over 20,000 were arrested.
  8. 8. • The Second World War, and the chaos this brought, gave Hitler even more freedom to bring death and destruction to Jewish communities throughout Europe.
  9. 9. • Ghettos were the first solution. The Nazis gathered up all the Jews in the towns and put them into Ghettos. Walls were built round these establishments to keep the Jews in. The Germans only allowed starvation rations in the Ghettos and, as a result, thousands dies from hunger, the intense cold or the diseases. About 55,000 people died in the Warsaw ghetto.
  10. 10. • The Nazis organised special murder squads known as the Einsatzgruppen, who moved behind the advancing German armies with the purpose of rounding up and killing Jews. They raided towns and villages, picked out any Jews and marched them to the outskirts of the town where they were forced to dig their own graves. They would then stand on the edge of these pits and were shot until they fell in. These groups were killing on a regular basis and some went mentally crazed and had to be captured by their own people before they killed more. It is estimated that over two million Russians, mainly Jews, were killed by the einsatzgruppen by 1943.
  11. 11. • Just before the outbreak of the second world war, the persecution of the Jews in Germany was intensified. In January 1939, the Reich central office was set up. It’s main goal was to force German Jews to emigrate. Because of the outbreak of the war, the persecution of the Jews was again intensified. Because of war, they were allowed to be more ruthless against the Jews without the worlds opinion. Previous leverage against the Jews meant the Nazis had control over a lot of people so could prevent the Jews from escaping and emigrating away from what the Nazis had planned .It also meant they had to get rid of the Jews quicker and more efficiently because there were so many of them. This lead to the introduction of death camps where millions of people were sent to be slaughtered.
  12. 12. • Many Jews and others were killed at this extermination camp. If you were not immediately killed you would have a very hard life as a slave labourer while trying to survive on a starvation diet designed to kill you within a few months. On arrival, those who were fit for work were sent to the slave labour camps, those who were not were sent to get a ‘shower’ in the gas chambers. Their bodies were stripped of clothes/shoes, valuables and their mouths were searched for and gold plated teeth before they were cremated to get rid of any evidence.