Shade dry 1-11

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Shade dry 1-11

  1. 1. CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County – Plants for Dry Shade (part-shade and full-shade) I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs X Aesculus californica CA Buckeye 12-30+ ft tall & w White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any welldrained X * Arctostaphylos glauca Big-berry Manzanita 7-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained X Ceanothus arboreus Catalina Ceanothus <20 ft. t 8-10 ft w Blue/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus To 20 ft t 10-15 w Lt. blue/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 6, 9, 13 Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany 6-12 ft tall 4 ft. wide Yellowwhite/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 X * Garrya elliptica Coastal Silktassel 12 ft tall & wide Cream/W FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Garrya veatchii Canyon Silk Tassel Bush Cream/ WSp FS/PS Any X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall Island (Rose) Mallow Catalina Ironwood ** Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ X * Cercis occidentalis Cercocarpus montanus X var. blancheae/ C. alnifolius/ C. betuloides var. blancheae Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia Lavatera X assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora X Lyonothamnus floribundus 6-15 ft tall 6-8 ft wide 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12-14 20, 24 1 1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19 1-2 to 2 FS/PS/FSH Any welldrained 1-2 White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/ yr round FS/PS Welldrained To 50 ft t 15-30 ft w Whiteyellow/ SpSu FS/PS Any welldrained 1 1-2 1, 7, 13 Blue-green foliage; ‘Canyon Blush’ is 4 ft. tall Spreading; evergreen; good for garden Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers Hedge; evergreen; upright form 10, 14, 16 Good under oaks 3, 8, 14 Good under oaks; 'Evie', ‘James Roof’ 1, 13 Evergreen; silvery 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries toxic in lg. amounts 1, 5, 13, 14 Fragrant at a distance; good under oaks 1, 2, 13 1, 3, 7, 9, 13, 14 Evergreen 1
  2. 2. I Scientific Name X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Common Name Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries Blue (Mexican) Elderberry Size Flower/ season < 50 ft White/Su 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Good under oaks FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil PS Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) Arctostaphylos catalinae ** Arctostaphylos X densiflora 'Howard McMinn' ‘Harmony’ X X Baccharis pilularis X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ X * Calycanthus occidentalis X * Carpenteria californica X Ceanothus megacarpus X Dendromecon harfordii X * Garrya fremontii X * Holodiscus discolor Catalina Manzanita 6-18 ft tall 5-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 4-8 ft tall 6-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 2 to 2-3 Coyote Bush To 8 ft Cream/F FS/PS any Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-White/ Su-F FS/PS any Western Spicebush 6-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide FS/PS Pref.light deep rich Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W Purplebronze/ Sp-Su WhiteYellow/ Spr PS/FSH Welldrained Big-pod Ceanothus To 12 ft tall Whitelavender/ Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 1, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 8 ft tall 4 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 1, 9, 13, 14, 19 Showy; bluegreen foliage 5-15 ft tall & wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2 8, 13 Under oaks; blue berries 10-20 ft tall White/ Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Channel Island Tree Poppy Fremont’s Silktassel Creambush; Ocean Spray 1-2 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 13, 14 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20 1, 13, 14 Spicy; wine-like fragrance 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained * Mahonia pinnata X California Barberry 4-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Most; acidic fine 1-2 to 2 8, 13, 20 Malacothamnus fasciculatus Chaparral Mallow Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 13, 19 To 12 ft t 4-6 ft wide Fragrant at a distance Edible berries; good bird habitat Slow-growing; ‘Ken Hartman’; edible fruits ‘Casitas’ good for gardens 2
