Presentation Citiesc Ommunities

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  • Cities and Communities of Los Angeles County, By Olga M. Lasing, Ph.D. I. Los Angeles city history, the evolution of city government and how it works: - What a Chartered city is (Charter city reform) - The city’s finances. WATER in Northern CA was the magnet for the creation of L.A. Santa Monica had wells (this is why it did not join L.A., nor did Wilmington) One purpose of a City (or a city’s role) is to turn/move worker class people to middle-class. The booming communities of Riverside and San Bernardino are good examples.
  • Los Angeles: the Structure of a City., 2006 The League of Women Voters.
  • Thomas Guide, 2009.
  • Presentation Citiesc Ommunities

    1. 1. Cities and Communities of Los Angeles County I. Los Angeles city history, the evolution of city government and how it works : - What a Chartered city is (Charter city reform) - The city’s finances. WATER in Northern CA was the magnet for the creation of L.A. Santa Monica had wells (this is why it did not join L.A., nor did Wilmington) One purpose of A City (or a city’s role) is to turn worker class people into middle-class. The booming communities of Riverside and San Bernardino are good examples.
    2. 2. SOCIETY <ul><ul><ul><li>A. Society: Initially it was Conservative and reactionary, built up by individuals, mostly white Protestants. An business elite dominated city, conservative, antilabor big city “a white, big small town”, kept the left out. Dr. Heinz was a socialist. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post WWII becomes more working, middle-class, and more diversified (Blacks and Jews moving in from the East coast and South). - The rise of the Bradley Coalition, now Villareigosa’s LABOR Latino coalition. Now hugely democratic and minority participation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B. Now it is made up of people from well to do to poor mostly, less middle class. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Housing is a terrible issue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the working class becoming the middle class? How to create a middle class? (ownership of a house, so people have a stake.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lwvlosangeles.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>C. HISTORY: </li></ul><ul><li>L.A. had water stolen from the North (fair and square); started grabbing/absorbing cities by lips and bounds. An independent borough system. The Valley joined to get irrigated, borrowed money to build the aqueduct. The Harbor joined. </li></ul><ul><li>Private businessman ran the city. </li></ul><ul><li>D. HOW THE CITY WAS ORGANIZED: government: </li></ul><ul><li>Turn of the century reform era, history; dr. Randolph Haynes, an early reformer 1829 Charter and Dora Haynes (foundation). Reforms to have clean government. In the 1990s , the system of Neighborhood Councils was set up for democratizing the system, enlarging the circle of participatory government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.haynesfoundation.org/about/index.cfm, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Encino City Council holding regular meetings (former Encino Community Council. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reforming took place through many progressive movements. </li></ul><ul><li>The business class responded to the reforms. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heinz’s 1925 City Charter. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The bombing of “Los Angeles Times”, labor class, hurt the rise of the socialist mayor. Lately the great depression changed the city; the war, the returning G.I.s; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- should the city council be larger? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Should we reform ethics more, campaign reform, to enlarge the participation into city council. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Transportation system; </li></ul><ul><li>- initially it was developed by the private sector; street –cars, then the rail lines are extremely expensive, and the car was paramount. </li></ul><ul><li>Public transportation is a product of working class. Mayor Bradly reformed it. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- the train station helped move people around. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>HOUSING assistance to couples – GI. Bill: </li></ul><ul><li>The Inland Empire is fueling the dynamic of the city. Comparative absence of the middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>- it helps voting, if people have a home. </li></ul><ul><li>How the city finances itself: </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the players? How it evolved into a non-partisan city gvt.? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>F. WHAT THE CITY LOOKS LIKE.; (see maps in the book) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IT IS ONE SUPER CITY, biggest non-partisan city, surrounded by small and big cities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Colossal public work success; they dug a harbor, dams, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to neat together the coalitions to make things work. But fragmented political communities. (not linked by political parties). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- the water lines, sewer lines could be improved in L.A. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Equity, redistribution of resources are </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-It serves a large constituency. Developers control and management. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The Neighborhood Counsel SYSTEM (made up of 29 Commissioners) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NEGATIVES: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- does not feel the need of accountability (counsel districts permit that one can get a hearing at city Hall, to make things move, and move resources around) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For book, send e-mail: Info@lwvlosangeles.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WE ARE TIED TOGETHER UNDERNEATH IN L.A. makes it possible to serve a more diverse constituency. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mcmansionizing is negative; there is no parity btw. Developers and business communities contentios. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Look up mayor and City Council and Statistics (for Population) </li></ul><ul><li>There are 205 communities, that is 303 administrative units (cities and communities require/ are comprised of libraries, police and fire departments, hospitals and schools.) </li></ul><ul><li>Population (year 2000): 3,694,820, Estimate population in July 2004: 3,845,541 (+4.1% change) </li></ul><ul><li>
 Males: 1,841,805 (49.8%), Females: 1,853,015 (50.2%) </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation: 330 feet </li></ul><ul><li>County: Los Angeles </li></ul><ul><li>Land area: 469.1 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>MAP of Greater L.A. </li></ul><ul><li>The first inhabitants of this area were indigenous and Hispanic people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Los Pobladores were the founders of the city of Los Angeles. They arrived in the summer of 1781. </li></ul><ul><li>44 Pobladores were recorded from the official Spanish census and included the names, race, sex and age of all persons. Their ages ranged from one to 67, and were Mulattos (a racial mix of black and indigenous or white), Mestizo (mix of Indian and Spanish), Spanish, Indians and Blacks. These families included Camero, Lara, Mesa, Moreno, Navarro, Quintero, Rodriguez, Rosas, Vanegas and Vellavicencio. </li></ul><ul><li>Felipe de Neve was the first governor of California. </li></ul><ul><li>The cultural heritage and racial diversity of Los Angeles links its history from the past to the present. </li></ul><ul><li>The Community Papers: </li></ul><ul><li>Hand in the title of your paper and discuss title with Dr. Lazin. Peer editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Find a partner and decide which community you will research. </li></ul><ul><li>The paper must be 4-5 pages long, and each person must submit their own paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Your paper must discuss the social, political, and economic factors; discuss who the representatives are, as well as a discussion about why you chose this community. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything You've Always Wanted to Know About...L.A. City Government.
Everything about L.A. city government, from who fixes potholes to how to run for City Council, can be found in Raphe Sonenshein's new edition of Los Angeles: Structure of a City Government (The League of Women Voters). Larry talks with Cal State Fullerton Professor Sonenshein about his new and expanded version of the book, which was first published by the League of Women Voters in 1964. It includes sections on departments, commissions and agencies that didn't exist prior to the passage of the 2000 city charter. 

