ELECTORAL COLLEGE CLIP FROM COMMON CRAFT – SHOW VIDEO AND THEN DISTRIBUTE ELECTORAL MAP AND DIRECT STUDENTS TO LOCATE THE 11 STATES THAT ARE NEEDED TO WIN
Icivics judicial branch video
SHOW CHECKS AND BALANCES CLIP after students fill in this graphic org
Show a Law and Order clip on extradition OR do a demonstration using 5 students – 1 nj state PO, 1 PA state PO, suspect, ben frankling bridge – explain the scenario – I.e., suspect fleeing nj and crosses bridge – have the students narrate what should happen next.
Emphasize that the Const is flexible to meet the needs of our ever- changing society. Ask students to give examples of how our society has changed since 1787 (ex: abolish slavery, women’s right to vote etc – list the corresponding amendments on the board
Put in kid friendly terms; Compare the supreme law of the land to their family life using a 3 rung ladder (constitution is top, state, middle, local govt is last – mom or dad is top etc…
Active Note-taking RED: STOP and pay close attention. Anything in RED is critical information. Copy the exact information. YELLOW: Pay attention. Anything in YELLOW is useful information. Paraphrase in YOUR OWN WORDS. GREEN: Read and GO on to the next point. You do not have to write anything in green.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/thumb/e/e4/Charles_Montesquieu.jpg/200px-Charles_Montesquieu.jpgCHECKS & BALANCES We must LIMIT the powers of the government. Government works for the people. eu Mon tesqui her losop Fren ch Phi • Separate power • Balance the different branches (parts) of that government • Checks on power = limits on power
Legislative branchArticle 1, Section 1: …which shall consist of a Senate and House ofRepresentatives. The US has a bicameral legislature Bicameral = 2 houses/chambers CONGRESS: House of Representatives Senate
Salary House of Senate $141, 300 Representatives 6 Years 2 Years Term 30 Years Old 25 Years Old Age Minimum Live anywhere in state Live in district Residency Requirement 9 year US citizen 7 year US citizen Citizenship Requirement 100 Total # 435 2 per state PROPORTIONAL– based on EQUAL population 2 From NJ 11New Jersey (NJ) Plan: favors small More Like: Virginia (VA) Plan – favors big statesstates 650,000 people in each congressional district
Legislative BranchPrimary Job = Make Laws Article 1, Section 7: Law Making Process HABBAL: How a Bill Becomes a Law
Congressional Officers V ISIT FACT FI ND & ps & TH E H Re o u se of i te to House of Representatives e bs Sen ate’s w u r re nt the c re c o rd c e rs SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE of f i 2nd in line of presidential succession Salary $181,400 f the H o use Sp e a ke r o SeNaTePRESIDENT OF THE SENATE1st in line of presidential succession salary $181,400 po re e n ate nt Pro Te mPRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE of t h e S e P re s ide nt e n (D) P re s id3rd in line of presidential succession J o e Bid Salary $156,900
Leadership of the SenateArticle 1, Section 3, Clause 4: The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shallhave no Vote, unless they be equally divided. The Vice President has another job! He “leads” the Senate as… The President of the Senate • only votes to break ties • acts as a “presence” to remind the Senate of the President’s wishes and power Article 1, Section 3, Clause 5: The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of the President of the United States. president pro tempore (for the time being) • formally takes charge in the absence of VP
QUESTION : What shou ld Imagine...happen ne xt?…you’re at the movies andsomeone yells, “FIRE!” Thereis a rush to leave the theaterand several people get hurt.Several witnesses identifyyou. You are arrested andtaken to jailFor this activity, let’s assume you are not guilty.
POWERS DENIED TO CONGRESSCongress CANNOT:suspend a writ of habeas corpusA Writ of habeas corpus means “you mayhave the body.” It is a legal mandatestating your right to be brought before acourt. This protects against unlawfulimprisonment.pass ex post facto laws (“after thefact”)Ex post facto laws change the legal consequencesof actions committed before enactment of the law.Ex post facto laws could criminalize an action thatwas legal when committed.
