Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden  Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants            Project SOUND – 2012 (o...
Hide That (Ugly) Wall      or Fence      C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake    CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve      Madrona Marsh Pr...
The ugly wall/fence: we’ve all seen themhttp://www.movoto.com/real-estate/homes-for-sale/CA/Long-Beach/6147-Brayton-Ave-20...
What options do I have?                          © Project SOUND
Options for dealing with an ugly           wall/fence           Turn it into a focal point              Paint it to crea...
Wall art/murals can make a strong statementhttp://www.mcgonaglestudio.com/otherExpressions.php                            ...
Even chain-link fences can be works of artSo most fences can be turnedinto the equivalent of an artist’scanvas            ...
Modernizing old                                                                                              walls with ad...
Weigh the pros/cons of                                                                                  making your wall a...
Options for dealing with an ugly           wall/fence           Turn it into a focal point              Paint it to crea...
Put up a new fence in front of it                                                               Pros                     ...
Maybe you don’t need to re-fence the                                                       whole area                     ...
Or maybe you can find a more                              economical solution                                             ...
Re-facing/covering                                                                                     an old wall        ...
Fence cladding – hiding the wall/fence                                                                Fence cladding : an...
Cladding materials                                                                       Bamboo cladding – Comes as rolls...
Cladding materials:                                                                                            more choice...
Some ideas to make your wall/fence a garden accent                                                              Screens m...
Options for dealing with an ugly           wall/fence           Turn it into a focal point              Paint it to crea...
Paint/stain can accentuate or hide a fence or wall                                                       A coat of paint ...
What fades into nothing in this wall art?  http://www.rhinoink.ca/murals/murals-floral.htmlAnswer: the colors that blend i...
The disappearing fencehttp://www.creatingabeautifulworld.org/Basic principles (for hiding a wall/fence with color):       ...
http://www.digginfood.com/2010/08/gutter-gardens/   http://www.metalmates.com.au/html/colorbond_fencing.html              ...
Privacy slats                                                                                       Privacy slats come in...
The same color principles apply to privacy slats                                 http://www.pexco.com/pages/PexcoFenceFeat...
Why is she spending all this time on          fences/walls?  Because hardscape – including fences/walls  – sets the stage ...
Hardscape sets the stage…                                                                                                 ...
Options for dealing with an ugly                                     wall/fence                                           ...
Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea                                        © Project SOUND
Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea                                                                           ...
Characteristics of    Size:                         2-10 ft tall (usually 3-6 ft)  Bladderpod                3-6+ ft wi...
Bladderpod is well suited for the water-  wise garden                                        Soils:                      ...
Bladderpod’s flowers and pods are fantastic                     Blooms:                        A little bit year-round  ...
Bladderpod is a perfect ‘attention grabber’                       Attractive color foliage                       Unusual...
Another good choice would be a manzanita                                 © Project SOUND
* Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia© 2005 TRNERR P. Roullard                                                 ...
* Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia                                                                         ...
An unusual and lovely shrub of small tree                             Size:                                  6-10 ft tal...
Plant Requirements    Soils:                          Texture: well-drained, rocky                          pH: any loc...
Garden uses for Palo                                                            Blanco                                    ...
Hiding in plainsight really works!            © Project SOUND
Walls/fences can provide                                                                     food and beauty              ...
 First introduce in the Roman times            Espaliers                                                and later mastere...
Espaliered Fremontodendron – England & CAhttp://latimesblogs.latimes.com/home_blog/2011/02/stunning-flannel-bush-comes-wit...
Currants & gooseberries – Ribes – make           good smaller espaliershttp://www.pacifichorticulture.org/articles/a-curra...
Espaliers can be formal or informalhttp://gardenista.com/posts/driveway-fruit-tarts-a-love-story                          ...
Espaliers require                                                                       support & pruninghttp://www.featur...
* Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana                                  © Project SOUND
* Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana                                                  Western North America from sout...
Cascara: Coffee Berry-like, but big                                                      Size:                           ...
Flowers small – fruits showy                                                  Blooms: in spring - usually April-May      ...
Plant Requirements                                             Soils:                                                    ...
Cascara in the garden                              Nice specimen tree                              Good for informal hed...
Options for dealing with an ugly                                      wall/fence                                          ...
Vines and climbers are age-old solutions            to hiding an ugly wall/fencehttp://cathiefilian.blogspot.com/2011/04/i...
Grapes are a classic way to hide a wall                                  © Project SOUND
The wall at Madrona was pretty dullbefore ‘Roger’s Red’ came to town                                © Project SOUND
The Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)               Arching shrubs or twining vines               Family Caprifoliaceae (H...