  3. 3. I Scientific Name X * Philadelphus lewisii X Quercus berberidifolia (Q. dumosa) Quercus dumosa var. elegantula Common Name CA Mock Orange Scrub Oak Coastal Sage Scrub Oak Channel Island Scrub Oak Flower/ season Size 4-10 ft tall & wide 10-20 ft tall & wide 3-10 ft tall to 15 ft w White/ Sp-Su Yellow/ W-Sp Light** FS/PS FS/PS Soil Any, incl clays Welldrained Sandy best Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant 1 to 1-2 7, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen; small leaves 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Evergreen 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Evergreen Yellow/Sp FS/PS To 15 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained California Coffeeberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Buff/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', smaller; good under oaks X * Rhamnus crocea Redberry Buckthorn 3-6 ft tall 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20 Pretty fruits; birds; under oaks X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves; under oaks X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 Quercus pacifica * Rhamnus californica incl. X ‘Eve Case’, ‘Mound San Bruno’ X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum X * Romneya coulteri Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; * Arctostaphylos X edmundsii * Arctostaphylos X hookeri * Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. tomentosa * Berberis (Mahonia) X aquifolium X Brickellia californica * Brickellia nevinii 2-10 3-20 8-12 6-15 ft ft w. ft ft w. 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible fruits; ok under oaks Edible fruits; ok under oaks Any welldrained; Birds eat berries Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp Matilija Poppy 3-8 ft tall spreading White/Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Pink/W-Sp FS/PS welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ 1, 3, 13 Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ includes woody sub-shrubs Little Sur 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Manzanita 7, 12, 14 Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS welldrained 1-2 to 2 Wooly-leaf Manzanita 3-8 ft tall 4-5 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS Welldrained; acidic 1-2 13 Large shrub; silvery blue foliage Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good under oaks California Bricklebush Nevin’s Brickelbush < 4 ft tall to 4 ft w Buff/Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 12, 16 Fragrant flowers 1-2 ft tall Buff/F FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 12 Silvery foliage 3
  4. 4. I X Scientific Name Common Name Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii Catalina Silverlace Flower/ season Size 3-4 2-4 4-8 4-6 ft ft ft ft X Dendromecon rigida Bush Poppy Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft CA Fuschia 1-3 ft X Eriogonum cinereum Ashy-leaf Buckwheat X * Eriogonum crocatum X Eriogonum parvifolium tall wide tall wide X Yellow/ Sp-Su Yellow/ Sp-Su Orange/ W-Sp Light** FS/PS FS/PS Soil Any welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 2-3 1 to 1-2 Availability Notes 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, ‘Silver Canyon’; under oaks Good under oaks Good under oaks 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 FS/PS Sandy Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Good under oaks 2-5 ft Pink-wht/ Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 2-3 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Gray foliage; under oaks Conejo Buckwheat 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/SpSu FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 Good under oaks Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft Pink-creme/ Su + FS/PS/ FSH 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS Any welldrained Welldrained 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 ‘Firecracker’; under oaks 3-8 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 22, 24 Fragrant flowers 3-6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Incl. ‘El Tigre’; under oaks Silver Bush Lupine 3-4 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 ? var Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellowgreen/Sp PS any 1-2 Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Welldrained 2; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 Prickles; showy 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 2 to 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Pretty flowers; edible fruit X Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa X * Keckiella antirhinnoides X Lepechinia fragrans X Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons X Rhus trilobata X * Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Catalina Snapdragon Yellow Bush Penstemon Fragrant Pitcher Sage 1-2 1 to 1-2 1 to 1-2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) 1, 3, 12, 14 Nice shrub Birds eat berries; under oaks Birds eat berries; under oaks Birds eat berries; under oaks 4
