Free & Open Sources informationon the WebBySyed Habib Akhter JaffriSenior LibrarianPASTIC National CenterIslamabad
What is source?source1. The point or place from which something originates2. (Earth Sciences / Physical Geography)a. A...
Type of SourcesAs you conduct research, you will consult different sources ofinformation. A professor may request primary...
Secondary sourcesThey are accounts written after the fact withthe benefit of hindsight. They areinterpretations and evalu...
Tertiary sourcesTertiary sources consist of information which is adistillation and collection of primary andsecondary sou...
What is Open Information Sources ?Open information sources provide accessto knowledge without the need to pay forthe know...
Secondary sourcesBibliographies (also considered tertiary) PASTICCatalogues Union Catalogue of PASTIC ; OPAC of PAK Un...
Primary sourcesPeer-reviewed Journal articlesNISCAIR Research JournalsNew School Education N.YDirectory of Open Access ...
PatentsWorld Patent OfficesCanadian PatentsProceedings of conferences and symposiaLFG Online ProceedingsWebsitesList of Se...
Learned SocietiesFor MathKhan AcademyFor PhysicsAmerican Association of Physics Teachers
Some useful LinksOnline open Access BooksEncyclopedia.com Kitab-Ghar for Urdu Books Biology Corner Learners TVDepth-...
Thanks for yourpatience&Best wishes for thisSeminar
Open source on web
Open source on web
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Open source on web

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Open source on web

  1. 1. Free & Open Sources informationon the WebBySyed Habib Akhter JaffriSenior LibrarianPASTIC National CenterIslamabad
  2. 2. What is source?source1. The point or place from which something originates2. (Earth Sciences / Physical Geography)a. A spring that forms the starting point of a stream;headspringb. the area where the headwaters of a river rise the sourceof the Nile3. A person, group, etc., that creates, issues, or originatessomething the source of a complainta. Any person, book, organization, etc., from whichinformation, evidence, etc., is obtainedb. (as modifier) source material
  3. 3. Type of SourcesAs you conduct research, you will consult different sources ofinformation. A professor may request primary, secondary, ortertiary sources.Primary sourcesThe definition of a primary source may vary depending upon the discipline orcontext. Journal articles published in peer-reviewed publications; Letters; Newspaper articles written at the time; Original Documents; Patents; Photographs Proceedings of Meetings, conferences and symposia; Records of organizations, government agencies; Speeches; Survey Research (e.g., market surveys, public opinion polls); Video recordings (e.g. television programs).
  4. 4. Secondary sourcesThey are accounts written after the fact withthe benefit of hindsight. They areinterpretations and evaluations of primarysources Catalogues/ Bibliographies (also considered tertiary); Biographical works; Commentaries, criticisms; Dictionaries, Encyclopedias (also considered tertiary); Histories; Journal articles (depending on the disciple can be primary); Magazine and newspaper articles (this distinction varies bydiscipline); Monographs, other than fiction and autobiography; Textbooks (also considered tertiary); Web site (also considered primary).
  5. 5. Tertiary sourcesTertiary sources consist of information which is adistillation and collection of primary andsecondary sources. Almanacs; Bibliographies (also considered secondary); Chronologies; Dictionaries and Encyclopedias (also considered secondary); Directories; Fact books; Guidebooks; Indexes, abstracts, bibliographies used to locate primary andsecondary sources; Manuals; Textbooks (also be secondary).
  6. 6. What is Open Information Sources ?Open information sources provide accessto knowledge without the need to pay forthe knowledge itself, although there may bemarginal fees for access (membership intrade associations, attendance atconferences, subscriptions to journals).
  7. 7. Secondary sourcesBibliographies (also considered tertiary) PASTICCatalogues Union Catalogue of PASTIC ; OPAC of PAK Univ World CatDictionaries (also considered tertiary) List of Online DictionariesEncyclopedias Info please WikipediaAbstracting & indexing PASTIC
  8. 8. Primary sourcesPeer-reviewed Journal articlesNISCAIR Research JournalsNew School Education N.YDirectory of Open Access Journals (DNewspaper articlesNewspapers
  9. 9. PatentsWorld Patent OfficesCanadian PatentsProceedings of conferences and symposiaLFG Online ProceedingsWebsitesList of Search Engine
  10. 10. Learned SocietiesFor MathKhan AcademyFor PhysicsAmerican Association of Physics Teachers
  11. 11. Some useful LinksOnline open Access BooksEncyclopedia.com Kitab-Ghar for Urdu Books Biology Corner Learners TVDepth-first.comFree-ebookShaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University
  12. 12. Thanks for yourpatience&Best wishes for thisSeminar

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