Honeysuckles can be trained to cover a     fence/wall Foliage of many species used  medicinally Hummingbirds love the  f...
* Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosahttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Sp...
* Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa                                                                                   ...
Orange Honeysuckle -                                                                                                      ...
Flowers are fantastic                                                                                      Blooms: in spr...
Orange Honeysuckle is for shady gardens…                                                                                  ...
Orange Honeysuckle lights up dark corners   of the garden                                                             As ...
For garden vines, usea native alternative…                                        http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herb...
Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha http://www.santabarbarahikes.com/flowers/?display=display_table                   ...
Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha                                                                              Sier...
Clematis = climber/sprawler                                                              Size:                           ...
Flowers/seeds - remarkable                                                 Blooms:                                       ...
 Soils:Plant Requirements                                                    Texture: any well-drained; fine            ...
Clematis: habitat & more                                                                        As an attractive pot plan...
Nothing softens a wall/fence like plants – but  they don’t all have to be vigorous vines                                  ...
* Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucratahttp://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/lonicera_involucrate.sh...
Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucrata                                                                            ...
© 2004 Larry Blakely                       var. involucrata in situ                                                  © Pro...
Twinberry Honeysuckle: depends on light                                                                                   ...
 Soils:Plant Requirements              Texture: any, including sand                                pH: best with 4.5-7....
Flowers are pretty –                                                                 berries are showy                    ...
Garden uses for                                                              Twinberry                                    ...
Other uses of Twinberry                      Foliage                         Infusion of leaves used to bath sore       ...
Growing from cuttings                                   – it’s a honeysuckle                                      Semi-so...
Climbing (Heartleaf) Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia                                             © Project SOUND
Keckiellas can hide a multitude of sins                                          © Project SOUND
* Yellow Bush Penstemon – Keckiella antirrhinoides                                          © Project SOUND
Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata©2011 Neal Kramer                                  © Project SOUND
Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata                                                      Tehachapi Mountain Area,      ...
Keckiella’s - once were Penstemons                                Used to be called “bush penstemons”                    ...
Former Scrophulariaceae (now Tribe Antirrhineae,           Family Plantaginaceae)                                Antirrhi...
Scarlet Keckiella: bushy or viney                                                                            Size:       ...
Fiery red flowers                          Blooms: spring-summer                                 (sometime from May to Se...
Tough chaparral      Soils:         plant               Texture: most well-drained                             pH: any ...
Keckiellas: shot of color                                                                                           As un...
What options do I have?                          © Project SOUND
Options for dealing with an ugly                               wall/fence                               Turn it into a fo...
We hope you take away some ideas toturn your (ugly) wall into a thing of beauty                                     © Proj...
Let’s go out and see some plants!                             © Project SOUND
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Hide that (ugly) wall 2012

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This lecture was given in November, 2012 as part of the California native plant gardening series ‘Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden’.

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Hide that (ugly) wall 2012

