Rob Abels keynote at JISC CETIS conference 2012

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Rob Abels keynote at JISC CETIS conference 2012

  1. 1. Are Education TechnologyInteroperability Standards Creating the Future? Rob Abel, Ed.D. IMS Global Learning Consortium http://www.imsglobal.org/ rabel@imsglobal.org Twitter: #LearningImpact
  2. 2. Latest IMS Initiative: Open Educational Resources in the Cloud via Wave also known as: OER-Cloud-Wave© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 2
  3. 3. News Alert: 2006!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 3
  4. 4. Standards consortia like IMS with a membership model are a thing of the past!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 4
  5. 5. If it wasn‟t for SCORM, there would be no need for IMS!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 5
  6. 6. Well, whatever you do you better call it SCORM if you want people to like it!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 6
  7. 7. Yeah, I‟ve been involved in IMS and helped develop specification xxx, that stuff will never work!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 7
  8. 8. You will never be able to get dominant suppliers to implement open standards!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 8
  9. 9. Ed Walker is the same age as you Rob, all that grey hair is just a result of all the stress of IMS!© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 9
  10. 10. The “Hype” Cycle for Learning Tech Standards? 1999-2000 ? 2005-7 1995-6© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 10
  11. 11. © Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 11
  12. 12. Are Education Technology InteroperabilityStandards Creating the Future? Page 12
  13. 13. Agenda • Is IMS work innovative? • The challenge of interoperability standards adoption in the education segments • What we think we might have learned in the last 6 years • Where do we go from here?© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 13
  14. 14. Definition of Innovation Page 14
  15. 15. Page 15
  16. 16. Page 16
  17. 17. IMS Mission Statement The mission of the IMS Global Learning Consortium is to advance technology that can affordably scale and improve educational participation and attainment© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 17
  18. 18. Collaboration Across Stakeholders Research & development on standards & interoperability Acquire products adhering R&D Education to standards to achieve Institutions strategic goalsEducation Institutions, Districts, Systems Government IMS GLC Organizations Mirrors The Market Set standards to Create and/or Ecosystem adhere to ensure progress standards to enable market efficiency and opportunity © Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning Consortium All Rights Reserved. Page 18
  19. 19. Are Education Technology InteroperabilityStandards Creating the Future? Page 19
  20. 20. Are Education Technology InteroperabilityStandards Enabling Innovation and Being Widely Adopted? Page 20
  21. 21. Innovation Scale? A. Widely accepted, substantial improvement B. Widely accepted, minor improvement C. Somewhat accepted, substantial improvement D. Somewhat accepted, minor improvement E. Not yet accepted, substantial improvement F. Not yet accepted, minor improvement© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 21
  22. 22. 3 roads15 years
  23. 23. Agenda • Is IMS work innovative? • The challenge of interoperability standards adoption in the education segments • What we think we might have learned in the last 6 years • Where do we go from here?© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 25
  24. 24. Interoperability Standards are Widely Adopted When: • Supplier Motivation is High, or • Buyers Care and Their Bargaining Power is High, or • Both Are True© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 26
  25. 25. Bringing the Horses to Water in Emerging Markets Realization of Market Opportunity or Cost Savings Opportunity $$$© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 27
  26. 26. There Are Many Challenges • Market opportunity: Generally more prudent to invest in products than standards • Cost savings opportunity: You need to invest first before realizing savings • Entrenched interests in proprietary approaches© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 28
  27. 27. Attractive Industry-driven Alternatives • Google • Apple • Adobe • Microsoft • Amazon • Other large suppliers© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 29
  28. 28. © Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 30
  29. 29. Consortium-Driven Standards are Successful When • Suppliers Believe the Market Opportunity is Greater for Them by Cooperating with Others, or • Buyer Bargaining Power is High and Well- Coordinated, or • Ideally, Both© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 31
  30. 30. Buyer Bargaining Power is High When Dispersion is Reduced vs. vs.© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 32
  31. 31. This . . . .© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 33
  32. 32. „Checkmarks‟ Are Not Enough “Vendors know the difference between clients’ asking for standards “compatibility” in order to check off a box on an RFP . . . that is why we must include true, tested, guaranteed interoperability as a priority in our purchasing decisions, and why we must pressure our current support vendors to provide it as a condition of their continuing good business relations with us.” -- Charles F. Leonhardt, Principal Technologist, Georgetown University© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 34
  33. 33. Buyer Net-Net Enabling awareness standard & support that delivers Viable Consortial Standard Perceived market opportunity Community commitment© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 35
  34. 34. Agenda • Is IMS work innovative? • The challenge of interoperability standards adoption in the education segments • What we think we might have learned in the last 6 years • Where do we go from here?© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 36
  35. 35. Learnings #1 • Standards need to be shaped/adjusted continuously by the practical and entrepreneurial needs of the market • Prime example: QTI v1.2  QTI v2  APIP  Future the inevitability of e-Assessment;© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 37
  36. 36. Learnings #2 • Suppliers must have a motivation to adopt; the motivation is always economic; voluntary adoption is the best test • Prime example: LTI (Learning Tools Interoperability) becoming the best way to integrate© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 38
  37. 37. Learnings #3 • Mainstream end-users have the most to say about what is innovative in the end, but they are difficult to engage in the beginning; ease of use is most important factor • Prime example: Common Cartridge national standards, OER, e-textbook© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 39
  38. 38. Learnings #4 • Education segment standards consortia can succeed but they must be able to gather the resources to catalyze all of the above and most importantly deliver on interoperability© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 40
  39. 39. Buyer Net-Net Enabling awareness standard & support that delivers Viable Consortial Standard Perceived market opportunity Community commitment© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 41
  40. 40. How Do We Do It? Annual Learning Impact Conference Large-Scale & LIA Awards Adoption Ed Tech Projects Interoperability Standards Technical Adoption of Recognizing Impact on Foundation for Innovation at Scale Access, Affordability, Distributed Toward Strategic Quality of Education Innovation Goals Purposeful Technology Innovation Applied to Improve Education© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 42
  41. 41. Page 43
  42. 42. Learnings • Standards need to be shaped continuously by the practical and entrepreneurial needs of the market • Suppliers must have a motivation to adopt; the motivation is always economic; voluntary adoption is the best test • Mainstream end-users have the most to say about what is innovative in the end, but they are difficult to engage in the beginning; ease of use is most important factor • Education segment standards consortia can succeed but they must be able to gather the resources to catalyze all of the above and most importantly deliver on interoperability© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 44
  43. 43. Agenda • Is IMS work innovative? • The challenge of interoperability standards adoption in the education segments • What we think we might have learned in the last 6 years • Where do we go from here?© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 45
  44. 44. The Challenge & Opportunity: Instructional Improvement needs to be across all This implemented of thisWhile Doing More with Less . . .
  45. 45. The Sea Change:Interoperability at the Core of the Academic Enterprise to Enable Efficiency, Flexibility, Innovation, aBetter User Experience and Actionable Data
  46. 46. FromMany, One
  47. 47. Summary • While there is still quite a lot of work to do . . . • Education technology standards seem to have a role in creating the future . . . • But to have a higher impact on innovation going forward we will need (1) standards at the core and (2) continued/more activism in various communities around the world . . .© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 49
  48. 48. Thank You! rabel@imsglobal.org http://www.imsglobal.org/ @LearningImpact #imsglobal© Copyright 2012 IMS Global Learning ConsortiumAll Rights Reserved. Page 51

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