Reminiscens: stimulating memory and face-to-face social interactions
ReminiscensS"mula"ng memory and face-‐to-‐face social interac"on
“a selec(ve process in which memories are evoked and reconstructed” “personal memories of a distant past: long term memories of events in which the reminiscer is either a par6cipant or a observer” Process Content What is Reminiscence?
Why is it good to reminisce?+ life sa(sfac(on -‐ depression cogni(ve orienta(on (Haight 2007) Reminiscence Therapy (WaE 2000) To a lesser extent, it has also been seen to improve social interac"ons
That’s not for me. I am young!…not so fast How much and why we reminisce it is not really diﬀerent according to age… except for life review (Cohen 1998) New func(on for social media: cura(ng our historical self-‐image and reminiscence (Zao 2013, Best of CHI)
Reminiscence as BridgeFor intergenera(onal face-‐to-‐face social interac(on
Research QuestionsHow can we s(mulate reminiscence with IT? Can IT for reminiscence also foster social interac(on?
Contextual Mul"media Collabora"on, voice recording and direct manipula"on
Does web-‐collected contextual content s(mulates reminiscence? Does promp"ng contextual ques"ons facilitates storytelling? Does collabora"on in entering stories increases social interac(on? Bonus Track: is there an increase of subjec"ve wellbeing? ExperimentalDesign
Longitudinal Study8 weekly sessions of simple reminiscence with diﬀ. tool versions Par"cipants: intergenera(onal couples of senior adult and youngster Each session, a theme (e.g. childhood) and at least one story Par"cipant Observa"ons + Ques"onnaires face-‐to-‐face interac(on
Web version home usage during weeks and 2 months aZer study User Diaries (mood, collabora(on and interac(on) + Applica"on Logs Longitudinal Studyhome usage
At the end, each elder will receive a physical booklet of his/her stories Interviews + Post Study Ques"onnaires Longitudinal Studyﬁnal giZ
VariablesS"mula"on Social Interac"on (session) # sa(sfac(on # personal memories # nonpersonal memories (weeks) # new stories # usage sessions # usage (me # most viewed screen (sessions) types of interac(ons # (weeks) collabora(on stories # used alone or company? (before/aZer) social engagement Subjec"ve Wellbeing life sa(sfac(on (before/aZer) mood tracking (weeks)
Stimulation Conditionsmul(ple variables + mul(ple condi(ons + small sample within group design Couples 1, 2 Couples 3, 4 Couples 5, 6 Couples 7, 8
Social ConditionsCollabora"on ON/OFF mul(ple variables + one condi(on + *small sample between group design small eﬀect
Cofounding BiasaZer a couple weeks reminiscing, maybe people is already in reminiscing mood and s(mula(on is no longer needed ﬁrst session track every week, one couple does only the ﬁrst session and then they just used the app from home for the next two months
Additional StudiesPublic reminiscing display Locate a photo-‐frame in a community center, and ask seniors of the community to send pictures of old (mes plus a cap(on. What content do they value to reminisce? What interac(ons are triggered around the display?. Interview par(cipant aZerwards about the experience. Online reminiscing community How s(mula(ng would it be to par(cipa(ng in a community themed around historical mul(media? What type of comments and interac(ons will occur?
Current StatusDemo Site hEp://www.reminiscens.me Knowledge Base RESTful API hEp://docs.lifecontext.apiary.io hEp://test.reminiscens.me/lifecontext/booklet/ui/ (for tes(ng purposes) Ongoing implementa"on prototype hEp://test.reminiscens.me/web/prototype/ SoVware Engineering Alterna"ve prototype hEp://nicofromspace.github.io/Reminiscence/
Thanks for listening!Questions? Comments? Biases?