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Nutrition during adolescence

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Nutrition during adolescence

  1. 1. NURITIONAL PROBLEMS OBESITY EATING DISORDERS :Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Binge eating disorder PREDISPOSITION TO OSTEOPOROSIS ANAEMIA UNDERNUTRITION PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME
  2. 2. OBESITY CAUSES: Taking in more calories than one uses • Oversized food portions • Lack of access to healthy foods • Lack of physical activity • Genes and family history • Hormonal imbalance, medications, pregnancy, emotional factors SIGN AND SYMPTOMS:• • The scale showing you have gained weight • Have extra fat around the waist • Thickness around the midsection • Large body frame. • Difficulty in doing daily activities. • Lethargy. • Breathlessness. • Increased weight.
  3. 3. Complications of obesity
  4. 4. Anorexia nervosaSIGN AND SYMPTOMS: Extremely thin Rapid loss of weight Loss of menstrual periods Exercise excessively Exhibiting ritualistic eating behaviors Weakness due to malnutrition Social withdrwal, depression Complaints of nausea, or constipation after eating normal amounts of food
  5. 5. DISEASES DUE TO OBESITY
  6. 6. Effects of anorexia nervosa
  7. 7. Bulimia nervosa
  8. 8. Bulimia nervosa SIGN ANG SYMPTOMS: Binge eating of high-carbohydrate foods, usually in secret Exercising for hours Eating until painfully full Going to the bathroom during meals Loss of control over eating, with guilt and shame Body weight that goes up and down Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, gas, abdominal pain Dehydration Missed periods or lack of menstrual periods Damaged tooth enamel Bad breath Sore throat or mouth sores Depression
  9. 9. Binge eating disorderBehavioral symptoms of binge eating and compulsive overeating Inability to stop eating or control what you’re eating Rapidly eating large amounts of food Eating even when you’re full Hiding or stockpiling food to eat later in secret Eating normally around others, but gorging when you’re alone Eating continuously throughout the day, with no planned mealtimesEmotional symptoms of binge eating and compulsive overeating Feeling stress or tension that is only relieved by eating Embarrassment over how much you’re eating Feeling numb while bingeing—like you’re not really there or you’re on auto- pilot. Never feeling satisfied, no matter how much you eat Feeling guilty, disgusted, or depressed after overeating Desperation to control weight and eating habits
  10. 10. Behavioral symptoms of binge eating and compulsive overeating Inability to stop eating or control what you’re eating Rapidly eating large amounts of food Eating even when you’re full Hiding or stockpiling food to eat later in secret Eating normally around others, but gorging when you’re alone Eating continuously throughout the day, with no planned mealtimesEmotional symptoms of binge eating and compulsive overeating Feeling stress or tension that is only relieved by eating Embarrassment over how much you’re eating Feeling numb while bingeing—like you’re not really there or you’re on auto- pilot. Never feeling satisfied, no matter how much you eat Feeling guilty, disgusted, or depressed after overeating Desperation to control weight and eating habits
  11. 11. Effects of binge eating disorder
  12. 12. Symptoms of anemia
  13. 13. Causes of anaemia
  14. 14. Prevention of osteoporosis
  15. 15. Premenstrual syndrome Fatigue Irritability Depression Cravings Bloating Headache Breast tenderness Fluid retention Anxiety
  16. 16. Dietary and Eating out guidelines Adequate well balanced nutritious food should be taken to prevent obesity and undernutrition. No meal of the day should be missed. Iron and calcium rich food should be taken. Avoid empty calorie foods such as carbonated beverages. Eating habits should independent of emotions. Include fruits and vegetables in diet. Balance the menu with low fat and high fat foods. Avoid junk food. Enjoy salad buffets.
  17. 17. Malnutrition due to early marriage
  18. 18. CAUSES OF ANAEMIA

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