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B I B S T U D Lesson 03 What Is The Bible ( Updated)


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B I B S T U D Lesson 03 What Is The Bible ( Updated)

  1. 1. What is the Bible? Dennis Raymond P. Maturan De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde
  2. 2. Encountering God Through the Scriptures <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To have a general backgrounder on the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>To have a working and practical knowledge of what it is all about </li></ul><ul><li>To have a deeper appreciation of the Bible itself </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the Etymology of the Word Bible? <ul><li>The word Bible literally means “little books”. </li></ul><ul><li>Derived from Greek biblion , diminutive of byblos meaning… </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the Etymology of the Word Bible? <ul><li>…“ book” or “papyrus” from the Phoenician town of Gubla, renamed Byblos by the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Also from Greek biblia/ ta biblia… </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the Etymology of the Word Bible? <ul><li>… meaning a collection of books. </li></ul><ul><li>Also from Latin </li></ul><ul><li>biblia, meaning book. </li></ul><ul><li>The English word Bible is based from the Latin term above. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Generally is the Bible ? <ul><li>It is the world’s most famous and influential book though not the oldest. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the world’s most thoroughly studied book. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What Generally is the Bible ? <ul><li>The book that inspired three great world religions namely : </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Generally is the Bible ? <ul><li>It is known as the Good Book as if it were a single book. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a collection or library of many small books written over a period of more than 1,000 years. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Generally is the Bible ? <ul><li>The Hebrew Bible (TaNaK) or Old Testament deals with the chosen people, Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains narrative and legal books, poetry and prophecy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What Generally is the Bible ? <ul><li>The Christian Bible which includes both the Old and New Testaments, consists of narratives of Jesus’ life, theological account or the early Church, letters and apocalypse. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How Many Books Does the Bible Contain? <ul><li>Most Protestant Books contain sixty-six books (66). </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Catholics, most Orthodox and some Protestants accept seventy-three books (73). </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Jewish Versions of the OT <ul><li>1) Masoretic (Palestinian Canon) – accepted by Hebrew speaking Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>- written in Hebrew </li></ul><ul><li>-adapted by Protestants (39 books) </li></ul><ul><li>39 OT + 27 NT = 66 total Protestant Biblical books </li></ul><ul><li>2) Septuagint (Alexandrian Canon) – used by early Christians and Jesus Himself. </li></ul><ul><li>- translated into Greek </li></ul><ul><li>- accepted by the Catholic and Orthodox Church (46 books) </li></ul><ul><li>46 OT + 27 NT = 73 total Catholic Biblical books </li></ul>
  13. 13. Biblical English Versions <ul><li>A. Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Douay-Rheims </li></ul><ul><li>Knox </li></ul><ul><li>New American </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Standard Version - Catholic Edition </li></ul><ul><li>B. Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>King James Version </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Standard Version </li></ul><ul><li>New International Version </li></ul>
  14. 14. Who Are the Authors and Writers of the Bible? <ul><li>God – the main Author of the Bible as He inspired people of different times, culture and background. </li></ul><ul><li>Man – both co-author and writer of the Bible as inspired by the Holy Spirit. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What Is therefore the Bible? <ul><li>It is a collection of writings about God. </li></ul><ul><li>It is about man’s relationship with God and other people </li></ul><ul><li>It is about how God would want man to relate to one another </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Bible Is Therefore… <ul><li>4 . It is the written source of Divine revelation </li></ul><ul><li>5. It is the history of God’s love for man </li></ul><ul><li>6. It is a guide about what man should do. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Other Biblical Facts <ul><li>Archbishop Stephen Langton of Canterbury (1150-1228) – the person who created divisions and chapters of the Bible as used today. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Hugo de Sancto Caro is also known to come up with a systematic division of the Bible (between 1244 and 1248), but it is Langton's arrangement of books and chapters that remains in use today. [ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other Biblical Facts <ul><li>Santes Pagnini, O.P. (1470-1541) –the person responsible for numbering the verses of the Old Testament books of the Bible in 1528 </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Etienne (Stephanus- 1503-1559) – a Paris printer numbered the New Testament book verses in 1555. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Biblical Facts <ul><li>Council of Laodicea (363 A.D.) – declared the Canon of the NT </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Hippo (393 A.D.) – The Church Council which started the Canon of the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Trent (1546) – The Church Council which officially declared the final Canon of the Bible. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Other Biblical Facts <ul><li>Latin Vulgate (Latina Vulgata) – the official Latin Version of the Bible used by the Catholic Church as translated by St. Jerome from the original languages in the 4 th century A.D. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Biblical Authority <ul><li>Bible as a source of authority for thousands of Christian sects </li></ul><ul><li>Source of different teachings and doctrines </li></ul><ul><li>Source various doctrines and interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Source of both Christian unity and disunity </li></ul>
  22. 22. Why Read the Bible? <ul><li>To know God. </li></ul><ul><li>To know God’s relationship with mankind. </li></ul><ul><li>To know God’s will for man’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>To foster and develop our faith-experience with God. </li></ul>
  23. 23. How do we read and use the Bible? <ul><li>Pray to the Holy Spirit before and after reading the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that the Holy Bible is the Word of God so ask for inspiration. </li></ul>
  24. 24. How do we read and use the Bible? <ul><li>Use a Catholic version of the Bible that you feel comfortable with. </li></ul><ul><li>You may choose any Biblical book at random unless you are looking for something specific. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Realizations <ul><li>What is the Bible, its origin and its etymology? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the Bible Inspired? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the Bible both erroneous and without error? </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz. </li></ul>