  5. 5. Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 X * Salvia clevelandii Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft Purple/lav. Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft Light purple/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading White/Sp Clays, loams 1-2 to 2-3 7, 9, 13, 19 X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any X Trichostema lanatum Wooly Bluecurls 2-4 ft Purple/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 difficult X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 Lovely yearround; showy flowers Perennial Vines * Calystegia purpurata X ssp. purpurata Pacific Morning Glory 6-8 ft FS/PS Any 2 X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine Wht-purple /Sp-Su White/SpSu; sep. m/f FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1-2 X * Lathyrus splendens Pride of California 6-12 ft Red/Sp PS Welldrained 1-2 ? X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Purplewhite/ Sp PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 8, 13 Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 I X X Scientific Name Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans X * Lonicera involucrata Lonicera subspicata X var. denudata & subspicata Twinberry Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles PS Water Zone+ 2 to 3 Availability 13, 14 8 1, 6, 8, 13 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Notes Tol. seasonal flooding; fine under oaks Cultivars: ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, Good under oaks Fruit toxic to humans; under oaks Mulch; under oaks ‘Bolinas’ has pink flowers; Winter decid.; under oaks Winter decid.; under oaks Good under oaks Gorgeous flowers Good under trees; drought deciduous Tolerates seasonal flooding Edible fruit 5
  6. 6. I X Light** Soil Water Zone+ Common Name ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 X Vitis girdiana Size Flower/ season Scientific Name Availability Notes Perennial Groundcover Plants X Achillea millefolia X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Bert Johnson’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Big Sur’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Danville’ * Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Parvifolia’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Sandsprite’ ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 6-20 ft wide Pink/W-Sp PS best Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Red berries in summer; good under oaks Bert Johnson Manzanita < 1 ft tall 6 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 19 further inland; under oaks Big Sur Manzanita < 4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Any; sandy ok 1-2 to 2-3 19, Open growth; under oaks Carmel Sur Manzanita 1 ft tall to 20 ft w Pink/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 19 Coastal areas; under oaks Danville Manzanita 1-2 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, Good under oaks Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Sp PS best Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, Red berries in summer; good under oaks Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8, 13 Sandsprite Manzanita Monterey Carpet Manzanita 1 ft high 5+ ft wide White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 Pajaro Manzanita 4-6 ft tall & wide White/W FS/PS Sandy best; acidic 1-2 to 2 ** Arctostaphylos uvaX ursi ‘Pacific Mist’ Pacific Mist Manzanita 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White/Sp ** Arctostaphylos uvax ursi ‘Point Reyes’ ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Radiant’ Point Reyes Manzanita <1 ft tall to 10 ft Pink/Sp Radiant Manzanita <1 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp X * Arctostaphylos pajaroensis 1, 3, 6, 13 Good under oaks 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14 Several cultivars used as groundcovers Best along coast; needs pruning; under oaks Sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 19 PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13, 19 FS/PS 6
  7. 7. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Arctostaphylos ’Emerald Carpet’ I Emerald Carpet Manzanita < 1 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/W-Sp Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Beach Sagewort / Sandhill Sage Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes A. uva-ursi X A. nummularia hybrid FS/PS Rich, sl. acid 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Cream/Su PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates seasonal flooding 1-2 ft. tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS Sandy best 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18 ‘ Point St. George Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Dwarf Coyote Bush 2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White-gold/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Twin Peaks 2’ Twin Peaks Dwarf Coyote Bush 1-3 ft tall to 10 ft w White/F FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13 * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 X * Ceanothus gloriosus Point Reyes Ceanothus 1-2 ft tall to 8 ft wide Lt. blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS Welldrained; sandy ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Anchor Bay’ Anchor Bay Ceanothus < 1 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS any ‘Blue Jeans’ Ceanothus Heart’s Desire Ceanothus Carmel Creeper Ceanothus Yankee Point Ceanothus 6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp 1-3 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Dk blue/ FS (coast) / PS 1-3 ft tall 5-15 ft w Lt. blue/ To 4-5 ft To 10 ft Kurt Zadnick Ceanothus 3-4 ft 8-10 ft X Artemisia douglasiana **Artemisia X pycnocephala ‘David’s Choice’) ** Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’ ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Blue Jeans’ ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Heart’s Desire’ * Ceanothus griseus X horizontalis ** Ceanothus griseus horizontalis ‘Yankee Point’ ** Ceanothus griseus 'Kurt Zadnik' Fs/PS Most, incl alkali 1-2 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 Good habitat plant Light green leaves; good for coastal region Small dark leaves; can shear to size Good habitat; edible berries; under oaks Good habitat; edible berries; under oaks 3 Dense foliage; holly-like 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, 19 Dense, compact 1-2 to 2 3, 6, 14 Informal hedge, groundcover 2-3 Any 1-2 to 2-3 8 FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Med. Blue/ FS (coast) / PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 19 Dk purple/ FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2 13 Best near coast; fast grower More reliable than ‘Yankee Point’; oaks 7
  8. 8. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Ceanothus griseus ‘Santa Ana’ ‘Santa Ana’ Ceanothus 5 ft tall & wide Dk blue/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 3, 8 * Ceanothus hearstiorum I Hearst’s Ceanothus 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Blue/W-Sp PS Any incl clays 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 Sticky; matlike; best near coast ‘Snowball’ Ceanothus 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 3, 6 Under oaks Louis Edmunds Ceanothus 1-2 ft tall 6-10 ft w Med. Blue/ FS (coast) / PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 8, 9 Much confusion with name 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 13, 19 ** Ceanothus rigidus ‘Snowball’ ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens ‘Louis Edmunds’ ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ ** Ceanothus ‘Joan Mirov’ C. foliosus X C. griseus ** Ceanothus ‘Joyce Coulter’ - ? Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus X C. thyrsiflorus ** Ceanothus ‘Wheeler Canyon’ - ? Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus hybrid X * Clinopodium (Satureja) chandleri Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii ** Corethrogyne X (Lessingia) filaginifolia ‘Silver Carpet’ Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ** Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) ‘Catalina’ ** Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ‘Everett’s Choice’ Light** Soil Availability Notes ‘Joan Mirov’ Ceanothus 4-5 ft tall 4-7 ft wide 3-6 ft tall 8-12 ft w ‘Joyce Coulter’ Ceanothus 2-3 ft tall 6-12 ft w Med blue/Sp FS/PS Most 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 24 Prune to keep low ‘Wheeler Canyon’ Ceanothus 4-6 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk Blue/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 9, 11, 19 Dark leaves; San Miguel Savory 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 Silver Carpet Sand Aster 1 ft tall 2-3 ft w Violet/Sp-Su FS/PS Any; sandy best 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 16 CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding; under oaks Island CA Fuschia 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Red/all year (S/F/W most) FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 13, 19 Gray foliage; shrub-like’ under oaks Everett’s Choice CA Fuschia 1 ft tall 3 ft wide Dark Orred/ Spr-Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 11, 16 Low-growing; under oaks Skylark Ceanothus Med Blue/Sp FS/PS Dk blue/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays Welldrained Water Zone+ 1-2 to 2 13, 14 3, 14 Quite shade & water toleratant Afternoon shade; coastal minty 8
  9. 9. I Scientific Name ** Epilobium canum (Zauschneria CA) ‘Hurricane Point’ ** Epilobium canum (Zauschneria CA) ‘Solidarity Pink’ ** Epilobium canum (Zauschneria CA) ‘Wayne’s Silver’ ** Erigeron glaucus X ‘Bountiful’ X ** Erigeron glaucus ‘Sea Breeze’ * Fragaria chiloensis X ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) * Fragaria vesca X (californica) * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Common Name Size Flower/ season Hurricane Point CA Fuschia 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Or-red/Su-F ‘Solidarity pink’ CA Fuschia 2-3 ft tall & wide Pink/Su-F FS/PS Most ‘Wayne’s Silver’ CA Fuschia 1-2 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Red/Su-F FS/PS most Bountiful Seaside Daisy < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su PS best Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, Seaside Daisy 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1 to 2-3 Island Alumroot 1- 3 ft Light** FS/PS Soil Any PS Sandy best any 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Su Coyote Mint 1-2 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Pink/Spr-Su X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH See note X * Salvia sonomensis Creeping Sage 1-2 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Med. Blue/ Sp PS best Welldrained X Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH Any X Stachys bullata California Woodmint 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Stachys rigida var. X rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS X ** Monardella villosa ‘Russian River’ Availability