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1010 f11 8-24


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Some Elements of Music: Melody, Harmony, Rhythm, Genre

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1010 f11 8-24

  1. 1. Elements of MusicMelody, Harmony, Rhythm, Genre
  2. 2. What is Music?Organized Sound and Silence
  3. 3. Properties of Sound Amplitude DurationFrequency Timbre Sound
  4. 4. Frequency = PitchAmplitude = DynamicsDuration = RhythmTimbre = Tone Color
  5. 5. MelodyOrganized succession of pitches
  6. 6. Melodies have contourUp (by a lot or a little)Down (by a lot or a little)Stay the Same
  7. 7. “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”
  8. 8. “Somewhere Over the Rainbow”
  9. 9. Melodies are made of IntervalsInterval = distance between two pitchesHalf-step smallest unit in WCT
  10. 10. Half Steps & Whole Steps
  11. 11. “Major Scale”W-W-H-W-W-W-H
  12. 12. Melodic organizationBeginning , Middle, EndInternal resting points, “musical punctuation”Some portions repeated, some portions differentSmaller units beget larger units
  13. 13. HarmonyTwo or more pitches heard simultaneouslyCan feel at rest or unstable Tonic, or “Home Base”Musical Punctuation (Cadences)
  14. 14. RhythmRhythm, Meter, Beat
  15. 15. GenreA set of expectationsVery broad or very specific “classical” vs “popular” String quartet vs symphony Country vs hip-hop Progressive Rock vs Punk Rock
  16. 16. Next Time…Music and History