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Indonesia Ren Oct 2009

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Development of Indonesia Research Education Network on Institut Teknologi Bandung (1995 - 2009)

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Indonesia Ren Oct 2009

  1. 1. Managing ITB Campus and Indonesia Research Education Network <br />Affan Basalamah<br />
  2. 2. Who am I<br />Affan Basalamah<br />EL-ITB ‘96<br />IT Infrastructure Manager <br />Institut Teknologi Bandung (www.itb.ac.id) <br />http://twitter.com/affanzbasalamah<br />
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  6. 6. I will tell you about…<br />Story of ITB network in the past 13 years<br />What parts that ITB played in development of Indonesia’s Research & Education Network<br />
  7. 7. Presentation Outline<br />Amateur Packet Radio Network<br />AI3 Internet & Interconnection<br />ITB Campus Backbone<br />SOI-ASIA <br />TEIN3 Interconnection<br />INHERENT <br />Network Monitoring<br />ITB Datacenter<br />
  8. 8. Timeline<br />
  9. 9. Amateur Packet Radio Network<br />First practical introduction on TCP/IP<br />TCP/IP over AX.25 (Amateur X.25) <br />Software: KA9Q NOS on PC-DOS<br />Modem: 1200 bps AFSK on VHF radio<br />Modem: 300 bps PSK on HF radio<br />Can be used to send email  <br />Precursor to GPRS in your phone <br />
  10. 10. SWR Meter<br />Linux PC w/ AX.25 Kernel<br />HF SSB Radio 7.033 MHz<br />PSK Modem<br />300 bps<br />
  11. 11. VHF FM Radio Transceiver 144.16 MHz<br />PC DOS w/ KA9Q Software<br />
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  14. 14. AI3 Network <br />Asian Internet Interconnection Initiatives<br />Collaboration with WIDE Project from Keio University, Japan in 1996<br />First high-speed Internet connection<br />2 Mbps Satellite link<br />28 kbps dial-up modem before that<br />
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  16. 16. Onno W. Purbo<br />
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  18. 18. Ku-Band Groundstation<br />C-Band Groundstation<br />
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  21. 21. Interconnecting Indonesia<br />2 Mbps Internet connection via AI3<br />11 Mbps WaveLAN to Bandung Org/Univ<br />Before 802.11b becomes IEEE standards<br />64 kbps VSAT to Univ outside Bandung<br />
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  25. 25. Technology<br />Low-cost PC router instead expensive Cisco<br />Old router: <br />10 Mbps Ethernet NIC on ISA card<br />WaveLAN card on PCMCIA-to-ISA card<br />FreeBSD OS since version 2.1.5<br />Routing software: GateD<br />Current:<br />Mikrotik OS<br />FreeBSD PC with Quagga Routing Software<br />
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  28. 28. ITB Campus Backbone<br />10 Mbps Ethernet <br />Intra-building with RG-58 thin coax cable<br />Inter-building with RG-8 thick coax cable<br />Yellow cable<br />AUI Transceiver is costly and vulnerable to electrical induction<br />
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  30. 30. AUI Transceiver for 10 Mbps Ethernet<br />
  31. 31. ITB Backbone Campus 2001<br />Inter-building 1000 Mbps Ethernet<br />Four Cisco Catalyst 6500 as core switch<br />Cisco Catalyst 3500 as access switch<br />Benefit:<br />Way faster!<br />Less susceptible to electrical induction<br />
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  33. 33. Cisco Catalyst 6500<br />Fiber Optics Patch Panel<br />
  34. 34. Fiber optics patch panel 2009<br />
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  36. 36. IP Routing<br />IPv4 Address Block: 167.205.0.0/16<br />IPv6 Address Block: 2403:8000::/32<br />AS Number: 4796 for BGP Peering<br />OSPF Routing for Internal<br />
  37. 37. Network Rack 2009<br />IPv4 Internet Router<br />IPv6 Internet Gateway<br />Firewall<br />
  38. 38. IPv4 BGP Peering <br />2009<br />
  39. 39. SOI-ASIA<br />School of Internet – ASIA<br />Development of E-learning and collaboration via video conference<br />Begin in 2001<br />Satellite Infrastructure <br />Later using TEIN Infrastructure<br />
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  41. 41. 2001 - now<br />
  42. 42. ITB Site<br />Japan Prime Minister!<br />2003<br />
  43. 43. TEIN<br />Trans-Eurasia Interconnection Network<br />Funded by European Commission (EC)<br />45 Mbps Link in 2006 – 2009 (TEIN2)<br />155 Mbps in 2009 (TEIN3)<br />Connecting Asia & Europe REN (Research Education Network)<br />Also connect to USA & Australia<br />
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  48. 48. Possible Paths<br />
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  50. 50. TEIN3 PoP<br />Hong Kong PoP (completed on 18 Jan 2009)<br /><ul><li>Singapore PoP (completed on 04 Feb 2009)</li></li></ul><li>155 Mbps <br />STM-1 Circuit<br />
  51. 51. 155 Mbps <br />STM-1 Circuit<br />
  52. 52. INHERENT<br />Indonesia Higher Education Research Network, Commissioned in 2006<br />Connecting 120 Univ total<br />32 Public univ in each province as Localnode<br />Sublocal node connect to Localnode<br />Telecom Vendor:<br />PT Telkom (2006-2009)<br />LintasArta & Indosat (2009-now)<br />
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  57. 57. Ethernet over MPLS Cable<br />
  58. 58. Provider CE 2009 to now<br />Ethernet over MPLS CE<br />
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  61. 61. Network Monitoring<br />Managing network resources is difficult!<br />Link Bandwidth Monitoring<br />Cacti via SNMP<br />Service Availability Monitoring<br />Nagios<br />Represent the link in a map<br />Network Weathermap<br />
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  67. 67. PAU Datacenter<br />Server room in PAU Building<br />Home of the “Penjaga Cumi”<br />Homebrew router, server and rack<br />Later migrated to high performance server<br />Also used server rack<br />
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  70. 70. ITB Web Cache aka. Penjaga Cumi<br />
  71. 71. ITB Web Cache aka. Penjaga Cumi<br />
  72. 72. AI3 Datacenter<br />Server room in PAU Building<br />Interconnection network room<br />Homebrew router, server and rack<br />Later migrated to high performance server<br />Also used server rack<br />
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  74. 74. 2006<br />
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  78. 78. In the future, I hope… <br />INHERENT and TEIN3 will allow worldwide collaboration to Indonesia’s research & education institution<br />
  79. 79. Summary<br />How ITB network grow and developed in the past 13 years<br />ITB played very important role in development of Indonesia’s Research & Education Network<br />
  80. 80. References<br />http://www.itb.ac.id<br />http://www.soi.asia<br />http://www.ai3.net<br />http://www.tein3.net<br />http://noc.inherent-dikti.net<br />
  81. 81. Thanks!<br />

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