BRANCHTest Wed. 10/3 !!! Articles ____ and ____ of the Constitution
FOR THE LB:Understand what the main purpose of the Legislative Branch isCompare and contrast the roles of the House and the SenateExplain the process of how a bill becomes a law (and why it’s so slow!)Know how an individual member of Congress makes decisions FOR BOTH:Understand how each branch limits and checks the other branchUnderstand how each branch works together for the government towork (laws, impeachment, war, treaties, justices, etc.) FOR THE EB: Understand what the main purpose of the Executive Branch is; Compare the various roles of the President Explain how the parts of the EB (like the Cabinet) help to enforce laws Know how an individual member of Congress makes decisions Articles ____ and ____ of the Constitution
ARTICLE ONE Requirements, Duties, and Characteristics of the Legislative Branch.
Which states gained and lost?--- after the 2010 census. What are the blue states? Green states?
The cup and the saucer … ? Thomas Jefferson once expressed his doubts about the usefulness of the Senate. “Why did you pour that coffee into your saucer?” George Washington asked. “To cool it,” Jefferson replied. “Even so,” Washington declared, “we pour legislation into the senatorial saucer to cool it.” To understand this, first ask: how are they
What percentage is up for election every two years? HOUSE SENATE – up for 100% election 33% SENATE - not up for re-election NOW – cup? Saucer?
Take North Carolina, for example. Who represents NC in the US Senate? Current senators - Former senators - Kay Hagan (D),2008 and Edwards (D) and Dole (R) Richard Burr (R), 2010 Who do they represent? Who are their constituents?
*Who represents NC in the USHouse? North Carolina has ______ districts. What should be true of each district? Each district should have the same ______ .
Who represents NC in the USHouse? How are districts supposed to be drawn? How are districts actually drawn? And what does gerrymandering mean?
The cup and the saucer … ? Thomas Jefferson once expressed his doubts about the usefulness of the Senate. “Why did you pour that coffee into your saucer?” George Washington asked. “To cool it,” Jefferson replied. “Even so,” Washington declared, “we pour legislation into the senatorial saucer to cool it.” Now what does this mean?
The cup and the saucer … ? The cup = the House The saucer = the Senate EXPLANATION: if the public is angry or upset about an issue, then they can vote out 100% of the House every two years – but only 33% of the Senate. Two-thirds of the Senate is “protected” from the “hot tempers” of the public.If you are a rep, you must listen to yourconstituents; if you are a senator, you havethe luxury of not listening to your
Leadership of the HouseArticle 1, Section 2, Clause 5: The House of Representatives shall choosetheir Speaker and other Officers *Speaker of the House is voted on by the Representatives. Currently John Boehner (R-Ohio) Considered to be the “most powerful person in the US,” as s/he controls which bills get voted on and when. *Republicans and Democrats also elect leaders to represent their causes, mainly the Minority Leader. *Whips: both parties have them – responsible for getting people “on board” with votes.
Leadership of the Senate Article 1, Section 3, Clause 4: The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided. *The Vice President “leads” the Senate as the President of the Senate. *The Vice President only votes to break ties. Acts as a “presence” to remind the Senate of the President’s wishes and power. Article 1, Section 3, Clause 5: The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of the President of the United States. *The Senators also elect the the president pro tempore. (current=Patrick Leahy D-Vermont) *Only formally takes charge when the VP cannot. Usually the oldest person in the Senate (Robert Byrd was 93 when he died in office).
*What does seniority mean? The longer you have been in the Senate and House, the more “power” you have.
Other Requirements and ThingsArticle 1, Sections 4, 5, & 6 Since 1872, Congress requires all states to hold elections for Senators and Reps on the same day. Congressional Record – all votes, speeches and actions are recorded everyday and available online. Cannot be arrested or sued (immunity) for something they say during debate, unless it is a criminal act. Cannot hold another government job while serving in Congress.
Congress’ Primary Job: MakeLawsArticle 1, Section 7: Law Making Process
*Enumerated powers of CongressArticle 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power… Collect Taxes for the common defense and general welfare Taxes must be the same in all parts of the country. Also gives Congress power to spend money Borrow money through bonds bought by Americans. Establish laws on Naturalization: The process by which an immigrant becomes an American citizen. Regulate all trade (between states or countries).
*Enumerated powers of CongressCont… Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power… Coin Money! Determine the value of each piece. Also regulates weights and measures. Punish counterfeiting. Establish Post Offices, delivery of mail. Develop a system of patents and copyrights. Establish courts. Congress determines the number of courts and judges at each inferior, or lower court (as in lower than the Supreme Court).
*Enumerated powers of CongressCont…Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power… Military Powers: Declare War: The President may NOT do this! Create an Army, Navy. Make rules and raise/spend money for it. Call for the militia (or National Guard) to defend nation. IMPLIED POWERS Elastic Clause – Congress’ greatest power! “make all laws necessary and proper.” Congress can make laws it feels are needed. Also called the “general welfare” and the “necessary and proper” clause.
*Congress May Not:Article 1, Section 9: Powers denied to the Federal government. Suspend Habeas Corpus Create Ex post facto laws EPF laws are created to punish something LEGAL by making a new law to make that act ILLEGAL. You cannot be arrested for actions in the past. Create a Royalty Tax Exports Spend money without passing a law first Pass bills of attainder A legislative act declaring a person guilty with no trial.