Notes 8, 19 Low-growing; under oaks 2 to 2-3 13 under oaks; tolerates winter flooding 2 to 2-3 13, 14 1-2 to 2-3 under oaks San Diego Marsh Elder X * Iva hayesiana Water Zone+ PS Welldrained Welldrained Clay 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 3 1-2 2 to 2-3 1 to 1-2 Green foliage; large flowers Attractive flowers, foliage; habitat 1, 3, 8, 13 Edible fruit; under oaks 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit; under oaks 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 Good under oaks 1, 3, 8, 13 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 3, 8, 13, 14 Well-drained soil Silver-green foliage; inland; ‘Mrs. Beard’ 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Cut back yearly 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding 2-3 to 3 1, 13 9
  10. 10. Common Name Size Flower/ season California Verbena 1-4 ft Lavender/Sp r-Fa X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft w 2-3 ft Delphinium parryi ssp. maritimum & parryi Diplacus aurantiacus X ssp. aurantiacus Diplacus (Mimulus) X linearis Indian Milkweed Narrow-leaf Milkweed Parry’s Blue Larkspur Bush Monkeyflower Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower X * Diplacus puniceus X Erigeron foliosus I Scientific Name X Verbena lasiostachys Light** FS/PS Soil Any Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 1, 10, 13, 16 No water after flowering 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Herbaceous Perennials X Asclepias eriocarpa X Asclepias fascicularis 2-3 ft Tolerates seasonal flooding Leaves - raw or a flavoring in soups, etc. PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 White/F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 10, 16 Pink/Su Creampink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 13 FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Needs seasonal flooding 8, 20 Good under oaks 1-5 ft Bluepurple/Spr FS/?PS Welldrained 2-3 ft Orange/WSpr FS/PS Sandy 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/WSpr FS/PS Red Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Red/ FS/PS Fleabane Daisy (Aster) 2-3 ft Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS * Eriogonum grande var. rubescens Red Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red-pink/ Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 * Eriogonum umbellatum Sulfur-flowered Buckwheat Yellow/ FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 X Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Narrowleaf Bedstraw X Horkelia cuneata ssp. cuneata Wedgeleaf Horkelia < 1 ½ ft T 2 ft wide White/Sp-Su Coyote Mint 1 ft Pink/Sp-Su Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su X X * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) Penstemon X heterophyllus incl. ‘Maragarita BOP’ X 1 ft tall 3 ft wide 1-3 ft tall & wide White/Spr PS FS/PS PS FS/PS Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained 1 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 13 1 to 1-2 3, 6, 8, 10, 12-4, 16, 21 1 to 1-2 1? Nice color for shade Good under oaks Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils; under oaks Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 14, 16 sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 6, 10, 13 (ssp. puberula) 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Dies back in summer drought Good under oaks 14 Many blooms Welldrained sandy 1 to 1-2 10
  11. 11. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season X * Penstemon laetus Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sonoma Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Magenta/ FS/PS X * Penstemon palmeri Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide X * Phacelia bolanderi Bolander’s Phacelia 1-2 ft tall Common Phacelia; Wild Heliotrope 1-2 ft tall Violet/Sp X Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil 1-2 ft tall Yellow/ Sp-Su Pseudognaphalium californicum Pseudognaphalium X canescens ssp. beneolens Scrophularia californica X ssp. floribunda Sidalcea malviflora ssp. X malviflora California Everlasting 2-4 ft White/Sp FS/PS Wooly Everlasting 1-2 ½ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pinklavender/ FS/PS X Silene laciniata Indian Pink 1-3 ft Red/Sp-Su White (Douglas’) Nightshade 2-5 ft tall Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade I * Penstemon newberryi var. sonomensis Phacelia distans X Solanum douglasii X Solanum xanti X Solidago californica California Goldenrod Mountain Meadowrue Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability 1 to 1-2 1, 13 1-2 to 2 8, 13 1 to 1-2 1, 14 1 to 1-2 5, 11, 19 Water in full sun 1 to 1-2 10 Good under other plants 1-2 to 3 1, 6, 12, 13 Strawberry-like Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Sweet-scented Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 16 Spreads; gray foliage 1-2 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 FS/PS Sandy or rocky 1-2 to 2-3 12 White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 14 2-4 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 14 Lavender/ Sp-Su Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS PS FS/PS PS Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Most PS * Thalictrum fendleri 3-5 ft tall Well1, 3, 8, 10, White/Su 2-3 to 3 PS/FSH 2-3 ft wide drained 12-14, 19 var. polycarpum * Venegasia 4-6 ft tall 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, Yellow/Sp-F Any 1-2 to 3 X Canyon Sunflower PS 2-4 ft wide carpesioides 14, 24 Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – no water after flowering X X Clarkia purpurea Purple Clarkia Notes 2-3 ft tall Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Blue-green foliage; difficult; ‘St. Helena’ Good under oaks Good under oaks Berries very poisonous; under oaks Berries very poisonous; under oaks Good under oaks Under oaks (deciduous) Long-blooming; seeds for birds Good under oaks 11
