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# Para jumbles

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This presentation teaches you how to tackled an important question type in CAT english: Para-jumbles.

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### Para jumbles

1. 1. Para-Jumbles www.wordpandit.com
2. 2. De-mystifying the codes and tricks in text! www.wordpandit.com Para-Jumbles
3. 3. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A Simple Starter:
4. 4. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A Simple Starter: A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner :
5. 5. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A Simple Starter: A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner : 1. ABFCDE 2. ACDEBF 3. BFCDEA 4. CDEBFA
6. 6. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A Simple Starter: A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner : 1. ABFCDE 2. ACDEBF Down to these two options, can you deduce an answer from this step?
7. 7. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A Simple Starter: A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner : 1. ABFCDE 2. ACDEBF It will be hard to find an answer, as this question does not have one. Both combinations can be valid. This is the ambiguity that para-jumbles are stepped in.
8. 8. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner : 1. ABFCDE 2. ACDEBF This questions does not have a definite answer but the 3 things we are sure about in this paragraph are: a. Sentence A begins the paragraph. b. BF & CDE are three pairs of sentences that occur in a set sequence.
9. 9. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com A. Roger Federer is the greatest tennis player of all time. B. His favorite surface is the grass. C. He is ambidextrous. D. He can play forehands with his right hand as well as the left hand. E. But he can play the backhand only with his right hand. F. And his favorite tournament is Wimbledon. Arrange the given sentences in a coherent manner : 1. ABFCDE 2. ACDEBF The 3rd is: This is on the basis of opening sentence and most important and ONLY rule in PJ’s Always move General to Specific
10. 10. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com But what exactly is ‘move General to Specific’?
11. 11. What are ‘Para-Jumbles’? www.wordpandit.com But what exactly is ‘move General to Specific’? To move General to Specific is to move from an introductory sentence to one that provides details. In our case, statement A is the most general one, Introducing Roger Federer.
12. 12. What is a Para-Jumble? A set of jumbled sentences that you need to straighten Paragraph + Jumbled Para-Jumble www.wordpandit.com
13. 13. What is a Para-Jumble? A set of jumbled sentences that you need to straighten Paragraph + Jumbled Para-Jumble Remember, the sentences in a para- jumble might actually be from different paragraphs. In brief, para-jumbles are essentially a test of your reading skill. www.wordpandit.com
14. 14. Thus, Para-jumbles are nothing else but another method to test your Comprehension skills. www.wordpandit.com
15. 15. A. This is prime tiger country. B. Late March in Ranthambore , the world is all sunshine, crisp air and flowering tress. C. But in the late 1990s, tigers vanished from this open , rugged scrubland along the Aravallis. D. Today, in an ambitious conservation step, work is on here at a frenetic pace to bring back the Lord of the Jungle. 1. ACBD 2. CADB 3. CABD 4. BACD www.wordpandit.com CLUE 1: Find a probable opening sentence: CLUES to solve a Para-Jumble
16. 16. A. This is prime tiger country. B. Late March in Ranthambore , the world is all sunshine, crisp air and flowering tress. C. But in the late 1990s, tigers vanished from this open , rugged scrubland along the Aravallis. D. Today, in an ambitious conservation step, work is on here at a frenetic pace to bring back the Lord of the Jungle. 1. ACBD 2. CADB 3. CABD 4. BACD CLUE 1: We identify statement B as the opening Sentence. This helps us Easily identify option 4 as the answer. www.wordpandit.com CLUE 1: Find a probable opening sentence: CLUES to solve a Para-Jumble
17. 17. Lets have a look another example A. The 1971 War changed the political geography of the subcontinent. B. Despite the significance of the event, there have been no serious books written about the conflict. C. ‘Surrender at Dacca’ aims to fill the gap. D. It also profoundly alerted the geo-strategic equations in South-East Asia. 1. ACBD 2. CADB 3. BADC 4. ADBC www.wordpandit.com CLUE 1: Find a probable opening sentence:
18. 18. Lets have a look another example A. The 1971 War changed the political geography of the subcontinent. B. Despite the significance of the event, there have been no serious books written about the conflict. C. ‘Surrender at Dacca’ aims to fill the gap. D. It also profoundly alerted the geo-strategic equations in South-East Asia. 1. ACBD 2. CADB 3. BADC 4. ADBC CLUE 1: We identify statement A as the opening Sentence. Another clue Is the fact that D follows statement A. This helps us easily identify option 4 as the answer. www.wordpandit.com CLUE 1: Find a probable opening sentence:
19. 19. A. Whether it is the energy crises, crime on the streets or meals lacking nutritious balance there inevitably are those who will believe advertising made it happen. B. Name a natural problem and someone will certainly find a way to blame it on advertising. C. The era of modern consumerism sparks endless debates over proposals to restrict advertising to children or require specific types of information in ads for cigarettes and liquor. D. While the problems are often easy to recognize, answer are elusive. 1. DBCA 2. BCDA 3. BACD 4. CBDA www.wordpandit.com CLUE 2: Find a probable closing sentence:
20. 20. A. Whether it is the energy crises, crime on the streets or meals lacking nutritious balance there inevitably are those who will believe advertising made it happen. B. Name a natural problem and someone will certainly find a way to blame it on advertising. C. The era of modern consumerism sparks endless debates over proposals to restrict advertising to children or require specific types of information in ads for cigarettes and liquor. D. While the problems are often easy to recognize, answer are elusive. 1. DBCA 2. BCDA 3. BACD 4. CBDA CLUE 2: Were you able to identify statement D as the closing sentence? There is only one option with D at the end, making our job easier. www.wordpandit.com CLUE 2: Find a probable closing sentence:
21. 21. A. People can get infected by handling reptiles and then touching their mouths or an open cut. B. At first they look like perfect pets: exotic, quiet and tidy. C. A study estimates that in 1995, there were as many as 6700 reptile- caused salmonella infections. D. But lizards and other pets reptiles can harbor a salmonella bacteria that makes people sick. 1. BCAD 2. BCDA 3. ACBD 4. BDCA www.wordpandit.com CLUE 3: Locate Mandatory pairs
