Lincolns Early Life Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a cabin in Hardin Country, Kentucky. Thomas, and Nancy Hanks was his mother and father. His eldest sister Sarah, and younger brother Thomas, who died in infancy. Abrahams grandfather was killed by Native Americans. Growing up, it left Abs father heart broken and without an education
In 1816 the Lincolns moved to Indiana, partly because of difficulties with titling land in Kentucky. Land ownership was better in Indiana because of the Land Ordinance of 1785 provided by the federal government. The Lincoln’s belonged to a Baptist Church the disapproved of slavery In Indiana the Lincolns’ live on Little Pigeon Creek, in Perry County. It was not easy, they were raised to work on a farm.
less the a year he Abraham attended school and could read, write, and cipher to the rule of three, but that was all. 1818 Abe’s mother died, his father remarried a Kentucky widow, she was nice and kind. In 1828 Ab’s eldest sister died during childbirth. Beginning in 1820 Abe stated to make flatboat trips to many cities and states.
Booth’s Early Life John was the ninth child out of ten children born to the famous eccentric, and heavy of a drinker. John’s dad Junius Booth. The Booth family along with their slaves, lived on a farm near Bel Air, Maryland. John wanted to become an actor, so he made is own debut at the age of 17 in Baltimore, appearing in Richard III.
actor in the career of Becoming a highly successful Shakespearian company, took John all over the United States. On November 9, 1863, Abe Lincoln watched Booth play Raphael in the play Marble Heart in the same box that he was later assassinated in, at Ford’s Theater. In 1850 Booth became interested in politics, later joining the Know-Nothing Party.
Booth also supported the institution of slavery, and in 1859 joined a Virginia Company That aided in the capture of John Brown. Booth was an eyewitness to Brown’s execution. During the Civil War, Booth worked as a Confederate’s secret agent. He constantly met with the Secret Service’s leaders, Jacob Thompson and Clement Clay in Montreal, Canada.
The Election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln- Republican-180 Electoral- Popular 1,865,908 John C. Breckinridge- Southern Democratic- 72 Electoral- Popular 669,148 John Bell- Constitutional Union- 39 Electoral- Popular 590,901 Stephen A. Douglas- Northern Democratic- 12 Electoral-Popular 1,004,823
Lincoln wasn’t the first picked, to be nominated for the Republican Party. First it was William Seward, was favored to win at first, but many delegates felt that his emotion towards being anti-slavery was too extreme, and might hurt the Republicans chances of winning.
The Politician that won the election was Abe Lincoln because he had the most Electoral and Popular votes. The reason being because there were more Republican than any other Party, but very few people that supported the Constitutional Union Party. But there were just as many Republicans as there were Democrats. But the Democrats had to vote between two nominees and the Republicans only had to vote for one nominee.
John Booth’s Role in the Conspiracy In the summer of, Booth began to come up with a plot to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln The plan was to capture the president and take him down south to Richmond, Virginia. Where he would be held until exchanged for Confederate prisoner-of-war.
On March 15, Booth and his other conspirators met 3 blocks away from the Ford’s Theater, to plan their abduction of the President. But then plans changed cause Abe was attending a performance on March 17. so he thought that this was the perfect plan to capture the president. When Booth exampled the both plans to his co- conspirators, the plan failed to win the support so the dismissed it as infeasible.
So Booth went with his finally plan, and plan to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. He also tried to convince several of his co- conspirators to assassinate several high government officials. Including the Vice President, the Secretary of State, and probably General Grant, but they were few willing to do the job.
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Around 10:15the President and the First Lady began to watch the performance of Our American Cousin. Booth showed a card to a presidential aide and was allow to pass. Almost reach the Presidents box with the gun behind his back. He stand 4 feet behind Abe and shoots him I the back of the head. He shouts out “Revenge for the South” or “Freedom”
Death of John Booth Near the banks of the Rappahannock River in Virginia, investigators closed in on Booth and his Companion, David Herodl on April 26. Than just Booth run to a barn called Garrett barn, and had a shoot out with the investigators/polices for 2 or 3 hours. Than finally after hours of being shot out, Booth Finally died.
Co-Conspirators David Herold- He was a pharmacy clerk, he lead Booth on the escape route into Virginia. He was surrounded at the Garret farm with a shoot out with the police. He was later tried and convicted, then executed by hanging in July 1865. George Azterodt- German- born was a carriage and boat man, he was Confederate spy across Southern Maryland. Instructed by Booth he was assigned to kill President Andrew Johnson, but lost his nerve and stayed in a hotel bar. Later he was executed by hanging in July 1865.
Lewis Powell- he was a former Confederate prisoner of war. He was tall and strong he was recruited to provide the muscle for the kidnapping plot. He was planned to kill Secretary of State William Seward. He severely injured Seward, his son, and his body guard. Late Powell was executed by hanging in July 1865. Mary Surratt- owned a boarding house in Washington were the conspirators met. Later trailed and received the death sentence, she was executed in July 1865. She became the first woman to be executed by the United States. Michael O’Laughlen- Booth childhood friend an ex- Confederate. Later he turned himself to the authorities. He was sentenced to life in prison at Fort Jefferson, off Key West, Florida. Later he died of yellow fever in 1867.
Samuel Aronld- a long-time friend of Booth, he wasn’t in the assassination. But was in the original kidnapping plot. Sentenced to life in prison. He was later pardoned by President Andrew Johnson. He survived until 1906, when he died of tuberculosis. Samuel Mudd- he was a doctor who set Booth’s broken leg during the night of April 14. He was well acquainted with Booth before the assassination. Later he was sentenced to life in prison but pardoned in 1896. he died of pneumonia in 1883.
Edmund Spangler- he was a stage and carpenter at Ford’s Theater, who knew Booth well and assisted him on April 14 at the theater. Trailed and found guilty and sentenced to 6 years in prison. Pardoned by President Andrew Johnson in 1869. Later Moved to Maryland, where he remained until death in 1875. John Surratt- Booth’s most valuable conspirator was a Confederate spy with a college education. He conspired the kidnapping of the president, but was not in Washington several months later when the assassination was carried. When he heard of the assassination of the president he fled the U.S. and lived in Europe as a fugitive for several years. Later he was apprehended in Egypt in 1866 tried by civilian court in 1868-1868, he was not convicted. He would survived until 1916.