Legislative

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  • http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/R41647.pdf
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/politicalhumor/1/0/u/n/3/112th-Congress.jpg
  • http://pewforum.org/uploadedImages/Topics/Issues/Government/112thCongress-graphic.png
  • Legislative

    1. 1. THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH<br />The United States Congress<br />established in Article I of the Constitution<br />
    2. 2. In this presentation, you goal is to understand …<br />THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS<br />THE POWERS OF CONGRESS<br />THE ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERSHIP OF CONGRESS<br />
    3. 3. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS<br />HOUSE<br />SENATE<br />Congress is bicameral, which means it contains two houses<br />a direct result of the Great Compromise<br />
    4. 4. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESArticle I, Section 2<br />Intended to represent the people<br />representation based on population<br />considered the lower house<br />lower prestige<br />435members, each serving a 2 year term<br />Also 5 nonvoting members<br />all seats are up forre-electionevery 2 years<br />each state has at least 1 member<br />representative seats are redistributed or reapportioned after every 10 year census<br />Qualifications - 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, live in the state that they represent<br />
    5. 5. representative seats are redistributed or reapportionedafter every 10 year census<br />
    6. 6.                                <br />THE SENATEArticle I, Section 3<br />Intended to represent the states<br />representation based on equality<br />considered the upperhouse <br />higher prestige<br />100 members, serving a 6 year term<br />terms are staggered<br />each state has 2 members - this does not change<br />Qualifications- 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that they represent<br />
    7. 7. Representatives represent individual districts<br />Senators represent the entire state<br />Representation<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9. THE POWERS OF CONGRESS<br />The powers of Congress are limited by the Constitution<br />There are three types of congressional powers<br />DELEGATED or ENUMERATED<br />IMPLIED<br />NONLEGISLATIVE<br />
    10. 10. The DELEGATED or ENUMERATED powers<br />Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution<br />IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)<br />Taxing power (1,8,1)<br />Borrowing power (1,8,2)<br />Commerce power (I,8,3 - it’s big!)<br />Currency power (I,8,5)<br />
    11. 11. The DELEGATED or ENUMERATED powers<br />Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution<br />IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)<br />War and military power (I,8,11-15)<br />Bankruptcy power (I,8,4)<br />Other powers – Copyrights, Lower Courts, Weights and Measures, Naturalization, D.C.<br />
    12. 12. The enumerated or expressed powers are written in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution<br />
    13. 13. IMPLIED POWERS<br />powers not specifically written in the Constitution<br />powers that are necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers<br />Article I, Section 8, Clause 18<br />
    14. 14. the NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE is also called the<br />ELASTIC CLAUSE<br />it allows Congress to stretch its power<br />
    15. 15. EXAMPLE<br />Congress can set up a Post Office (it is enumerated in the Constitution)<br />But what about stamps?<br />
    16. 16. TWO HUGE CONGRESSIONAL POWERS<br />COMMERCE<br />PURSE<br />
    17. 17. Congress can also propose CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTSto be sent to the states for ratification<br />
    18. 18. NONLEGISLATIVE POWERSpowers that do not deal with making laws:<br />Investigate (both houses)<br />Impeach (House impeaches, Senate holds trial)<br />confirm Presidential appointees and treaties (Senate does this)<br />
    19. 19. PARTY LEADERSHIP IN THE HOUSE<br />SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE<br />MINORITY LEADER<br />MAJORITY LEADER<br />MINORITY WHIP<br />MAJORITY WHIP<br />REST OF HOUSE<br />
    20. 20.                         <br />PARTY LEADERSHIP IN THE SENATE<br />VICE PRESIDENT<br />PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE<br />MINORITY LEADER<br />MAJORITY LEADER<br />MAJORITY WHIP<br />MINORITY WHIP<br />REST OF SENATE<br />
    21. 21. SOME MORE FUN CONGRESSIONAL INFO<br />JOURNAL (I, 5, 3)<br />SALARY (1, 6, 1)<br />PRIVILEGES & BENEFITS (1, 6, 1)<br />PENALTIES – Censure and expulsion(I, 5, 2)<br />
    22. 22. A CURRENT CONGRESSIONAL PROFILE<br />THE 112thCONGRESS<br />
    23. 23. SENATE<br />HOUSE<br />100 members<br />435 members<br />47 Republican<br />51 Democratic<br />2 Independent (aligned with Democratic Party)<br />242 Republican<br />192 Democratic<br />1 vacant seats<br />356 male<br />78 female<br />82 male<br />18 female<br />44 African Americans<br />26 Hispanic Americans<br />9 Asian Americans<br />1 Native American<br />0African American<br />3Hispanic Americans<br />2 Asian Americans<br />0 Native American<br />
    24. 24.
    25. 25.
    26. 26.
    27. 27. The 111th US House of Reps<br />
    28. 28. The 111th US House of Reps<br />
    29. 29. The 111thUS Senate<br />
    30. 30.
    31. 31. Remember - the basic function of the Legislative Branch is to MAKE LAWS<br />

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