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S ss0885 spectrum-scale-elastic-edge2015-v5


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IBM Spectrum Scale offerings include the Spectrum Scale software that you can deploy on your own choice of hardware, Elastic Storage Server and Storwize V7000 Unified pre-built systems.

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S ss0885 spectrum-scale-elastic-edge2015-v5

  1. 1. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Technical University/Symposia materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written permission of IBM. sSS0885 IBM Spectrum Scale™ (Elastic Storage) offerings Tony Pearson Master Inventor and Senior IT Specialist IBM Corporation
  2. 2. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Abstract IBM offers software, pre-built systems and cloud services that take advantage of IBM's Spectrum Scale and Spectrum Archive for performance and cost advantages in the marketplace. 1
  3. 3. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 This week with Tony Pearson 2 Day Time Topic Monday 10:30am Software Defined Storage -- Why? What? How? (repeats Tuesday) 03:00pm IBM's Cloud Storage Options (repeats Wednesday) 04:30pm Data Footprint Reduction – Understanding IBM Storage Efficiency Options Tuesday 10:30am Software Defined Storage -- Why? What? How? 12:30pm What Is Big Data? Architectures and Practical Use Cases 01:45pm IBM Smarter Storage Strategy (repeats Wednesday) Wednesday 09:00am New Generation of Storage Tiering: Less Management Lower Costs and Increased Performance 10:30am IBM Smarter Storage Strategy 12:30pm IBM's Cloud Storage Options 01:45pm IBM Spectrum Scale (Elastic Storage) Offerings Thursday 12:30pm The Pendulum Swings Back -- Understanding Converged and Hyperconverged Environments 05:45pm Storage Meet the Experts Friday 09:00am IBM Spectrum Storage Integration with OpenStack
  4. 4. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 The Problem: Islands of Block, File and Object level data SAN-level Storage OS-specific file systems on block-based devices Sharing requires file transfers Provides “Context” for Analytics of Social and Mobile transactions File-level Storage NAS encourages sharing across social networks Desire for file sync-and- share across desktops and mobile HDFS requires transfer (ingest) from other sourcesJFS2 EXT4 NTFS CIFS HDFS NFS Object-level Storage New Web and Mobile apps prefer Object-level access Amazon S3 OpenStack Swift 3
  5. 5. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Why use IBM Spectrum Scale™ Extreme Scalability Add or Remove nodes and storage, without disruption or performance impact to applications Universal Access to Data All servers and clients have access to data through a variety of file and object protocols High Performance Parallel access with no hot spots Proven Reliability Used by over 200 of the top 500 Supercomputers Survive any node or storage failure with Distributed RAID and redundant components 4
  6. 6. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 No single-server performance and bottleneck scaling limits - NAS filers can be a bottleneck and significantly impacts system performance No centralized metadata server - Centralized metadata server can be a performance bottleneck for metadata intensive operations TCP/IP Network Network File Server Client Nodes Storage Metadata Data Data Network data metadata data Centralized Metadata Server ) ( ) ( 5 IBM Spectrum Scale™ is different than other clustered/distributed storage solutions
  7. 7. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Software, Systems or Cloud Services Software • Install software on your own choice of Industry standard x86 or POWER servers Pre-built Systems • Elastic Storage Server with Erasure Coding • Storwize V7000 Unified Cloud Services • Spectrum Scale can be deployed on any Cloud Scale 6
  8. 8. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Spectrum Scale – Flexible File and Object Storage FS1 FS256. . .Exabyte-Scale, Global Namespace One big file system or divide into as many as 256 smaller file systems Each file system can be further divided into fileset containers Flash and Disk LUNs are called Network Shared Disks (NSD) Metadata can be separated to its own Pool or intermixed with data Files can be migrated to Tape 7
  9. 9. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Supported Topologies Twin-tailed SAN Internal, Direct-Attach Shared PoolsFPO Pools NSD Servers Access files on direct, twin-tailed or SAN attached disk Can export files to application nodes File Placement Optimization (FPO) Servers Access files on direct attached disk Exports files to other FPO servers External Clients Access files via file and object protocols over IP network TCP/IP 8 NSD Clients Access files via SAN, TCP/IP or RDMA TCP/IP or RDMA network
  10. 10. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ replaces other POSIX file systems SAN Direct-Attach SAN-level Storage JFS2 EXT4 NTFS • Works like OS-specific file systems • No file transfers required between OS • Linux on x86, POWER and z Systems TCP/IP or RDMA Network Twin-tailed 9
