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Hummingbird habitat 3-11

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Hummingbird habitat 3-11

  1. 1. CA Native Plants for Attracting Hummingbirds - Western L.A. County I Scientific Name Common Name Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability X * Aesculus californica CA Buckeye 12-30+ ft tall & w White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any welldrained X * Arctostaphylos glauca Big-berry Manzanita 7-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained ‘Dr. Hurd’ Manzanita To 15 ft t 10 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS X Atriplex lentiformis ssp. Coast Quailbush/ Big Saltbush To 8 ft tall To 20 ft w Green/Su FS X Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any X Ceanothus arboreus Catalina Ceanothus <20 ft. t 8-10 ft w Blue/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay Desert Willow 5-25 ft tall and wide Pink/ Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 White/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Clay best 2-3 1, 13 White/Su FS/PS/FSH 1-2 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Notes ** Arctostaphylos manzanita ‘Dr Hurd’ breweri * Chilopsis linearis ssp. arcuata Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia X X Cornus glabrata Brown Dogwood X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray < 18 ft tall to 10 ft w 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w 10-20 ft tall Island (Rose) Mallow Lavatera X assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries Blue (Mexican) Elderberry White/Su-Fa FS/PS 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/ yr round FS/PS < 50 ft White/Su PS 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained Any incl. alkali, salty Any welldrained Any, incl. clays Welldrained 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12-14 20, 24 Blue-green foliage; ‘Canyon Blush’ is 4 ft. tall 13 Evergreen; good in gardens 1, 2, 16 Maintain size through pruning 1 to 1-2 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1 1, 2 1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers Showy flowers; winter decid. 10, 14, 16 1, 5, 13, 14 Berries toxic in lg. amounts Fragrant at a distance 1, 2, 13 any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Welldrained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries 1
  2. 2. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) ** Arctostaphylos ‘Louis Edmunds’ 5-8 ft tall Pink/Sp bakeri ssp. bakeri (Sepentine) 8 ft wide 'Louis Edmunds' Manzanita Arctostaphylos 6-18 ft tall Pink/W-Sp X Catalina Manzanita 5-8 ft wide catalinae ** Arctostaphylos ‘Sentinel’ (Vine 4-8 ft tall Pink/W-Sp X densiflora 'Howard 6-10 ft w Hill) Manzanita McMinn' ** Arctostaphylos ‘Sentinel’ (Vine 5-8 ft tall Pink/W-Sp X densiflora 3-7 ft wide Hill) Manzanita 'Sentinel' ‘Baby Bear’ & ** Arctostaphylos 5-8 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp X densiflora x bakeri 'Baby ‘Mama Bear’ Manzanitas Bear' & 'Mama Bear' ** Arctostaphylos 'Austin Griffith' Light** Soil Notes Clay fine 1-2 to 2 6, 13, 24 Nice flowers; maroon branches FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil FS/PS Any, incl. clays 2 to 2-3 FS/PS Welldrained incl sand 1-2 1, 3, 13, 14 6, 8, 13, Good for birds, butterflies; open growth FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 6 Showy flowers, foliage Welldrained; sandy 1-2 to 2 6, 13, Relatively fastgrowing; open habit 6-10 ft tall 4-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS X Baccharis pilularis Coyote Bush To 8 ft Cream/F FS/PS any X Baccharis emoryi Emory Baccharis 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any ** Ceanothus cyanus ‘Sierra Blue’ * Ceanothus X integerrimus * Ceanothus X leucodermis Sierra Blue Ceanothus To 15 ft t. & wide Dk blue /Sp Deerbrush 3-6+ ft t White/Sp Chaparral Whitethorn X Ceanothus megacarpus Big-pod Ceanothus 8-12 ft t 10 ft wide To 12 ft tall Lt. bluewhite/Sp Whitelavender/ Sp ‘Concha’ Ceanothus 4-6 ft. tall & wide Dark Blue/ Sp ‘Dark Star’ Ceanothus 6-8 ft high 5-8 ft wide Dk blue/ WSp ** Ceanothus ‘Concha’ Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus X C. impressus **Ceanothus impressus x papillosus ‘Dark Star’ Availability FS ‘Austin Griffith’ Manzanita X Water Zone+ FS FS/PS FS FS/PS Any welldrained Any Sandy/ rocky Any welldrained 1-2 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1-2 to 2 1 to 2 1 to 1-2 1 FS/PS Most 1-2 to 2 FS Any 1-2 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt tolerant ? 3, 6, 8 Fast; easy; showy 3, 13, 16 Drought decid; glossy leaves 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 20 1, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Very showy; open growth 3, 6, 8, 9, 14, 24, Alkali & garden tolerant 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 24 Hedge; best nearer coast 2
