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IBM's Cloud Storage Options

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Presented at IBM Edge2016 conference

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IBM's Cloud Storage Options

  1. 1. #ibmedge© 2016 IBM Corporation 1364 IBM’s Cloud Storage Options Tony Pearson, IBM Master Inventor and Senior Engineer
  2. 2. #ibmedge Abstract This session will cover private and public cloud storage options, including Flash, Disk and Tape to address the different types of cloud storage requirements The difference between with block, file and object stores, and where they are best used for different workloads will be explained. 1
  3. 3. #ibmedge This week with Tony Pearson Day Time Topic Monday 2:30pm All Flash is Not Created Equal: Tony Pearson Contrasts IBM FlashSystem and SSD Grand Garden Arena, Lower Level, MGM Grand - Studio A Wednesday 11:00am All Flash is Not Created Equal: Tony Pearson Contrasts IBM FlashSystem and SSD Grand Garden Arena, Lower Level, MGM Grand - Studio 2 1:15pm Tony Pearson Presents IBM Cloud Object Storage System and Its Applications MGM Grand - Room 114 2:30pm The Pendulum Swings Back: Tony Pearson Explains Converged and Hyperconverged Environments MGM Grand - Room 113 Thursday 09:45am Tony Pearson Presents IBM's Cloud Storage Options MGM Grand - Room 116 2
  4. 4. #ibmedge The Technology and the Business Side of Cloud Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics: • On-demand self-service • Broad network access • Resource pooling • Rapid elasticity. • Measured service. * * Source: U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (nist.gov) Technology Side… … Business Side 3
  5. 5. #ibmedge Clients are Moving to Hybrid Cloud Deployments Infrastructure Dedicated (Private) Public Local (Private) On-premises Off-premises Traditional IT The IT department is in direct competition with alternatives off premises for Lines of Business funding On-Premises Some workloads require a level of security, availability or government compliance Off-Premises Some workloads might prefer more agile, flexible and scalable environment 4
  6. 6. #ibmedge OpenStack IBM Cloud Proprietary IBM is a platinum sponsor of OpenStack Foundation. OpenStack open source code can manage IBM compute, network and storage resources OpenStack supports x86, POWER Systems and z System mainframe. IBM offers OpenStack Cinder interfaces on most of its major storage products and OpenStack Swift interfaces for object access. IBM offerings are based on OpenStack open source code with value-added proprietary features from IBM IBM Cloud Orchestrator supports a variety of server hypervisors. IBM BlueBox and IBM PowerVC provide additional features. IBM Spectrum Control™ provide reporting, provisioning, trouble shooting and chargeback capabilities for storage. VMware and Microsoft are entirely proprietary, but have a large market share for x86-based server infrastructure. IBM was VMware’s first partner since 1998. IBM has expanded its partnership with VMware, offering new cloud tools to make it even easier for enterprises. IBM and Microsoft agreement to offer SQL Server and .NET on IBM Cloud and IBM software on Microsoft Azure. “Some assembly required” Enterprise-ready out of the box x86, POWER systems and z System mainframe Concerns about vendor lock-in IBM is Focused on these Software Defined Environments 5
  7. 7. #ibmedge Deliver Management Solutions Perform Optimizations Contribute Platform Support IBM Cloud Orchestrator IBM BlueBox IBM PowerVC IBM Spectrum Control Live upgrades Security and authentication OVF Images Membership services Globalization translation integration QA enhancements PowerKVM, KVM, z/VM IBM DS8000, Storwize, SVC, XIV IBM Spectrum Storage IBM FlashSystem IBM SDN for VE, OpenFlow Switches IBM OpenStack Platform IBM Contributions HEAT Orchestration OpenStack IaaS APIs TOSCA Nova Cinder Neutron IBM Unique Value Swift Drivers Drivers Drivers Drivers Drivers Manila IBM is committed to OpenStack with contributions and added value 6
  8. 8. #ibmedge 7 Reference Storage • Archives • Images/Video • WORM/NENR Ephemeral Storage • Typically boot volumes, page files and temporary data • Goes away when VM is shutdown Persistent Storage • Persists across VM reboots • Can be shared between VMs • Transactional • High Performance Storage as the Storage CloudStorage for Compute Cloud Hosted Storage • File and Object access • Enterprise File Sync & Share • Backup/Disaster Recovery Cloud Storage Taxonomy
