Paraphrase = same meaning, different words, in detail Paraphrasing = legitimate way to borrow from a source - Why paraphrase ?: shows you understand original vs. - Summary = main ideas of whole text, different words, shorter
Research Right: Writing the Paper
Research Right!Workshop 3: Writing the PaperHow to Effectively Incorporate Research, Paraphrase and Avoid Plagiarism Alison Healy Larissa K. Garcia Genda Vann Fall 2012 Triton College
What To Do With All Your Research?Now you must find a way to fit your research into your paperHow????? Remember your research question that started this entire journey….. Read and look for all the relevant information that pertains to your question- supports and counter-supports
Citing and PlagiarismWhat is plagiarism? Many definitions and these different interpretations and/or misunderstanding of plagiarism may be one of the reasons students may plagiarize unintentionally Because we are in an academic setting- we will use the Council of Writers Program Administration’s (WPA) definition
Definition of PlagiarismDefinition: In an instructional setting, plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source.This definition applies to texts published in print or on-line, to manuscripts, and to the work of other student writers. (Council of Writers Program Administration, wpacouncil.org)
Implications of PlagiarismRemember: …The goal of research is to engage, through writing, in a purposeful, scholarly discussion of issues that are sometimes passed over in daily life.Understanding, expanding, participating dialogue with, and challenging the work of others are part of becoming an effective citizen in a complex society.Plagiarism does not simply devalue the institution and the degree it offers; it hurts the inquirer, who has avoided thinking independently and has lost the opportunity to participate in broader social conversations. (Council of Writers Program Administration, wpacouncil.org)
Incorporate Research the Right Way!Three major ways: Summarizing Paraphrasing Direct Quotation
SummaryExpresses just the main idea of an entire book or article a short version of a source-presenting only author’s main idea general compared to the original sourceSteps to summarizing: 1) Read book/article carefully 2) Think about the main idea of work 3)Put the main idea into your own words 4) Document the source of your summary
Now It’s Your Turn to SummarizeLets read the junk food article from The Christian Century titled: “Junk Food Epidemic” (2012).What’s the main idea of this article?Now lets put the main idea in a few statements…..Example: The main causes of the American junk food epidemic are unhealthy eating habits and bad government policy. The government allows the fast-food industry to control the school lunch program and subsidizes excessive grain production, which floods the market with animal fat, as well as unhealthy grain- and soy-based products. Communities and families need to encourage healthy eating habits, while the government should fix the school lunch program and encourage the production of fruits and vegetables rather than unhealthy carbohydrates and animal products (Christian Century 7).
ParaphraseExpressing someone else’s ideas in your own words Often just a small part of work Accurately, clearly, in detailSteps to paraphrasing 1) Read the book/article carefully 2) Choose the part(s) of the source you want to use in your paper 3) Make sure to understand what the author is saying and then put in your own words 4) Do not copy sentences, but you may use key words 5) Refer to the name of the author of the sources For example: use phrases like-- According to Dr. Sniffles… As Professor Musky says…
Now it’s your turn to paraphraseLets return to the junk food article from The Christian Century titled: “Junk Food Epidemic” (2012).Lets just look at the first paragraph Let’s paraphrase it…….Example: Michelle wanted to make fresh and healthy food more available and Walmart want to build more in the cities. So when they both teamed up last year to get rid of food deserts, many people hoped their efforts would help to make a positive impact on obesity and other public-health issues (Christian Century 7).
Paraphrasing vs. SummaryParaphrase = same meaning, different words, in detailParaphrasing = legitimate way to borrow from a sourceWhy paraphrase: shows you understand original vs.Summary = main ideas of whole text, different words, shorterExample:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/1/
Direct QuotationIn paraphrasing and summarizing, you put the words of a source into your own wordsSometimes you might want to the original words from a source.How to directly quote a source: 1) Read the book/article carefully 2) Choose the part(s) of the source you want to use in your paper 3) Lead- in statement aka signal phrase to your quote 4)Actual quote, framed in quotation marks 5) Commentary about the quote to discuss the relevancy/support of that quote to your paper
Now it’s your turn to directly quoteLets return to the junk food article from The Christian Century titled: “Junk Food Epidemic” (2012).Let’s take this phrase from the article and directly quote it into our pretend essay: “Making healthful food available isn’t enough. People need to acquire the habit of eating well. Such habits are learned in families and communities” (7).
Now it’s your turn to directly quoteLet’s take a look at the direct quotation handoutIt’s a template for incorporating a quote in a paragraphUsing the quote from the last slide, let’s practice directly quoting by filling in the blanks on this worksheet
Now it’s your turn to directly quoteLet’s share your results
Now it’s your turn to directly quoteHere’s an example of how to incorporate a direct quote into a paragraph: Even though there is widespread belief that just simply making fresh healthy foods available would help to decrease rates of obesity and health problems, The Christian Century points out that, “Making healthful food available isn’t enough. People need to acquire the habit of eating well. Such habits are learned in families and communities” (7). Because people need to be more conscious about healthy living, more state funding needs to be devoted towards community nutritional programming.
Examples of Paraphrase and Summary and Quotinghttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/03/
Works Cited PageThere are two parts to incorporating research into your paper 1) In-text citation- which we just discussed and practiced the 3 major ways 2) Works Cited or Reference Page last page of your paper list of all the sources you used/mentioned in your paper Here’s an example of a works cited page: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/12/
Now It’s Your Turn to Create a Works Cited PageLets return to the junk food article from The Christian Century titled: “Junk Food Epidemic” (2012).And lets look at Purdue University’s OWL MLA style work cited page website for guidance:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/
Thank you for being a part of theResearch Right Workshop Series!