  3. 3. I Scientific Name ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ ** Ceanothus X thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry' * Ceanothus tomentosus var. olivaceus X ** Ceanothus arboreus x thrysiflorus ‘Frosty Blue’ * Ceanothus verrucosus ** Ceanothus ‘Blue Window’ ** Ceanothus ‘Tassajara Blue’ Common Name Size Flower/ season ‘Skylark’ Ceanothus 3-6 ft t Lt blue/Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 2 1, 3, 6, 13 ‘Snowflurry’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 2 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 14 Wooly-leaf Ceanothus 6-12 ft t 4-8 ft w Blues/Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1-2 ‘Frosty Blue’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 8 ft wide Med blue/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained, sandy 2 White Coast (Wartstemmed) Ceanothus ‘Blue Window’ Ceanothus ‘Tassajara’ Ceanothus 5-8 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/ FS 10-15 ft t 8-10 ft w Med Blue/ FS To 8 ft t 5-8 ft w Lt. blue/ Sp Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability 1, 13, 14 1, 3, 6, 13 Notes Dense; shrubby; fast Upright; evergreen; heavy bloomer Dense; evergreen; prune or hedge 1-2 Sandy best 3, 6, 14, 20 Dense foliage 1-2 1, 13 Dense; evergreen 1, 13 Can be hedged FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 FS Welldrained 1 Unusual scent; attractive branch Edible berries; good bird habitat X Cleome isomeris (Isomeris arborea) Bladderpod 2-6+ ft Yellow/ Sp + X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry Buff/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 14 X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum X Salix exigua 4-10 ft tall & wide 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. Yellow/Sp FS/PS Yellow to Or/Sp-Su FS Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Abutilon palmeri X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii Indian Mallow Little Sur Manzanita 2-6 ft tall & wide 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Welldrained welldrained 1-2 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16 Any welldrained; Birds eat berries Spreading via roots 1, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ 3
  4. 4. Common Name Size Flower/ season Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp * Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. tomentosa X Scientific Name * Arctostaphylos hookeri I Wooly-leaf Manzanita 3-8 ft tall 4-5 ft wide * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape X Diplacus aurantiacus X Diplacus linearis Bush Monkeyflower Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower Light** Soil Water Zone+ FS welldrained 1-2 to 2 White/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS 2-3 ft Orange/ W-Sp FS/PS Sandy 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 any Availability Notes 1, 3, 13 Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ 13 Large shrub; silvery blue foliage 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 1, 3, 10, 13, 18 1, 3, 6-8, 1014, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28 3, 7, 8, 11-14, 16, 20-24, 26, 28 3, 7, 8, 10-14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 26, 28 X * Diplacus longiflorus Southern Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Yellow to white/ W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus parviflorus Island Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Red /W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus puniceus Red Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Darker orange/Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Red/Sp-F FS/PS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 8, 14 Yellow/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 22, 24 3-6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 3-5 ft Yellow-red/ Sp-Su Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Silver Bush Lupine 3-4 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 ? var Long-leaf Bush Lupine To 5 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 12, 13, 16 X Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa X * Justicia californica X * Keckiella antirrhinoides X Lepechinia fragrans Lotus scoparius var. scoparius Lupinus albifrons var. X albifrons X X Lupinus longifolius Chuparosa Yellow Bush Snapdragon Fragrant Pitcher Sage Deer Vetch/ Deer Broom 4-6 ft tall to 12 ft w 2-4 ft tall & wide FS 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 San Gabriels S. Islands S. Islands; Riv. & San Diego Co. Tolerates winter flooding ‘El Tigre’ 4
  5. 5. Common Name Size Flower/ season Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellowgreen/Sp Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su X Salvia apiana White Sage 3-5 ft X * Salvia brandegeei Santa Rosa Island Sage To 3-4 ft; often sprawling X * Salvia clevelandii Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage I Scientific Name X Rhus trilobata X Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum PS FS/PS/FSH Soil any Water Zone+ 1-2 Availability 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Notes Birds eat berries 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries Welldrained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 Welldrained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 14, 19 2-5 ft Purple/lav. Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 ‘Vicki Romo’ Sage 3-4 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS Most 1-2 to 2 6, 8 Silver-white foliage; fragrant Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-4 ft tall & wide Light blue/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 13, 14 Silvery foliage; prune back by 1/3 in fall X Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft Light purple/Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w FS Welldrained ** Salvia apiana X S. clevelandii ‘Vicki Romo’ ** Salvia clevelandii X X S. leucophylla ‘Allen Chickering’ X * Salvia munzii White/ Sp-Su Pale lavender/ Sp-Su Light** Dark-green foliage Cultivars: ‘Betsy Blue/Su 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16,18, 19 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, Nice scent Fragrant like Black Sage; ‘Baja Blue’, ‘Emerald Cascade’ 5
