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CA Native Plants for Rain Gardens and Vegetated (Infiltration) Swales - Western L.A. County
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X Juncus mexicanus Mexican...
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Plants for the Upper Edges...
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Isocoma menziesii var.
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X Symphoricarpos mollis Sn...
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** Baccharis ‘Centennial’
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* Heuchera maxima
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Pseudognaphalium
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X Juncus textilis Basket ...
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Plants for S. California Rain gardens & infiltration swales

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List of CA native plants suitable for rain gardens and vegetated swales in S. California.

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Plants for S. California Rain gardens & infiltration swales

  1. 1. 1 CA Native Plants for Rain Gardens and Vegetated (Infiltration) Swales - Western L.A. County I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Plants for the Bottom and Lower Edges of the Rain Garden/Swale (can take occasional flooding) Perennials and Ground-cover Plants Alisma plantago-aquatica Common Waterplantain 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide White/Su FS Any 2-3 to 3 Water plant sources Shallow water or mud; weedy Alisma triviale Narrow-leaf Waterplantain 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide White/Su FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2; water plant sources Shallow water or mud X Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 1 ft tall & wide White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Any incl clay 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 Shallow water X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Cream/Su PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Fringed Willow Herb 2-5 ft tall Pink/Su-F PS any 2-3 to 3 2, 10 Can become weedy X Frankenia salina Alkali heath 1-3 ft tall spreading Purple/Su FS Any 2 to 3 2, 8, 10, 20, 21, 24 Tolerates salt, alkali cond. X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic; shallow water X *Lobelia dunii Dunn’s Lobellia 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Lavender/ Su-F PS Any 3 6, 8, 13 UCR Bot. Garden Toxic: shallow water or pondside X Mimulus cardinalis Scarlet Monkeyflower To 3 ft Red/Sp-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 Easy; shallow water X Phyla nodiflora Lippia < 6 inches spreading White-pink/ Sp-Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 8, 46 Good ground cover Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – no water after flowering X Lasthenia glabrata ssp. coulteri Coulter's Goldfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10 Good for water gardens; salt tolerant X Mimulus guttatus Seep Monkeyflower 1-5 ft tall Yellow/W- Spr FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Lush with pretty flowers
  2. 2. 2 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) X * Carex barbarae Santa Barbara Sedge 1-2 ft tall to 3 ft w Evergreen sod sedge FS/PS Any 2 to 3 3, 8, 13, 16 May be invasive (containerize) * Carex nudata California Black- flowering Sedge 1-3 ft tall Cool-season sod sedge PS/ FSH Sandy 2 to 3 3, 4 Can grow in water, stream X Eleocharis macrostachya Pale Spikerush 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20, 21, 24 Shallow water Eleocharis montevidensis var. montevidensis Sand Spikerush 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 9, 13, 20 Shallow water X Equisetum hyemale subsp. affine Common Horsetail 2-4 ft tall 1-6 ft w Perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 4, 8, 13 Will grow in standing water; contain X Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail 2-5 ft tall spreading Perennial FS/PS Clays best 2-3 to 3 8 Will grow in standing water; contain X Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. californicum CA Meadow Barley 1-2 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunch FS any 1-2 to 2-3 5, 10, 13, 16 streamside X Isolepis (Scirpus) cernuus Fiber Optic Grass; Miniature Tule 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season, sod rush; cut back in winter PS/ FSH Sandy best 2-3 to 3 3, 4, 13 good for pond edges X Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii Spiny Rush 2-5 ft tall & wide Cool-season, sod rush FS/PS Any incl. alk./salty 2-3 2, 3, 10, 14, 16 Sharp tips; shallow water X Juncus balticus Baltic Rush 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Sod rush FS Any incl. alk./salty 2-3 3, 16 Shallow water X * Juncus bolanderi Bolander’s Rush 1-2 ft tall Perennial rhizome rush FS Any incl. salty 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Showy seedheads X Juncus bufonius var bufonius & congesta Toad Rush < 1 ft tall & wide Annual rush FS Any incl. salty 1-2 to 3 10, 16 X * Juncus effusus Bog/Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 14 Good around pools; ‘Quartz Creek’
  3. 3. 3 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Juncus mexicanus Mexican Rush < 1 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS Any incl. salty 1-2 to 2-3 3, 10, 14, 16 Shallow water X Juncus oxymeris Pointed rush 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 8, 39 Nice flowers; pondside X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray; shallow water X Juncus textilis Basket Rush 3-5 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside X Juncus torreyi Torrey’s Rush 1-3 ft tall spreading Spreading perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside X Typha angustifolia Narrowleaf Cattail 3-5 ft tall spreading Bunching perennial FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 20 Shallow water, pond side X Typha domingensis Southern Cattail 3-8 ft tall spreading Bunching perennial FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 10, 14 Shallow water, pond side X Typha latifolia Common Cattail Bunching perennial FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 10, 13, 16 Shallow water, pond side