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND – 2012 (our 8th year) © Project SOUND
  2. 2. Hide That (Ugly) Wall or Fence C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve November 3 & 6, 2012 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. The ugly wall/fence: we’ve all seen themhttp://www.movoto.com/real-estate/homes-for-sale/CA/Long-Beach/6147-Brayton-Ave-203_P828073.htm http://chrissuh.com/find-a-home/los-angeles/ © Project SOUND
  4. 4. What options do I have? © Project SOUND
  5. 5. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant / place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND
  6. 6. Wall art/murals can make a strong statementhttp://www.mcgonaglestudio.com/otherExpressions.php © Project SOUNDhttp://www.classicmurals.com/galleriffic-2.0/classic_murals_garden_patio.html http://decorateyourfence.com/Fence_Murals.html
  7. 7. Even chain-link fences can be works of artSo most fences can be turnedinto the equivalent of an artist’scanvas © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/ancawonka/2326986871/
  8. 8. Modernizing old walls with additions & tasteful colorhttp://www.essentialbaby.com.au/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t698367.html http://rhsblog.co.uk/category/garden-trellis-to-offer-privacy-for-walls-or-a-fence-london/ © Project SOUND
  9. 9. Weigh the pros/cons of making your wall a focal point  Pros  Unique look – can literally make a yard come alive  Adds colors not available in plant worldhttp://www.abecoley.com/murals http://www.archidir.com/house-design/sustainable-barrow-timber-house-design-by-andrew-  Can be an artistic adventure maynard-in-melbourne/  Cons  Need to be an artist – or hire one  Difficult to plant around – dominates the landscape  May get tired of it http://muralsforyou.net/category/backyard-mural/ © Project SOUND http://uglyhousephotos.com/wordpress/?p=15751
  10. 10. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover/re-face it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant something interesting in from of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND
  11. 11. Put up a new fence in front of it  Pros  May help keep the peace with your neighbor – s/he keeps the old one  Looks nice and new – your choice of style  Don’t need to remove old fence  Con  Cost  ?? wastefullhttp://sunshinecontractingcorp.com/fencing/composite-vinyl/ http://www.sousaironworks.com/wood.htm © Project SOUND
  12. 12. Maybe you don’t need to re-fence the whole area  Save the expensive fencing material for areas that are focal points  Some ideas: a large freestanding screen, arch or arbor; a fountain; wall art; shelves to hold flower pots; a large tile mosaic picture http://www.jmsfeatures.com/ © Project SOUND http://www.houzz.com/wall-trellis-design/ls=4http://aubreyandlindsay.blogspot.com/2010/06/privacy-screen-project-final-reveal.html
  13. 13. Or maybe you can find a more economical solution  You may not need a whole new fence – just something to cover it  By making less of a statement with the fence/wall, you have more room for creative use of plantshttp://www.landscapingnetwork.com/products/fencing-gates/bamboo.html http://www.landscapingla.com/patios/hidden-backyard-patio/ © Project SOUND
  14. 14. Re-facing/covering an old wall  We tend to think of stucco (we do live in the California, after all); many more optionshttp://www.todayshomeowner.com/build-a-concrete-block-wall-the-easy-way-  Pros:with-quikrete-quikwall/  Cost – may be less than a new fence/wall; small jobs can be done by the home-owner  Durability  Can be an important design element  Usually easy to combine with plants – more backdrop than focal point  Cons:  Not appropriate for all house styles  Usually light colors © Project SOUND
  15. 15. Fence cladding – hiding the wall/fence  Fence cladding : any material that is affixed to the front of the fence/wall to disguise it or to create more privacy.  Pros:  hide an ugly, tired looking fence thathttp://article.wn.com/view/2012/05/30/Former_Rockwall_mayor_ is in otherwise good conditionBill_Cecil_in_runoff_for_county_Commis/  Can be much cheaper than replacing the fence altogether  No negotiating a new fence with a neighbor (who may be perfectly happy with what’s already there!).  Better fit with some home styles – more possibilities © Project SOUND
  16. 16. Cladding materials  Bamboo cladding – Comes as rolls of bamboo reeds that are fixed together, or as thicker bamboo rods. Environmentally friendly; perfect for a tropical look.  Timber cladding – Perennially popular - natural beauty of timber never goes out of style. Timber cladding can be applied vertically or horizontally and it can be left natural or painted,http://besthomedecorators.com/solid/solid-black-bamboo-fences.html depending on your goals and http://www.mastergardenproducts.com/woodcare/latticepanelinstallation.htm preferences.  Lattice cladding – relatively inexpensive and good for growing plants on/in front of. Readily available & easy to install. Can be painted/stained to accentuate or make it disappear. © Project SOUNDhttp://rhsblog.co.uk/2012/07/02/cedar-timber-batten-cladding-trellis-privacy-screen/