  6. 6. Scientific Name Common Name Size Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading 2-4 ft tall & wide X Trichostema lanatum Wooly Bluecurls X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena I X Flower/ season White/Sp Light** PS Soil Clays, loams Water Zone+ 2-3 Availability Notes 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans 13, 14 mulch Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any 2-4 ft Purple/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 difficult 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 Lovely yearround; showy flowers 1, 6, 8, 13 Winter decid.; tolerates flooding 2-3 to 3 Perennial Vines X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine White/SpSu; sep. m/f plants FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1-2 Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 Pink/Sp PS best Welldrained Pink/W-Sp PS best X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles Lonicera subspicata var. denudate & subspicata Perennial Groundcover Plants Little Sur * Arctostaphylos X Manzanita edmundsii ‘Parvifolia’ X X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii ** Arctostaphylos X edmundsii ‘Bert Johnson’ ** Arctostaphylos X edmundsii ‘Big Sur’ X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’ 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, Red berries in summer Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Red berries in summer Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide 1-3 ft tall 6-20 ft wide Bert Johnson Manzanita < 1 ft tall 6 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 19 Better further inland Big Sur Manzanita < 4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Any; sandy ok 1-2 to 2-3 19, Open growth Carmel Sur Manzanita 1 ft tall to 20 ft w Pink/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 19 Good for Coastal areas; fast growth 6
  7. 7. I Scientific Name ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Danville’ ** Arctostaphylos X edmundsii ‘Sandsprite’ * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. adamsii X Common Name Size Flower/ season Danville Manzanita 1-2 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8, 13 Sandsprite Manzanita Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Laguna Manzanita 3-5 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp PS best Welldrained 1-2 3, 8, 14 Blue-gray foliage * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. crassifolia Del Mar Manzanita 2-8 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp PS best Most soils 1-2 14 ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Monterey Carpet Manzanita White-blue foliage; very hardy coastal 1, 3, 6, 13 * Arctostaphylos pumila Dune Manzanita X * Arctostaphylos uvaursi Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 1 ft high 5+ ft wide 2-4 ft tall 3-6 ft wide 1 ft tall spreading X ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Pacific Mist’ Pacific Mist Manzanita White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 White/ Sp FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 8 Pink/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 1, 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS sandy Point Reyes Manzanita <1 ft tall to 10 ft Pink/Sp PS Welldrained 2-3 Radiant Manzanita <1 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13, 19 ** Arctostaphylos ’Emerald Carpet’ Emerald Carpet Manzanita < 1 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Rich, sl. acid 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 A. uva-ursi X A. nummularia hybrid ** Arctostaphylos ‘Wood’s Compact’ Wood’s Compact Manzanita < 1 ft tall to 6 ft w. Pink/Sp PS Needs rich soil 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 John Dourly Manzanita Arctostaphylos uva-ursi X A. nummularia 2-3 ft tall to 8 ft wide 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide < 6 in spreading Pink/Sp FS/PS White/Sp PS/FSH White/Sp-Su PS/FSH ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Point Reyes’ ** Arctostaphylos uvaX ursi ‘Radiant’ X ** Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’ * Clinopodium (Satureja) X chandleri Clinopodium (Satureja) X douglasii * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) San Miguel Savory Yerba buena Any Welldrained Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 Monterey Bay dunes plant Best along coast; needs pruning 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 19 3, 14 2-3 to 3 minty 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/ Su-Fa FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 to 3 3, 8 hummingbird plant CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding 7