  9. 9. #ibmedge Cloud Storage Overview Block File Object Archival Online Ephemeral Persistent • Block storage offerings are differentiated by speed/throughput (as measured in IOPS) and segmented by lifecycle of the disk. Device location does not matter. • Ephemeral storage is tied to the lifecycle of a single VM (i.e. it is provisioned when the VM is provisioned and destroyed when the VM is destroyed) • Persistent storage has a lifecycle independent of any single VM and can be provisioned/destroyed at any time and attached/detached to many VMs during it’s life • File-based offerings are uncommon among providers, especially among those targeting cloud native applications • Primarily targeted at cloud enabled workloads • Usage is being replaced in new application development with online object storage • Object storage offerings are differentiated by the durability of the data (i.e. odds of irrecoverable loss) and segmented by the availability of the data (i.e. time required to retrieve) • An object in online storage is immediately accessible • An object in archival storage may require minutes to hours to be accessible 8
  10. 10. #ibmedge Software Defined Storage – Block level Access XIV FICON z/OS z/TPF z/VSE z/VM Linux on z FCP Linux Windows UNIX VMware … iSCSI Linux Windows UNIX VMware … LAN InfiniBand DS8000 FlashSystem 900 Software Defined Environment OpenStack IBM Cloud Proprietary IBM Spectrum Accelerate™ SAN FlashSystem A9000 and A9000R 9
  11. 11. #ibmedge Radical Simplicity but with Enterprise-Class features XIV and the FlashSystem A9000 and A9000R Radical simplicity • Breakthrough GUI, CLI and Mobile App • OpenStack, IBM Cloud, VMware, Microsoft and RESTful APIs Low-touch management • Innovative distributed RAID • Extreme ease of use across all functionality • Create volume, resize volume, take snapshot, mirror volume Self Tuning / Self Healing • Ultra fast rebuild times • No manual performance optimization • No hotspots, no tuning • Not even when adding capacity! Enterprise-class Software features • QoS performance classes • Thin provisioning and space reclamation • IBM Hyper-Scale consistency and mobility • Advanced reporting • Data at rest encryption • Performance acceleration with Flash cache • Snapshots and remote mirroring • Data migration from other disk systems 10
  12. 12. #ibmedge 3-15 Modules What’s Different about IBM Spectrum Accelerate? 6-12 cores 24-96 GB RAM 12 SED 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 TB Optional SSD 500, 800 GB FCP Ethernet IB FCP Ethernet IB 6/9-15 Modules Host FCP Host iSCSI + Management GUI/CLI Inter- node 6-12 HDD, JBOD 600 GB to 6 TB Optional SSD 500-800 GB VMware ESXi 5.5 4-20 cores 32-128 GB RAM Ethernet Ethernet Host iSCSI + Inter-node + Management Pre-built System Software-only 11
  13. 13. #ibmedge VM 2 IBM Spectrum Accelerate for Block-Level Hyperconvergence 12 Enables the IT administrator to single- handedly manage the entire data center stack Allows hardware standardization of network, compute, storage, power and environmentals Leverages existing Data Center services and maintenance contracts Simplifies the architecture when lacking specialized, domain-specific skill sets iSCSI volumes can also be used by bare metal servers and other hypervisors Available as software-only or Supermicro® Hyperconverged Appliance pre-built system Ethernet Interconnect Hypervisor IBM Spectrum Accelerate IBM Spectrum Accelerate IBM Spectrum Accelerate Hypervisor iSCSI Hypervisor VM 1 VM 4 VM 6 iSCSI iSCSI VM 3 VM 5 iSCSI
  14. 14. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Accelerate – as a Service! 13 • Single order for Accelerate on IBM SoftLayer • Operating Expense (OPEX) - no capital required • Ordered: • Base of 50TiB • Increments of 20 TiB • Two configurations are offered: • Capacity oriented (for archive type of applications) • Performance oriented (for real time processing applications) • Each package includes all features and unlimited traffic Capacity oriented servers Dual CPU 6 cores 32 GB RAM 11 x 4TB SATA drives 10GbE dual private links Performance oriented servers Dual CPU 8 cores 64 GB RAM 11 x 4TB SATA drives 800GB SSD 10GbE dual private links …
