101118 gio paper b n_sustainability chiapas mexico nov 10

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101118 gio paper b n_sustainability chiapas mexico nov 10

  1. 1. 18/11/2010 iLe NOVENO CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO DE INFRAESTRUCTURA FISICA EDUCATIVA San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico November 24th, 25th, and 26th , 2010 Design of sustainable educational spaces by Giorgio Ponti architect Coordinator of Educational Architecture (EA) Area of Cisem (Italy), GoP OECD / CELE(Centre for Effective Learning Environments / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Paris (France) with collaboration of F. Nidasio, R. Serlenga, P. Tettamanzi, F. Mistò, C. Negri, D. Mannu architects Graphics by Biancamaria Maldotti architect 1 www.undp.org/mdg/ 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) What they are ? At the Millennium Summit in September 2000 the largest gathering of world leaders in history adopted the UN Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of time-bound targets, with a deadline of 2015, that have become known as the Millennium Development Goals. These targets have been reaffirmed in the recent UN summit on 20-22 September 2010 Therefore our work is an important direct contribution to two UN goals, at least ! Giorgio Ponti architect 2 1
  2. 2. 18/11/2010 The “Educational Intelligent Facilities” Project (EIF) 2000 2010On 2000 exactly the CISEM experiences on the “EducationalIntelligent Facilities” Project (EIF) (Formerly ISB – IntelligentSchool Building – www.n2d.it/isb) started up, alsosupported by OECD / CELE in the international contest andby iLe programme (www.ileweb.org) Giorgio Ponti architect 3 www.cisem.itCISEM is the Center of Innovation and Educational Experimentation ofMilan – Research Institute of Province of Milan, the Union of ItalianProvinces and Campania Region – Associate Member of OECD / CELEParis Giorgio Ponti architect 4 2
  3. 3. 18/11/2010 www.oecd.org/edu/facilitiesIl PEB, ora / CELE (Centre for Effective learning environment) Paris, meets /approximately 27The OECD CELE (Centre for effective Learning Environment) dell’OECD OCSE di Parigicountries and entities associated (including UNESCO) and diffusione, the tutto il mondo, allriunisce circa 30 Paesi ed Enti Associati ed opera per la works for in dissemination, diover the world, of informazioni, studies, information, supports, examples, publications,documenti, studi, documents, supporti, esempi, pubblicazioni, convegni e seminariconferences andFacilities on educational facilitiessull’Educational seminars Giorgio Ponti architect 5 iLe intelligent Learning environments Ile (intelligent, innovative, interactive Learning environments) is mainly a tool to support the activities (cultural, planning, technical, management, administrative, etc) in the field of physical spaces and equipment for education (from infancy up to university) Ile is inspired by theCerca nel sito principles of thr "intelligent school", school",utente and related developed in the years by the experts of thepassword Architecture Educational Area of CISEM login Immagine base del bimbo per gentile concessione di Unigraphic Solutions Spa more Utilizzo e copyright www.ileweb.org - mail@ileweb.org help Giorgio Ponti architect 6 3
  4. 4. 18/11/2010 The “Educational Intelligent Facilities” Project (EIF) What does it mean? We simply define an EIF “Educational Intelligent Facility" as an ideal group of physicalIntelligent Secondary SchoolItaly 2010, 13.000 sqm, 1.500 2010, 13. spaces, of technologies andstudents, by Giorgio Ponti and equipments able to rapidlyothers respond to a larger number of possible communal and dynamic "needs" of education and training for today and the future in an "open" relationship with other social activities available to the public. Giorgio Ponti architect 7 The “Educational Intelligent Facilities” Project (EIF)The project is based on thebelow 5 overall Principles(Also called Macro Index):1) Functionality and multi- purpose;2) Symbolic, visually pleasing and offers learning opportunities;3) Quality of design and Intelligent Infant and primary School, Italy 2005 - 2010, 1.800 sqm, 120 pupils by Ettore layout; Zambelli, Emilio Pizzi, Giorgio Ponti and others, Department BEST, University Politecnico of4) Healthy and safe; Milan Eurosolar Prize 20065) Environmentally sustainable 8 Giorgio Ponti architect 4
  5. 5. 18/11/2010 Each Principle or Macro Index (MI) is subdivided in several Quality Index (QI) which make up a sort of Quality Matrix (QM) as the base of a self-assessment process Giorgio Ponti architect 9 Environmentally sustainableAs for Sustainability the Quality Index (QI) of EIF projects are:1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources;2. Zero carbon, pollution and waste;3. Space saving and quality by flexibility and by new pedagogical and educational inputs;4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality symbols as educative inputs;5. Maximum Leed Rating (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), by U.S. Green Building Council (www.usgbc.org ) Giorgio Ponti architect 10 5