The book is available to the public at no charge; however, shipping and handling fees may apply. To request a copy, visit the website, or call (213)368-1616. Because demand is expected to exceed supply, requests will be reviewed and prioritized on a case-by-case basis, with preference given to city departments, neighborhood councils, commissions, libraries, schools, community groups whose work focuses on civic participation, and individuals with an interest in Los Angeles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>---------- </li></ul><ul><li>Special Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Look up the names of the two newest cities in the 2006 Thomas Guide. </li></ul><ul><li>South Pasadena was named California’s second Bone-Dry City </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetical Listing of Incorporated Areas in Los Angeles County </li></ul><ul><li>Find your city, click on the city to go to the city's home page or click on the district to go to your Supervisorial District's home page. Call the City Council members office. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Incorporated March 23, 1960 as City of Mirada Hills. Name changed to La Mirada on December 15, 1960 (approved by voters November 8, 1960, filed with Secretary of State on December 15, 1960). </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Incorporated September 11, 1906 as City of Lordsburg. Name changed to La Verne on August 24, 1917. </li></ul><ul><li>(c) First incorporated on February 10, 1888, disincorporated July 24, 1896. Second incorporation effective December 13, 1897 -Long Beach. </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Name changed from Dairy Valley to Cerritos, March 1, 1966. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated Cities Now Consolidated </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Incorporated as the City of Ocean Park on February 17, 1904. Name changed to Venice June 2, 1911. </li></ul><ul><li>Important update: </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.bankofamerica.com/privacy/Control.do?body=privacysecur_detect_fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring your credit card and account activity is the best way to help detect if you have been a victim of fraud. Here are some steps you can take: </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor your accounts regularly </li></ul><ul><li>We recommend frequently reviewing your account activity online to quickly detect fraud and identity theft. Learn more about monitoring your accounts through Online Banking with Bill Pay . </li></ul><ul><li>Among some of the benefits of frequent account monitoring online are: </li></ul><ul><li>. Over 50 percent of all identity fraud is first discovered by the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>. The sooner fraud is detected, the lower the financial impact. </li></ul><ul><li>. Customers who access their accounts online detect identity crime earlier than those who rely on mailed statements. </li></ul><ul><li>. Customers who set up email alerts receive timely notification about important activity in their accounts, which can help identify fraud quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>. Customers who choose to receive electronic statements instead of mailed statements reduce their risk of mail fraud. </li></ul><ul><li>Back to Top </li></ul><ul><li>Check your credit report annually </li></ul><ul><li>A recent amendment to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the nationwide consumer reporting companies to provide you with a free copy of your credit report, at your request, once every 12 months, from www.annualcreditreport.com . </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility for an annual free credit report is determined by your state of residence based on the rollout schedule set by federal law. Please visit www.annualcreditreport.com to see when a free credit report becomes available in your state. </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the nation's consumer protection agency, has prepared a brochure, Your Access to Free Credit Reports , explaining your rights and how to order a free annual credit report. </li></ul><ul><li>For more details from the FTC, go to http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/edcams/credit/ycr_free_reports.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Back to Top </li></ul><ul><li>Back to To </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your credit and identity </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor your credit every business day and help safeguard your identity with our suite of identity theft protection tools.