  8. 8. I Scientific Name ** Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ‘Catalina’ ** Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ‘Everett’s Choice’ X ** Epilobium canum ‘Hurricane Point’ ** Epilobium septentrionalis ‘Select Mattole’ * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Common Name Size Flower/ season Island CA Fuschia 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Red/all year (S/F/W most) FS/PS Any Everett’s Choice CA Fuschia 1 ft tall 3 ft wide Dark Orred/ Spr-Su FS/PS Hurricane Point CA Fuschia 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Or-red/Su-F Humbolt County Fuschia 1 ft tall 4-5 ft wide Or-red/Su-F Island Alumroot 1- 3 ft White/Spr Light** Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 13, 19 Gray foliage; upright, shrublike Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 11, 16 Low-growing FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 8, 19 Low-growing FS/PS Prefers rocky 19 Low mat-like; silvery foliage; winter dormant PS/PS/ FSH Soil Any, incl. clays 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 X * Heuchera micrantha Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft Pink/Spr X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH X Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH 1-3 ft White/SprSu FS/PS 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 2-3 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 13 1-2 ft Redyellow/Su PS/FSH Welldrained 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 2-3 ft Creampink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 1-2 ft Red/Spr FS Welldrained 1-2 10, 13 X Stachys albens X Stachys bullata Stachys rigida var. rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Herbaceous Perennials * Antirrhinum X multiflorum X X * Aquilegia formosa X Asclepias fascicularis Castilleja affinis subsp. affinis Whitestem Woodmint (Hedgenettle) California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Rose Snapdragon Western Columbine Narrow-leaf Milkweed Indian Paintbrush PS/PS/ FSH See note See note 2-3 to 3 2 to 2-3 1-2 Any Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 1, 3, 8 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Well-drained soil Well-drained soil Cut back yearly 1, 3, 6, 12 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 13 Showy flowers Needs seasonal flooding Summer drought for seeds 8
  9. 9. X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Castilleja foliolosa I Wooly Indian Paintbrush 1-2 ft Red-Or/SprSu Delphinium parryi ssp. maritimum & parryi Parry’s Blue Larkspur 1-5 ft Bluepurple/Spr FS/?PS Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS Western Wallflower 1-3 ft 1-2 ft wide Yellow-Or/ W-Sp FS X * Delphinium cardinale Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum Erysimum insulare ssp. X suffrutescens X *Justicia californica X * Linum lewisii X *Lobelia dunnii var. serrata X *Lobelia cardinalis X Mimulus cardinalis X Mimulus guttatus Mimulus moschatus (var. moniliformis) Mirabilis laevis var. X crassifolia X X * Monardella macrantha * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) * Penstemon centranthifolius X * Penstemon grinnellii X Penstemon heterophyllus Dune Wallflower 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide 3-5 ft tall 4-6+ ft w. Light** FS Soil Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability 1 ? 1 8, 20 1 to 1-2 Notes Summer drought for seeds; difficult Good under oaks 10, 16, 19 1-2 to 2 13 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 10 Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Sandy Red/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 21 Blue/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Blue/Su-Fa PS Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 6, 8, 13 Toxic Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic To 3 ft Red/Sp-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 easy 1-5 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 1 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 8 leaves: boiled as greens 1-3 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 10, 13, 14, 16 reseeds Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Coyote Mint 1 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS See note 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su Chuparose Blue Flax Dunn’s Lobelia Cardinal Flower Scarlet Monkeyflower Seep Monkeyflower Musk Monkeyflower Wishbone Plant; CA Four O’Clock 1-3 ft tall 1-3 ft wide 1 ft 1-3 1-2 1 ft tall ft wide ft tall wide FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 14 Hummingbird magnet! Parched seeds have a pleasant flavor scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ Well-drained soil best May be difficult Many blooms 9
  10. 10. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * Penstemon newberryi var. sonomensis Sonoma Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Magenta/ FS/PS Welldrained Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained Showy Penstemon 3-4 ft Lavenderpink/Sp-Su FS CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr PS Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pinklavender/ FS/PS Indian Pink 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red/Su PS/FS X Silene laciniata Indian Pink 1-3 ft Red/Sp-Su FS/PS X Solanum xanti Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-4 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 14 Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Verbena bracteata Big Bract Verbena ½ - 2 ft FS ?any 2-3 to 3 10 + Verbena lasiostachys California Verbena 1-4 ft FS/PS Any See note I X * Penstemon palmeri Penstemon spectabilis ssp. subviscosus Scrophularia californica X ssp. floribunda Sidalcea malviflora ssp. X malviflora X * Silene californica X Lavender/ Su-Fa Lavender/ Sp-Fa