Transportation Hubs Project


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Urban Geo Project on Grand Central Terminal and Penn Station by Angelica Morales and Sylvia Martin

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Transportation Hubs Project

  1. 1. Grand Central Terminal & Pennsylvania Station Angelica Morales & Sylvia Martin
  2. 2. Life in the commute ofChristina Jorge
  3. 3. Grand Central Terminal Demographics750,000 people pass through Grand Central daily and over 1,000,000 people duringthe holidaysMetro-North passengers are 55% male and 45% female, the median age is 41. 93% ofGrand Central Terminal commuters are college graduates.Mean household income for Grand Central Terminal commuters is $95,800; 50% ofhousehold incomes are over $100,000, and 20% are over $200,000.The captive shopping population of more than 326,000 neighborhood office workersearn a combined $11.3 billion a year.An average 7,500 people an hour pass the corner of 42nd Street and VanderbiltAvenue, making it one of the busiest intersections in the city.21.6 million out-of-town tourists, with a mean income of $62,000, visit GrandCentral each year.Grand Central is served by Metro-North commuter trains, 31 commuter and 15 citybus routes, 7 subway lines, buses to and from the areas three airports, and twomillion taxis a year.Grand Central Terminal subway station is the busiest stop in the New York Citysubway system.
  4. 4. Penn Station
  5. 5. •GRAND CENTRAL Retail ShopsApple StoreThe Art of ShavingAvedaBanana RepublicCursiveDahliaForever SilverGeneral Nutrition CenterGrand Central OpticalInnaSenseJo MaloneKenneth ColeKidding Aroung ToysLaCrasia Gloves & CreativeL’OccitaneLittleMissMatchedM.A.C. CosmeticsNew York Transit MuseumOliver & Co.OriginsPapyrusPink SlipPosman BooksPylonesSwatchTia’s PLaceTOTOTumiVince Camuto
  6. 6. Retail ShopsPENN STATIONK-MartDuane ReadeHudson News (saw about 5 different spots throughout)PerfumaniaPenn BooksTiecoonElégance (clothing boutique)New York New York (souvenirs)GNCShoe RepairThe Petal Pusher - Fresh FlowersCarlton CardsKMart
  7. 7. Grand dining •Grand Central The Campbell Apartment Cipriani Dolci Michael Jordan’s Steak House Oyster Bar & Restaurant Cafe Spice Cafe Pepe Rosso Chirping Chicken Ciao Bella Gelateria Dishes Eata Pita Feng Shui Frankies Dogs on the Go Golden Krust Patties Hale and Hearty Soups Junior’s Restaurant Magnolia Bakery Manhattan Chili Co. Masato Mendy’s Kosher Paninoteca Italiana Shake Shack (coming soon) Thai Toon Tri Tip Grill Two Boots Pizza Zaro’s Bakery Zolaco’s Grand Central Market
  8. 8. Penn Dining •Penn Station Red Mango - Yogurt & Smoothies Chop N Tacos Zaros Bread Basket Dunkin Donuts Primo Capuccino Penn Sushi Delicatessen Chick Pea Auntie Annes Cinnabon Starbucks Coffee Planet Smoothie Subway European Cafe Jamba Juice Charleys Le Bon Cafe Au Bon Pan Hot & Crusty Central Market Tast D Lite Pizza Hut/Nathans/Taco Bell/Columbo Frozen Yogurt Fridays Carussos Pizza KFC Knot Just Pretzels McDonalds
  9. 9. ThemesSensation: the smell of different foods, seeing the food in displays or as it is purchased,hear people making their orders, taste food as you eat it, feel the food as you eat it: thegeneral experience of eating.Scale: there are sit down restaurants & fast food joints (one being larger than the other).Sit downs make you feel a part of the restaurant where fast food joints make you feel apart of the station.Technology: most menus can be viewed online as well as their letter grade and yelprating.Social Reproduction: most people use utensils at Grand versus Penn where there aremore finger food options. People wait in line to make their purchases. At Grand peopleusually take a seat to eat, whereas at Penn you see some people eating as they walk.Nature: pets here and there.Representation: “One entered the city like a God; one scuttles in now like a rat.” YaleArchitectural Historian Vincent Scully
  10. 10. Sources•• the-rails/• food-options-moes-southwest-grill-le-bon-cafe-rosas-pizza••
  11. 11. 1962 Pennsylvania Station Featuring an interview with an LIRR commuter2012
  12. 12. Penn Station Pennsylvania Station, aka Penn Station, is the transportation hub for three rail systems; Amtrak, NJ Transit and the Long Island Railroad. You can also access two different subway lines; IRT and IND found at opposite ends of Penn Station. Each station has its own look and feel which varies from the others. Amtrak runs along the Northeast Corridor from Washington to Boston, mirroring Interstate 95 How do you get to work in the morning? ‘’I take the LIRR and I take the Path train. “ How do you see traveling the LIRR? “It’s very convenient and fast, it’s more comfortable than the subway. “
