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ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY.pptx

ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY CAT

ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY.pptx

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Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology
(Pharmacy Institute) Greater Noida
ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL
PHARMACOLOGY
CAT
BY HARSH PRATAP SINGH
M. PHARM ( PHARMACOLOGY)
IN THE GUIDENCE OF DR.SAUMYA DAS
(ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR)
CONTENT
• INTRODUCTION
• CHARACTERISTICS
• ANATOMY OF MALE DOMESTIC CAT
• LIFESPAN
• EXPERIMENTAL USE
• DIET AND HEALTH
• HOUSING
• FACTS
CAT
• The scientific name Felis catus was
proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 that
belongs to the Felidae (feline) family.
• They are the smallest member of the
feline family.
• The behavioral psychologist Edward
Thorndike cat-based learning
expereiment in the late 1800s.
CHARACTERISTICS
• The domestic cat has a smaller skull and shorter bones.
• It about 46 cm (18 in) in head-to-body length and 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height, with
30 cm (12 in) long tails.
• Males are larger than females.
• Adult domestic cats weigh between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 11 lb).
• The cat has a highly developed nictitating membrane.
• In cats, morphine produces excitation of the CNS.
ANATOMY OF A MALE DOMESTIC CAT
LIFESPAN
• In the 1980s, its about seven years,
rising to 9.4 years in 1995 and then 15
years in 2021.
• Some cats have been reported as
surviving into their 30s, with the oldest
known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a
verified age of 38.
• The average birth weight of a domestic
cat is 3 ounces.

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ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY.pptx

  • 1. Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology (Pharmacy Institute) Greater Noida ANIMALS USED IN EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY CAT BY HARSH PRATAP SINGH M. PHARM ( PHARMACOLOGY) IN THE GUIDENCE OF DR.SAUMYA DAS (ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR)
  • 2. CONTENT • INTRODUCTION • CHARACTERISTICS • ANATOMY OF MALE DOMESTIC CAT • LIFESPAN • EXPERIMENTAL USE • DIET AND HEALTH • HOUSING • FACTS
  • 3. CAT • The scientific name Felis catus was proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 that belongs to the Felidae (feline) family. • They are the smallest member of the feline family. • The behavioral psychologist Edward Thorndike cat-based learning expereiment in the late 1800s.
  • 4. CHARACTERISTICS • The domestic cat has a smaller skull and shorter bones. • It about 46 cm (18 in) in head-to-body length and 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height, with 30 cm (12 in) long tails. • Males are larger than females. • Adult domestic cats weigh between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 11 lb). • The cat has a highly developed nictitating membrane. • In cats, morphine produces excitation of the CNS.
  • 5. ANATOMY OF A MALE DOMESTIC CAT
  • 6. LIFESPAN • In the 1980s, its about seven years, rising to 9.4 years in 1995 and then 15 years in 2021. • Some cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s, with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38. • The average birth weight of a domestic cat is 3 ounces.
  • 7. EXPERIMENTAL USE • The study of drugs affecting blood pressure. • Anesthetized and spinal preparations are used for the assay of catecholamines. • Contractions of the nictitating membrane are recorded for the investigation of ganglionic blocking action of the drugs. • Cats are excellent animal model for diseases such as leukemia, Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, infection, and immunodeficiency.
  • 8. DIET AND HEALTH • Cats are carnivores. • Mostly animal flesh is their diet, and they have a stomach capable of digesting raw meat. • Their is the occasional hunting activities of the cat to support their diet, is typically dependent on their human owners.
  • 9. HOUSING • Caging Design and Operating Procedures • Animal Care Staff Animal care staff working with cats and be willing to interact with them to assure socialization and tractability. • Feline Social Behavior As natural predators, cats possess keen senses and heightened fight-or-flight responses, making them particularly susceptible to environmental stress • Housing to Exclude Pathogens • Environmental Enrichment
  • 11. REFERENCES • Liguori GR, Jeronimus BF, Liguori TTDA, Moreira LFP, Harmsen MC. Ethical Issues in the Use of Animal Models for Tissue Engineering: Reflections on Legal Aspects, Moral Theory, Three Rs Strategies, and Harm- Benefit Analysis. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2017; 23(12):850-62. • Banerjee D, Tripathi M. Laws and regulations regarding animal experimentation in India. I pleaders. By Rachit Garg. 2020 September 12. • Hansen LA, Kosberg KA. Ethics, Efficacy, and Decision-making in Animal Research. InAnimal Experimentation: Working towards a Paradigm Change. Brill, 2019 Apr 17:275-88. • Bates AW. Vivisection, Virtue, and the Law in the Nineteenth Century. InAnti-Vivisection and the Profession of Medicine in Britain. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2017:13-41. • Singh VP, Pratap K, Sinha J, Desiraju K, Bahal D, Kukreti R. Critical evaluation of challenges and future use of animals in experimentation for biomedical research. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2016 Dec;29(4):551-61.