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Niagara falls


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The beautiful Niagara Falls, one of the most visited tourist destinations, located at the border of the United States and Canada.

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Niagara falls

  1. 1. By Amita Vadlamudi
  2. 2. Niagara Falls
  3. 3.  Located between Canada and the US, Niagara Falls is the collective name given to three waterfalls - Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls – that are next to one another. Their exact location is between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, New York State and Niagara Falls, Ontario.
  4. 4.  Niagara Falls were formed over 10,000 years ago by the Wisconsin Glaciation – also responsible for the formation of the Great Lakes and Niagara River – when a continental ice sheet dug up the area, causing narrow river channels to become deeper lakes. These lakes were filled when the ice melted and the water from them ran into the Niagara River.  This river’s flow started to cut through the cliff on the north and causing erosion of the rocky river bed. This rocky bed had an erosion-resistant top layer made of strong limestone and a bottom layer made of weak shale, sandstone and thin limestone. The weak bottom layer eroded easily while the strong top layer broke into pieces. This process of erosion and breakage repeated enough times to carve out the falls.
  5. 5.  Out of the three waterfalls, the tallest and widest are the Horseshoe Falls. They are about 2,600 ft wide and drop about 188 ft. The closest to this are the American Falls which are around 1,060 ft wide and drop to a height that varies between 70 to 100 ft. This variation is due to its having uneven giant boulders at the base. Horseshow Falls also have the most powerful flow – with a peak flow recorded at 225,000 cubic ft per second. The three waterfalls, considered the second largest falls in the world, merge together to produce the highest flow rate of any waterfall.
  6. 6.  Due to the majestic sight that they offer, Niagara Falls has a long-standing reputation as a tourist destination.  The American side has an observation tower named Prospect Point and a cruise titled Maid of the Mist, which gives tourists different vantage point for appreciating the Falls’ natural beauty.  On the Canadian side, the Skylon Tower and the Minolta Tower serve the same purpose. Both sides also have a number of state parks and casinos that broaden the entertainment offerings at the site.
  7. 7.  Tourists visiting the area eagerly seek the sight of the unique rainbows formed at the Falls. There are two types of rainbows that can be seen here; solar bows that are visible in day time and lunar bows caused by moonlight falling on the water spraying from the falls.  Niagara Falls is truly a majestic site to see and should be a must-visit attraction for any tourists from the United States or Canada or anyone visiting these countries from around the world.
  8. 8.  Amita Vadlamudi is the author of articles on numerous subjects, including natural wonders, science and technology, and history. Ms. Vadlamudi’s professional credentials may be found at her Resumonk website.  Amita Vadlamudi’s favorite images and favorite places may be found at her Alternion, Foursquare sites.