  6. 6. 18/11/2010 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources Timber covering Example of use of ventilated Vertical axis faces of the covering with a shape of wind turbine buildings natural hills and protection from pollution and acid water Natural ventilation Strip of photovoltaic panels on the south slopes Rainwater Vocational school for 600 collection students Movies Theatre, Commercial Center, Hotel, Residences, Theatre – Cinema – and TV Vocational and Training School (Muggiò, Italy) by Giorgio Ponti architect and his team in Milan with a new Master Plan in progress 11 Giorgio Ponti architect 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resourcesAnother experience with EIF principles, andsustainability Quality Index is the Master Plan of thenew university campus UACJ of Ciudad Juarez(Chihuahua, Mexico), said pilot project CELE / OECD,for verification of quality standards in architecture ofHigher Education (40.000 students and a campus areaof about 3 million square meters) - 2008 By R. Almeida, J. De La Garza, G. Ponti architects Giorgio Ponti architect 12 6
  7. 7. 18/11/2010 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources No cars inside the educational area, only public electrical transportation, electrics car, segways, bicycles, walking way Use of pilotis for all the buildings to allow the local fauna crossing in the night, natural ventilation and gas radon elimination, shadows, protected pedestrian route, etc. By Almeida, De La Garza, Ponti architects - 2008Studies on sustainable building for UACJ (UniversidadAutonoma de Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico Giorgio Ponti architect 13 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources No cars inside the area, only public electrical transportation, electrics car, segways, bicycles, walking way, green covering, viewless architecture Location of Secondary School (Vocational and Training) for 600 students Coverings with grass and with typical local cropsDesign on sustainable settlement at the north of Milan (Italy) (called “The Grooves”)with a Secondary School for 600 student – By Giorgio Ponti and his team - 2010 Giorgio Ponti architect 14 7
  8. 8. 18/11/2010 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources Settlement with tertiary, research, commercial, sports and cultural activities, hotel, hostel, expo, farmer activityDesign on sustainable settlement at the nord of Milan (Italy) (called “The Grooves”) witha Secondary School for 600 student – By Giorgio Ponti and his team Giorgio Ponti architect 15 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources Location of Secondary School (Vocational and Training) for 600 students“The Grooves”16 Giorgio Ponti architect 8
  9. 9. 18/11/2010 1. Maximum respect for the environment and natural resources“The Grooves” Giorgio Ponti architect 17 2. Zero carbon, pollution and wasteAnother primary condition for sustainable developmentis the specific target / Quality Index on “Zero carbon,pollution and waste”• “Zero carbon” refers to the drastic reductionand / or elimination of traditional energy sources(Coal, gas, gas oil, etc) ….. by saving energy andnatural resources and the use of the local andalternative energy and new technologies;• “Zero pollution” refers to a careful control ofany form of pollution and the use of some of theprinciples of the bio-architecture;• “Zero waste” refers to the choices ofdifferentiated waste collection and disposal insystems, also by cogeneration of hot water andelectricity 18 Giorgio Ponti architect 9
  10. 10. 18/11/2010 2. Zero carbon, pollution and wasteWe can identify different possible sources oflocal, alternative and suitable energy to assessand if it is possible to use, for instance:a) Centralised sourcesa1) Centralised eolic energy;a2) Centralised cogeneration (Hot water andelectricity);a3) Energy from the wasteb) Building performancesb1) Eolic tools;b2) Solar panels and photovoltaic panels and surface;b3) Natural ventilation;b4) Heat pumps and geothermal energy;B5) Double skin;B6) Trombe walls;B7) Solar coolingB8) Natural shadows by planting or roof Giorgio Ponti architect 19 2. Zero carbon, pollution and waste Example of natural shadows means by appropriate planting Shadows and natural ventilation by the roof put out and the particular treatment of the face Double skinned face for natural ventilation or solar chimney or solar cooling in relation to the orientation of the building. Surface in concrete, or sheet metal stretched, or glass, etc.Studies on sustainable building for EIF Project (Cisem) Giorgio Ponti architect 20 10
