Boarding Small Vessels <ul><li>Enter a small boat by stepping into the center. </li></ul><ul><li>Hand equipment into the boat, do not try to carry it aboard as you enter. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribute the load evenly fore and aft and from side to side. </li></ul><ul><li>Check the boat's capacity plate. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not overload the boat; it will reduce stability and make capsizing more likely. </li></ul>
Lanyard Kill Switch must be attached to the operator!
Docking and Undocking PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACTICE !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Remember: A boat does not steer like a car, it pivots on its axis at a point approximately one-third to one-fourth back from the bow when moving forward. OUT IN
Maneuvering Underway <ul><li>Be familiar with your boat. </li></ul><ul><li>Always choose a safe course. </li></ul><ul><li>Know where you are at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep an eye on the wind, current, and weather. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the Rules of the Road and obey them. </li></ul><ul><li>Control your speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Always render assistance to other boaters in danger or distress. </li></ul>Once underway your duties as a skipper do not stop. You are still responsible for the safety of all on board, your boat and damage to other boats and personal property caused by collision or damage from your wake.
Watch the Weather! <ul><ul><li>Weather changes generally come from the west so scan the sky with your weather eye, especially to the west. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sudden drop in temperature and change in the wind often mean that a storm is near. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have a barometer on your boat check it every two to three hours. A rapid drop in pressure means a storm is approaching. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for cloud build up, especially rapid vertically rising clouds. </li></ul></ul>There are indicators that you can look for that indicate an approaching weather change:
Caught in Bad Weather? <ul><li>Put on PFDs. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce speed and proceed with caution. </li></ul><ul><li>Close all hatches and ports. </li></ul><ul><li>Head for the nearest shore that is safe to approach and duck into the leeward side of land. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the bow into the wind and waves at about a 40 degree angle and watch for floating debris. </li></ul><ul><li>Pump out bilges and keep dry. </li></ul><ul><li>Change to a full fuel tank. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure loose items which could be tossed about. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep everyone low in the boat and near the centerline. </li></ul>
Anchors <ul><li>At some point in your boating career you will probably want to anchor. You may want to stop and fish, swim, have lunch, or stay overnight. </li></ul><ul><li>A second reason to drop anchor may be to control the boat if bad weather is blowing you ashore or if your engine has quit and the wind and current are pushing you into shore, a dam, or other boats. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the best anchor for your boating situation. Never anchor at only the stern! </li></ul>
Anchoring <ul><li>Lay out the amount of line you will need on deck so it will follow the anchor into the water smoothly without tangling. </li></ul><ul><li>6 to 8 times the water depth is recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>With the bow to the wind or current in the spot you have selected, stop the boat and slowly start to drift back. Lower the anchor until it lies on the bottom then slowly let out the line as the boat drifts back. This will assure that the chain will not foul the anchor and prevent it from digging into the bottom. </li></ul><ul><li>While checking on a set anchor, keep a hand on the anchor line, a dragging anchor will telegraph itself as it bumps along the bottom. An anchor that is set will not shake the line. </li></ul>
Navigational Rules 600 Feet above a dam is considered a restricted area. (Does not have to be marked.) 150 Feet below a dam is considered a restricted area. (Does not have to be marked.)
Hazards of the Mississippi Grab onto these! When all else fails. Locks and Dams
Hazards of the Mississippi Wing Dams Being unaware of wing dams can end up costing you.
Hazards of the Mississippi A pilot’s “blind spot” can extend for hundreds of feet in front of a tow. It generally takes about a mile to stop a full tow. Tows Stay out of their way!
Navigation Charts Bound sets of the Illinois Waterway Navigation Charts show the waterway from the Mississippi River at Grafton, IL northeast to Lake Michigan at Chicago and Calument Harbors. Bound sets of the Upper Mississippi River Navigation Charts show the Mississippi River from Minneapolis, MN, south to the mouth of the Ohio River at Cairo, IL.
Low Head Dams At a low head dam, a backwash forms that traps and re-circulates anything that floats. Boats and people can be caught in this backwash. The backwash of a low-head dam will carry them to the face of the dam, where the water pouring over it will wash them down under the water. A person who is caught in a low head dam struggles to the surface, where the backwash once again carries him to the face of the dam, thus continuing the cycle.
Rendering Assistance Be prepared to help others in trouble if at all possible but do not take unnecessary risks which could put your life in danger. Do not panic, have life saving equipment ready and approach the accident carefully. Watch for persons in the water and throw floatation devices to any who do not have any. Talk to the people and assess any injuries they may have. Administer first aid if necessary and get the people to shore as quickly and safely as possible. Remember, do not overload your own boat . If necessary take victims requiring the most assistance into the boat and enlist other boaters to help or have victims stay with their boat. Risk equipment to save lives, do not risk lives to save equipment.
Special Flags Divers’ Flag indicates that scuba divers are operating in the area. Stay well clear of this flag. There are specific distance-away requirements. 150’ for inland waters. 300’ in open waters. Rigid Alpha Flag is flown by a vessel engaged in diving operations. This flag does not substitute for the diver-down flag above in states that require the diver-down flag. You will usually see both flags in use. The alpha flag indicates that the vessel is restricted in ability to maneuver, in this case due to the nature of its work.