Descriptive and prescriptivism linguistics


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Descriptive, Prescriptivism, linguistics

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Descriptive and prescriptivism linguistics

  1. 1. in 2 Timothy 3. I, like all other real missionaries and ministers, memorized the entire Bible years ago (assume this to be true). I’ll go ahead and quote it for the less-commited among us, going from verse 14 through 17: “But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” Paul encouraged Timothy to continue in the pathway laid down by a life of learning. Specifically, Paul red-lettered the Holy Scriptures. More than simply excellent reading material, these selections possessed the capability to make Timothy and presumably all who read them “wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.” That simple phrase contains a wealth of theology, from the definition of wisdom to the nature of salvation and the role of faith in the entire process. The apostle continued to extoll the virtues of the Scriptures in possibly the most well- known passage ever to form the foundation of an entire doctrine: “All Scripture is God- breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” Consider what existed when Paul wrote to Timothy in the mid-to-late 60′s. A good many epistles were finding their way into circulation, but they likely had not risen to the level of being widely accepted as Scripture to the degree that Paul could assume Timothy grasped his reference. Therefore, what else could Paul have been envisioning as he exhorted Timmy to continue studying? Genesis. Exodus. Sections of Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Joshua and Judges. Both books of Samuel. The annals of the Kings, and all that stuff in Chronicles. Esther. Ruth. Jonah. All those great narrative sections in Ezra and Nehemiah and Daniel and…man, wears me out just trying to think of all the Bible stories in those books. Plus some legal stuff, wisdom literature, and prophecy. The epistles, in all their expository-ready exegetical glory, provide great fodder for salvation and faith; however, that was likely not what Paul was considering when he wrote to Timothy. I think I am on fairly safe ground in my assertions, though I’ve been wrong before. As my wife and she’ll lay it all out; alphabetically, chronologically, ecumenically. The worst part is that we overlook storying as a legitimate learning tool for all students of the Bible, literate learners or not. LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION In the study of language, description, or descriptive linguistics, is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is spoken (or how it was spoken in the past) by a group of people in a speech community. All scholarly research in linguistics
  2. 2. is descriptive; like all other sciences, its aim is to observe the linguistic Prescription seeks to define standard language forms and give advice on effective language use, and can be thought of as a presentation of the fruits of descriptive research in a learnable form, though it also draws on more subjective aspects of language aesthetics. Prescription and description are complementary, but have different priorities and sometimes are seen to be in conflict. Descriptivism is the belief that description is more significant or important to teach, study, and practice than prescription. What is the definiton of Prescriptivism In linguistics, prescription or prescriptivism is the practice of championing one variety or manner of speaking of a language against another. It may imply a view that some forms are incorrect, improper, illogical, lack communicative effect, or are of low aesthetic value.[1] Sometimes it is informed by linguistic purism.[2] These normative practices may address such aspects of language use as spelling, grammar, semantics, pronunciation, and syntax. Linguistic prescriptivism includes judgments on what usages are socially proper and politically correct. WHAT IS ANALYTIC PHIOLOSPHY ORALITY MEANS Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy (especially writing and print) are unfamiliar to most of the population