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July 29-1030-Scot Hagerthey

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July 29-1030-Scot Hagerthey

  1. 1. 1 Office of Research and Development EPA Office of Research and Development FY2019-FY2022 Strategic Plan for Nutrients
  2. 2. 22 EPA Office of Research and Development Science to Support EPA’s Mission Program Offices (Air, Water, Waste, Chemicals) Office of Research and Development National Decisions Scientific Foundation Regional Offices Primary Interface with States Implementation EPA Mission Protect Human Health and the Environment • Policies • Regulation s • Congressional mandates
  3. 3. 33 Office of Research and Development Newport, OR Duluth, MN Ada, OK Gulf Breeze, FL Athens, GA Chapel Hill, NC Narragansett, RI Corvallis, OR Edison, NJ Cincinnati, OH Washington, DC RTP, NC MISSION Provide the science, technical support, technology, and tools to inform EPA’s mission to protect public health and the environment.
  4. 4. 44 Office of Research and Development National Research Programs Air & Energy Safe & Sustainable Water Resources Sustainable & Healthy Communities Chemical Safety for Sustainability Human Health Risk Assessment Homeland Security • Air Quality •Energy • Ecosystem services • Human health • Sustainable materials management • Water System Security • Resilience and Remediating Wide Areas • Risk assessments for specific chemicals • Risk assessment methods • Watersheds • Nutrients & HABS • Water Treatment & Infrastructure • Green chemistry • Computational toxicology • Nanotechnology
  5. 5. 5 SSWR’s commitment to robust research and scientific analyses will support innovative scientific and technological solutions that ensure adequate supplies of clean water to protect people’s health and livelihood, to protect and restore watersheds and aquatic ecosystems, and to strengthen the economy. SSWR Vision
  6. 6. Research Objectives 6
  7. 7. 77 Watersheds Nutrients and Harmful Algal Blooms Water Treatment and Infrastructure Safe Drinking Water ActClean Water Act 7 Overarching Research Topics
  8. 8. Human Health and Aquatic Life Criteria Improved Aquatic Resource Mapping 8 Assessment, Monitoring, and Management of Aquatic Resources Research Area 1 Nationally consistent and scientifically defensible assessments of U.S. waters to implement the National Aquatic Resource Surveys (NARS). Research Area 3 Science to support EPA's Office of Water (OW) to assist regions, states, and tribes with new or revised water quality criteria and their implementation, including support to protect human health and aquatic life from pollutants in surface water. 8 Water Research Topics (2019-2022) Watersheds Research Area 2 Methodologies, tools, and datasets for aquatic resource mapping of waters of the United States. 8
  9. 9. Nutrient Reduction Strategies and Assessment Research Area 6 Science to Support Nutrient-Related Water Quality Goals Research Area 5 Assessment and Management of HABs Research Area 4 9 Provide stakeholders and decision-makers at the national, regional, state, and local levels with scientific information and tools to more effectively assess and manage HABs and associated toxicity events. Advance the science to inform decisions related to nutrient and co-pollutant water quality goals of program offices, regions, states, and tribes. Support to plan, implement, and track the effectiveness of nutrient reduction strategies at multiple scales, including watersheds draining to receiving waters potentially affected by HABs or other nutrient-related water quality issues. 9 Water Research Topics (2019-2022) Nutrients and Harmful Algal Blooms 9