  11. 11. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – More than just a file system! 10 ROBO Other NFS Other Datacenters Scale Active File Management (AFM) caches data to where it is needed, can be used to migrate from other NFS Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) moves data across tiers of flash and disk Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) migrates infrequently accessed files to tape, automatically recalls back when accessed Local Read-Only Cache (LROC) caches the busiest blocks of files on local flash Disaster Recovery (DR) asynchronously mirrors data to remote locations Migrate/Recall Tape NSD Client
  12. 12. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Local Read-only Cache Local Read-Only Cache (LROC) caches the busiest blocks of files on local flash NSD Client Local Flash on NSD Clients Automatically handles the flash cache so data is transparently available to your application with very low latency and no code changes Accelerates I/O performance up to 6x by reducing the amount of time CPUs wait for data Improves application performance while keeping all the manageability benefits of shared storage Data is never stale • Cache consistency ensured by standard tokens • Data is protected by checksum and verified on read Reduces Network Load • Decreases the overall load on the IP network, benefitting performance for others 11
  13. 13. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Policy Management 12 Migrate/Recall Tape File Placement When new files are created, the active policy assigns it to the right pool – Flash, 15K, 10K or Nearline disk Files can be marked for having 2 or 3 replicas Files can be encrypted with specific keys File Expiration Delete files automatically after they are no longer needed File Movement (ILM) Move files between pools Based on age, size, heat, access frequently or other criteria File Movement (HSM) Migrate files to an external pool of tapes Accessed files are automatically recalled back to internal pool of flash or disk Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) Information Lifecycle Management (ILM)
  14. 14. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Active File Management (AFM) ROBO Other Datacenters Scale Cloud Global Namespace Shows entire file system, on flash, disk and tape, across all locations Pre-fetch or Pull on demand Files can be periodically pre-fetched in advance, or pulled on demand when needed WAN Caching Files you use most often are cached to your location for faster access and availability to avoid WAN delays NFS Data Migration Use AFM to cache or migrate data from other NFS filers Active File Management (AFM) Other NFS 13
  15. 15. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Backup and Disaster Recovery 14 Disaster Recovery (DR) asynchronously mirrors data to remote locations Backup/Recover FS1 snap1 snap2 Backup to External Media • Files can be backed up to IBM Spectrum Protect, or third-party backup software Asynchronous Mirror • Use Active File Manager across data center locations • Specify appropriate RPO Snapshots • Up to 256 Snapshots of entire file system, and 256 Snapshots of each file set • Read-Only, Space-Efficient • Microsoft VSS Interface • Writeable File Clones
  16. 16. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Native Encryption and Secure Erase 15 Application Remote Key Manager (RKM) TCP/IP or RDMA Node-to-Node Encryption Complies with NIST SP 800-131A Data-at-Rest Encryption • Files are encrypted by application node • Each file assigned random File-key • Master-key granularity by file or fileset, determined by policies • RKM stores Master-keys, and nodes must have appropriate RKM credentials • Data is encrypted from application node all the way to NSD (flash or disk) media • FIPS 140-2 certified Secure Erase • Files are cryptographically erased by deleting their Master-key • Files that “stay” are re-Mastered to new key
  17. 17. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 SAN Twin-tailed Protocol Servers NFS, CIFS AIX, Linux, Mac OS X, Windows, VMware, z/OS Feature of Spectrum Scale on Linux Share files with clients using NFS, CIFS and Object protocols All nodes can share the same data If Protocol Server Node fails client connections are moved to another server Protocol Server Node(s) need “NSD Server” License External Clients need no Spectrum Scale License Clustered Protocol Servers 16 TCP/IP OpenStack
  18. 18. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Spectrum Scale supports OpenStack environments 17 Glance • VM images • Disk images Cinder • Volumes Swift • Objects Manila • File systems Global Name Space Volume-on-file Object-on-file • Create, Delete and Extend volumes • Take snapshots (FlashCopy) and clones • Volumes Images, Images Volumes • Attach and Detach to/from VM instances • Create and Delete containers in account • Upload, Download and Delete objects • List containers or objects in a container • Display and update metadata Keystone • Access control
  19. 19. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Software, Systems or Cloud Services Software • Install software on your own choice of Industry standard x86 or POWER servers Pre-built Systems • Elastic Storage Server with Erasure Coding • Storwize V7000 Unified Cloud Services • Spectrum Scale can be deployed on any Cloud Scale 18