Light** Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Castilleja exserta ssp. X exserta Cirsium occidentale var. X californicum & occidentale Purple Owl’s Clover 1-2 ft tall Magenta/Sp FS Cobwebby Thistle 4-6 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Pink/Sp-Su FS X Clarkia purpurea Purple Clarkia 2-3 ft tall Lavender/ Sp-Su X Clarkia unguiculata Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall X Collinsia heterophylla var. heterphylla Soil Sandy or rocky Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 to 2 8, 13 Blue-green foliage; difficult; ‘St. Helena’ 1 to 1-2 1, 14 Welldrained Sandy or rocky – 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16 2-3 to 3 Any 1 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 2-3 19 1-2 to 2-3 Afternoon shade 12 1, 10, 13, 16 difficult Berries very poisonous Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding None after flowering no water after flowering Welldrained Welldrained 1-2 13, 19, 21 FS/PS any 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Pink-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 Needs drought for seeds Purple-white Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 Well-drained soil 1 2, 5, 16 (our ssp) May survive several seasons 10
  11. 11. Scientific Name Common Name Size Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia Globe Gilia 1-2+ ft X Gilia nevinii Nevin’s Gilia 1-2 ft tall X Gilia tricolor Bird’s Eye Gilia 1-2 ft tall Sky Lupine 1-2 ft tall X Lupinus succulentus Arroyo (Succulent) Lupine 1-3 ft tall X Lupinus truncatus Dwarf Lupine 1-2 ft tall X Mimulus brevipes Widethroat Yellow Monkeyflower 2-3 ft tall X Mimulus guttatus Seep Monkeyflower Mimulus floribundus Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima & hookeri I X X X * Lupinus nanus ssp. latifolius X Salvia carduacea X Salvia columbariae var. columbariae Flower/ season Purple-blue/ Sp Yellow/Blue Sp Yellow/Blue Sp Blue/white/ Sp Light** FS FS/PS Soil Any welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1 to 1-2 5, 13 easy 1 to 1-2 2, 19 FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 2, 5, 10, 13 FS/PS any 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13 FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 10, 13, Yellow/WSpr FS/PS Sandy or rocky 1-2 to 2-3 10, 13 1-5 ft tall Yellow/WSpr FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Many-flowered Monkeyflower 1-2 ft tall YellowRed/W-Sp FS Welldrained 2-3 Hooker’s Evening Primrose 5+ ft tall Yellow/Su FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 Thistle Sage 1-2 ft tall Lavender/ Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1 Chia Sage 1-2 ft Blue-purple/ Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1 to 1-2 5, 10, 13, 16 Bluepurple/Sp Red-Purple/ Sp 1, 2, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, 18 Easy; fragrant Easy Many blooms ? 10, 16 Abundant reseeders 10, 13, 16 Cacti and Succulents X Dudleya lanceolata Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow-Or/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13-15 X Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Pink-Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 X Dudleya virens ssp. Hassei & insularis Bright Green Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 X * Hesperoyucca (Yucca) whipplei Our Lord’s Candle/ Chaparral Yucca 1-3 ft (flower to 10 ft Cream/Sp FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 With good drainage Dramatic accent plant; sharp spines 11
  12. 12. I Scientific Name Common Name Flower/ season Size Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Opuntia littoralis Coastal Prickly Pear To 3 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 X Opuntia oricola Chaparral Prickly Pear 6-8 ft tall spreading Yellow-Or/ Sp FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1 X Opuntia prolifera Coastal Cholla 3-9 ft Dark Pink/W-Sp FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 12, 13, 14 FS/PS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 FS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 20 Fine in grass 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 difficult 1 1, 8, 13, 20 1 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Bulbs and Corms White Fairy Lantern Catalina Mariposa Lily Splendid Mariposa Lily 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White-pink/ Sp-Su 1 ft tall <1 ft wide Whitepurple/Sp 6-18 in. Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Calochortus venustus Butterfly Mariposa 1-2 ft tall Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Dichelostemma capitatum Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth < 2 ft Blue/Sp FS/PS Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS See note < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS sandy 1-2 to 3 1, 13 1-2 ft Purpleyellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1-2 ft tall Pale blue/ Sp FS/PS Clefts in rocks X Calochortus albus X Calochortus catalinae X Calochortus splendens X X Iris douglasiana X Ranunculus californicus X Sisyrinchium bellum Triteleia clementina California Buttercup Western Blue-eyed Grass San Clemente Tritelia Welldrained Welldrained welldrained 1 to 2 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Drought tolerant if mulched Very welldrained soils 18 1/18/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 12

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