  17. 17. Cladding materials: more choices all the time  Stone cladding/veneer – Expensive but nice looking. Stone cladding uses thin pieces or “tiles” of stone that are attached to the fencing surface in some ways, and you can choose from a variety of natural stones.  Brick veneer/cladding  Vinyl/plastic siding  Fiber cement siding/panels – Cheap, long lasting and effective. Easily attached to existing fence; very strong. This means that you can fix things directly to the cladding and paint it the color of your choice.  Metal cladding © Project SOUNDhttp://clippings.com/projects/extension-and-refurbishment-of-badies-health-centre-4951
  18. 18. Some ideas to make your wall/fence a garden accent  Screens mounted on to a wall to create an interesting feature. Laser-cut steel screens come in many patterns and options, with finishes including rust, stainless steel and powder-coated colors for design highlights. http://www.ottawahort.org/2009may27tour.htm  Garden art is popular and there are many options, including three-dimensional wall panels. Choose the colors carefully and ensure the sculpture finish is suitable.  Lighting will create interesting effects and the options with colored LEDs can transform and improve the look of an ugly wall at night.http://www.decorfortheoutdoors.com/outdoor-wall-decor.html © Project SOUND
  19. 19. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant something interesting in from of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND
  20. 20. Paint/stain can accentuate or hide a fence or wall  A coat of paint gives your fence a new look and hides any blemishes  Certain colors help the fence blend into the surroundings, making it less noticeable; others accent it.  To camouflage the fence with paint, consider the colors in the surrounding landscape.  A dark gray-green or gray-brownhttp://www.owenchubblandscapers.com/news/?cat=130 color helps the fence blend in with existing plants.  The dark color often seems toIn general, matt or semi-gloss disappear and makes other elementspaints blend in better than shiny of your landscape, including plantstextures and your home, the focal point © Project SOUND
  21. 21. What fades into nothing in this wall art? http://www.rhinoink.ca/murals/murals-floral.htmlAnswer: the colors that blend in with the natural landscape beyond © Project SOUND
  22. 22. The disappearing fencehttp://www.creatingabeautifulworld.org/Basic principles (for hiding a wall/fence with color): 1. Darker is better (looks like shadows) 2. Grayer is better (looks like in the distance) 3. Match darker areas in the surrounding landscape – bring color chips home © Project SOUND
  23. 23. http://www.digginfood.com/2010/08/gutter-gardens/ http://www.metalmates.com.au/html/colorbond_fencing.html http://www.housetohome.co.uk/room-idea/picture/country-gardens-10-of-the-best/9 © Project SOUND
  24. 24. Privacy slats  Privacy slats come in either metal or plastic vinyl.  These slats are threaded through the links of the chainhttp://www.ricksfencing.com/blog/chain-link-fencing-not-just-for-baseball-diamonds/ to create screening.  Privacy slats now come in a variety of style, textures, and color including faux "hedge" slats and ones that offer total privacy.  Privacy slats average $3 to $4 a linear foot for a 6" fence. http://www.macsfence.com/chainlink.html © Project SOUND
  25. 25. The same color principles apply to privacy slats http://www.pexco.com/pages/PexcoFenceFeatherLock.aspx © Project SOUND http://besthomedecorators.com/black/black-vinyl-coated-chain- link-fence-with-privacy-slats-flickr.html
  26. 26. Why is she spending all this time on fences/walls? Because hardscape – including fences/walls – sets the stage for the garden © Project SOUND
  27. 27. Hardscape sets the stage… © Project SOUNDhttp://garden-designs.org/2011/07/04/perennial-garden-design/ http://www.hortuscapes.com/CLWclassslides.html
  28. 28. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant (put) something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUNDhttp://my.gardenguides.com/forums/topic/14267?page_no=3
  29. 29. Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea © Project SOUND
  30. 30. Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea  CA, AZ and Baja  Literally from the shore to the eastern deserts in S. California  Wide habit distribution  hills, bluffs, and stabilized dunes of the sea coast  Hills and desert washes at the desert edges.  CA’s only member of the Caper family (Capparaceae)http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Isomeris+arborea © Project SOUND
  31. 31. Characteristics of  Size:  2-10 ft tall (usually 3-6 ft) Bladderpod  3-6+ ft wide  Growth form:  Woody shrub; spreading shape  Develops interesting gnarled branches with age – very decorative (like bonsai tree)  Moderate growth rate; moderately long-lived (30+ years in Zone 1-2 or 2)  Foliage:  Medium-textured  Light gray-green; nice color  Unusual odor when crushed  Drought deciduous  Roots: long taproot – don’t move once established © Project SOUND