  12. 12. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season X Clarkia unguiculata Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Pink-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 Miner’s Lettuce 1 ft tall White/Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 2, 5, 10 Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall Purple-white Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 Good under oaks Coastal CA Poppy < 1 ft tall Yellow/Or/ Sp-F FS/PS 1 to 2 1, 2 many Be sure to get coastal ssp. Common Eucrypta 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Sp 1 to 1-2 13, 16, 21 Fire follower; fern-like foliage X Gilia tricolor Bird’s Eye Gilia 1-2 ft tall Yellow/Blue Sp FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 2, 5, 10, 13 Easy; fragrant X Linanthus dianthiflorus Linanthus < 1 ft tall Purple-blue FS/PS any 2-3 X * Nemophila maculata Five-Spot 1 ft tall Purplewhite/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 5, 10, 13, 16 X Baby Blue-eyes 1-2 ft tall Blue/Sp-Su PS/FSH any 2-3 5, 10, 13, 16 X Phacelia parryi Parry’s Phacelia (Fiddleneck) 1-3 ft tall Purplewhite/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 2-3 13, 16 X Phacelia tanacetifolia Purple fiddleneck 1-3 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any welldrained 2-3 to 3 5, 10, 13, FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 15 Good under oaks PS Welldrained 1 to 2 1, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; slopes I Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata Collinsia heterophylla X var. heterphylla Eschscholzia californica X ssp. californica Eucrypta X chrysanthemifolia X Nemophila menziesii var. menzeisii X * Phacelia bolanderi Cacti and Succulents X Dudleya lanceolata * Dudleya palmeri Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) Dudleya virens ssp. X hassei Dudleya virens ssp. X insularis X FS/PS/ FSH Soil Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 Good under oaks Good under oaks 16 Good under oaks Need summer dry for seeds easy Good under oaks Easy, pretty, scent, cut flower Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Palmer's Liveforever To 1 ft tall & wide YellowOrange/ Sp-Su Yellow-red/ Sp CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Pink-Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 Good under oaks Bright Green Dudleya <1 ft tall 1 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 9, 14, 20 Good under oaks Island Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 14, 20 Good under oaks none PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 ?13 Good under oaks Ferns and Fern-like Plants Adiantum jordanii Light** CA Maidenhair 1-3 ft & wide 12
  13. 13. Common Name Size Flower/ season Coffee Fern 1-2 ft tall & wide none PS/FSH Welldrained 1 to 1-2 19 Bird’s Foot Fern 1 ft tall & wide none FS/PS Welldrained 1 tp 1-2 13 Goldback Ferns < 1 ft none PS/FSH Sandy, rocky 1 to 1-2 13 Good under oaks; summerdry CA Polypody < 1 ft tall spreading none PS/FSH Any 1 to 1-2 6, 7, 13, 14, 19, 20 Good under oaks; containers X Allium haematochiton Red-skin Onion 1-1 ½ ft 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 X Allium praecox Early Onion 1-1 ½ ft 1 1, 10, 16 Golden Stars 1-2 ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 White Fairy Lantern Splendid Mariposa Lily 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White-pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 6-18 in. Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 difficult Wavyleaf Soap Plant 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Su FS/PS Any; welldrained 1-2 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 19 Good under oaks Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth < 2 ft Blue/Sp FS/PS welldrained 1 Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS See note < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS sandy 1-2 to 3 1, 13 1-2 ft Purpleyellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1-2 ft tall Pale blue/ Sp FS/PS Clefts in rocks 1-2 ft Purple/Sp FS/PS Most I X Scientific Name Pellaea andromedifolia Pellaea mucronata Pentagramma triangularis ssp. X maxonii, triangularis & viscosa X Polypodium californicum Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Good under oaks; containers Good for dry slopes Bulbs and Corms X Bloomeria crocea var. crocea X Calochortus albus X Calochortus splendens Chlorogalum X pomeridianum var. pomeridianum Dichelostemma X capitatum X Iris douglasiana X Ranunculus californicus X Sisyrinchium bellum X Triteleia clementina X Tritelia laxa incl ‘Queen Fabiola’ California Buttercup Western Blue-eyed Grass San Clemente Tritelia Ithuriel’s Spear White-pink/ Sp Whitepurple/Sp FS/PS PS Welldrained Welldrained 1 to 2 1-2 1 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 difficult Good under oaks; fine in grass Good under oaks Good under oaks Very welldrained soils Good under oaks 18 1, 8, 13, 18, 19 Lovely – garden favorite 13