  20. 20. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Storage Approach: Carpeting versus Rugs Area Rugs Approach Some clients want tactical point products for particular workloads or applications, specific projects, groups or remote office/branch office (ROBO) • Elastic Storage Server • Storwize V7000 Unified Wall-to-Wall Carpeting Approach Some clients want a strategic, enterprise-wide storage solution for all of their workloads, applications and servers. Spectrum Scale can provide Universal Access to all of your servers and clients across locations 19
  21. 21. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Twin-tailed Secret Sauce IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Pre-Built Systems NSD Clients Windows, Linux and AIX servers External Clients Access files via NFS, CIFS, HTTPS, SCP and FTP protocols Storwize V7000 Unified “File & Block Unified appliance” Twin-tailed Elastic Storage Server “Building block” TCP/IP Network 20 TCP/IP or RDMA NSD Servers Windows, Linux and AIX servers SAN Application Hosts Access block-level LUNs via FCP, iSCSI and FCoE protocols
  22. 22. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Spectrum Scale – Pre-built Systems 21 5146-GLx models GL2, GL4, GL6 60-drive 4U drawers SSD and Nearline 5146-GSx models GS1, GS2, GS4, GS6 24-drive 2U drawers SSD and 10K HDD IBM POWER8 servers NSD Client Twin-tailed Elastic Storage Server TCP/IP or RDMA
  23. 23. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Reduce Costs and Increase Availability with Spectrum Scale Native RAID Dedicated RAID Controllers Flash / Disk Enclosures RAID RAID Spectrum Scale Native RAID distributes data, parity and spare space uniformly across all drives of enclosure using either 8+2P or 8+3P Erasure Coding. This distribution reduces the rebuild or disk failure recovery process overhead compared to conventional RAID Critical rebuilds of failed full multi- terabyte drives can be accomplished in minutes—rather than hours or even days when using traditional RAID technology RAID Flash / Disk Enclosures 22
  24. 24. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 •Power S822L Servers •20 Cores Each •Power Expansion Chassis •Uses 2U, 24 Drive Storage Enclosures •400, 800 GB SSD Drives or 1.2 TB 10K Drives •10 Gb, 40 Gb Enet, FDR Infiniband •xCat or Platform Cluster Mgr. Opt. •Management/GUI Server •Spectrum Scale Software •Spectrum Scale RAID •Red Hat 7 Building Block approach to Growth -- Smaller Configurations for High Velocity Ingest or Lower Cost Entry Point Model GS1 24 SSD 6 GB/Sec Model GS2 46 SAS + 2 SSD or 48 SSD Drives 3+ GB/Sec SAS 12 GB/Sec SSD Model GS4 94 SAS + 2 SSD or 96 SSD Drives 6+ GB/Sec SAS 19+ GB/Sec SSD Model GS6 142 SAS + 2 SSD 9+ GB/Sec Performance can be greater or less depending upon networking and workload Elastic Storage Server GS Models 23
  25. 25. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 24 Model GL4 Analytics and Cloud 4 Enclosures, 20U 232 NL-SAS, 2 SSD 13+ GB/Sec Model GL6 PetaScale Storage 6 Enclosures, 28U 348 NL-SAS, 2 SSD 20+ GB/sec Model GL2 Analytics Focused 2 Enclosures, 12U 116 NL-SAS, 2 SSD 6+ GB/Sec •Power S822L Servers •20 Cores Each •1818-80e Expansion Chassis •Uses 4U, 60 Drive Storage Enclosures •2, 4, or 6 TB Nearline Drives •10 Gb, 40 Gb Enet, FDR Infiniband •xCat or Platform Cluster Mgr. Opt. •Management/GUI Server •Spectrum Scale Software •Spectrum Scale RAID •Red Hat 7 Performance can be greater or less depending upon networking and workload Elastic Storage Server GL Models Client-Ready Petabytes in Single Rack -- High Capacity Storage for Analytics and Cloud Serving 24
  26. 26. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Twin-tailed Twin-tailed Aren’t Elastic Storage Servers just “Islands of Storage”? No! Files translated in blocks … NSD Client does real-time parallel I/O to all the NSD servers and storage volumes All NSD servers export to all the clients in active-active mode Elastic Storage wide-stripes the files across NSD servers in units of file-system block-size File-system load spread evenly across all the servers -- No Hotspots! Easy to scale file-system capacity and performance while keeping the architecture balanced … NSD Client NSD Servers Global Name Space … 25
  27. 27. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ solves “Dropbox problem” for File Sync-and-Share SAN Internal, Direct-Attach No IT Control: • Servers and storage • Security • Access control • User provisioning • Sensitive data 26 TCP/IP or RFMA Network Twin-tailed
  28. 28. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Share-Nothing versus Shared-Disk Deployments Data Data Data Parity Data Data Data Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy TCP/IP or RDMA Need more compute? Add another node! Spectrum Scale and Elastic Storage Server reduce storage to one RAID-protected copy of the data Scale compute and storage capacity separately Spectrum Scale FPO can keep 1,2 or 3 replicas of the data Need more storage capacity? Add another node! 27 3x versus 1.3x TCP/IP or RDMA