  32. 32. Bladderpod is well suited for the water- wise garden  Soils:  Texture: must be well-drained; likes a sandy or rocky soil  pH: any local, including very alkali  Light: full sun  Water:  Winter: resents too much tolerates seaside conditions water; may need to plant on (salt-spray; wind) but will be berm if drainage is poor smaller, shorter  Summer: Zone 1-2 to 2 (will retain leaves); very drought tolerant – don’t over-water!!Rejuvenate an old plant by coppicing  Fertilizer: none © Project SOUND
  33. 33. Bladderpod’s flowers and pods are fantastic  Blooms:  A little bit year-round  Feb-May is main bloom season in coastal lowlands  Flowers:  Unusual and showy – many flowers at one time  Bright yellow, bell-shaped; exserted anthers (male parts)  very attractive to bees (it’s main pollinators) and hummingbirds  Seeds:  Inflated, bladder-like pod  Large seeds; may reseed if happy © Project SOUND
  34. 34. Bladderpod is a perfect ‘attention grabber’  Attractive color foliage  Unusual and/or attractive shape  Nice bark  Pretty flowers/funky pods  Wonderful wildlife visiting/ feeding at it  Who has time to notice the fence !!! © Project SOUND
  35. 35. Another good choice would be a manzanita © Project SOUND
  36. 36. * Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia© 2005 TRNERR P. Roullard © Project SOUND
  37. 37. * Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia  Very limited range (narrow endemic) : San Diego Co. and N. Baja  In Chaparral from 180-2500‘  listed as endangered under the California Endangered Species Act.http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3449,3582,3583 ©2005 TRNERR P. Roullard © Project SOUND
  38. 38. An unusual and lovely shrub of small tree  Size:  6-10 ft tall  6-8 ft wide  Growth form:  Erect, multi-branched evergreen shrub© 2005 TRNERR P. Roullard  Reddish-brown bark; peels in thin sheets to expose smooth, white or gray-green stems – hence the common name ‘Palo blanco’;  Foliage:  thick, linear leaves - shiny green above and pale green beneath  Looks almost like an olive © Project SOUND
  39. 39. Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: well-drained, rocky  pH: any local except alkali  Light:  Full sun best  Part-sun OK  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: looks best with occasional water (Zone 2 ore 1-2) but very drought tolerant.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: leaf mulch/self-mulch © Project SOUND
  40. 40. Garden uses for Palo Blanco  As a unique and rare specimen plant – like a manzanita  As a small tree – somewhat like Crepe Myrtle in architecture  In a white/moonlight garden  Does well in large pots  Can even make an informal hedge  Good for hot gardenshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/briweldon/5209373967/ © Project SOUND
  41. 41. Hiding in plainsight really works! © Project SOUND
  42. 42. Walls/fences can provide food and beauty  Hanging pots/planters with greens, herbs  Used to support melons & other vines  Fruit trees espaliered along a wallhttp://monkeyfister.blogspot.com/2009_04_26_archive.html http://www.learn2grow.com/gardeningguides/landscaping/design/Chaihttp://www.bellewood-gardens.com/2006/Garden%20Writers%20Get-Together.html nReaction.aspx © Project SOUND
  43. 43.  First introduce in the Roman times Espaliers and later mastered in the European Middle Ages, espaliers were a way of planting fruit trees and berry- bearing shrubs in limited spaces (small courtyards) because they are trained to grow vertically along flat surfaces.  They can be created using fruit trees and/or selected native shrubs/treeshttp://thisbountifulbackyard.com/2012/05/13/mothers-day-trip-to-chicago-botanic-garden/ (need to have proper growth structure)  Great use of narrow spaces  An espalier can add color, texture, smell and many other elements to a dull wall/fence. © Project SOUND
  44. 44. Espaliered Fremontodendron – England & CAhttp://latimesblogs.latimes.com/home_blog/2011/02/stunning-flannel-bush-comes-with-prickly-problems.html © Project SOUND
  45. 45. Currants & gooseberries – Ribes – make good smaller espaliershttp://www.pacifichorticulture.org/articles/a-currant-affair/ © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/eastbaywilds/4492039839/
  46. 46. Espaliers can be formal or informalhttp://gardenista.com/posts/driveway-fruit-tarts-a-love-story © Project SOUND
  47. 47. Espaliers require support & pruninghttp://www.featurepics.com/online/Espalier-Tree-Trellis-1629138.aspx http://www.julieorrdesign.com/ten-attractive-native-garden-allstars ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus © Project SOUND
  48. 48. * Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana © Project SOUND
  49. 49. * Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana  Western North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, and inland to western Montana  Rich bottom lands, sides of canyons, usually in coniferous forests; moist soils  Closely related to other Frangula like Coffeeberryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana © Project SOUND Susan McDougall @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  50. 50. Cascara: Coffee Berry-like, but big  Size:  20-30 ft tall  20-30 ft wide  Growth form:  Large, winter-deciduous shrub or small tree  Short trunk – many stout, upright branches  Outer bark is brownish to silver-grey; twigs red-brown  Dense growth  Foliage:  Leaves large, simple: shiny green above, yellow in fall  Handle all parts with gloves – strong laxativehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana © Project SOUND