  15. 15. #ibmedge … … IBM Spectrum Accelerate on customer-choice HW or Supermicro® Hyperconverged Appliance IBM XIV Gen 3 IBM Spectrum Accelerate running off-premise Unified Management Experience 14 • Remote Office, Branch Office. Provide high availability storage to smaller or distributed organizations such as banks and schools through disaster recovery and other capabilities, using less expensive hardware. • Flexible deployment. Deploy test/dev or ad-hoc project environments and later repurpose hardware for other needs. Mix online transaction processing and new applications like analytics. • Hybrid Cloud. Seamlessly move workloads between on-premise and off-premise deployments. • Disaster recovery. Mirror to the cloud or to a data center server running IBM Spectrum Accelerate. Use powerful XIV snapshots to execute backup to on-premise servers IBM FlashSystem A9000 A9000R
  16. 16. #ibmedge Software Defined Storage - Virtualization 15 XIV DS8000 FlashSystem 900 Other IBM and non-IBM Flash/Disk systems IBM Spectrum Virtualize™ SVC, Storwize, FlashSystem V9000, VersaStack FCP z/VSE z/VM Linux Windows UNIX VMware … iSCSI Linux Windows UNIX VMware … SAN FCoE Linux Windows UNIX VMware … Software Defined Environment OpenStack IBM Cloud x86-based TCP/IP
  17. 17. #ibmedge IBM Storage Portfolio – IBM Spectrum Virtualize IBM Spectrum Scale Elastic Storage Server IBM Spectrum Virtualize FlashSystem IBM Spectrum Accelerate XIV DS8000 All-Flash Flash/Disk Hybrid IBM FlashSystem V9000 Storwize V7000 Unified SAN Volume Controller Storwize V7000 Storwize V7000F Storwize V5000 Storwize V5000F Common Advanced Virtualization Code Base Many Different Packages 16
  18. 18. #ibmedge Global Namespace across Flash, Disk and Tape 17 XIV DS8000 FlashSystem Internal, Direct Attach JBOF/ JBOD FPO, RAID Elastic Storage POSIX Windows Linux AIX NFS SMB FTP SCP HTTPS Hadoop IBM Spectrum Archive™ Single Drive Library IBM Spectrum Scale™, Elastic Storage Server, Storwize V7000 Unified Other IBM and non-IBM Flash/Disk systems Software Defined Environment OpenStack IBM Cloud x86-based Enterprise LTFS Object • OpenStack Swift • Amazon S3 IBM Spectrum Virtualize™ SVC, FlashSystem V9000, Storwize, ant VersaStack
  19. 19. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Flexible File and Object Storage FS1 FS256. . . Exabyte-Scale, Global Namespace, one big file system, or up to 256 file systems Each file system can be further divided into fileset containers Metadata can be separated to its own Pool or intermixed with data Files and objects can be migrated to Tape, Object store, or Cloud ROBO Other Datacenters 18
  20. 20. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ – More than just a file system! ROBO Other NAS Other Datacenters Scale Active File Management (AFM) caches data to where it is needed, can be used to migrate from other NAS devices Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) migrates infrequently accessed files to tape or object-based cloud, automatically recalls back when accessed Local Read-Only Cache (LROC) and Highly Available Write Cache (HAWC) caches the busiest blocks of files on local flash Disaster Recovery (DR) remotely mirrors data to remote locations Migrate/Recall Tape NSD Client Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) moves data across tiers of flash and disk Object Cloud 19
  21. 21. #ibmedge Native Encryption and Secure Erase Application IBM Security Key Lifecycle Manager (SKLM) TCP/IP or RDMA Node-to-Node Encryption Complies with NIST SP 800-131A Data-at-Rest Encryption • Files are encrypted by application node • Each file assigned random File-key • Master-key granularity by file or fileset, determined by policies • IBM SKLM stores Master-keys, and nodes must have appropriate credentials • Data is encrypted from application node all the way to NSD (flash or disk) media • FIPS 140-2 certified Secure Erase • Files are cryptographically erased by deleting their Master-key • Files that “stay” are re-Mastered to new key 20