  10. 10. Technical Support Research Area 11 Integrated Stormwater Management Research Area 10 Wastewater/Water Reuse Research Area 9 Guidance on new and existing treatment technologies and analytical methods for emerging contaminants and contaminant risks. Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Research Area 8 Drinking Water/Distribution Systems Research Area 7 Provide essential results and tools to our customers for managing existing and future drinking water needs. Specifically, it focuses on areas of recent concern that require novel solutions. Robust analytical methods for analyzing PFAS in water, solids, and tissue samples, and a centralized website for treatment and pretreatment recommendations for wastewater and reuse. 10 Provide a means for rapid response to specific, unplanned program office, state, tribe, and community research needs concerning high-priority issues. Integrated aspects of green/gray infrastructure and stormwater flow control to help states, municipalities, and utilities reduce the number of combined sewer overflows. Water Research Topics (2019-2022) Water Treatment and Infrastructure 10
  11. 11. WATER RESEARCH www.epa.gov/water-research Some relevant nutrient specific resources 11 StreamCat & LakeCat Datasets- an extensive collection of landscape metrics for 2.6 million streams, 378 thousand lakes, and associated catchments within the conterminous U.S. East Fork Watershed Study- watershed-scale case study to assess the feasibility of water quality trading (WQT) to achieve water quality improvements. CyAN app- mobile application that is an easy-to-use and customizable app that provides access to algal bloom satellite data for the early detection of cyanobacteria blooms in freshwater systems. 11 ORD Available Resources & Tools Nutrients and Harmful Algal Blooms 11 Provides an overview of EPA ORD Water Related Research Activities: 1) Research Areas 2) Tools & Publications 3) Available & Awarded Funding 4) Outreach & Other Resources
  12. 12. 1212 a a a Impacts of Water Conservation on Water Quality in Premise Plumbing and Distribution Systems Two grants awarded (States: PA, IN, CO, MI, CA, LA) 2016 - 2019 2016 - 2019 Water Quality Benefits Six grants awarded (States: NC, IA, MA, MI, NH, NC, CT, MD, MN, TN, WI, VA) 2015 - 2020 Human and Ecological Health Impacts Associated with Water Reuse and Conservation Practices Five grants awarded (States: NV, CA, UT, IL, VA, NY, MD, D.C.) 2014 - 2017 National Centers for Innovation in Small Drinking Water Systems Two grants awarded (States: MA, CO, TX, FL, IL, NE, FL, AL, NH, TX) Systems-Based Strategies to Improve the Nation’s Ability to Plan & Respond to Water Scarcity & Drought Four grants awarded (States: SC, UT, CA, CO) 2014 - 2017 Centers for Water Research on National Priorities Related to Systems View of Nutrient Management Four grants awarded (States: NY, VA, CA, MI, WA, MD, FL, TX, CO) 2013 - 2018 EPA Research Funding Information: https://www.epa.gov/water-research and https://www.epa.gov/research-grants Research Funding Opportunities National Priorities and STAR Grants
  13. 13. 1313 Communication and Outreach  ORD-SSWR/OW/ASDWA Small Systems Annual Workshop  ORD-SSWR/OW Small Systems Monthly Webinar Series  SSWR Water Research Program Webinar Series  EPA Tools and Resources Webinar Series  Science Matters Biweekly Newsletter  Fact Sheets  Videos  Publications  Website Information on Water Research Webinars, Workshops, Training, Tools, & Publications https://www.epa.gov/water-research
  14. 14. 14 Office of Research and Development Suzanne van Drunick, National Program Director Joe Williams, Deputy National Program Director Michelle Latham, Technical Communications and Outreach FOR MORE INFORMATION ON EPA’s WATER RESEARCH www.epa.gov/water-research
  15. 15. 15 ?