  11. 11. 18/11/2010 2. Zero carbon, pollution and waste Ventilated covering with the Solar chimney, wind tower and big shape of an umbrella and face’s waterspout for the overflowing protection from pollution and acid subsidiary of the rainwater water Rainwater collection in the concave roof Copper for the reduction of natural and artificial electromagnetism and the durability over time and lack of maintenance. The wind turbines with a vertical axis The last cut in wind speed is 2 m/s (In every location) independent from the wind direction. Then the maintenance is very easy Studies on sustainable building for EIF Project (Cisem) Giorgio Ponti architect 21 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility and by new pedagogical and educational inputsClosing of Multimediaexternal blackboard andopenings computer connectedwith with internetautomatic Dividing mobileinput of elementdomotic (removable) forVertical flexibility andsheath with versatility ofall necessary space, withfacilities that surface made ofcan ensure cork (natural,the flexibility biodegradable,plant without acousticany floating insulation andfloor Full support for the spectrum posting of sheets, solar light posters, etc.). Plant network Closet, passage, possible water intake, placed under the toilets, internal staircases, storage, etc. floating floor or in with curved sliding doors to reduce the Horizontal grids for natural the ceiling, in case encumbrance and increase security ventilation of the rooms of floor fixed Studies on “ Flexible Learning Module” (FLM) (Cisem) Giorgio Ponti architect 22 11
  12. 12. 18/11/2010 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility and by new pedagogical and educational inputs Example of use as a room of hospital Multi – functional bar for electrical system, lights, oxigen, computer lan, domotics tool, etc.As for the multi – purpose capability it is important underline as the basic module adopted can turn itself quickly in a different functional space: for instance as residence, hostel, temporary hospital, refuge during the natural collapse, etc. Example of use as a room of Mobile element (removable) residence, hostel Giorgio Ponti architectAs for the multi – purpose capability it is important to underline as the basic moduleadopted (FLM) can turn itself quickly in a different functional space: for instanceresidence, hostel, temporary hospital, refuge during the natural collapse, etc. 23 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility and by new pedagogical and educational inputs Multimedia blackboard Closet Giorgio Ponti architect Connective Computer Integrated Building The Flexible Learning Module” (FLM), for 25 / 30 users, experienced, for the first time, by Cisem for the Expo of education and labor, Milan 2004 Giorgio Ponti architect 24 12
  13. 13. 18/11/2010 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility wind tower Example of and by new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation Multipurpose little space150 (MLS) (Closet, passage toilet, little stairs, wind tower, etc) 3.14 smstudents C L L L C C C CFloors in linoleum Mobile partition without(natural, plants inside for spacebiodegradable, flexibility. Faces in corkacoustic insulating (natural, biodegradable,and with a large acoustic insulating andcolor palette) support sheets)Recent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) based on FLM(Solution 1): traditional, 5 classrooms (frontal lesson) (C) and 3 labs (L) Giorgio Ponti architect 25 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility wind tower Example of and by new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation Doble slides doors for200 the flexibilities inputsstudents C C Lift / Elevator G G GSpace for smallgroup and for Cylinder for naturaloperative activity ventilation and lighting (solar G G G G chimney) It work also through the air systems in the corridor false ceilingRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 2): groups, 2 classrooms (frontal lesson) (C) and 9 groups (G) Giorgio Ponti architect 26 13
  14. 14. 18/11/2010 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility wind tower Example of and by new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation250 60% 60% students morestudents than solution 1 (traditional classrooms) classrooms)Teachers toilet students toilet Possible solution with little stairs for the vertical flexibilityRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 3): 8 thematics areas, (T) 27 Giorgio Ponti architect 27 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility wind tower Example of and by new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation Double skinned face for300 natural ventilation or solar chimney or solar cooling according to thestudents orientation of the building. . Vertical sheath with all necessary facilities that can ensure the Stairs with double flexibility plants ventilated skin by without any glass floating floorRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 4): open space 28 Giorgio Ponti architect 28 14
