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Is music a language


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A presentation about the characteristics defining music as a language

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Is music a language

  1. 1. Is Music a Language?<br />Jenna DiFrancesco<br />Tasha Wells<br />
  2. 2. Music as a Universal Language<br />Music is available to people around the world<br />People, no matter what culture, can read the same piece of music <br />Influences from various cultures can be seen all around the world<br />We can see linguistic trends in both music that musicians read and people listen to everyday on the radio<br />
  3. 3. Beethoven's 5th Symphony <br />
  4. 4. 9 Characteristics of Language<br />Mode of Communication<br />Notes provide a way for different musicians to say various different messages <br />Notes range from C to C in different octaves<br />Can be held to different lengths <br />Can be changes to sharp and<br /> flat to change pitch and <br />meaning <br />
  5. 5. 9 Characteristics of Language<br />Semantic<br />Songs have a distinctive ability to reach a variety of people on many different levels<br />Pragmatic<br />Effective in both transmitting a meaningful message and sending and receiving a message<br />Interchangeability<br />Sends and receives a message to people by the words in the song and the emotions in the music<br />
  6. 6. 9 Characteristics of Language<br />Cultural Transmission<br />Each country has their own form of music from religious to pop<br />Also, countries borrow music from one another<br />
  7. 7. Top 5 Songs Around the World<br />Top40<br />
  8. 8. Music has 9 Characteristics to be a Language<br />Arbitrariness<br />The notes do not directly stand for the direct sound they make<br />Discreetness<br />Musical songs or phrases are built of notes<br />Displacement <br />Clearly affected by place in time and spaces between notes<br />Productivity <br />Has the ability to create infinite series of musical phrases in any type of combination <br />
  9. 9. The Overture to the Nutcracker Suite<br />
  10. 10. A Few Musical Terms<br />Tempo<br />How fast or slow the song goes<br />Key Signature<br />Changes whether a specific note is flat or sharp for the duration of the piece <br />Accidental<br />Changes the note to flat or sharp for that measure of music<br />Measure<br />One specific bar of music<br />Octave<br />A series of 8 notes that start and end with the same note all in ascending or descending order<br />Dynamics<br />How loud or soft to play a section of the piece <br />
  11. 11. LANGUAGE AND MUSIC<br />LANGUAGE-a system of signs,symbols,gestures,or rules in communicating ( <br />IS MUSIC A LANGUAGE?<br />Yes!<br />Especially when you think of it in its written form,without the addition of lyrics<br />SMN-Standard Musical Notation is comprised of staves,time signatures,key signatures,clefs,dynamics,and more....(<br />Its a way to share information that many people(musicians) across the world can understand<br />Not only does musical notation have the nine characteristics of communication, but it can also be classified into the categories of linguistic analysis( phonology, phonetic unit, phoneme)and has lexical categories<br />
  12. 12. Categories of Linguistic Analysis<br />Phonology-study of the sound system of language(music e.g. Notes/bars)<br />Phonetic Unit/Segment/Phone-actual musical notes produced by an instrument & perceived as a unique sound(symphonies)<br />Phoneme-perceieved sound that signals a difference in meaning when contrasted with another phoneme(cut,but) (d',d")<br />
  13. 13. Lexical Categories<br />Major categories into which words(not morphemes)can be divided<br />- noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, determiner<br />In musical notation...<br />A piece is composed of bars/measures.<br />Each measure has a certain amount of beats indicated at the beginning of the piece in fractional notation.<br />The notes can be classfied into three universal categories -flats,sharps,naturals<br />There are a host of other notations in a bar that indicates to the musician the way the music is to be played<br />
  14. 14. Exploring Further<br />Some argue that the sounds created by music are not a part of language & are purely artistic & abstract<br />Taking music in its entirety and not just notational form, also gives meaning to music being a language because it shows relationships among varying cultures and in society<br />Music can evoke feelings, emotions,& thoughts.<br />Although maybe not universal reactions; it does show that music communicates to all one way or another<br />"Do you know anyone who doesn't like music"?<br />It can form stronger relationships in the home(parent: child)<br />It sends messages around the world & we in turn respond by buying more to concerts, downloading songs,& connecting to more people<br />
  15. 15. Musical Clips<br />Mr. Holland’s Opus<br />Rodrigo y Gabriella concert<br />
  16. 16. Mr. Holland’s Opus<br />
  17. 17. Whorf's Research<br />Linguistic relativity-whether & to what extent structures of specific languages have an impact on the thought of those who speak them<br />Using music we can say...<br />Whether & to what extent music variations of a specific song have an impact on the thought of those who hear it<br />Vygotsky: Language socialization across culture (1986)<br /> <br />Socio-cultural information is conveyed in and along with language<br />Higher order functions develop out of social interaction(think ABC's song)<br />We must examine the external world in which the individual life has developed in through participation in activities that require cognitive & communicative functions(<br />
  18. 18. Finally Jakobson (1956)<br />Schematic of a Verbal Interaction<br />Addresser - emotional mental state of the speaker(musician/composer)<br />Addressee- cognitive (listener)<br />Context- referential, about the circumstances of the utterance (every song has a story)<br />Code- metalingual, speech (denotational code in music)<br />Message-poetic, the form of the message(sounds or lyrics)<br />Contact- phatic (if the focus is on the communication, the channels stay open)<br /> <br />SIGNIFICANCE<br />-this is a model of musical interaction<br />-context is important<br />-allows for multiple functions of an interaction<br />-functions are distinguishable <br />
  19. 19. The End!<br />Any Questions?<br />Thank you!<br />