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Writing strategies for beginners

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Writing strategies for beginners

  1. 1. WRITING STRATEGIES FOR BEGINNERS<br />FROM SENTENCES TO PARAGRAPH<br />FIRST LEVEL INTENSIVE COURSE<br />BY JOSEFINA CALLE<br />
  2. 2. Writingisnotaneasytask.<br />Itisnecessarytofollow a process:<br />1. Get ideas Get a better idea<br />2. Organize ideas<br />3. WriteThink of a betterwaytoorganize<br />4. ReviseNeed more ideas<br />5. EditFindsomegrammarmistakes<br />THE WRITING PROCESS<br />
  3. 3. BRAINSTORMING<br />Onewaytoget ideas forwritingistobrainstorm.<br />Brainstormmeanstothinkabout a topic and writedown as many ideas as possible in a list.<br />Whenyoubrainstormwritewordsorphrases.<br />Youdon´tneedtowritesentences.<br />Some ideas willbegoodones, and otherswillbenotuseful.<br />Lateryou can use the ideas thatyouwantto use.<br />1. GET IDEAS <br />
  4. 4. Fromthelist of ideas:<br />Decide which ideas to use; then,<br />Orderthem.<br />2. ORGANIZE IDEAS<br />
  5. 5. Thefirstdraft<br />Thefirst time youwrite a paragraph, itiscalledthefirstdraft.<br />Try towriteyour ideas in aninterestingway.<br />Don´tworryaboutmakingmistakes.<br />Checkittwo times: revising and editing<br />3. WRITE<br />
  6. 6. Revise means:<br />Checkingyour ideas<br />Itdoesnot mean checkingyourgrammar. Youwillhave time to do itafteryou revise.<br />4. REVISE<br />
  7. 7. Editmeans:<br />Checkingthegrammar in yourwriting.<br />Itisimportant:<br />To revise your ideas first and thenedityourgrammar.<br />Ifyou revise first, youwillnotwasteyour time editingirrelevantsentences.<br />5. EDIT<br />
  8. 8. Whatdoes a sentence mean?<br />Sentences are group of wordsthatexpress a complete idea. Theybeginwith a capital letter and endwith a punctuationmark.<br />Examples:<br />Small dogs are goodpets.<br />Do youhaveanypets?<br />My neighbor has fifteenpets. I don´tlikepets; so, I don´thaveanypet.<br />FOCUS ON SENTENCE GRAMMAR<br />
  9. 9. In English:<br />Everysentencemusthave a subjet and a verb. A sentencewith a subject and a verbiscalled a simple sentence.<br />A subjecttellswhoorwhat a sentenceisabout. A simple sentence can have more thanonesubject.<br />Jackiehatesthemorning.<br />Everymorning, hermother and fatherwake up at sixo´clock<br />Averbtellswhatthesubjectisordoes. A simple sentence can have more thanoneverb.<br />Jackiehatesthemorning.<br />Shenevergets up orspeakstoanyonebeforenineo´clock.<br />SIMPLE SENTENCES<br />
  10. 10. Mark eachunderlinedwordwith a Sforsubject of Vforverb:<br />My dogshorty<br /> At home in Mexico, I havea littledog. Sheisanimportatpart of ourfamily. Wecall<br />herShorty. Sheisa littlefat, buthershapeisvery cute. All my friendsknowher<br />name and playwithher. My fathersometimesgetsangrywithherbecausesheeats<br />plants in hisgarden. Histomatoes and flowers are herfavoritesnacks. I wouldlike<br />topetShortyrightnow.<br />IDENTIFYING SUBJECTS AND VERBS<br />
  11. 11. Whatdoes a paragrah mean?<br />Goodparagraphs in Englishconsist of threetoeightsentencesononetopic.<br />Paragraphsusuallyhavethreeparts:<br />A topicsentence,usually at thebeginning, whichtellsthemain idea of theparagraph.<br />Severalbodysentencesin themiddle, whichgivesupportinginformationaboutthetopicsentence.<br />A concludingsentenceat theend, whichrestatesthetopicsentence.<br />PARAGRAPHS<br />
  12. 12. Readtheparagraphbelow:<br />My grandmother<br /> ------------- Shewasborn 77 yearsago in England, Whenshewas a baby, herfamily moved tothe USA. AfterHighSchool, sheworked in a bakeryuntil se married my grandfather. She can stillmakedeliciouscakes! My grandfatherdiedfiveyearsago, so sheliveswithusnow. My grandmotherisnotpatient, butshenevergetsangrywith me. Shealwasyslistensto me and helps me with my problems.<br />Checkallthesentencesthat are goodtopicsentencesfortheparagraph:<br />-----1. My grandmotheristall<br /> and thin.<br /> -----2. I think my granmotheris<br /> a wonderfulperson.<br />-----3. Animportantperson in<br /> my lifeis my grandmother.<br />-----4. My grandmotherhadfive<br />children.<br />-----5. Let me tellabout my <br />Grandma.<br />-----6. My grandmother can <br />make me laughwhen I<br /> am sad.<br />IDENTIFYING TOPIC SENTENCES<br />
  13. 13. Stowe Vermont<br /> Do youliketoskyor snowboard? For a trulyrelaxingwintervacation como toStowe, <br />Vermont, in the Green Mountains. Enjoythefreshmountain air and snow at Mount <br />Mansfield. Do youlike ice skating? Thereis a small ice skatingrinkneartheskating<br />area. At thebottom of themountain, there are severalwonderful restaurants for<br />eatinginsideoroutside. At the hotel nexttotheskyarea, thereis a heated pool and<br /> a hottub . In thetown of Stowe, there are plenty of antique shops and restaurants. <br />Stowe, Vermont, is a great place for a wintervacation.<br />Readthetravelbrouchure. Thenunderlinethemain idea.<br />
  14. 14. Wordsthat show sequency of events are: first, then, next, after<br />that, finally.<br />Thisis a goodwaytoorganizethesupportingsentences in thebody<br /> of a paragraph.<br />Writeabout a camping dayyoutook in thepast, add time wordsto show thesequency.<br />USING WORDS TO SEQUENCE EVENTS<br />
  15. 15. A concludingsentenceisusuallythelastsentence in a paragraph. <br /> A goodconcludingsentenceoftenrepeatstheparagraph´smain<br />idea in differentwords.<br />Writeit. Underlinethemain idea and write a concludingsentence in theparagraphbelow:<br /> Janet Francis wantstoteachabout local history. She has a collection of 50 oldmaps of Boston neighborhood. Shealso has a collection of oldphotosfromtheneighborhood. Everymonth, Janet invites neighborstoherapartmentto look at hermaps and photos. ¨Peopleliketoseehowthisneighbohoodchanged,¨Janetsays. ¨ <br />IDENTIFYING CONCLUDING SENTENCES<br />
  16. 16. Followtheintructionsyouread and writeyourownparagraph.<br />Choose a topicyouliketowriteabout.<br /> WRITE YOUR PARAGRAPH<br />
  17. 17. Cameron S. & Vargo M. (2008).Hemipheres. New York: McGraw-Hill<br />Ingram, B. & King, C. (2005). FromWritingtoComposing. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress. <br />Singleten, J. (2005).Writers at WorkTheParagraph. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress. <br />REFERENCES<br />

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