  15. 15. 18/11/2010 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility wind tower Example of and by new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation Open spaces Thematics areas Groups TraditionalPerspective of “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) with the differentsolution showed before Giorgio Ponti architect 29 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation A quality educational architecture can be the best educative input for the new generations (It Is the concept of architecture as third educator even through a strong symbolism) Ventilated and concave roof with a protection net (Anti birds, bugs, etc.) Double skinned face for natural ventilation or solar chimney or solar cooling in relation to the orientation of the building. Surface in concrete, or sheet metal stretched, or glass, photovoltaic film / panels, etc. Prefabricated concrete panels with the possible covering for solar (air or water) and photovoltaic tools also for the possible solar cooling conditioning Stairs with double ventilated system skin by glassStudies on sustainable building for EIF and EQF (Campania Giorgio Ponti architect Region, Italy) Project(Cisem) 30 Giorgio Ponti architect 30 15
  16. 16. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation Natural Photovoltaic cells, skylights and Copper roofing ventilation natural ventilation Closet Didactic flexibleTimber Module Psychomotor activity Pergola and greenhouseHeat pumps Timber (Under construction 2010) 2010) Heating floor with low temperature waterItaly – Municipality of Solaro (MI) 2006, new primary school, by GiorgioPonti architectEttore Giorgio Ponti andZambelli architects, Department BEST, University Politecnico of Milan, Eurosolar Prize 2006 31 31 Giorgio Ponti architect 31 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation Psychomotor activity and greenhouse TimberThis project is the result of a joint venture between the Solaro Municipality, CISEM and theUniversity Politecnico di Milano, whose Department of Building Environment architect and Giorgio Ponti ScienceTechnology (BEST) was responsible for the design (Giorgio Ponti and Ettore Zambelliarchitects) 32 Giorgio Ponti architect 3232 Giorgio Ponti architect 16
  17. 17. 18/11/20104. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation The most important aspects of the Solaro design from an energy standpoint are the following: • High thermal insulation achieved mainly through dry-mounted multilayer panels. • Ventilated copper roofing (also for electromagnetic insulation). • Solar chimneys. • Facility designed with CIB. • Ground water heat pumps. • No emissions into the air (the building has no boiler). • Underfloor heating/cooling with low- temperature water. • Photovoltaic panels (on the solar chimneys) providing electric power to the heat pumps; Total energy consumption: 20 Kwh/sqm/Year Giorgio Ponti architect 334. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation Solaro dimension, costs and timing: - Area of the first segment (12 learning modules for 300 students): 2 624 square meters of gross floor area; - Area per student: 8.7 gross square meters; - Projected overall cost: EURO 2.000.000 that compares with 2.800.000 USD; - Cost per square meter of gross floor area: EURO 1.000 that compares with 1.400 USD; - Beginning of work: end 2008 - Completion of work: 2011 Giorgio Ponti architect 34 17
  18. 18. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilationAnother interesting and important experience in Italy at the north of Milan (Gallarate - Va): anhotel vocational school for 1.200 students as base (Called Falcone Institute) carried out onan old industrial area in the city center. By Giorgio Ponti architect and his team, StudioAmati Rome, Zambelli and Guenzi architects (Milan) and other Giorgio Ponti architect 35 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation The situation of the Falcone area in Gallarate on 2003, before the start up of the works 36 Giorgio Ponti architect 36 18
  19. 19. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation The situation inside buildings on 2003, before the start up of the works 37 Giorgio Ponti architect Giorgio Ponti architect 37 37 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation A ) New building with learning spaces , management, restaurant, gymnasium B ) Old building restored with learning spaces , labs, hall, auditoriumA rendering of the design: on the left the building restored (An ex cotton millof the early 18th century) and on the right the new building 38 Giorgio Ponti architect 38 19
