Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Deductive logic

40,647 views

Published on

Presentation explaining Deductive logic

Published in: Education, Technology
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Deductive logic

  1. 1. Deductive<br />Logic<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  2. 2. Deductive<br />Logic<br />Enter the world<br />Of Verbal Logic!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  3. 3. What is Deductive Logic?<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  4. 4. What is Deductive Logic?<br />A simple combination of two words <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  5. 5. What is Deductive Logic?<br />A simple combination of two words <br />Deductive + Logic<br />Deductive Logic<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  6. 6. What is Deductive Logic?<br />A simple combination of two words <br />Deductive + Logic<br />Deductive Logic<br />Adjective form for deduce, <br />meaning ‘to arrive at a fact/result’<br />In layman terms, the funda/<br />reasoning behind a concept<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  7. 7. Thus, Deductive Logic is nothing else but a method of arriving at a conclusion!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  8. 8. Terms in Deductive Logic<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  9. 9. Terms in Deductive Logic<br />All men are dogs.<br />A fact/premise<br />Provided to us<br />All dogs are naughty<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  10. 10. Terms in Deductive Logic<br />All men are dogs.<br />A fact/premise<br />Provided to us<br />The conclusion<br />We arrive at!<br />All dogs are naughty<br />Thus, all men <br />are naughty.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  11. 11. Guru Mantras for Deductive Logic<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  12. 12. Guru Mantras for Deductive Logic<br />In logic, we assume <br />FACTS <br />Given to us as True!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  13. 13. Guru Mantras for Deductive Logic<br />In logic, we assume <br />FACTS <br />Given to us as True!<br />The result obtained<br />Should be true and….<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  14. 14. Guru Mantras for Deductive Logic<br />In logic, we assume <br />FACTS <br />Given to us as True!<br />The result obtained<br />Should be true and….<br />And should be <br />Always true,<br />That is consistent!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  15. 15. Syllogisms<br />-part 1<br />Observing how words<br />Such as some, all and no<br />Function in a statement<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  16. 16. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 1: All A are B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  17. 17. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 1: All A are B<br />A Cakewalk<br />All A are B<br />Each of A’s has to be B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  18. 18. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 1: All A are B<br />A Cakewalk<br />All A are B<br />Each of A’s has to be B<br />Set representation of All A are B<br />B<br />A=B<br />A<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  19. 19. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 2: No A is B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  20. 20. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 2: No A is B<br />Another Cakewalk<br />NO A is B<br />Not even a single can be B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  21. 21. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 2: No A is B<br />Another Cakewalk<br />NO A is B<br />Not even a single can be B<br />Set representation of No A is B<br />A<br />B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  22. 22. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  23. 23. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />‘Some’ would mean what?<br />Atleast 1 A is not B?<br />Few A are B?<br />At least 1 A is B?<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  24. 24. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />‘Some’ would mean what?<br />Atleast 1 A is not B?<br />Few A are B?<br />At least 1 A is B?<br />Means the same as<br />Some A are B<br />This would actually mean<br />‘Some A are NOT B’<br />If this is not true, then<br />No A is B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  25. 25. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B: Venn diagram approach<br />Set representation of Some A are B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  26. 26. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B: Venn diagram approach<br />Set representation of Some A are B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />But is this ALL we can <br />do with Some A are B???<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  27. 27. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  28. 28. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A=Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  29. 29. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A=Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  30. 30. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 3: Some A are B<br />Some A are B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A=Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  31. 31. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  32. 32. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />If ‘Some A are B’= ‘Atleast 1A is B’<br />then ‘Some A are not B’ simply equals to?<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  33. 33. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />If ‘Some A are B’= ‘Atleast 1A is B’<br />then ‘Some A are not B’ simply equals to?<br />‘Atleast 1A is not B’<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  34. 34. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />Some A are not B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  35. 35. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />Some A are not B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  36. 36. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />Some A are not B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  37. 37. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />Some A are not B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A=Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  38. 38. Forms Of Premise<br />CASE 4: Some A are not B<br />Some A are not B can be represented in the following ways:<br />Set A=Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />Set A<br />Set B<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  39. 39. Logical Consistency<br />-part 2<br />Introducing logic into<br />Statements with the <br />Help of conditionals such<br />As if, only and either/or!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  40. 40. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  41. 41. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  42. 42. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  43. 43. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  44. 44. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  45. 45. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  46. 46. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  47. 47. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India may or may not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  48. 48. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India may or may not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  49. 49. Case 1: If, When , Whenever<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as if, when or whenever?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India may or may not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />Sachin did not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />The ‘If condition’ ,in other words, is a sufficient condition for the effect to happen. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  50. 50. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  51. 51. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  52. 52. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  53. 53. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  54. 54. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  55. 55. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  56. 56. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  57. 57. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India did not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  58. 58. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India did not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  59. 59. Case 2: Only If, Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as only if or only when?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India may or may not win the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India did not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />Sachin may or may not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />The ‘Only If condition’ ,in other words, is a necessary condition for the effect to happen. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  60. 60. Case 3: If & Only If, When & Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘if & only if’?<br />Have a look:<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  61. 61. Case 3: If & Only If, When & Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘if & only if’?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if & only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  62. 62. Case 3: If & Only If, When & Only When<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘if & only if’?<br />Have a look:<br />India wins if & only if Sachin scores a 100.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />India wins the match<br />1. Sachin scores a 100.<br />Sachin scores a 100.<br />2. India wins the match<br />India did not win the match.<br />3. Sachin does not score a 100.<br />Sachin did not score a 100.<br />4. India does not win the match.<br />The ‘If & Only If condition’ ,in other words, is a mixture of the first two cases. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  63. 63. Case 4: Either A or B<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘Either A or B’?<br />Have a look:<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  64. 64. Case 4: Either A or B<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘Either A or B’?<br />Have a look:<br />Either I am in eating food or watching TV.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  65. 65. Case 4: Either A or B<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘Either A or B’?<br />Have a look:<br />Either I am in eating food or watching TV.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />I am watching TV.<br />1. I am not eating food.<br />I am eating food.<br />2. I am not watching TV.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  66. 66. Case 4: Either A or B<br />What happens when we use conditionals such as ‘Either A or B’?<br />Have a look:<br />Either I am in eating food or watching TV.<br />Now if the conditions on the left are true, what is the outcome: <br />I am watching TV.<br />1. I am not eating food.<br />I am eating food.<br />2. I am not watching TV.<br />I may or may not be eating food.<br />3. I am watching TV.<br />I may or may not be watching TV.<br />4. I am eating food.<br />This is a tricky one. Read the notes carefully.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  67. 67. Thank You!Hope you had a pleasantlearning experience.Feel free to contact us:admin@wordpandit.com<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />

×