  29. 29. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 HDFS Namenode Secondary Namenode IBM Spectrum Scale™ – File Placement Optimization SAN Internal, Direct-Attach • Spectrum Scale avoids the need for a central namenode, a common failure point in HDFS • Avoid long recovery times in the event of namenode failure • Spectrum Scale can consist of a mix of FPO and standard NSD servers, NSD client nodes, and Elastic Storage Servers (ESS) in the same cluster File Placement Optimization (FPO) Creates a “share nothing” cluster similar to HDFS in Hadoop environments 28 TCP/IP or RDMA
  30. 30. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Hadoop Analytics – HDFS vs IBM Spectrum Scale™ HDFS Save Results Discard rest IBM Hadoop Connector allows Map/Reduce programs to process data without application changes IBM Spectrum Scale Application data stored on IBM Spectrum Scale is readily available for analytics Save Results JFS2 NTFS EXT4 Data Sources mashup of structured and unstructured data from a variety of sources Actionable Insights Provides answers to the Who, What, Where, When, Why and How Business Intelligence & Predictive Analytics > Competitive Advantages > New Threats and Fraud > Changing Needs and Forecasting > And More! 29
  31. 31. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 TCP/IP or RDMA IBM Spectrum Scale™ as Object Storage 30 SAN OpenStack Swift Amazon S3 Amazon S3 OpenStack Swift Object Store Object Store Object-level Storage Twin-tailed Elastic Storage Server TCP/IP Network Network load balancer
  32. 32. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale – Tape options 31 • For Spectrum Protect or HPSS • HSM client is installed on Spectrum Scale cluster • Spectrum Scale sends migrations copy to HSM sever • HSM Server stores data in proprietary format IBM Spectrum Protect IBM Spectrum Archive Spectrum Archive is installed on select NSD servers of Spectrum Scale cluster Spectrum Archive migrates data directly to LTFS-format tape Spectrum Scale Cluster SAN Spectrum Scale Cluster SAN HSM Client HSM Server IBM Spectrum Protect (and HPSS) support a variety of flash, disk, virtual and physical tape libraries, and even optical libraries IBM Spectrum Archive eliminates a need for a TSM server, but is limited to LTFS-enabled tape libraries DB LTFS HSM Spectrum Archive
  33. 33. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Software, Systems or Cloud Services Software • Install software on your own choice of Industry standard x86 or POWER servers Pre-built Systems • Elastic Storage Server with Erasure Coding • Storwize V7000 Unified Cloud Services • Spectrum Scale can be deployed on any Cloud Scale 32
  34. 34. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale on any Cloud Active File Management Private VLAN 33 Scale Scale NSD Clients and Servers can be deployed within a Private VLAN on any Cloud
  35. 35. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 The Solution: IBM Spectrum Scale™ brings it all together Global Name Space IBM Spectrum Scale™ replaces SAN-based file systems Replaces NTFS, EXT4, JFS2 and other POSIX file systems Used by over 200 of the top 500 supercomputers No file transfers required between different OS Can be used with everything from databases to video streaming For x86, POWER and z System servers Secure with Data-at-rest encryption IBM Spectrum Scale™ replaces HDFS and NAS file storage Full Hadoop interfaces for Map/Reduce analytics processing No transfer or ingest required as the data is already there Fully protected with Backup Software File-level access support for NFS, CIFS, FTP, SCP and HTTPS Supports File Sync-and-Share via OwnCloud or Funambol IBM Spectrum Scale™ offers Object access Object-level access based on OpenStack Swift and Amazon S3 interfaces IBM Spectrum Scale™ supports all media Spans flash, disk and tape media 34
  36. 36. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Software Defined Storage Data Plane IBM Software Defined Storage Control Plane IBM for Software Defined Storage Universal access to data • Global Namespace with over 10 billion files Proven Reliability • Introduced as GPFS in 1998 • Over 1,000 production systems High performance • Over 400 GB/sec throughput on single system Extreme scalability • Clusters with over 10,000 nodes • File systems with over 30 PB of data Scale Control Protect IBM ranked #1 in Software Defined Storage with 40% market share in 2014 35 VirtualizeAccelerate Archive
  37. 37. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 36 Some great prizes to be won! Please fill out an evaluation! Session: sSS0885
  38. 38. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 37
  39. 39. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Spectrum Scale Version 4.1 38
  40. 40. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 39 OpenStack & Spectrum Scale • OpenStack (as of Havana release) includes a Cinder driver • Giving architects access to the features and capabilities of the industry’s leading enterprise scale-out software defined storage • With OpenStack on Spectrum Scale, all nodes see all data • Copying data between services, like Glance to Cinder is minimized or eliminated • Speeding instance creation and conserving storage space • Rich set of data management and information lifecycle features • Efficient file clones • Policy based automation optimizing data placement for locality or performance tier • Industrial strength reliability, minimizing risk • Cinder driver provides resilient block storage, minimal data copying between services, speedy instance creation and efficient space utilization Cinder Integration Swift Integration • Consolidate File and Object under a single shared storage infrastructure. • Simplifies data management: • Global namespace eliminates the physical client-to-server mappings • Ideal platform to perform common storage management tasks, such as automated storage tiering and user transparent data migration • Flat namespace eliminates the hassle of organizing data in a hierarchical namespace