  20. 20. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing of sustainability and Example of wind tower quality symbols as educative chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation A ) New building with learning spaces , management, restaurant, gymnasium B ) Old building restored Skylight with learning spaces , Photovoltaic panels labs, hall, auditorium Learning area old building Learning area new building Management Entrance Restaurant and kitchen Gym and stores Atrium and public spacesThe most important informations are: Ground area 6.570 sqm, Gross total floors surface13.200 sqm (7.500 building A, 5.700 building B), max 1.500 students, standard from 9 to 11sqm/st, 3 years of work, cost of 26.545.000 €, 37.000.000 USD (about 2.000 € / sqm , 2.800USD / sqm) Giorgio Ponti architect 39 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation Ground floor Second floor First floor Roof Flexible Flexible Learning Learning Module Module Spiral Spiral stairs stairs Spiral stairs Labs Existing Existing faces Existing Labs faces 1820 old faces Existingold 1820 old 1820 faces 1820 old This experience is very important because it is the most recent opportunity to input the EIF (Educational Intelligent Facilities) principles to design a school Giorgio Ponti architect 40 20
  21. 21. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilationThe big bright central hall of the Building B (restored) with the skylight,natural ventilation, total air conditioning, antiseismic structures, spiral 41 stairsas socialization functional symbol Giorgio Ponti architect 41 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilationThe big central hall of the Building B (restored) with high aesthetic qualitywhich refers to an hotel hall or to a big socialization collective space openedto the community Giorgio Ponti architect 42 21
  22. 22. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilationThe indentations of the entrances to didactic spaces, functionally effective,recognisable, protected, with the closet of separation transformable in toiletfor activities multifunctional, the transparency of spaces Giorgio Ponti architect 43 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilationThe massive structures, completely antiseismic, the total air conditioning, thetotal energy autonomy, the large escape routes, the multi-purpose of spaceshave allowed the administration and the civil protection to declare the 44Falcone "Manager disaster location” Giorgio Ponti architect 44 22
  23. 23. 18/11/2010 4. Emphasizing sustainability and quality Example of wind tower symbols as educative (Solar chimney) for inputs natural ventilation300 Km of electrical cables and predispositions to the most advanceddomotic, precised controls of energy consumption, rainwater recovery, highthermal and acoustic insulation, photovoltaic panels, are a sign of a particular45attention to energy saving and sustainability Giorgio Ponti architect 45 5. Maximum Leed Rating (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), by U.S. Green Building Example of wind tower (Solar chimney) for Council (www.usgbc.org ) ventilation natural What is LEED®? The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System™ encourages and accelerates global adoption of sustainable green building and development practices LEED is an internationally recognized green through the creation and building certification system, providing third- party verification that a building or community implementation of was designed and built using strategies aimed at universally understood improving performance across all the metrics and accepted tools and that matter most: energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved performance criteria. indoor environmental quality, and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts. Giorgio Ponti architect 46 23
  24. 24. 18/11/2010 The cost of an intelligent and sustainable educational facilities3 questions:1) How much would it cost compared to traditional buildings, new orremodelled?• 5% more for energy saving;• 10% more for quality, bio-architecture, new systems / plants andtechnologies;• 5% more for domotic / building automation;2) How much could we save?About 40% of management costs and real estate operation;3) How many years we need to amortize the extra costs?They can be amortized in about 15 years Giorgio Ponti architect 47 To conclude it is sufficient a sentence of a great philosopher of the ancient Greece, Aristotle of Stagira (384 – 322 B.C.) “What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing” Aristotle www.giorgioponti.it www.ileweb.org (to download this presentation in pdf) Giorgio Ponti architect 48 24

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