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Delivering the SDGs: the role of UN, Word Bank & other agencies

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David Ward – TZF Senior Fellow
PACTS Members Meeting - 6 July 2017

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Delivering the SDGs: the role of UN, Word Bank & other agencies

  1. 1. International Road Safety Organizations Demystified Delivering the SDGs: the role of UN, Word Bank & other agencies David Ward – TZF Senior Fellow PACTS Members Meeting - 6 July 2017
  2. 2. UN Decade of Action for Road Safety The Decade was recommended by the first Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety held in Moscow in 2009 and mandated by the UN General Assembly in 2010. It was launched in 2011 with the aim to ‘stabilize and then reduce the level of road fatalities’. The Decade is supported by a Global Plan with five pillars of recommended actions for UN Member States: 1. Building Management Capacity 2. Encouraging Safer User Behaviour 3. Building Safer Vehicles 4. Building Safer Roads 5. Improving Post Crash Care Progress with the Decade was reviewed at the 2nd Global High Level Conference on Road Safety held in Brasilia in 2015, and through bi-annual UN General Assembly debates. The next is due in April 2018.
  3. 3. Road Safety & the Sustainable Development Goals In September 2015 a UN Summit adopted the Sustainable Development Goals to be implemented by 2030. In contrast to the previous Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015) road safety has been included in the Goals for Health and Cities. Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages 3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety... The SDGs and related targets are voluntary but universal and so are applicable to all UN Member States. They are the UN’s strongest ever road safety commitments.
  4. 4. SDG target requires 4X rate of improvement of UN Decade Goal
  5. 5. World Health Organisation Role in Global Road Safety The World Health Organization is the UN’s lead agency for road safety. See: http://www.who.int/roadsafety/en/ They chair the UN Road Safety Collaboration which co- ordinates actives of the UN Decade, developed the Global Plan, and brings together key road injury prevention stakeholders. The WHO publishes the bi-annual Global Status Report on Road Safety which provides country level data on road injury and tracks compliance with keypolicy and legislative performance indicators. This year they released the Save LIVES technical package which promotes 6 components and 22 evidence based measures to support the SDG road safety target 3.6. The WHO organises the bi-annual UN Global Road Safety Weeks held this year in May on the theme of speed management. The next will be held in 2019.
  6. 6. UNECE Role in Global Road Safety The UN Economic Commission for Europe is responsible for the UN’s road safety related legal instruments (see: http://www.unece.org/trans/welcome.html) such as the 1968 Conventions on Road Traffic & Road Signs & Signals, and the 1958 & 1998 Agreements on Vehicle Regulations. UN Member States that are Contracting Parties adopt and amend these legal instruments through a series of working parties. The most important are: The Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP1) which supervises the traffic conventions and promotes best practices through non-binding policy recommendations. The Global Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP29) which is responsible for international vehicle standards for crash worthiness and avoidance. The UNECE also hosts the UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, Jean Todt who is promoting wider use of the UN legal instruments and creation of a UN Road Safety Fund with an annual grant capacity of $770 million.
  7. 7. Multilateral Development Banks & Road Safety The 7 major Multilateral Development Banks* are major investors in road infrastructure in low & middle income countries and increasingly active in road safety. In 2006 the World Bank created a Global Road Safety Facility and jointly the MDBs issued Road Safety Guide Lines in 2014 to set a common framework for screening their road investments. The World Bank has also adopted a new safeguard policy. The 2016 Environmental & Social Framework includes road safety as a “core value of the institution” and aims to ensure that feasible safety measures will be incorporated into all the Bank’s road projects. *African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Development Bank of Latin America, European Bank for Reconstruction & Development, European Investment Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank and the World Bank.
  8. 8. OECD-International Transport Forum & Road Safety Policy The OECD-International Transport Forum (ITF) carries out research into best practices in road safety policy and is a leading proponent of the ‘safe systems approach’. This encourages a holistic strategy that promotes safe vehicles, roads, and road users in a system that recognises the probability of human error and vulnerability to injury. Two important examples are the 2008 ‘Towards Zero’ report which advocated setting ambitious casualty reduction targets and the ‘Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries’ report which calls for a paradigm shift in favour of a safe system. The OECD-ITF also hosts the International Road Traffic Accident Database which collects comparative data for 32 mainly high income countries and issues an annul Road Safety Report. The OECD-ITF hosts an annual Ministerial Summit in Leipzig, Germany which next year (23-25 May) will take Safety & Security as its major theme.
  9. 9. Commission for Global Road Safety 2006-2015 The Commission for Global Road Safety chaired by Lord Robertson played a key role in promoting international action to curb the rise in road traffic fatalities. In reports issued in 2006, 2009, 2011 and 2013 the Commission called for: • A $300 million Action Plan and for the MDBs to act together to improve the road safety impact of their road investments. • The first ever Ministerial Conference on global road safety. • A UN Decade of Action, a 50% casualty reduction target supported by a ‘five pillar’ plan based on the ‘safe systems’ approach. • The appointment of a UN Special Envoy for Road Safety. • The inclusion of road safety in the UN’s post-2015 SDGs. With these objectives secured the Commission was wound up during the 2015 2nd High Level Global Conference on Road Safety held in Brasilia.
  10. 10. Global Network for Road Safety Legislators The Global Network was launched in London last December to serve as a platform for Parliamentarians to exchange best practice in road safety policies and law making. It has a Leadership Council of MPs from Asia, Africa, Europe, Latin America and North America, which is chaired by Barry Sheerman MP. In May the Global Network launched its Manifesto #4roadsafety which proposes ten recommendations for parliamentarians worldwide in support of the Decade of Action and the SDG’s target to halve road deaths by 2020. The Manifesto endorses the WHO Save Lives package, the Safe Systems approach, and promotes occupational road safety, good governance in road injury prevention, funding for road safety, and further mainstreaming of road safety with sustainable transport and the best practices by the MDBs. Finally the manifesto proposes the adoption of a new post 2020 target to halve road deaths and serious injuries by 2030.
  11. 11. Global Road Safety Challenges Despite having the strongest ever UN mandate for road safety three major challenges need urgent action. 1) It is clear that the SDG target is unlikely to be achieved by 2020. Progress has at best flat lined. 2) Too few countries (particularly low and middle income) apply effective road safety policies and legislation for the main behavioural risk factors or apply minimum standards for vehicle and road construction. Best practice in road injury prevention still remains concentrated in high income countries. 3) Funding for global road safety initiatives remains wholly inadequate. With the notable exception of the Bloomberg Philanthropies, the FIA Foundation and some official bilateral donors (including the UK) resources at present are far below the estimated $770 million per year required to achieve the reductions in road fatalities and serious injuries envisaged by the SDGs.
  12. 12. The Towards Zero Foundation (TZF) is a UK registered charity working internationally to encourage a world free from road fatalities. The TZF serves as platform for global road safety co-operation and the application of the Safe System approach to road injury prevention. The Patron of the TZF is HRH Prince Michael of Kent. The TZF’s Trustees are Rohit Baluja, Iain Cameron. Kate McMahon, Max Mosley (Chairman) and Claes Tingvall. Thank You

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