The United States    Congressestablished in Article I of     the Constitution
THE STRUCTURE OF       CONGRESSTHE POWERS OF CONGRESS THE ORGANIZATION ANDMEMBERSHIP OF CONGRESS
ALLLEGISLATIVE  POWERS
THE STRUCTURE OF       CONGRESS SENATE                      HOUSE  Congress is bicameral, which means it            contai...
   Intended to represent the people   representation based on population   considered the lower house   lower prestige...
   Intended to represent the states   representation based on equality   considered the upper house   higher prestige...
Representatives  represent individual   districts Senators  represent  the entire     state
The powers of Congress are limited  by the ConstitutionThere are three types   of congressional        powers DELEGATED or...
Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the              Constitution  IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)       Taxin...
Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the               Constitution   IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)War and mi...
powers not specifically written        in the Constitution  powers that are necessary   and proper to carry out the       ...
ELASTIC CLAUSEit allows Congress to stretch its power
Congress can set up a              Post Office (it is             enumerated in the                Constitution)But what  ...
COMMERCE           PURSE
 Investigate (both houses) Impeach (House impeaches,    Senate holds trial)   confirm Presidential    appointees and tr...
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSEMAJORITY               MINORITY LEADER                LEADERMAJORITY               MINORITY  WHIP     ...
VICE PRESIDENT    PRESIDENT PRO TEMPOREMAJORITY                MINORITY LEADER                 LEADERMAJORITY             ...
JOURNAL (I, 5, 3)    SALARY (1, 6, 1)   PRIVILEGES &   BENEFITS (1, 6, 1)PENALTIES – Censure  and expulsion (I, 5, 2)
THE   112 th   CONGRESS
HOUSE                  SENATE435 members             100 members242 Republican          47 Republican192 Democratic       ...
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch
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The Legislative Branch

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  • http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/R41647.pdf
  • http://0.tqn.com/d/politicalhumor/1/0/u/n/3/112th-Congress.jpg
  • http://pewforum.org/uploadedImages/Topics/Issues/Government/112thCongress-graphic.png
  • The Legislative Branch

    1. 1. The United States Congressestablished in Article I of the Constitution
    2. 2. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESSTHE POWERS OF CONGRESS THE ORGANIZATION ANDMEMBERSHIP OF CONGRESS
    3. 3. ALLLEGISLATIVE POWERS
    4. 4. THE STRUCTURE OF CONGRESS SENATE HOUSE Congress is bicameral, which means it contains two housesa direct result of the Great Compromise
    5. 5.  Intended to represent the people representation based on population considered the lower house lower prestige 435 members, each serving a 2 year term Also 5 nonvoting members all seats are up for re-election every 2 years each state has at least 1 member representative seats are redistributed or reapportioned after every 10 year census Qualifications - 25 years of age, citizen for 7 years, live in the state that they represent
    6. 6.  Intended to represent the states representation based on equality considered the upper house higher prestige 100 members, serving a 6 year term terms are staggered each state has 2 members - this does not change Qualifications - 30 years of age, citizen for 9 years, live in the state that they represent
    7. 7. Representatives represent individual districts Senators represent the entire state
    8. 8. The powers of Congress are limited by the ConstitutionThere are three types of congressional powers DELEGATED or ENUMERATED IMPLIEDNONLEGISLATIVE
    9. 9. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17) Taxing power (1,8,1) Borrowing power (1,8,2)Commerce power (I,8,3 - it’s big!) Currency power (I,8,5)
    10. 10. Lawmaking powers specifically listed in the Constitution IN BLACK AND WHITE (I, 8, 1 – I, 8, 17)War and military power (I,8,11-15) Bankruptcy power (I,8,4) Other powers – Copyrights, Lower Courts, Weights and Measures, Naturalization, D.C.
    11. 11. powers not specifically written in the Constitution powers that are necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
    12. 12. ELASTIC CLAUSEit allows Congress to stretch its power
    13. 13. Congress can set up a Post Office (it is enumerated in the Constitution)But what about stamps?
    14. 14. COMMERCE PURSE
    15. 15.  Investigate (both houses) Impeach (House impeaches, Senate holds trial) confirm Presidential appointees and treaties (Senate does this)
    16. 16. SPEAKER OF THE HOUSEMAJORITY MINORITY LEADER LEADERMAJORITY MINORITY WHIP WHIP REST OF HOUSE
    17. 17. VICE PRESIDENT PRESIDENT PRO TEMPOREMAJORITY MINORITY LEADER LEADERMAJORITY MINORITY WHIP WHIP REST OF SENATE
    18. 18. JOURNAL (I, 5, 3) SALARY (1, 6, 1) PRIVILEGES & BENEFITS (1, 6, 1)PENALTIES – Censure and expulsion (I, 5, 2)
    19. 19. THE 112 th CONGRESS
    20. 20. HOUSE SENATE435 members 100 members242 Republican 47 Republican192 Democratic 51 Democratic1 vacant seats 2 Independent (aligned with Democratic Party)356 male 82 male78 female 18 female44 African Americans 0 African American26 Hispanic Americans 3 Hispanic Americans9 Asian Americans 2 Asian Americans1 Native American 0 Native American

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