  51. 51. Flowers small – fruits showy  Blooms: in spring - usually April-May  Flowers:  Small, yellow-green; you have to look to see them  Insect pollinated – good bee plant  Fruits:  Rather like Coffeeberry  Ripen late summer/fall  Very pretty – and loved by birds, bears and other critters  Seeds:  Large  Easy to germinate with proper stratification: 3-4 monthshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana © Project SOUND
  52. 52. Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: most  pH: any local  Light:  Sun along coast; part-shade probably best in most gardens  Can take quite shady conditions  Water:http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=57199  Winter: water in dry spells  Summer: likes regular water – Water Zone 2-3 or 3 (good near a neighbor who waters a lot)  Fertilizer: light doses fine; best with leaf litter/leaf mulch  Other: prune to shape when young © Project SOUND
  53. 53. Cascara in the garden  Nice specimen tree  Good for informal hedge/hedgerow  Can espalier along a wall  Great for damp, shady spots – for example to north of pines  Great wildlife plant© 1989, Clayton J. Antieau © 2004, Ben Legler ©2012 Vernon Smith © Project SOUND
  54. 54. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad ithttp://londonmarkets.overblog.com/tag/News  Hide/camouflage it:‘Living walls’ are  Paint/cover it to make it disappearbecoming popular  Hide it in plain sight – plant/place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Vines and climbers are age-old solutions to hiding an ugly wall/fencehttp://cathiefilian.blogspot.com/2011/04/infinity-fountain-installed-body-broken.html http://landscaping.about.com/od/galleryoflandscapephotos/ig/Fence- Pictures/Roses-Hiding-Chain-Link-Fences.htm © Project SOUND
  56. 56. Grapes are a classic way to hide a wall © Project SOUND
  57. 57. The wall at Madrona was pretty dullbefore ‘Roger’s Red’ came to town © Project SOUND
  58. 58. The Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)  Arching shrubs or twining vines  Family Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)  Native to the Northern Hemisphere.  ~ 180 species, mostly from China (~ 100 species); ~ 20 native to N. America.  Common garden vines:  Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle)  Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle)  Local Natives: Lonicera hispidula, Lonicera subspicata  Many species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. © Project SOUND
  59. 59. Honeysuckles can be trained to cover a fence/wall Foliage of many species used medicinally Hummingbirds love the flowers !!!!. The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but our local native have edible berries, and birds will eat most honeysuckle berries. The foliage is eaten by the larvae of some butterfly & moth species © Project SOUND
  60. 60. * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosahttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  61. 61. * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa  A plant of the Pacific Northwest – British Columbia to Northern CA and east to Montana  North slopes and creek and river banks, mostly in moist forested areashttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?2874,2877,2879 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  62. 62. Orange Honeysuckle - a twining vine  Size:  to 15+ ft long  Growth form:  Semi-woody vine/climbing shrubhttp://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html  Creeping, trailing, climbing or twining habit – usually grows through other plants  Old vines can kill trees – kind of like a boa constrictor  Foliage:  Medium to dark green, paired simple leaves  Winter deciduous  Roots: trailing stems will rootGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database where they touch the©ground Project SOUNDhttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa
  63. 63. Flowers are fantastic  Blooms: in spring - usually May- June in our area  Flowers:  Usually red-orange; may be more yellow-orange  Trumpet-shape – typical of the Honeysuckles  In very showy clusters – this plant is a show-stopper in bloom  Hummingbirds love them!!  Berries: © 1997 John Game © Project SOUNDhttp://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html
  64. 64. Orange Honeysuckle is for shady gardens…  Soils:  Texture: just about any  pH: any including slightly acidic (under pines, firs)  Light: light shade to quite shady; this is a forest plant  Water:  Winter: can take some flooding  Summer: likes moist soil – Zone 2-3 or even 3  Fertilizer: likes organic amendments/ richer soils  Other: cannot take heathttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  65. 65. Orange Honeysuckle lights up dark corners of the garden  As an attractive pot plant  In a woodsy garden – like many of our ‘mature’ gardens  Sprawling over a wall or fence  As a groundcover under trees that need regular water  Any other place that is shady and gets a little regular waterhttp://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/ofp/lon_cil.htm © Project SOUND