 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A. Society: Initially it was Conservative and reactionary, built up by individuals, mostly white Protestants. An business elite dominated city, conservative, antilabor big city “a white, big small town”, kept the left out. Dr. Heinz was a socialist. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post WWII becomes more working, middle-class, and more diversified (Blacks and Jews moving in from the East coast and South). - The rise of the Bradley Coalition, now Villareigosa’s LABOR Latino coalition. Now hugely democratic and minority participation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B. Now it is made up of people from well to do to poor mostly, less middle class. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Housing is a terrible issue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the working class becoming the middle class? How to create a middle class? (ownership of a house, so people have a stake.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lwvlosangeles.org </li></ul></ul></ul>[email_address] 88. Calabasas Charter Feb. 28, 1898 4 Whittier n/a 87. Malibu General Law Dec. 11, 1981 3 Westlake Village n/a 86. Diamond Bar General Law Nov. 29, 1984 3 West Hollywood [email_address] 85. Santa Clarita General Law Feb. 17, 1923 5 West Covina n/a 84. West Hollywood General Law Jan. 19, 1959 1 Walnut n/a 83. Agoura Hills General Law Sept. 22, 1905 1 Vernon [email_address] 82. Westlake Village Charter May 12, 1921 4 Torrance [email_address] 81. La Habra Heights Charter May 25, 1960 5 Temple City [email_address] 80. Lancaster General Law Feb. 29, 1888 5 South Pasadena [email_address] 79. La Canada-Flintridge General Law Jan. 15, 1923 1 South Gate [email_address] 78. Rancho Palos Verdes General Law July 30, 1958 1 South El Monte n/a 77. Carson General Law April 22, 1924 4 Signal Hill n/a 76. Lomita General Law Feb. 7, 1907 5 Sierra Madre n/a 75. Hawaiian Gardens Charter Dec. 9, 1886 3 Santa Monica n/a 74. Palmdale General Law May 15, 1957 1 Santa Fe Springs [email_address] 73. Hidden Hills General Law Dec. 15, 1987 5 Santa Clarita [email_address] 72. Bell Gardens General Law April 25, 1913 5 San Marino n/a 71. Cudahy General Law April 24, 1913 5 San Gabriel [email_address] 70. San Dimas General Law Aug. 31, 1911 3 San Fernando n/a 69. Temple City General Law Aug. 4, 1960 5 San Dimas n/a 68. La Mirada General Law Aug. 4, 1959 1 Rosemead [email_address] 67. Commerce General Law Sept. 18, 1957 4 Rolling Hills Estates [email_address] 66. Lawndale General Law Jan. 24, 1957 4 Rolling Hills n/a 65. Rosemead Charter April 29, 1892 4 Redondo Beach [email_address] 64. Artesia General Law Sept. 7, 1973 4 Rancho Palos Verdes n/a 63. Walnut Charter Jan. 6, 1888 1 Pomona n/a 62. South El Monte General Law Jan. 29, 1958 1 Pico Rivera n/a 61. Pico Rivera Charter June 19, 1886 5 Pasadena [email_address] 60. Rolling Hills Estates General Law Jan. 30, 1957 4 Paramount [email_address] 59. Bellflower General Law Dec. 20, 1939 4 Palos Verdes Estates [email_address] 58. Norwalk General Law Aug. 24, 1962 5 Palmdale [email_address] 57. Duarte General Law Aug. 26, 1957 4 Norwalk North Hollywood n/a 56. Irwindale General Law May 29, 1916 1 Monterey Park n/a 55. Bradbury General Law Oct. 15, 1920 1 Montebello [email_address] 54. Industry General Law Dec. 15, 1887 5 Monrovia [email_address] 53. Santa Fe Springs General Law Sept. 2, 1924 1 Maywood n/a 52. Paramount General Law Dec. 7, 1912 4 Manhattan Beach n/a 51. Rolling Hills General Law March 28, 1991 3 Malibu n/a 50. Downey General Law July 16, 1921 2 Lynwood n/a 49. La Puente Charter April 4, 1850 1-5 Los Angeles [email_address] 48. Cerritos Charter Dec. 13, 1897 4 Long Beach (c) n/a 47. Baldwin