  4. 4. 4 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Plants for the Upper Edges and Berms (these plant like slightly drier conditions, but fine with seasonal moisture) Trees and Large Shrubs often used as trees X *Alnus rhombifolia White Alder 50-75 ft t 20-40 ft w. Green/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clay 2-3 to 3 3, 6, 8, 13, 14 Tol. flooding * Betula occidentales Water birch 25-35 ft t. 15-25 ft w Green/Sp FS/PS Most 2-3 to 3 8, 11, 14 Tolerates seas. flooding X * Celtis reticulata/ C. laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry 10-30 ft t. 20-30 ft w. Green/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 5, 8, 10, 16, 19, 30, 31, 45 Edible fruits X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Tol. seasonal flooding X * Chilopsis linearis ssp. arcuata Desert Willow 5-25 ft tall and wide Pink/ Sp-F FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 2 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Showy flowers; streamside X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries; upper bank Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) X * Amorpha fruticosa False Indigo 6-12 ft 4-10 ft w. Purple- brown/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 6, 13, 14 Can be weedy; cultivar: ‘Dark Lance’ X Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2 Upper stream banks X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-White/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20 Upper bank X * Carpenteria californica Bush Anemone 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W White- Yellow/ Spr PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers X * Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 5-12 ft tall 4-8 ft wide Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 11, 13 Good for pondside X Cornus glabrata Brown Dogwood < 18 ft tall to 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Clay best 2-3 1, 13 Streamside X Cornus sericea Redosier dogwood 10-25 ft tall & wide White/Sp PS Any 2 to 3 8, 11, 13, 20 Birds like berries X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 Upper stream banks; fragrant
  5. 5. 5 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii Coast Goldenbush 1-3 ft tall and wide Yellow/ Su-F FS Any 1-2 1, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange 4-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant; riparian woodland X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Buff/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Upper bank X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellow- green/Sp PS any 1-2 to 2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Mid-bank to upper bank X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Any well- drained; Birds eat berries Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Upper bank X * Ericameria nauseosa Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 13, 16 Good for butterflies X Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding; mid- to upper bank X **Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa ‘Firecracker Firecracker Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Streamside X * Hibiscus lasiocarpus Rose mallow 3-6 ft tall 2-4 ft wide White-red/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 11, 13, 46 Showy flowers X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 4-6 ft tall to 10 ft w Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 7, 18 Mulch soil X Ribes californicum var. hesperium Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Mid- to upper bank X Ribes speciosum Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 12- 14, 19 Mid- to upper bank ; spiny X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Red-flowering Currant 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Mid- to upper bank X Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading White/Sp PS Clays, loams 2-3 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans
  6. 6. 6 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any 2-3 to 3 13, 14 Mulch; upper bank; See Common Snowberry X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 Lovely year- round; upper bank Perennial Vines X * Lonicera ciliosa Orange Honeysuckle 15-20 ft Orange/ Sp- Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 2, 8 Lower bank X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 Upper bank; fragrant flowers X * Lonicera interrupta Chaparral Honeysuckle 8-20+ ft Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PSH Any 2 to 2-3 2 Excellent habitat plant X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Upper bank X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Upper bank Perennials and Ground-cover Plants X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 most streamside X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Red- yellow/Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 Streamside X * Arctostaphylos uva- ursi Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 1 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 1, Mid- to upper bank X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Cream- pink/Su FS/PS Sandy 3 - winter 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Needs seasonal flooding X Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Pink/Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 Tol. Flooding; Monarch host plant; silvery ** Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’ Point St. George Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 Good habitat plant X Baccharis douglasii Marsh Baccharis < 3 ft White/Su-F FS/PS Any incl. clays 2-3 1, 13 Upper bank
