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SSLLOOWW LLEEAARRNNEERR OORR 
BBAACCKKWWAARRDD CCHHIILLDDRREENN 
((IIQQ 7700--8855))
“The Backward Child is one who 
is unable to do the work of 
the cases where there 
educational attainments are 
lower tha...
Characteristics of 
Backward Children 
• Mental age is smaller than chronological age. 
• Low educational attainment than ...
Identification of 
Backward Children 
• Observation method 
• Mental test 
• Achievement test 
• Personality inventory and...
Characteristics of slow 
learners in Mathematics 
• IQ below 90 
• Has little drive 
• Has short span of attention 
• Has ...
• Has difficulty with abstractions 
• Is not logical in thinking 
• Lacks imagination 
• Is unable to detect his own error...
Causes for the 
Mathematical Backwardness 
• Physical causes 
• Mental disability 
• Lack of interest 
• Inappropriate lea...
• Ineffective method of 
teaching 
• Lack of practice and drill 
• Lack of facilities at home 
• Family background and hom...
• Irregular school attendance 
• Lack of proficiency in 
fundamental skills 
• Lack of understanding in basic 
mathematica...
Class Room Techniques 
for Slow Learners 
• Create Healthy atmosphere at school and 
also in community 
• Teaching should ...
• Practical activities should be organized 
for their participation 
• Teacher should not use harsh 
treatment for them 
•...
• Do not try to force the slow learners to 
do mathematics when they are not really 
interested. 
• If there are several a...
Thank You
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Slow learner

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Slow learner

  1. 1. SSLLOOWW LLEEAARRNNEERR OORR BBAACCKKWWAARRDD CCHHIILLDDRREENN ((IIQQ 7700--8855))
  2. 2. “The Backward Child is one who is unable to do the work of the cases where there educational attainments are lower than what they are capable of.” - Berton Hart
  3. 3. Characteristics of Backward Children • Mental age is smaller than chronological age. • Low educational attainment than what he is capable of. • Unable to do the work of the class next below. • Cannot keep pace with the class even in one subject or in all subjects.
  4. 4. Identification of Backward Children • Observation method • Mental test • Achievement test • Personality inventory and case study
  5. 5. Characteristics of slow learners in Mathematics • IQ below 90 • Has little drive • Has short span of attention • Has weak association memory • Is a poor reader
  6. 6. • Has difficulty with abstractions • Is not logical in thinking • Lacks imagination • Is unable to detect his own errors • Has little power to transfer training • Is not creative in his thinking
  7. 7. Causes for the Mathematical Backwardness • Physical causes • Mental disability • Lack of interest • Inappropriate learning experience • Irregular study habits • Teacher’s indifference
  8. 8. • Ineffective method of teaching • Lack of practice and drill • Lack of facilities at home • Family background and home environment
  9. 9. • Irregular school attendance • Lack of proficiency in fundamental skills • Lack of understanding in basic mathematical concept
  10. 10. Class Room Techniques for Slow Learners • Create Healthy atmosphere at school and also in community • Teaching should be arranged according to the interest of these children • Backward Children should not be assigned heavy load of work • Use of A.V. aids should be emphasized for illustration
  11. 11. • Practical activities should be organized for their participation • Teacher should not use harsh treatment for them • Children should be motivated properly • Teacher should arrange some extra classes for these children • The deductive method of teaching should be used by the teacher in class room.
  12. 12. • Do not try to force the slow learners to do mathematics when they are not really interested. • If there are several approaches to a new concept, use one per lesson to avoid confusion. • When a question is asked, break the questions into a number of simple questions. • Try to think of new ways to review concepts.
  13. 13. Thank You

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