  13. 13. Sensation The graceful Choreography of Penn Station, in particular the Long Island railroad was fascinating. During a 20 minute recorded observation, not one person collided with anyone. There were people with bags, people with children, people with bags and children, people sans bags, a guy bouncing a basketball and a guy with a tuba and all managed to avoid a collision. This was a true wonder given that many of them were either running to a train or being passed by someone running, one guy accomplished his running in a hop, jump, shift, jump again kind of way. What a sight to see! What senses get stimulated on your commute? “I would say my sense of hearing; somehow your ears become a little more acute to all the different noises going on, so what people are talking about, what they’re doing, you know, who’s on the phone, the conversations going on even though you’re not trying to listen to it, you kind of focus a lot on what people are doing. “ If there were a sudden change in the sound, would you be more alert? “Yes, you get used to the sound of the trains themselves and sometimes when something doesn’t sound the same; either the hum of the air conditioner or the sound of the wheels, or the little screeches and stuff like that, sometimes something doesn’t sound right because it’s louder or it’s an odd rhythm. You kind of notice and wonder ‘what’s wrong with this train?’”
  14. 14. Scale Scale in Penn Station can be looked at on several different levels; the size of the station (originally 8 acres) number of rails systems under one roof (3), number of tracks (21), number of people that come through the station daily (600,000), and even how much space someone takes on the train. How does it feel spatially? “Over the years, I’m finding the railroad to be a lot more crowded and therefore it’s lost a little bit of its coziness, almost what people used to think of as a little exclusivity, being on the railroad versus being on the train. Now it’s almost as crowded as the subway, sometimes you have to stand the whole way which is pretty annoying considering the price you pay.” Can you estimate how many people? “I don’t take the early early trains because they are more crowded, but I would say hundreds. Generally the train is full, you gotta make sure you put yourself in a spot where you’re gonna be near the door when it opens so you can get a seat.”
  15. 15. TechnologyThere are many self service kiosksall over Penn Station, this is a veryconvenient way to purchase yourticket without waiting on long lines. Free iPhone App called ‘ontime’ for the LIRRHow has your trip changed with Technologyadvancements?“It gives you more distractions, more things to do, itmakes the trip feel quicker, so if I can get on my iPad,let’s say, and I start reading the news , or I can readwork email, respond to emails, next thing you know I’mat Penn Station so the time goes by quicker.” There is even a company, Coo Coo, that you can text your to and from locations and you will receive a response with departure and arrival times.
  16. 16. Social Reproduction Clever passengers who supplement their sleep while they commute, are able to do so by exposing their ticket for the conductor and not be disturbed. This is usually socially reproduced by nearby passengers who, in order to avoid an unpleasant encounter with the sleeping passenger, begin to do the same, ah the bliss. How long have you been taking the LIRR? “It’s about 15 years, 15/16 years.” Have you seen any major changes in the way its structured? “Actually no, considering that the cost of the railroad has gotten higher just about every year, I don’t really see what I’m getting for the extra money.” Do you ever happen to go by the NJ Transit area, have you seen how that looks? “Actually no, I don’t really go by there. I don’t really venture that much.” Another social reproduction, as commuters focus on going from point A to point B, is forgetting to ‘stop and smell the roses’ or in the case of NJ Transit, take in the sun beams that bathe the beautiful mosaics at the 7th avenue and 31st Street exit.
  17. 17. NatureDo you encounter nature on your commute? “Yeah, actually, the station where I am has a lot of trees and a lot of stuff nearby there, you can see all the birdsand sometimes you’re standing at the station waiting and you’re kind of just…let’s call it, bird watching becauseyou’re kind of watching them picking up stuff to build nests, or flying back and forth chasing each other, the littlemating dances, and little rituals.”
  18. 18. Representation What do you think the proper etiquette should be on the train, what are your pet peeves? “People talking on the phone pretty loud, we don’t need to hear your personal conversations. Also, some people get on the train and feel they own the space and they’ll sit on one seat, put their bag on another and put their feet on a third. I guess they don’t want people next to them, they do it on purpose. If someone is standing, they may not ask to sit depending on their personality, other people just say excuse me.Sources station-the-continents-busiest-train-hub/ Interview with Addison Augustin of AXA Equitable