  7. 7. 7 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes ** Baccharis ‘Centennial’ Centennial Baccharis 2-3 ft tall 5-6 ft wide White/F Female - seeds FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 8, Baccharis pilularis X B. sarathroides hybrid X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries X Boykinia rotundifolia Round-leaved Boykinia 1-4 ft tall & wide White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 12 Streamside; pond edge X Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 Streamside X * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/ Su-Fa FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 3, 8 hummingbird plant; streamside X Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding; streamside X *Erigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy ½ ft Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 Attractive flowers, foliage X ** Erigeron glaucus ‘Arthur Menzies’ & 'Wayne Roderick' Seaside Daisy Daisy < 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lavender- blue/Sp-F FS/ PS (hot) Well- drained 1-2; 2-3(sun) 1, 3, 6, 8 Silvery foliage; streamside X * Fragaria chiloensis (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 edible fruit; streamside X * Fragaria vesca (californica) CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit; upper bank X Grindelia camporum Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa FS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading X Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula Hairy Gumplant 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 10 Butterfly plant X * Grindelia stricta var platyphylla Coastal Gumplant 1-3 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Yellow/Su FS Any 2 to 3 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13 Lower to mid- bank X Heliotropum curassivacum Seaside Heliotrope < 2 ft 4-8 ft w. White- purple/Sp-F FS/PS Any; alkali best 2-3 2, 10, 16 Seasonal flooding; toxic foliage
  8. 8. 8 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X * Heuchera maxima (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Island Alumroot 1- 3 ft White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 X * Heuchera micrantha Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft Pink/Spr PS/PS/ FSH See note 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8 Well-drained soil X * Iva hayesiana San Diego Marsh Elder 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Banks X Jaumea carnosa Salty Susan < 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Yellow/Sp-F FS Sandy best 2-3 to 3 1, 2, 13, 20 Seasonal flooding X Limonium californicum California Sea- Lavender 1-2 ft tall and wide Purple/Su-F FS Any; sand to clay 2-3 to 3 10, 14, 16 Tolerates seaside conditions X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic; shallow water X *Lobelia dunii Dunn’s Lobellia 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Lavender/ Su-F PS Any 3 6, 8, 13 UCR Bot. Garden Toxic: shallow water or pondside X Lomatium utriculatum Common Lomatum 2-3 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS Any, incl. clays, alkali 2-3 to 3 30 Pollinator plant Mimulus moschatus (var. moniliformis) Musk Monkeyflower 1 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 8 leaves: boiled as greens X * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ X Oenanthe sarmentosa Water parsley 2-4 ft tall & wide White/Sp FS/PS Most 2-3 to 3 39 Butterfly/ pollinator plant X * Oenothera californica CA Evening Primrose < 1 ft tall 3-8 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS (best) Sandy/ rocky 2 to 2-3 10, 13, 16 Scented flowers; mid to upper bank **Penstemon heterophyllus ‘Margarita Bop’ ‘Margarita BOP’ Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Purple/Su FS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 6, 13 Streamside or bank X Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Su-F FS Sandy incl. Alk 2-3 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su PS Well- drained 2 to 3 1, 6, 12, 13 Seasonal flooding
  9. 9. 9 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Pseudognaphalium californicum California Everlasting 2-4 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Sweet-scented X Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. beneolens Wooly Everlasting 1-2 ½ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 16 Spreads; gray foliage X Rumex salicifolius var. salicifolius Willow Dock 2-3 ft tall & wide Pink bract / Su FS Well- drained 2 to 3 10, 13 (? var.) Seaside fine X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr PS 2-3 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade X Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pink- lavender/ FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 * Silene californica Indian Pink 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red/Su PS/FS Well- drained 2-3 19 difficult X Silene laciniata Indian Pink 1-3 ft Red/Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy or rocky 1-2 to 2-3 12 Moist banks X Solanum xanti Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-4 ft tall Purple/Sp- Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 Berries very poisonous X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Stachys bullata California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Stachys rigida var. rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Mountain Meadowrue 3-5 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 10, 12-14, 19 Well-drained soils X * Venegasia carpesioides Canyon Sunflower 4-6 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp-F PS Any 2 to 2-3 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 24 Long-blooming; seeds for birds