  22. 22. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale supports OpenStack environments Glance • VM images • Disk images Cinder • Volumes Swift • Objects Manila • File systems Global Name Space Volume-on-file Object-on-file • Create, Delete and Extend volumes • Take snapshots (FlashCopy) and clones • Volumes Images, Images Volumes • Attach and Detach to/from VM instances • Create and Delete containers in account • Upload, Download and Delete objects • List containers or objects in a container • Display and update metadata Keystone • Access control 21
  23. 23. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ solves “Dropbox problem” for Enterprise File Sync-and-Share (EFSS) 22 SAN Internal, Direct-Attach No IT Control: • Servers and storage • Security • Access control • User provisioning • Sensitive data TCP/IP or RDMA network Twin-tailed
  24. 24. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale on any Cloud 23 Active File Management Private VLAN NSD Clients and Servers can be deployed within a Private VLAN on any Cloud
  25. 25. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Archive™ Overview IBM Spectrum Archive enables IBM tape libraries to read and write LTFS-format tapes as part of a IBM Spectrum Scale™ global namespace • Based on the integration of IBM Spectrum Scale™ and LTFS technology • Supports IBM Spectrum-enabled devices –TS1140 (or higher) Enterprise Drive –LTO5 (or higher) Ultrium drive –IBM Libraries TS4500, TS3500, TS3310, etc. • Integrated functionality with IBM Spectrum Scale –Supports Policy based migrations –Seamless DMAPI usage –Data replication to multiple pools • Supports scale-out for capacity and I/O –Seamless cache controls between IBM Spectrum Archive Nodes –Tape drive performance balancing –Multiple node performance balancing Tokyo Las Vegas London Clients Wide Area Network (WAN) Global Namespace LTFS LTFS LTFS LTFS 24
  26. 26. #ibmedge For large archives with occasional retrieval at very low cost with predictable retrieval costs IBM Spectrum Archive – as a Service! 25
  27. 27. #ibmedge Global Namespace for Files and Objects XIV DS8000 FlashSystem IBM Spectrum Scale™ POSIX Windows Linux AIX NFS SMB FTP SCP HTTPS Object • OpenStack Swift • Amazon S3 Hadoop Spark IBM Spectrum Scale™, Elastic Storage Server, Storwize V7000 Unified Other IBM and non-IBM Flash/Disk systems Software Defined Environment OpenStack IBM Cloud x86-based Internal and Direct Attach Storage JBOF/JBOD FPO, RAID IBM Spectrum Virtualize™ SVC, FlashSystem V9000, Storwize, ant VersaStack IBM Cloud Object Storage System 26
  28. 28. #ibmedge Storage Positioning – Filling a Gap Unified file and object storage. Optimized for high performance, across flash and disk Flash 15K Unified file and object storage on tape Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) across tiers HighestPerformance Lowest cost Tape IBM was looking to offer easy to manage, scalable disk-based object storage for unstructured data • Moderate performance • Moderate cost 10K 7200 rpm 27
  29. 29. #ibmedge How is Object Storage Different? Block and File Storage • Decide where to put it – For block, which array/volume/LUN – For file, which filer/subdirectory • Remember where it is to get it back • Read/Write records, append data • Limits on LUN size, number of files Object Storage • Provide data over to the Object storage – Get “claim stub” reference locator • Use or share “claim stub” to access data HTTP, OpenStack Swift, Amazon S3 • Get/Put/Delete object in its entirety • Effectively “unlimited” scalability 28
  30. 30. #ibmedge Object Store for Unstructured data Hot Data High-IOPS and Low-Latency All-Flash and Hybrid Flash/Disk Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) Structured data / Random-Access Virtual Machines and VDI Single-Tenancy Static and Stable data Backups, Files, Archives Seismic, Research, Telemetry, HPC Video, Animation, Body Cams Photos, Images, CAD/CAM, GIS Music, Audio Genomic, Medical Images Multi-tenancy Object Store provides a • Secure • Reliable • Scalable • Cost Effective Platform For Unstructured data Object Store is not designed for • High IOPS workflows • Transaction Processing • Inherent ILM 29
  31. 31. #ibmedge Object storage is dominant in cloud 0 50 100 150 200 250 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 File-based software, appliances, and gateways Object-based software and appliances (includes self-built/SaaS/cloud NAS) IDC: Worldwide file- and object-based storage 2014–2018 Forecast (EB) 30
