Infrastructure

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Infrastructure

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Infrastructure of the Indian Economy<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Different sectors<br />Govt. approach towards <br /> infrastructure development<br />Issues<br />Conclusion<br />CONTENTS<br />
  4. 4. India's development most prominent in the world economy<br />Improvement of infrastructure is the key to enhance India's growth<br />Introduction<br />
  5. 5. GDP - real growth rate: 8.3% (2010 est.) 7.4% (2009 est.) 7.4% (2008 est.)<br />
  6. 6. “Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structure needed for the operation of the society or an enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function.”<br />Infrastructure<br />
  7. 7. Components of Infrastrucuture:1. Energy<br />
  8. 8. Energy<br />
  9. 9. Package initiative by Govt.<br />Imports and distribution <br /> of certain petroleum <br /> products<br />Invest in oil exploration to private and foreign companies<br />2. Power<br />
  10. 10. Growth of electricity<br />Power & responsibility distribution between center & state<br />Spanning of length and breadth of the country<br />Venture amongst states in power generation<br />Amendments to permit private participation<br />Strengths<br />
  11. 11. Decline share of hydro power<br />Frequent & heavy load shedding<br />Capital invested but starved for funds<br />Heavy loss during transmission and distribution<br />Weakness<br />
  12. 12. Railways<br />Roads<br />Shipping<br />Civil Aviation<br />3. Transportation<br />
  13. 13. Spread over <br /> 62,462 kms<br />Broad gauge <br /> (36,824 kms)<br />Meter gauge (20,653 kms) <br />Narrow gauge (3,985 kms)<br />Electrified networks (11,793 kms)<br />3.1 Railways<br />
  14. 14. 85% of tracks inherited from British<br />Largest in Asia, 4th largest in world<br />Electrified tracks, metro rail<br />Agenda of national integration<br />Strengths<br />
  15. 15. Ever increasing traffic load<br />Inadequate finance<br />Low productivity<br />Poor services<br />Too many social objectives<br />Weakness<br />
  16. 16. Effective measures taken by the Govt.<br />Private participation in construction and maintenance<br />Declaration of road transport as industry<br />Amendment of National Highway Act<br />Amendment of MRTP Act<br />3.2 Road Transport<br />
  17. 17. Strenghts<br />World’s largest stretching (3.314 million km across)<br />Relatively low vehicle density per km<br />Ease the burden on railways<br />
  18. 18. Pathetic road condition<br />Several missing links<br />Remote areas of country not connected<br />Veritable death traps<br />Lack of adequate finance<br />Increasing pollution<br />Weakness<br />
  19. 19. 3.3 Sea Transport<br />Strengths<br />Coastline of over <br /> 5700 km <br />Almost the whole of foreign trade passing across the seas<br />Skilled and competent managerial and ship board personnel<br />Huge potential in the make of India becoming one of the signatories of the WTO<br />
  20. 20. Limited cargo handling capacities of ports<br />Challenge from containerization which is highly prevalent in advanced countries<br />Fund starving<br />Excessive hardships to ship owners due to conversion of FOB (Freight on Board) items into CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)<br />Weakness<br />
  21. 21. Three sectors:<br />Operational<br />Infrastructural<br />Regulatory-cum-development<br />3.4 Civil Aviation<br />
  22. 22. 1).Postal System 2).Telegraph <br /> 3).Telecommunication 4).Internet<br />Communication<br />
  23. 23. Education, Science and TechnologyCHANGES<br />
  24. 24. Sources<br />
  25. 25. Public-Private Partnership (PPP)<br />Opening of telecom sector<br />Competition in Aviation Sector<br />Efficiency in road sector<br /> Viability Gap Funding (VGF)<br />Govt. Policy on Infrastrucuture Development<br />
  26. 26. Urban infrastructure problems<br />Rural infrastructure problems<br />Steps taken by Govt.<br />Construction of 1,46,000 km of new rural roads<br />Upgrading 1,94,000 km of existing rural roads<br />1,74,000 crores invested under ‘Bharat Nirman’<br />Issues affecting Infrastructure<br />

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