Methods conley

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Methods conley

  1. 1. Quick Introductions● Name● PGP● Year at Wooster● Major or possible major
  2. 2. Dalton Conley - Methods Research Methods Friday 1/20/12
  3. 3. IntroductionConley opens with the story of SudhirVenkateshs doctoral research in Chicago.What is Conley trying to illustrate with thisstory?
  4. 4. Research Methods Defined"tools we use to describe, explore, and explainvarious social phenomena in an ethical fashion"(42)
  5. 5. Two Categories of Methods● Quantitative Methods● Qualitative Methods
  6. 6. Two Kinds of Reasoning● Deductive approaches to research● Inductive approaches to researchDiscuss the flow chart on page 44
  7. 7. Correlation versus CausationWhat does correlation mean?What does causation mean?
  8. 8. Requirements for Causality● Correlation● TIme order● Ruling out other explanationsWhat is a "spurious relationship"? (page 47)
  9. 9. Variables● Dependent● IndependentWhat is a hypothesis in social scienceresearch?
  10. 10. OperationalizationWhat do we mean by this?
  11. 11. OperationalizationWhat do we mean by this? ● "The process of assigning a precise method for measuring a term being examined for use in a particular study" (48).
  12. 12. OperationalizationWhat do we mean by this? ● "The process of assigning a precise method for measuring a term being examined for use in a particular study" (48).Discuss the example of the concept of"poverty" that Conley uses (page 49).What does he mean by "positive relationship" inthe alternative hypothesis example?
  13. 13. A Successful Operationalization● Valid● Reliable● Generalizable
  14. 14. Researcher EffectsWhat does he mean by this?What does the example of Mitchell Duneiersresearch on sidewalk vendors illustrate for us?
  15. 15. Population and SampleHow do we define population?What are examples Conley provides? (page52)So then whats a sample?
  16. 16. Power and Feminist MethodsWhy does Conley address feminist methods inhis section on power?
  17. 17. Data Collection● Participant observation● Interviews ○ open-ended, semi-structured, and structured● Survey research ○ GSS and panel study● Historical● Comparative● Experimentation● Content analysis ○ manifest and latent content
  18. 18. page 56
  19. 19. Ethics of Social ResearchWhat are the three key principles of ethics inresearch?
  20. 20. Ethics of Social Research● Do no harm● Informed consent● Voluntary participation

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