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A Tale Of Two Cities


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A Tale Of Two Cities

  1. 1. A Tale of Two Cities Atlanta and Birmingham respond to the Civil Rights Movement Lori Campanile and Lindsay Robinson
  2. 2. Atlanta and Birmingham <ul><li>Both cities have similar populations and importance up until about 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Began to diverge in the mid 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Develop different economies and different images </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Atlanta and Birmingham develop so differently? </li></ul><ul><li>What choices did city leaders make that effected the future of each city? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Atlanta <ul><li>“ Atlanta was in the South but not of the South .” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Atlanta’s Population The City <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White Black </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1940   302,280 60% 40% </li></ul><ul><li>1960   487,455 54% 45% </li></ul><ul><li>1980   425,022 34% 66% </li></ul><ul><li>2000   416,474  37.7%   56.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Estimations leaving out other ethnic groups. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Metropolitan Area <ul><li>1940 - 820,000 about 35% of whom are black. </li></ul><ul><li>1960 – 1,300,000 44% Black </li></ul><ul><li>1980- Population is just under 2 million 66% Black </li></ul><ul><li>By 2007- Atlanta has been the fastest growing metropolitan area in the nation since 2000, with a gain of nearly 900,000 residents to 5.1 million </li></ul>
  6. 6. Atlanta: The City too Busy to Hate <ul><li>Is Atlanta’s ‘Progressive’ reputation overstated? </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta’s business community chooses early on to comply with desegregation, but it was a grudging and long process. One example is the encouragement by the Chairman of Coca-Cola Robert Woodruff…. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Coca Cola City
  8. 8. Diverse is not Equal <ul><li>Atlanta experiences white flight and a growth of inner city ghettos </li></ul><ul><li>One of the starkest examples is Atlanta’s schools </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the level of development; Atlanta remains ‘segregated’. </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta is Progressive by comparison…to Birmingham! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusions on Atlanta <ul><li>Atlanta’s growth and economy accelerate past Birmingham’s especially 1970-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>The city’s early; albeit grudging acceptance of Civil Rights and growth of the Black Middle Class accounts for its accelerated development </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the development of a sizable Black middle class but also an influx of non-Southern whites account for Atlanta’s development. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Birmingham
  11. 11. Birmingham Populations <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White Black </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1940    267,583   61% 39% </li></ul><ul><li>1960    340,887   60.3%         39.6% </li></ul><ul><li>1980    284,413   43.9%         55.6% </li></ul><ul><li>2000    242,840   24.1%         73.5%  </li></ul>
  12. 12. The ‘Magic’ City <ul><li>The Big Mules control the city enforce the system of segregation though a near Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial; mining base creates a large wealth disparity with a very small Black Middle Class. </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham becomes notorious for its brutal response to Civil Rights protests </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bombingham
  14. 14. Birmingham
  15. 16. Conclusions <ul><li>Atlanta and Birmingham develop different after the 1950s as a direct result of their different responses to the Civil Rights Movement </li></ul>
  16. 17. Sources Cited <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1. Carry Me Home   Birmingham, Alabama, The Climatic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution   Diane McWhorter, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. &quot;Southern Exposure&quot; Jon Wiener, The Nation , June 11, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>3. America Divided  The Civil War of the 1960s   Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazen, Oxford University Press, USA; 3 edition (February 28, 2007) . </li></ul><ul><li>4. &quot;Family's Profits, Wrung from Blood and Sweat&quot;  David Barstow and Lowell Bergman, New York Times , January 9, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>