  14. 14. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) Flower/ season Cool-seas. perennial bunchgrass cool-seas. perennial bunchgrass Can mow Warm-seas. perennial bunchgrass Agrostis exarata Spike Bentgrass 1-4 ft tall X Agrostis pallens Seashore Bentgrass; Thin Grass 1-2 ft tall Purple Three-awn 1-2 ft tall & wide X Bromus carinatus California Brome 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass X * Carex spissa San Diego Sedge X Carex tumulicola Berkeley Sedge * Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide 2 ft tall & wide 1-2 ft tall & wide Cool-season, sod sedge Cool-season, sod sedge Cool-season bunchgrass Blue (Western) Wildrye 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Big Squirreltail X * Festuca californica X * Aristida purpurea var. parishii & purpurea Light** Soil Water Zone+ FS/PS Not alkali 1-2 to 3 FS/PS Not alkali 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS Welldrained; sandy 1-2 to 2 FS/PS Any 1-2 Availability Notes 10, 16 4, 10, 13, 16 'Camp Pendleton' 1, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14 (1, 7, 8 var. purpurea) Seeds stick to pets 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 FS/PS/FSH Clays best FS/PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 Cool-season bunchgrass PS/FSH Any; not shallow 1-2 to 2-3 3, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt-sensitive; coarse-looking; re-seeds well 1-3 ft tall, wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 10, 16 Showy CA Fescue <1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 X * Festuca idahoensis Blue Bunchgrass < 1 ft tall & wide FS/PS any 2 to 3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 20 X * Festuca rubra Red Fescue 1-2 ft tall spreading FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray X Leymus condensatus Giant Rye Grass 4-6 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass Cool-season bunch/sod grass; mow Spreading/ bunching perennial rush Warm season perennial ‘Phil’s Silver’, 'Horse Mountain Green', 'Serpentine Blue' FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 10, 12, 16 ‘Canyon Prince’ is low-growing X X Elymus glaucus Elymus multisetus 1 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13 1, 4-8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 ‘Deborah’; ‘Luval’ ‘Cucamonga’ is annual Substitute for Pampas Grass ‘Warren Peak’, ‘Siskiyou Blue’ Easy; ‘Molate’ ‘Patrick’s Point’, ‘Jughandle’ 14
  15. 15. I Scientific Name X Leymus triticoides X * Melica californica X Melica imperfecta Muhlenbergia microsperma X * Muhlenbergia rigens X Nassella cernua X Nassella lepida Flower/ season Common Name Size Creeping Wild Rye < 3 ft tall spreading California Melic Grass Coastal Melic Grass 1-2 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season perennial sod-grass; light mow Cool season bunchgrass 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Little-seed Muhly Deergrass Nodding Needlegrass Foothill Needlegrass X * Nassella pulchra Purple Needlegrass X Poa secunda (scabrella) One-sided Bluegrass Light** FS/PS Soil Any Water Zone+ 1-2 Availability 1, 3, 5, 10, 14, 16 PS Welldrained Cool season bunchgrass PS Any 1-2 Annualcool season FS/PS Any 1-2 10, 16 2-4 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 2-3 ft tall & wide 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass Perennial bunchgrass Cool-season bunchgrass; light mow FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 FS/PS welldrained best 1 to 1-2 Great vernal swale; cultivars ‘Yolo’, ‘Rio’, ‘Gray Dawn’ Good under oaks 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 19 To 2 ft Notes 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 2, 10, 16 fine textured; reseeds 1/18/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html Gardening Under Oaks - Most oak roots are in the upper 3 ft of the soil. The roots which take up water and nutrients are in the upper 12". The critical root disease zone for an oak is within 6-10 ft of the trunk. Do not irrigate plants or disturb the soil in this area. Outside this zone but within the drip line one deep watering per month is allowable for your plantings. The leaf mulch that accumulates under a large coast live oak increases soil moisture and available nutrients, improves soil structure and moderates soil temperature. It’s a valuable resource that can be used in other parts of the garden. Never remove the entire insulating layer of leaves from under a trees canopy and don’t allow leaf mulch to cover the trunk. http://www.californiaoaks.org/ExtAssets/CompatiblePlantsUnder&AroundOaks.pdf 15

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