Park General Law June 30, 1964 4 Lomita [email_address] 46. Lakewood General Law Dec. 28, 1959 2 Lawndale [email_address] 45. Palos Verdes Estates General Law Sept. 11, 1906 5 La Verne (b) [email_address] 44. Gardena General Law Aug. 1, 1956 1 La Puente [email_address] 43. Bell General Law Nov. 22, 1977 5 Lancaster [email_address] 42. Maywood General Law Mar. 23, 1960 4 La Mirada (a) n/a 41. Signal Hill General Law April 16, 1954 4 Lakewood [email_address] 40. West Covina General Law Dec. 4, 1978 4 La Habra Heights [email_address] 39. South Gate General Law Dec. 8, 1976 5 La Canada-Flintridge [email_address] 38. Hawthorne Charter Aug. 6, 1957 1 Irwindale [email_address] 37. Lynwood Charter Feb. 14, 1908 2 Inglewood n/a 36. Torrance Charter June 18, 1957 1 Industry [email_address] 35. Montebello General Law Sept. 1, 1906 1 Huntington Park [email_address] 34. Culver City General Law Oct. 19, 1961 3 Hidden Hills [email_address] 33. El Segundo General Law Jan. 10, 1907 4 Hermosa Beach [email_address] 32. Monterey Park General Law July 12, 1922 2 Hawthorne [email_address] 31. Beverly Hills General Law April 14, 1964 4 Hawaiian Gardens [email_address] 30. Avalon General Law Nov. 13, 1911 5 Glendora n/a 29. San Marino Charter Feb. 15, 1906 5 Glendale n/a 28. San Gabriel General Law Sept. 11, 1930 2 Gardena n/a 27. Manhattan Beach General Law Jan. 18, 1917 4 El Segundo friendlyelmonte.org 26. El Monte General Law Nov. 18, 1912 1 El Monte [email_address] 25. Glendora General Law Aug. 22, 1957 5 Duarte [email_address] 24. San Fernando Charter Dec. 17, 1956 4 Downey [email_address] 23. Burbank General Law April 18, 1989 4 Diamond Bar [email_address] 22. Inglewood Charter Sept. 20, 1917 2 Culver City [email_address] 21. Claremont General Law Nov. 10, 1960 1 Cudahy [email_address] 20. Sierra Madre General Law Aug. 14, 1901 5 Covina n/a 19. Hermosa Beach Charter May 11, 1888 2 Compton [email_address] 18. La Verne General Law Jan. 28, 1960 1 Commerce n/a 17. Huntington Park General Law Oct. 3, 1907 5 Claremont [email_address] 16. Glendale Charter April 24, 1956 4 Cerritos (d) [email_address] 15. Vernon General Law Feb. 20, 1968 2 Carson [email_address] 14. Arcadia General Law April 5, 1991 3 Calabasas n/a 13. Alhambra Charter July 15, 1911 5 Burbank [email_address] 12. Covina General Law July 26, 1957 5 Bradbury [email_address] 11. Azusa General Law Jan. 28, 1914 3 Beverly Hills [email_address] 10. Whittier General Law Sept. 3, 1957 4 Bellflower n/a 9. Redondo Beach General Law Aug. 1, 1961 1 Bell Gardens n/a 8. Compton General Law Nov. 7, 1927 1 Bell n/a 7. South Pasadena General Law Jan. 25, 1956 1 Baldwin Park [email_address] 6. Long Beach General Law Dec. 29, 1898 1 Azusa n/a 5. Pomona General Law June 26, 1913 4 Avalon n/a 4. Monrovia General Law May 29, 1959 4 Artesia [email_address] 3. Santa Monica Charter Aug. 5, 1903 5 Arcadia [email_address] 2. Pasadena Charter July 11, 1903 5 Alhambra [email_address] 1. Los Angeles General Law Dec. 8, 1982 3 Agoura Hills E-MAIL ADDRESS Chronological
Order of
Incorporation Class Incorporation
Effective Super-visorial
District Name of City Aug. 28, 1909 Los Angeles Dec. 27, 1905 Wilmington May 29, 1926 Los Angeles May 23, 1907 Watts Nov. 25, 1925 Los Angeles Feb. 17, 1904 Venice (a) March 7, 1932 Los Angeles May 1, 1925 Tujunga Jan. 9, 1918 Glendale March 15, 1911 Tropico July 13, 1922 Los Angeles Nov. 26, 1906 Sawtelle Aug. 28, 1909 Los Angeles March 1, 1888 San Pedro May 17, 1923 Los Angeles May 12, 1921 Hyde Park Feb. 7, 1910 Los Angeles Nov. 9, 1903 Hollywood May 17, 1923 Los Angeles Mar. 1, 1911 Eagle Rock Nov. 24, 1909 Long Beach Oct. 9, 1908 Belmont Heights April 11, 1927 Los Angeles Feb. 13, 1926 Barnes City Date of
Consolidation Consolidated
With City Of Date of
Incorporation City   Back to Top
    3. 3. L.A. is made up of 88 cities <ul><li>There were 88 cities (small little, nimble cities) in Los Angeles registered (See handout Road Map for cab drivers) </li></ul><ul><li>. Two of these were added in the year 2004 (Put in google cities in LA). Link: http://lacounty.info/incorp.htm ; </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. http://www.ci.norwalk.ca.us/ </li></ul>

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