  32. 32. #ibmedge Data Protection Schemes Tolerate 1 drive failure Tolerate 2 drive failures Tolerate “M” failures RAID-1 / RAID-10 K pieces 2 x K slices RAID-5 K pieces K + 1 slices 2.0X 1.2X 3.0X 1.5X 1.7XTriplication K pieces 3 x K slices RAID-6 K pieces K + 2 slices Erasure Coding K pieces K+M = N slices 31
  33. 33. #ibmedge Data Growth at Petabyte (PB) Scale PB of data 3 to 5x Data Protection RAID, Mirrors, Replication, Tape Data Protection High Availability & Disaster Recovery Geo-Distribution & Erasure Coding Infrastructure Proprietary, specialized hardware, multiple systems Operations More than 1 FTE per PB Maintenance outages Infrastructure Software Defined, Commodity Hardware, Single System Operations Less than 1 FTE per 6 PB Single system, Secure Self-healing 1.7 x 60% Less Hardware & Rack space Traditional Approach IBM Cloud Object Storage Approach 70% Lower TCO 32
  34. 34. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Storage and IBM Cloud Object Storage Unified file and object storage. Optimized for high performance, across flash, disk and object store Flash Object Store Disk IBM Cloud Object Storage System ( File, backup and archive interfaces available through variety of options ) IBM SoftLayer OpenStack Swift Amazon Web Services S3 Swift S3 emulation Unified file and object storage on tape Transparent Cloud Tiering Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) across tiers HighestPerformance Lowest cost Tape 33
  35. 35. #ibmedge Cloud Container Pools for IBM Spectrum Protect Client nodes • OpenStack Swift • IBM Cloud Object Storage System Off-premises: • IBM SoftLayer • Amazon AWS On-premises IBM Spectrum Protect Server IBM Spectrum Protect Server 34
  36. 36. #ibmedge IBM SoftLayer Storage Services Object Storage (OpenStack Swift, IBM Cloud Object Storage System) Consistent Endurance & Performance (NFS) Local SAN Consistent Endurance & Performance Portable Storage Volumes Block File Object Archival Online Ephemeral Persistent • Endurance has tiers - .25, 2, and 4 IOPS per GB • Performance gives knobs - you can select size and performance independently. Big Storage (IBM Spectrum Archive as a Service) Object Storage (OpenStack Swift, IBM Cloud Object Storage System) Consistent Endurance & Performance (NFS) Local SAN Consistent Endurance & Performance Portable Storage Volumes Big Storage (IBM Spectrum Archive as a Service) 35
  37. 37. #ibmedge Cloud Storage Taxonomy Storage as the Storage CloudStorage for the Compute Cloud Persistent Storage • Persists across VM reboots • Can be shared between VMs • Transactional • High Performance Reference Storage • Archives • Images Video • NENR and WORM Ephemeral Storage • Typically boot volumes, page files and temporary • Goes away when VM is shutdown Hosted Storage • File Storage • Object Storage • Backup • Disaster Recovery IBM Spectrum Accelerate, XIV FlashSystem, DS8000, SVC IBM Cloud Object Storage System, IBM Spectrum Archive IBM Spectrum Scale, Elastic Storage ServerTransactional Performance Universal Access Lowest TCO 36
  38. 38. © 2016 IBM Corporation #ibmedge Thank You
  39. 39. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on IBM Spectrum Scale 38 IBM Spectrum Scale (formerly GPFS) Implementing IBM Spectrum Scale IBM Spectrum Scale in an OpenStack Environment IBM Spectrum Scale – Big Data and Analytics Solution IBM Spectrum Scale and ECM FileNet Content Manager www.redbooks.ibm.com
  40. 40. #ibmedge IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center • Tucson, Arizona is home for storage hardware and software design and development • IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center offers: • Technology briefings • Product demonstrations • Solution workshops • Take a video tour! • http://youtu.be/CXrpoCZAazg 39
