Paraphrasing

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Paraphrasing

  1. 1. Paraphrasing <br />By Heather Mehrtens<br />Adapted from a Lesson Plan by Jiin Yap, Fall 2010,<br />University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign <br />
  2. 2. Today’s Goals<br />Understand the purpose of paraphrasing<br />Identify legal and effective paraphrase<br />Practice how to paraphrase<br />
  3. 3. WHaT IS pARAPHRASing?<br />
  4. 4. Paraphrasing <br />It is your own interpretation of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. <br />Using and citing ideas & info from another author for your own paper, but not his/her exact words.<br />
  5. 5. But why do I need to paraphrase? <br />
  6. 6. WHY Paraphrase?<br />Better than quoting from an undistinguished passage <br />Helps you control temptation to quote too much <br />Mental process for paraphrasing helps you understand the full meaning of the original<br />
  7. 7. Why not quote?<br />Paraphrase makes sure that you have understood original source<br />Your purpose could be different than the source’s author<br />Example: Your source gives facts from WHO (World Health Organization) to show that despite WHO’s efforts many children die of malnutrition and disease.<br />You could use this information to show that WHO has carried out a successful immunization program and saved the lives of many children. <br />
  8. 8. Let’s practice! <br />First look at the three paraphrase samples and decide which one is the most effective and legal paraphrase by yourself.<br />Then share your reasoning with a partner. <br />
  9. 9. OK let’s get back to the lecture. <br />
  10. 10. Paraphrasing techniques <br />Use synonyms <br />Change the sentence type<br />Reduce the clause to a phrase<br />Change the order of the parts of speech<br />Make it flow<br />
  11. 11. Let’s practice some more!<br />Look at the worksheet and use the techniques from this lecture to practice paraphrasing. <br />

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