22. 22. A. People can get infected by handling reptiles and then touching their mouths or an open cut. B. At first they look like perfect pets: exotic, quiet and tidy. C. A study estimates that in 1995, there were as many as 6700 reptile- caused salmonella infections. D. But lizards and other pets reptiles can harbor a salmonella bacteria that makes people sick. 1. BCAD 2. BCDA 3. ACBD 4. BDCA CLUE 3: Mandatory pairs are nothing else but a given sequence of sentences That will occur in a particular order only. In this example, DC is one such pair. Once you identify DC, the answer can be easily spotted. www.wordpandit.com CLUE 3: Locate Mandatory pairs
23. 23. Let’s try our hands at CAT Para-jumbles with These clues in our hands. CAT Para-Jumbles www.wordpandit.com
24. 24. Q1: A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located in the cities. B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is bum his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them. C. Now in the information era, destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means destroying the information infrastructure. D. How do you do battle with your enemy? E. The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case. F. With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battle with its enemy. 1. FDEBAC 2. FCABED 3. DEBACF 4. DFEBAC www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES
25. 25. Q1: A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located in the cities. B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is bum his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them. C. Now in the information era, destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means destroying the information infrastructure. D. How do you do battle with your enemy? E. The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case. F. With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battle with its enemy. 1. FDEBAC 2. FCABED 3. DEBACF 4. DFEBAC www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES Answer: Option 1 based on the pair BAC, using our clue 3 (Mandatory pair formed on the basis of an implied time sequence)
26. 26. Q2. A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval or complaint. B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him. C. He acknowledges too – in fact he returns to the point often – that best translators of poetry always fail at some level. D. Hofman feels passionately about his work, and this is clear from his writings. E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street-cleaners. 1. EACDB 2. ADEBC 3. EACBD 4. DCEAB www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES
27. 27. Q2. A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval or complaint. B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him. C. He acknowledges too – in fact he returns to the point often – that best translators of poetry always fail at some level. D. Hofman feels passionately about his work, and this is clear from his writings. E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street-cleaners. 1. EACDB 2. ADEBC 3. EACBD 4. DCEAB www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES Answer: Option 3 based on the closing sentence D, clue 2
28. 28. Q3: A. He felt justified in bypassing the Congress altogether on a variety of moves. B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress. C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency. D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats. E. Representatives democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the White House does not like a legislature of second guessers and time wasters. 1. CADEB 2. DBAEC 3. CEADB 4. ECDBA www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES
29. 29. Q3: A. He felt justified in bypassing the Congress altogether on a variety of moves. B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress. C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency. D. Bush was not fighting just the democrats. E. Representatives democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the White House does not like a legislature of second guessers and time wasters. 1. CADEB 2. DBAEC 3. CEADB 4. ECDBA www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES Answer: Option 4 is based on the following: 1. Identify the pair DB. 2. Option 2 eliminated as cannot start with D. 3. E forms the most general statement and forms the start of the paragraph.
30. 30. Q4: A. The two neighbours never fought each other. B. Fights involving three male fiddler crabs have been recorded, but the status of the participants was unknown C. They pushed or grappled only with the intruder. D. We recorded 17 cases in which a resident that was fighting an intruder was joined by an immediate neighbour, an ally. E. We therefore tracked 268 intruder males until we saw them fighting a resident male. 1. BEDAC 2. DEBAC 3. BDCAE 4. BCEDA www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES
31. 31. Q4: A. The two neighbours never fought each other. B. Fights involving three male fiddler crabs have been recorded, but the status of the participants was unknown C. They pushed or grappled only with the intruder. D. We recorded 17 cases in which a resident that was fighting an intruder was joined by an immediate neighbour, an ally. E. We therefore tracked 268 intruder males until we saw them fighting a resident male. www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES Answer: Option 1 based on the following: 1. Mandatory pair DAC 2. Statement B is the generic opening sentence in this case. 1. BEDAC 2. DEBAC 3. BDCAE 4. BCEDA
32. 32. Q5: A. In the west, Allied Forces had fought their way through southern Italy as far as Rome. B. In June 1944 Germany’s military position in World War two appeared hopeless. C. In Britain, the task of amassing the men and materials for the liberation of northern Europe had been completed. D. Red Army was poised to drive the Nazis back through Poland. E. The situation on the eastern front was catastrophic. 1. EDACB 2. BEDAC 3. BDECA 4. CEDAB www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES
33. 33. Q5: A. In the west, Allied Forces had fought their way through southern Italy as far as Rome. B. In June 1944 Germany’s military position in World War two appeared hopeless. C. In Britain, the task of amassing the men and materials for the liberation of northern Europe had been completed. D. Red Army was poised to drive the Nazis back through Poland. E. The situation on the eastern front was catastrophic. 1. EDACB 2. BEDAC 3. BDECA 4. CEDAB www.wordpandit.com CAT PARA-JUMBLES Answer: Option 2 is based on the following: 1. Identify opening sentence, which is B in this case. 2. Statements E and D combine to tell us what was happening on the Eastern front. 3. Statement A then provides a comparison for the West and C wraps it up.
34. 34. Thank You! Hope you had a pleasant learning experience. Feel free to contact us: admin@wordpandit.com www.wordpandit.com