Legislative Language!How does the US determine how many representatives each state gets?Census: population count taken every 10 years since 1790 Last Census:_______ Next Census:_______Enumerated Powers (18): listed powers delegated (assigned) to Legislative Branch (i.e., declare war, impose taxes, “power of the purse”)Quorum: minimum amount of members needed to be present in order to conduct businessElastic Clause: ability to make laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out its powers
EXECUTIVE Benefits PRESIDENT BRANCH POTUS ENFORCES THE LAW 4 years HUGE WHITE HOUSE 2 term limit Term 22nd Amendment Benefits 35 Years Old Salary of $400,000 per year Age Minimum (taxable)Live anywhere in US for 14 Expense Account of $50,000 per years Residency year (taxable) Requirement Natural born citizen A personal airplane Citizenship AIR FORCE ONE Requirement Electoral College Elected by A place in the country: Camp David “Winner Takes All” Barack Obama Current A fine chef Joe Biden VPOTUS Cabinet Advisors Succession (25th amendment): VP>Speaker of the House>Pro
EXECUTIVE Benefits PRESIDENT BRANCH ENFORCES THE LAW 4 years HUGE WHITE HOUSE 2 term limit 22nd Term Amendment Benefits 35 Years Old Salary of $400,00 per year Age Minimum (taxable)Live anywhere in US for 14 Expense Account pof $50,000 per years Residency year (taxable) Requirement Natural born citizen A personal airplane Citizenship AIR FORCE ONE Requirement Electoral College Elected by A place in the country: Camp David “Winner Takes All” Barack Obama Current A fine chef Cabinet Advisors Succession (25th amendment): VP>Speaker of the House>Pro Tempore>Cabinet
RESPOND IN MARGIN NEAR PRES SLIDE• Define natural born citizen.• Who was the only president elected to 4 terms?• Why are there limits on presidential terms?
Judicial BranchInterprets Laws – determines if laws are constitutional or unconstitutional Nominated by the President QUALIFICATIONS FOR SUPREME CT • NONE…but…Senate must confirm the presidential nomination. TERM OF OFFICE • LIFE…but…can be impeached (to bring formal charges against) Only crime mentioned in Constitution… Treason: levying war, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid or comfort. This offense is punished with death. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
The Three Branches and Levels of Government Legislative Executive Judicial (Makes Laws) (Enforces Laws) (Interprets Laws) Congress President Supreme Court (9) House of Representatives Vice-President/Cabinet 1 Chief JusticeFederal (435) Senate (100) Commander-in-Chief of armed forces. 8 Associate Justices District Courts (13) Legislature Governor: Supreme Court (7) General Assembly (80) Christie 1 Chief Justice State Senate (40) Cabinet (22) 6 Associate JusticesNew Jersey Local Town Council Mayor: Randy Municipal Court Debbie Hackman, John BrownEvesham McKenna, Kurt Croft Municipal Court Judge Deputy Mayor: JoeTownship Howarth
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Article IV StatesCitizens are entitled to all the privileges in each state (I.e., driving, marriage, etc)Extradition: cannot escape punishment by fleeing to another state; must be returned to the 1st state to stand trial
List 2 privileges that citizens hold inthis state.1.2.
Article V Amending the ConstitutionThe Constitution is a “living,breathing, document” that can beamended = flexible to meet theneeds of our ever-changingsocietyAmendment:addition to, deletion from orchange
What is the literal meaning of the figurative phrase“living, breathing document?”We live in an ever changing society. In what ways hasour society changed since 1787?
Article VI Supremacy clause• The Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land” Article VII Ratification• 9 out of 13 states needed to ratify (confirm)
The Constitution guarantees freedom of religion.Wisconsin outlaws religion. Explain why Wisconsin cannot outlaw religion.
BAILArraignment:court appearance where defendant is formallycharged & enter a PLEA