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www.wordpandit.com<br />Summary<br />Writing<br />
Summary<br />Writing<br />Learn to <br />Identify The <br />Gist!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
What is Summary Writing?<br />Read the paragraph given below:<br />There comes not seldom a crisis in the life of men, of ...
What is Summary Writing?<br />Read the paragraph given below:<br />There comes not seldom a crisis in the life of men, of ...
What is Summary Writing?<br />Dealing with a passage like this, there are 3 Key Challenges that one faces:<br /><ul><li>To...
Have the ability to write or articulate the above in one’s own words.
To overcome challenges of the language and vocabulary for the paragraph.</li></ul>www.wordpandit.com<br />
What is Summary Writing?<br />Dealing with a passage like this, there are 3 Key Challenges that one faces:<br /><ul><li>To...
Have the ability to write or articulate the above in one’s own words.
To overcome challenges of the language and vocabulary for the paragraph.</li></ul>An analysis for the above parameters:<br...
The ability of a few to subvert (that is hinder) the process of change that it is bound to take place naturally in any sys...
The meaning of the word subversion is to hinder  a process or destroy someone’s moral integrity</li></ul>www.wordpandit.co...
Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language<br />The topic might be any under the sun. It...
Politics
Sports
Health
Anything that you can imagine.</li></ul>www.wordpandit.com<br />
Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language<br />The topic might be any under the sun. It...
Politics
Sports
Health
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Summary writing

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This is a presentation on how to solve CAT summary writing questions.

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Summary writing

  1. 1. www.wordpandit.com<br />Summary<br />Writing<br />
  2. 2. Summary<br />Writing<br />Learn to <br />Identify The <br />Gist!<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  3. 3. What is Summary Writing?<br />Read the paragraph given below:<br />There comes not seldom a crisis in the life of men, of nations, and of worlds, when the old forms seem ready to decay, and the old rules of action have lost their binding force. The evils of existing systems obscure the blessings that attend them; and, where reform is needed, the cry is raised for subversion. The cause of such phenomena is not far to seek. "It used to appear to me that the small number of cultivated, rich and idle men, of whom I was one, composed the whole of humanity, and that the millions and millions of other men who had lived and are still living were not in reality men at all.“, writes Count Tolstoi, in a significant passage.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  4. 4. What is Summary Writing?<br />Read the paragraph given below:<br />There comes not seldom a crisis in the life of men, of nations, and of worlds, when the old forms seem ready to decay, and the old rules of action have lost their binding force. The evils of existing systems obscure the blessings that attend them; and, where reform is needed, the cry is raised for subversion. The cause of such phenomena is not far to seek. "It used to appear to me that the small number of cultivated, rich and idle men, of whom I was one, composed the whole of humanity, and that the millions and millions of other men who had lived and are still living were not in reality men at all.“, writes Count Tolstoi, in a significant passage.<br />Can you provide a one line summary for the above?<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  5. 5. What is Summary Writing?<br />Dealing with a passage like this, there are 3 Key Challenges that one faces:<br /><ul><li>To understand the main point/subject of the author.
  6. 6. Have the ability to write or articulate the above in one’s own words.
  7. 7. To overcome challenges of the language and vocabulary for the paragraph.</li></ul>www.wordpandit.com<br />
  8. 8. What is Summary Writing?<br />Dealing with a passage like this, there are 3 Key Challenges that one faces:<br /><ul><li>To understand the main point/subject of the author.
  9. 9. Have the ability to write or articulate the above in one’s own words.
  10. 10. To overcome challenges of the language and vocabulary for the paragraph.</li></ul>An analysis for the above parameters:<br /><ul><li>The opposition to change in society
  11. 11. The ability of a few to subvert (that is hinder) the process of change that it is bound to take place naturally in any system.