  41. 41. #ibmedge About the Speaker Tony Pearson is a Master Inventor and Senior Software Engineer for the IBM Storage product line. Tony joined IBM Corporation in 1986 in Tucson, Arizona, USA, and has lived there ever since. In his current role, Tony presents briefings on storage topics covering the entire IBM Storage product line, IBM Spectrum Storage software products, and topics related to Cloud Computing, Analytics and Cognitive Solutions. He interacts with clients, speaks at conferences and events, and leads client workshops to help clients with strategic planning for IBM’s integrated set of storage management software, hardware, and virtualization products. Tony writes the “Inside System Storage” blog, which is read by hundreds of clients, IBM sales reps and IBM Business Partners every week. This blog was rated one of the top 10 blogs for the IT storage industry by “Networking World” magazine, and #1 most read IBM blog on IBM’s developerWorks. The blog has been published in series of books, Inside System Storage: Volume I through V. Over the past years, Tony has worked in development, marketing and customer care positions for various storage hardware and software products. Tony has a Bachelor of Science degree in Software Engineering, and a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering, both from the University of Arizona. Tony holds 19 patents for inventions on storage hardware and software products. 9000 S. Rita Road Bldg 9032 Floor 1 Tucson, AZ 85744 +1 520-799-4309 (Office) tpearson@us.ibm.com Tony Pearson Master Inventor Senior Software Engineer IBM Storage 40
  42. 42. #ibmedge Email: tpearson@us.ibm.com Twitter: twitter.com/az990tony Blog: ibm.co/Pearson Books: www.lulu.com/spotlight/990_tony IBM Expert Network on Slideshare: www.slideshare.net/az990tony Facebook: www.facebook.com/tony.pearson.16121 Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/az990tony Additional Resources from Tony Pearson 41
  43. 43. #ibmedge Please Note: Edge 2016 Disclaimers • IBM’s statements regarding its plans, directions, and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice and at IBM’s sole discretion. • Information regarding potential future products is intended to outline our general product direction and it should not be relied on in making a purchasing decision. • The information mentioned regarding potential future products is not a commitment, promise, or legal obligation to deliver any material, code or functionality. Information about potential future products may not be incorporated into any contract. • The development, release, and timing of any future features or functionality described for our products remains at our sole discretion. • Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon many factors, including considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user’s job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve results similar to those stated here. 42
  44. 44. #ibmedge Trademarks and Other Disclaimers 43 Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries. IT Infrastructure Library is a registered trademark of the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency which is now part of the Office of Government Commerce. Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. ITIL is a registered trademark, and a registered community trademark of the Office of Government Commerce, and is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom. Linear Tape-Open, LTO, the LTO Logo, Ultrium, and the Ultrium logo are trademarks of HP, IBM Corp. and Quantum in the U.S. and other countries. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind The customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and does not constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information, including vendor announcements and vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Some information addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance, function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented here to communicate IBM's current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers' future planning. Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvements equivalent to the ratios stated here. Prices are suggested U.S. list prices and are subject to change without notice. Starting price may not include a hard drive, operating system or other features. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography. Photographs shown may be engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models. © IBM Corporation 2016. All rights reserved. References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country. Trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both can be found on the World Wide Web at http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml. ZSP03490-USEN-00

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