Theory: The concept behind the learning, with the origin if available. We state the value to the trainee of making the behaviour change.
Application: Clearly demonstrates how the skill works in real life and relates to their work, their department and their company
Practice: An activity that allows trainees to test out the new skill. The trainer observes and becomes aware of learning gaps.
Evaluation: The results of the activity are debriefed and the trainer delivers direct and courageous feedback.
A quick & dirty example…Module Name: Positive Language (from an e-mail writing training) Theory: Using positive language in your e-mails will help ensure the receiver feels positive about completing your requests Application: Show examples of real mistakes from their firm where people have used negative language in e-mail. Then show examples of where positive language has been successful. Practice: Trainees work in teams to convert a selection of negative sentences into more positive ones. Evaluation: Trainees deliver their answers and the trainer checks results, writing any improvements on a white board.
TAPE is also great to meet the needsof the 4 learning styles…• Research by Honey & Mumford (1982)• University of Leicester (UK)• Not a personality type• Not fixed• Used to ensure “engagement” for all(Honey, P. & Mumford, A. (1982) Manual of LearningStyles London: P Honey)
The 4 Types of Learners• Honey & Mumford (1986)• 4 Trainee “Preferred Styles of Learning”• Not a personality type• Not fixed• Used to ensure “engagement” for all
Pragmatists Filters • Experiments with new ideas • Wants practical application • “Down to earth” • Problem SolverStrengths WeaknessesGood at testing Does not like theoryPractical & Realistic Seizes first solutionBusiness-like Impatient with “waffle”Technique Oriented Task not people oriented
Activists Filters • Wants “hands on” • Enthusiastic • Looks for new experiences • Likes to be centre of attentionStrengths WeaknessesFlexible Does “the obvious”Will “have a go” Takes risks & does too muchEnjoys the new Acts without preparationOptimistic, likes change Bored easily
Reflectors • Takes time to think • Thoughtful & Analytical • Good listener • Low Profile • Likely to procrastinateStrengths WeaknessesCareful Holds backThorough & Methodical Slow to make up their mindListens and gains information Too cautiousDoesn’t jump to conclusions Not usually assertive