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Key Issues to Address Road Safety


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By Stein Lundebye. Presented at Day One of Transforming Transportation 2010. Washington, D.C. January 14, 2010.

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Key Issues to Address Road Safety

  1. 2. KEY ISSUES TO ADDRESS ROAD SAFETY <ul><li>Presentation to WRI on January 14, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Stein Lundebye </li></ul><ul><li>Former Senior Transport Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Washington, DC, </li></ul><ul><li>U.S.A. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>1.2 million die a year </li></ul><ul><li>20-50 million more are injured or disabled </li></ul><ul><li>11th leading cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>account for 2.1% of all deaths globally </li></ul>Road traffic injuries are a huge public health and development problem
  3. 4. <ul><li>WHO Graph </li></ul>
  4. 5. WHO IS AT RISK IN ROAD ACCIDENTS ? <ul><li>40 – 50% of persons killed are pedestrians in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>20 – 40% of accidents involve public transport vehicles in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>40-50% of road deaths are cyclists & motorcyclists </li></ul><ul><li>in some Asian countries (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand) </li></ul><ul><li>About 20% of killed and injured persons are under 15 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly poor people are involved in road crashes </li></ul>
  5. 6. HOW TO IMPROVE ROAD SAFETY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES <ul><li>The following actions should be taken: </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a National Road Safety Authority with a Secretariat </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a Road Safety Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Develop and implement Road Safety Strategy and Action Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Provide resources to fund and sustain the actions shown in the RSAP </li></ul>
  6. 7. DEVELOPMENT OF A ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN <ul><ul><li>Road Safety should appear prominently in the Government’s transport policy and proper allocation of resources required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Road Safety Action Plan (RSAP) must be realistic, achievable and affordable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Action Plan should be reviewed annually and evaluated on a regular basis. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. CONTENT OF THE PLAN <ul><li>The road safety strategy and action plan should be covering the following key areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer Road Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer Roads and Roadsides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer Vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer Systems and Management, including legislation, enforcement, and emergency services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Description of roles and responsibly for each of the implementing agencies involved, and budget estimates for each agency should be included in the RS Action Plan </li></ul>
  8. 9. Road Safety Action Plan <ul><li>Recommendations for Effective Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Provide support to Government committees, agencies, or organisations responsible for road safety co-ordination and management </li></ul><ul><li>Provide funding for road safety activities, and research additional sources </li></ul><ul><li>Promote community and NGO involvement in road safety activities </li></ul><ul><li>The Traffic Police should enforce traffic laws more effectively </li></ul><ul><li>The traffic legislation should be reviewed and recommend improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and implement all-year-round program for publicity campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare and implement road safety education programs for children </li></ul><ul><li>Review vehicle testing system and recommend improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Review driver licensing system, driver training and testing procedures and implement improvements needed </li></ul><ul><li>Develop and finance programs for road safety research </li></ul><ul><li>Review present arrangements for emergency medical assistance to road accident victims and implement recommended improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage establishment of national road safety NGOs and provide support to these NGOs </li></ul>
  9. 10. WHO DOES WHAT <ul><ul><li>Commitment at the highest level of the Government essential for success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Success depends also on many key stakeholders working together (MOT, Roads Dept., Police, MOH, MOE, NGOs, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lead organization to be identified (The National Road Safety Authority ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Road Safety Councils (administrative and financial support will be required). Establish District Road Safety Committees to be very involved at local level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote partnerships with private sector and NGOs. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Objectives of Community Road Safety by NGOs <ul><li>Main objective reduction of road trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an informed community </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilizing local resources </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting effective road safety actions </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating road safety activities with other public health initiatives </li></ul>
  11. 12. BRAC Community Road Safety Program <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training: Trainer- 79, Field Staff- 2599 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RS NGO/CBO Network: 244 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road Safety Theatre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEC Material developed and used: Posters and Flipcharts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Education: NFPE - 1.1 m students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animation RS Cartoon : Lal-Holud-aar Shobuj </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers Training: Defensive Driving Workshops, Training of drivers for heavy commercial vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community Traffic Policing and Community Road Safety Education projects in partnership with TRL, UK </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Road Safety Public Awareness Campaigns (RSPACs) carried out for RHD, MOC </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. VALUE FOR MONEY <ul><li>Governments have a moral responsibility for the safety of citizens. Added advantage in investing in road safety: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investments in road safety provides Rate of Returns (ERR) that cannot be matched by any other investment within the transport sector </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many studies have shown that low cost engineering improvements of hazardous locations can give ERR of more than 100 -300% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. After Before Before and After Scenario NH 47 (Enchakal, Kerala State, India) Accident Site Improvement Program
  14. 15. Returns in Road Safety <ul><li>Average cost of a simple blackspot improvement = US$ 10 - 20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Internal Rate of Return (EIRR) of Accident Blackspots generally comes in the range of 100%-300% </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study- Enchakkal Roundabout </li></ul><ul><li>Capital Cost = US$ 20,000 ( Constructed in 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction accident by 60% ( In 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Accident Savings in first year about US $ 45,000 </li></ul><ul><li>First Year Rate of Return(FYRR) = 223% </li></ul><ul><li>Total economic loss due to road accidents in Kerala State for 2004 was </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 900 mill. , which is more or less same as the annual PWD budget. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Effective Road Safety Schemes (UK) <ul><li>Measure FYRR (%) </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of bends (signs & markings) 722 </li></ul><ul><li>Priority junctions 523 </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle schemes 444 </li></ul><ul><li>Signalized intersections 266 </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic calming 260 </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian facilities 246 </li></ul><ul><li>Areawide schemes 225 </li></ul><ul><li>Roundabouts 177 </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Seat-belts and child restraints </li></ul><ul><li>Helmets </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul>Solutions can be adapted in low- and middle-income countries
  17. 18. <ul><li>Identify a lead agency in government to guide the national road traffic safety effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the problem, policies and institutional settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a national road safety strategy and a plan of action. </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate financial and human resources to address the road safety problem. </li></ul>World Health Report Recommendations
  18. 19. <ul><li>5. Implement specific actions to prevent road traffic crashes, minimize injuries and their consequences and evaluate the impact of these actions. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Support the development of national capacity and international cooperation. </li></ul>Recommendations
  20. 21. Safe Systems Approach <ul><li>An essential tool for effective road accident prevention is the adoption of a safe systems approach to: </li></ul><ul><li>Identify road safety problems </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate road safety strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Set targets for injury reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor performance of various implemented road safety activities </li></ul>
  21. 22. CONCLUSIONS : PRIORITIES WITHIN INDIVIDUAL COUNTRIES <ul><li>One of the main problems is the lack of political willingness to carry out road safety. Funding for road safety measures is really not the problem but the priorities for safety actions are real problems for governments </li></ul><ul><li>Need to identify inadequacies in each sector of road safety </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of national seminars to raise awareness amongst political decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>Establish effective road accident database (e.g. MAAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish interim working group to co-ordinate road safety activities until formal NRSC can be set up </li></ul><ul><li>Development of key road safety professionals </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Development and implementation of country specific short-term Road Safety Action Plan (duration 2-3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Development and Implementation of long- term </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. 5 year) road safety program </li></ul><ul><li>Governments cannot - even if they do their best - manage the road safety challenge alone and therefore they need support by the society, including the NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs involvement can contribute to sustainability and effectiveness by introducing innovative approaches and promoting community participation in road safety </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><ul><li>Thank you for your attention </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Proposed Actions by Multi-lateral and Bi-lateral Lending Agencies