  66. 66. For garden vines, usea native alternative… http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php? Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosaCape Honeysuckle - Tecomaria capensis Native to Australia Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa © Project SOUND
  67. 67. Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha http://www.santabarbarahikes.com/flowers/?display=display_table © Project SOUND
  68. 68. Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha  Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Baja  Locally in San Gabriel & Santa Monica Mtns  Hillsides, chaparral, open woodlands, climbing over shrubs and low trees, near streams and in canyons to ~ 6000 http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6434,6454,6455 Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUNDhttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=233500397
  69. 69. Clematis = climber/sprawler  Size:  8-30 ft long  8 – 10 ft wide  Growth form:  Vine or half-woody vine- stemmed perennial  Stems scrambling to climbing; not as vigorous as C. ligusticifolia  Winter-deciduous  Foliage:  Bright green leaves; leaves are pinnately divided into three – typical for native Clematishttp://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CLLA3 © Project SOUND
  70. 70. Flowers/seeds - remarkable  Blooms:  In spring – generally Mar- May  Flowers:  Creamy white and yellow Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database  Very showy; a mature vine can be covered  Attract hummingbirds & lots of other pollinators  Seeds:  Have long, plume-like ‘tails’ – very unusual, pretty.  Pretty easy to start from seed – cold-moist treat © Project SOUNDhttp://www.timetotrack.com/jay/vbowers2.htm
  71. 71.  Soils:Plant Requirements  Texture: any well-drained; fine with sandy or clay  pH: any local – 5.0-8.0  Light:  Likes shaded roots, sunny tops  Morning sun only in hot, dry gardens  Water:  Winter: supplement if needed;http://www.csuchico.edu/bccer/Ecosystem/FloraFauna/flowers.html fine with winter flooding  Summer: occasional water – Water Zone 1-2 to 2; droughtPrune back to 1 ft. above ground tolerantevery 3-5 years to rejuvenate  Fertilizer: none needed/leaf mulch  Other: organic mulch © Project SOUND
  72. 72. Clematis: habitat & more  As an attractive pot plant  to adorn a pergola or archway  quickly covers a fence or trellis  Nice addition to mixed hedgerow  Wonderful insect plant – attracts all kinds of little guyshttp://www.gardenbuddies.com/forum/messages/64189/1246469.html © Project SOUNDhttp://www.naturalhistoryclass.org/pid/images/Clematis_lasiantha.jpg
  73. 73. Nothing softens a wall/fence like plants – but they don’t all have to be vigorous vines Narrow screens, hedges & hedgerows Sprawling perennials/sub-shrubs © Project SOUND
  74. 74. * Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucratahttp://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/lonicera_involucrate.shtml © Project SOUND
  75. 75. Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucrata  Typically a plant of the Pacific Northwest var. involucrata  Ranges from AK to N. Mexico – east to CO & NM  In CA, a plant of northern and central mountains and coastal forests  Generally found in moist, shady places, Red Fir Forest, Lodgepole var. ledebourii Forest, Subalpine Forest, Coastal Strand, Closed-cone Pine Forest, wetland-riparian  Two varietieshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Lonicera+involucrata+var.+ledebourii © Project SOUND
  76. 76. © 2004 Larry Blakely var. involucrata in situ © Project SOUND
  77. 77. Twinberry Honeysuckle: depends on light  Size:  6-12 ft tall (can be pruned to 6’)  6-12 ft wide  Growth form: depends on light  Sunnier locations: upright shrub (sort of like Snowberry)  Shadier: more of a vine-like scrambler  Fast growth; winter-deciduous  Foliage:  Simple leaves; pleasant color, shiny above  Looks like a regular garden shrub Image © 2004, Ben Legler  Roots: shallow, fibrous © Project SOUNDhttp://web.mac.com/stone0579/iWeb/piaandco/Blog/F174E0C4-C7B2-4137-B55F-F9A88C9C038F.html
  78. 78.  Soils:Plant Requirements  Texture: any, including sand  pH: best with 4.5-7.0  Light:  Full sun only along coast  Part-sun is ideal; morning sun or high shade is perfect  Shadier: ok, but little flowering  Water:  Winter: tolerates flooding  Summer: likes water – Zone 2-3 or 3  Fertilizer: fine with low-dose fertilizer of decomposing leaf compost  Other: organic mulch; dislikes heat;Image © 2004, Ben Legler prune heavily in fall/winter © Project SOUND
  79. 79. Flowers are pretty – berries are showy  Blooms: mostly in spring – but a few in summer  Flowers:© 2004 George W. Hartwell  Tubular ‘hummingbird flowers’ var. involucrata  Yellow or yellow-with-red  In pairs  Berries (drupes):  Dark purple when ripe  Showy  Mildly toxic if eaten – taste bitter (kids esp. sensitive)  Fruit-eating birds eat them © 2005 George W. Hartwell © Project SOUND var. ledebourii