  12. 12. The meaning of the word subversion is to hinder a process or destroy someone’s moral integrity</li></ul>www.wordpandit.com<br />
  13. 13. Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language<br />The topic might be any under the sun. It may be<br /><ul><li>Philosophy
  14. 14. Politics
  15. 15. Sports
  16. 16. Health
  17. 17. Anything that you can imagine.</li></ul>www.wordpandit.com<br />
  18. 18. Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language<br />The topic might be any under the sun. It may be<br /><ul><li>Philosophy
  19. 19. Politics
  20. 20. Sports
  21. 21. Health
  22. 22. Anything that you can imagine.</li></ul>Read this:<br />Like an expedition to the source of the Nile, any attempt to find the origins of a word runs aground when the trail vanishes into a realm without tangible records: oral culture. As Baroness Hussein-Ece – she who was "trapped in a queue in chav-land" – will tell you, Twitter is oral culture but with records. But words have power beyond their mere meaning. They still bear the hallmarks of the Garden of Eden, in which the language spoken by Adam contained the essence of the thing it described, and so controlled it.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  23. 23. Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language<br />The topic might be any under the sun. It may be<br /><ul><li>Philosophy
  24. 24. Politics
  25. 25. Sports
  26. 26. Health
  27. 27. Anything that you can imagine.</li></ul>Read this:<br />Like an expedition to the source of the Nile, any attempt to find the origins of a word runs aground when the trail vanishes into a realm without tangible records: oral culture. As Baroness Hussein-Ece – she who was "trapped in a queue in chav-land" – will tell you, Twitter is oral culture but with records. But words have power beyond their mere meaning. They still bear the hallmarks of the Garden of Eden, in which the language spoken by Adam contained the essence of the thing it described, and so controlled it.<br />All you need to do is to summarize it.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  28. 28. Summary Writing: Tip 1<br />Learn to summarize any text in your own language:<br />Like an expedition to the source of the Nile, any attempt to find the origins of a word runs aground when the trail vanishes into a realm without tangible records: oral culture. As Baroness Hussein-Ece – she who was "trapped in a queue in chav-land" – will tell you, Twitter is oral culture but with records. But words have power beyond their mere meaning. They still bear the hallmarks of the Garden of Eden, in which the language spoken by Adam contained the essence of the thing it described, and so controlled it.<br />Summary:<br />The crux of the paragraph revolves around the fact how words originate and how to trace their origin and the essence they portray.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  29. 29. Summary Writing: Tip 2<br />Brevity is the soul of the summary<br />Always remember that summary is an attempt to shorten the paragraph and put it across in a simple paragraph format. What this implies is that we need to be brief and too the point with our summaries. This means no rambling about inconsequential details in the answer options.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  30. 30. Summary Writing: Tip 2<br />Brevity is the soul of the summary<br />Always remember that summary is an attempt to shorten the paragraph and put it across in a simple paragraph format. What this implies is that we need to be brief and too the point with our summaries. This means no rambling about inconsequential details in the answer options.<br />Read this:<br />There were chuckles and sniggers in Qatar last month when Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, warned that a military dictatorship was imminent in Iran. Threatening America's most intransigent adversary, Clinton seems to have been oblivious to her audience: educated Arabs in the Middle East where America's military presence has long propped up several dictators, including such stalwart allies in rendition and torture as Hosni Mubarak.Of course, by her own standards, Clinton was being remarkably nuanced and sober: during the presidential campaign in 2008 she promised to "obliterate" Iran.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  31. 31. Summary Writing: Tip 2<br />Brevity is the soul of the summary<br />Always remember that summary is an attempt to shorten the paragraph and put it across in a simple paragraph format. What this implies is that we need to be brief and too the point with our summaries. This means no rambling about inconsequential details in the answer options.<br />Read this:<br />There were chuckles and sniggers in Qatar last month when Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, warned that a military dictatorship was imminent in Iran. Threatening America's most intransigent adversary, Clinton seems to have been oblivious to her audience: educated Arabs in the Middle East where America's military presence has long propped up several dictators, including such stalwart allies in rendition and torture as Hosni Mubarak.Of course, by her own standards, Clinton was being remarkably nuanced and sober: during the presidential campaign in 2008 she promised to "obliterate" Iran.<br />Write down the appropriate summary (should be to the point).<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  32. 32. Summary Writing: Tip 2<br />Brevity is the soul of the summary<br />There were chuckles and sniggers in Qatar last month when Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, warned that a military dictatorship was imminent in Iran. Threatening America's most intransigent adversary, Clinton seems to have been oblivious to her audience: educated Arabs in the Middle East where America's military presence has long propped up several dictators, including such stalwart allies in rendition and torture as Hosni Mubarak. Of course, by her own standards, Clinton was being remarkably nuanced and sober: during the presidential campaign in 2008 she promised to "obliterate" Iran.