  10. 10. 10 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – no water after flowering X Calandrinia ciliata Red Maids < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Bright pink/Sp FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 5, 10 Good for water gardens X Clarkia unguiculata Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Pink-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 Needs drought for seeds X Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata Miner’s Lettuce 1 ft tall White/Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 2, 5, 10 Edible leaves X Collinsia heterophylla var. heterphylla Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall Purple-white Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 Well-drained soil X Helenium puberulum Rosilla; Sneezeweed 1-5 ft tall 1 ft wide Yellow- brown/ Su FS any 2-3 to 3 6, 13, 21 Edible; pollinator plant; X Helianthus annuus Common (Annual) Sunflower 5-8 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 2, 10 (local var.) easy Lasthenia coronaria Royal Goldenfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 10, Moderately salt tolerant X Lupinus bicolor Miniature Lupine < 1 ft tall Blue/white FS/PS any 1- 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13 Pretty purple flowers X Mimulus brevipes Widethroat Yellow Monkeyflower 2-3 ft tall Yellow/W- Spr FS/PS Sandy or rocky 1-2 to 2-3 10, 13 Many blooms X Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima & hookeri Hooker’s Evening Primrose 5+ ft tall Yellow/Su FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 2, 10, 16 Abundant reseeders; pond edge X Pseudognaphalium (Gnaphalium) bioletta/bicolor Two-tone Everlasting 1-3 ft tall White/W-Sp FS/PS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 10, 12, 16 Butterfly plant X Plantago erecta California (Dotseed) Plantain < 1 ft tall White/green FS/PS any 2-3 2, 14, 16, 24 Pond edge Bulbs and Corms X Iris douglasiana Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS See note 1 to 2 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Drought tolerant if mulched X Ranunculus californicus California Buttercup < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS sandy 1-2 to 3 1, 13 Very well- drained soils X Sisyrinchium bellum Western Blue-eyed Grass 1-2 ft Purple- yellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Pretty little flowers X * Sisyrinchium californicum Yellow-eyed Grass 1-2 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS/PS Any 2 to 3 3, 5, 8, 13, 14, 20 Pond-edge plant
  11. 11. 11 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) Agrostis exarata Spike Bentgrass 1-4 ft tall Cool-seas. perennial bunchgrass FS/PS Not alkali 1-2 to 3 10, 16 Pond-edge X * Calamagrostis nutkaensis Pacific Reed Grass 3-4 ft tall & wide cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 4, 5, 8, 13 Can plant densely X * Carex pansa (C. praegracilis sometimes mislabled as this) Sand Dune Sedge 1 ft tall shear 1-2 time/ yr Cool-season clump sedge FS/PS Very sandy 2 to 2-3 3, 4, 6, 8 Tol. seasonal flooding; streamside X Carex praegracilis Clustered Field Sedge/CA Meadow Sedge 1-2 ft tall Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Clays best 2-3 1, 2, 4, 7, 13 Shallow water X * Carex spissa San Diego Sedge 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS/FSH Clays best 1 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 Streamside X Carex tumulicola Berkeley Sedge 2 ft tall & wide Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13 Streamside X * Danthonia Californica California Oatgrass 2-3 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 2 to 3 6, 8, 10 Evergreen; tol. walking; good for small areas X * Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass 1-2 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 4-8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 streamside X Deschampsia elongata Slender Hairgrass 2-4 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 1 – dies back 5, 10, 13, 16 Fine-texture; seasonal flooding X * Deschampsia holciformis (D. cespitosa ssp. hociformis) Pacific Hairgrass 1-3 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS any 2-3 to 3 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 Salt-tolerant X *Festuca idahoensis Blue Bunchgrass < 1 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 2 to 3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 20 Streamside X * Festuca rubra Red Fescue 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season bunch/sod grass; can mow FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 Easy; Blue- green; ‘Molate’ ‘Patrick’s Point’, ‘Jughandle’ X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray; shallow water
  12. 12. 12 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Juncus textilis Basket Rush 3-5 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside X Juncus xiphioides Iris-leaf rush 1 ½ ft tall spreading Spreading rush FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Best in contained; shallow water X Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass 1-3 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 Showy X Leymus triticoides Creeping Wild Rye < 3 ft tall spreading Cool-season perennial sod-grass; light mow FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 14, 16 Great vernal swale or streambank; spreading X * Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass 2-4 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 seasonal flooding; streamside X Sporobolus airoides Alkali sacaton 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Warm- season bunchgrass FS/PS well- drained best 2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Salt-tolerant; alkali fine 1/1/15 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet : http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants_17.html * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** horticultural cultivar ++ light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade + Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html

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