  80. 80. Garden uses for Twinberry  As an accent shrub in moist areas of the garden – rain gardens, pond edges  As an informal or semi-formal hedge in shady areas  In a woodland garden  As a habitat shrub for birds© 2004 Larry Blakely var. involucrata http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronsullivan/731696039/ © Project SOUND var. ledebourii
  81. 81. Other uses of Twinberry  Foliage  Infusion of leaves used to bath sore eyes and on skin sores, boils, itches  Infusion (and bark itself) used on wounds and as a dressing on burns  Infusion of bark ingested for chest complaints or as general tonic  Berries© 2007 Neal Kramer  Used for gray and purple dyes for fibers  Used to make a scalp topic, dandruff treatment and hair dye (to ‘keep away the gray’) Plant not used much now © Project SOUND
  82. 82. Growing from cuttings – it’s a honeysuckle  Semi-softwood cuttings in summer  Hardwood cuttings in fall  Layering in the garden  Keep in a shaded area  Use well-drained potting soil  Keep moisthttp://www.ippswr.org/home/ippsna/Denver/PPT-PDF/Buzzo.pdf © Project SOUND
  83. 83. Climbing (Heartleaf) Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia © Project SOUND
  84. 84. Keckiellas can hide a multitude of sins © Project SOUND
  85. 85. * Yellow Bush Penstemon – Keckiella antirrhinoides © Project SOUND
  86. 86. Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata©2011 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND
  87. 87. Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata  Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges (San Gabriels), Peninsular Ranges  Dry slopes and canyons to 7000, chaparral, yellow pine forest, pinyon-juniper woodland http://www.bonap.org/BONAPmaps2010/Keckiella.html  AKA Wand Penstemon; Whorl- leaf Penstemon; Whorl-leaf Keckiella; Blue Stemmed Keckiella; Summer Bush Penstemon  Looks like a Penstemon – but times have changed! © Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/aking1/7299555410/
  88. 88. Keckiella’s - once were Penstemons  Used to be called “bush penstemons”  David Keck segregated them into a separate subgenus, Hesperothamnus, in 1936.  They became Keckiella when studies showed that they differed from penstemons in having a hypogynous nectary discFormerly placed in family  Name honors Keck (1903-1995), whoScrophulariaceae (Figworts); did the first systematic treatment ofrecently moved to the genus Penstemon. Keck is knownPlantaginaceae (Plantains) for his work on experimental taxonomy and he collaborated with Philip Munz on A California Flora © Project SOUND
  89. 89. Former Scrophulariaceae (now Tribe Antirrhineae, Family Plantaginaceae)  Antirrhinum L.  Asarina Mill.  Galvezia Dombey ex Juss.  Gambelia Nutt.  Keckiella  Linaria Mill.  Maurandella (A.Gray) Rothm.  Neogaerrhinum Rothm.  Nuttallanthus D.A.Sutton  Sairocarpus D.A.SuttonMany have a common name thatincludes ‘Snapdragon’ © Project SOUND
  90. 90. Scarlet Keckiella: bushy or viney  Size:  4-8 ft tall  2-4 ft wide  Growth form:  Drought-deciduous sub-shrub  Erect & shrub-like (sun)  Viney or wand-like (shade)  Local variety has waxy, blue- green stems  Foliage:  Leaves simple, oblong, toothed – become folded in dry weather  Nice, medium green©2005 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND http://socalbutterflies.com/plants_html/keckiella_ternata.htm
  91. 91. Fiery red flowers  Blooms: spring-summer (sometime from May to Sept)  Flowers:  Narrow, tubular ‘hummingbird flowers’ – 1-2 inches long; nice cut flowers  Scarlet to red-orange  In small, loose clusters along wand-like stems  Attract hummingbirds, long-©2011 Neal Kramer tongued insects (butterflies; bees)  Seeds:  Small; use fresh - need light to germinate  Cold-moist treat 1-2 mo © Project SOUND http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/keckiella-ternata-septentrionalis
  92. 92. Tough chaparral  Soils: plant  Texture: most well-drained  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun – compact, more flowers  Part-shade (morning sun or high shade) - fine  Water:  Winter: supplement as needed  Summer: chaparral treatment; occasional (once a month) summer water, esp. in August (monsoons)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: needs organic mulch – let©2005 Aaron Schusteff leaf litter build up beneath © Project SOUND
  93. 93. Keckiellas: shot of color  As understory in a chaparral garden  On slopes and hillsides  Draped over a fence or wall  Lovely with purple penstemons, chaparral clematis or other Keckiellashttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/keckiella-ternata-septentrionalis © Project SOUND
  94. 94. What options do I have? © Project SOUND
  95. 95. Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Somewhere in between  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant / place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants©2010 Lynn Watson © Project SOUND
  96. 96. We hope you take away some ideas toturn your (ugly) wall into a thing of beauty © Project SOUND
  97. 97. Let’s go out and see some plants! © Project SOUND

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