<br />Summary:<br />The ill-times remarks of Clinton and her biased world-view is exposed. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  33. 33. Summary Writing: Tip 2<br />Brevity is the soul of the summary<br />There were chuckles and sniggers in Qatar last month when Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, warned that a military dictatorship was imminent in Iran. Threatening America's most intransigent adversary, Clinton seems to have been oblivious to her audience: educated Arabs in the Middle East where America's military presence has long propped up several dictators, including such stalwart allies in rendition and torture as Hosni Mubarak. Of course, by her own standards, Clinton was being remarkably nuanced and sober: during the presidential campaign in 2008 she promised to "obliterate" Iran.<br />Summary:<br />The ill-times remarks of Clinton and her biased world-view is exposed. <br />Note: The paragraph does use a good level of vocabulary.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  34. 34. Summary Writing: Tip 3<br />Do not get confused because of the words<br />Remember, the job is identify the central thought of the paragraph and not challenge the words in a paragraph. Against such a backdrop, always remember that all you need to do is understand the paragraph and you can always leave a few words alone. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  35. 35. Summary Writing: Tip 3<br />Do not get confused because of the words<br />Remember, the job is identify the central thought of the paragraph and not challenge the words in a paragraph. Against such a backdrop, always remember that all you need to do is understand the paragraph and you can always leave a few words alone. <br />Read this:<br />If there is one thing we have learned from returning war veterans — especially those of the last decade — it’s that the emotional reality of the soldier at home is often at odds with that of the civilian public they left behind.High on that list of emotions is guilt. Soldiers often carry this burden home — survivor guilt being perhaps the kind most familiar to us. In war, standing here rather than there can save your life but cost a buddy his. It’s flukish luck, but you feel responsible. The guilt begins an endless loop of counterfactuals ‑— thoughts that you could have or should done otherwise, though in fact you did nothing wrong. The feelings are, of course, not restricted to the battlefield. But given the magnitude of loss in war, they hang heavy there and are pervasive. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  36. 36. Summary Writing: Tip 3<br />Do not get confused because of the words<br />Remember, the job is identify the central thought of the paragraph and not challenge the words in a paragraph. Against such a backdrop, always remember that all you need to do is understand the paragraph and you can always leave a few words alone. <br />Read this:<br />If there is one thing we have learned from returning war veterans — especially those of the last decade — it’s that the emotional reality of the soldier at home is often at odds with that of the civilian public they left behind.High on that list of emotions is guilt. Soldiers often carry this burden home — survivor guilt being perhaps the kind most familiar to us. In war, standing here rather than there can save your life but cost a buddy his. It’s flukish luck, but you feel responsible. The guilt begins an endless loop of counterfactuals ‑— thoughts that you could have or should done otherwise, though in fact you did nothing wrong. The feelings are, of course, not restricted to the battlefield. But given the magnitude of loss in war, they hang heavy there and are pervasive. <br />Write down the appropriate summary (should be to the point).<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  37. 37. Summary Writing: Tip 3<br />Do not get confused because of the words<br />If there is one thing we have learned from returning war veterans — especially those of the last decade — it’s that the emotional reality of the soldier at home is often at odds with that of the civilian public they left behind. High on that list of emotions is guilt. Soldiers often carry this burden home — survivor guilt being perhaps the kind most familiar to us. In war, standing here rather than there can save your life but cost a buddy his. It’s flukish luck, but you feel responsible. The guilt begins an endless loop of counterfactuals ‑— thoughts that you could have or should done otherwise, though in fact you did nothing wrong. The feelings are, of course, not restricted to the battlefield. But given the magnitude of loss in war, they hang heavy there and are pervasive. <br />Do the meanings of the words ‘pervasive’ and ‘counterfactuals’ stop you from identifying the gist of the passage? They do not.<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  38. 38. Summary Writing: Tip 3<br />Do not get confused because of the words<br />If there is one thing we have learned from returning war veterans — especially those of the last decade — it’s that the emotional reality of the soldier at home is often at odds with that of the civilian public they left behind. High on that list of emotions is guilt. Soldiers often carry this burden home — survivor guilt being perhaps the kind most familiar to us. In war, standing here rather than there can save your life but cost a buddy his. It’s flukish luck, but you feel responsible. The guilt begins an endless loop of counterfactuals ‑— thoughts that you could have or should done otherwise, though in fact you did nothing wrong. The feelings are, of course, not restricted to the battlefield. But given the magnitude of loss in war, they hang heavy there and are pervasive. <br />Do the meanings of the words ‘pervasive’ and ‘counterfactuals’ stop you from identifying the gist of the passage? They do not.<br />Summary(brief and to the point): <br />The emotions such as guilt that war veterans face when they return home. <br />www.wordpandit.com<br />
  39. 39. Thank You!Hope you had a pleasantlearning experience.Feel free to contact us:mentor@wordpandit.com<br />www.wordpandit.com<br />

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