  41. 41. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center • Tucson, Arizona is home for storage hardware and software design and development • IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center offers: • Technology briefings • Product demonstrations • Solution workshops • Take a video tour! • 40
  42. 42. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 About the Speaker Tony Pearson is a Master Inventor and Senior managing consultant for the IBM System Storage™ product line. Tony joined IBM Corporation in 1986 in Tucson, Arizona, USA, and has been there ever since. In his current role, Tony presents briefings on storage topics covering the entire System Storage product line, and topics related to Cloud, Analytics and Social media. He interacts with clients, speaks at conferences and events, and leads client workshops to help clients with strategic planning for IBM’s integrated set of storage software, hardware and virtualization products. Tony writes the “Inside System Storage” blog, which is read by hundreds of clients, IBM sales reps and IBM Business Partners every week. This blog was rated one of the top 10 blogs for the IT storage industry by “Networking World” magazine and #1 most read IBM blog on IBM’s developerWorks. The blog has been published into a series of books, Inside System Storage: Volumes I through V. Over the years, Tony has worked in development, marketing and consulting positions for various storage hardware and software products. Tony has a Bachelor of Science degree in Software Engineering, and a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering, both from the University of Arizona. Tony holds 19 IBM patents for inventions on storage hardware and software products. 9000 S. Rita Road Bldg 9032 Floor 1 Tucson, AZ 85744 +1 520-799-4309 (Office) Tony Pearson Master Inventor, Senior IT Specialist IBM System Storage™ 41
  43. 43. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Email: Twitter: Blog: Books: IBM Expert Network on Slideshare: Facebook: Linkedin: Additional Resources from Tony Pearson 42
  44. 44. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Continue growing your IBM skills provides a comprehensive portfolio of skills and career accelerators that are designed to meet all your training needs. • Training in cities local to you - where and when you need it, and in the format you want • Use IBM Training Search to locate public training classes near to you with our five Global Training Providers • Private training is also available with our Global Training Providers • Demanding a high standard of quality – view the paths to success • Browse Training Paths and Certifications to find the course that is right for you • If you can’t find the training that is right for you with our Global Training Providers, we can help. • Contact IBM Training at 43 Global Skills Initiative
  45. 45. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2015 Trademarks and Disclaimers Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries. IT Infrastructure Library is a registered trademark of the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency which is now part of the Office of Government Commerce. Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. ITIL is a registered trademark, and a registered community trademark of the Office of Government Commerce, and is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom. Linear Tape-Open, LTO, the LTO Logo, Ultrium, and the Ultrium logo are trademarks of HP, IBM Corp. and Quantum in the U.S. and other countries. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind. The customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and does not constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information, including vendor announcements and vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Some information addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance, function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented here to communicate IBM's current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers' future planning. Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvements equivalent to the ratios stated here. Prices are suggested U.S. list prices and are subject to change without notice. Starting price may not include a hard drive, operating system or other features. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography. Photographs shown may be engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models. © IBM Corporation 2015. All rights reserved. References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country. Trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both can be found on the World Wide Web at ZSP03490-USEN-00 44