Editor's Notes

  • ORD provides the scientific foundation for EPA to execute its mandate to protect human health and the environment.
    Research on Specific Environmental Challenges: Experts provide research support to EPA program and regional offices, as well as states, tribes, and communities, to help them respond to contemporary environmental challenges.
    Technical and Emergency Support: Because of our expertise, local, state, and national officials come to us for technical support to respond to environmental crises and needs, large and small.
    Conducts innovative and anticipatory research applied to a range of EPA program and regional needs to solve longer term environmental challenges and provide the basis of future environmental protection.
  • Six research programs and, currently, six labs and centers (reorganization of ORD to four centers effective Oct 2019).

    Operates in a balanced matrix to capitalize on existing capabilities and promote use of a transdisciplinary perspective.
  • The SSWR StRAP describes a four-year research plan to address the Agency’s goals and objectives identified in the FY 2018-22 EPA Strategic Plan and focuses on the highest priorities identified by SSWR’s partners and stakeholders. The SSWR research program’s activities will be guided by four overarching objectives:

    Research Objective 1: Improve Prediction and Early Accurate Detection of Contaminants — Continue advancements in environmental monitoring, modeling, methods, and other information that are needed to rapidly and reliably inform water quality decision-making at the national, state, tribal, and local levels.
    Research Objective 2: Assess Potential Impacts — Improve understanding of exposure pathways and effects of chemical and microbial contaminants on human health and aquatic ecosystems.
    Research Objective 3: Develop and Evaluate Approaches for Prevention and Mitigation — Expand solutions to prevent and mitigate water quality impairments using innovations in technology, market-based incentives, and other approaches.
    Research Objective 4: Translate and Communicate Research – Provide practical solutions to water resource challenges through application of SSWR data, tools, and models, and disseminate this information though outreach activities.
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  • The Watersheds Topic focuses on research to advance integrated water quality and watershed management tools to protect and restore water resources.

    Research on the assessment, monitoring, mapping and management of aquatic resources will provide nationally- and regionally-consistent tools to assess ecological status, set attainable goals, and monitor progress toward those goals.

    Research on the emerging issue of micro/nano plastics and fibers in water will provide innovative methods to identify and quantify micro/nanoplastics and their effects on human health and aquatic resources.
     
    Research will refine and/or develop models, methods, and approaches to improve water quality, watershed, and aquifer management for both regulatory and non-regulatory programs.
     
    Research on high-priority issues, such as microbial pathogens in recreational waters and chemical contaminants in surface and groundwater, will strengthen existing approaches that derive and implement ambient water quality management goals to protect human health and aquatic life. This research will integrate next-generation tools, such as “-omic” technologies and Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOPs), for screening mixtures of chemicals and evaluating antimicrobial resistance in surface waters.
     
    Research will refine and develop models, methods and approaches to support improved aquatic resource mapping for both regulatory and non-regulatory purposes.
  • The Nutrients and Harmful Algal Blooms research topic will comprehensively address nutrient issues and one of the primary impacts of excess nutrients in water bodies—HABs.

     HABs research focuses on detection, toxicity, and impacts to humans and biota (e.g., pets, livestock, crops, aquatic organisms), and developing tools to mitigate exposure via predictive modeling and treatment technologies.

     Nutrients research will address ways to determine nutrient-related impacts in watersheds and water bodies across multiple scales, to support water quality management goals (e.g., numeric nutrient criteria), quantify ecosystem response and recovery rates, and identify those watersheds and water bodies that are optimally suited for management interventions.

    Nutrient assessment and management approaches will be addressed by providing models and tools for the application of best practices for nutrient management, approaches to monitor the effectiveness of those management practices, and evaluating the efficacy of those actions. 
  • The Water Treatment and Infrastructure Topic focuses on applied and fundamental research to provide states and utilities with improved strategies and processes to manage contaminants in our water resources. Research efforts will also focus on providing EPA Program and Regional Offices with direct technical support to help achieve EPA’s goals for water resources.

    Drinking water treatment and distribution
    Improving/optimizing lead mitigation strategies such as corrosion control optimization
    Managing opportunistic pathogens and disinfection by-products in drinking water treatment systems

    Wastewater and Water Reuse   
    Provide updated and new Whole Effluent Toxicity test methods in collaboration with OW and the Regional Offices
    Explore new approaches, such as bioassays, for monitoring the safety of discharged wastewater and recycled water
    Work with industry to develop approaches for fit-for-purpose reuse of wastewater
    Establish quantitative microbial risk assessments for fit-for-purpose water

    Integrated stormwater management
    Site-based research to apply green and gray infrastructure approaches to effectively manage stormwater to prevent combined sewer overflows
    Explore the capture and reuse of stormwater at multiple scales (e.g. building rooftop capture to enhanced aquifer recharge)

    Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances
    Analytical method development
    Drinking water and wastewater treatment
    Fate and transport of PFAS in land-applied biosolids

    Technical support
    Provide specific technical support to states and communities for managing short-term problems
    Organize and conduct small systems focused workshops
    Maintain and provide technical support to EPA software users of the Stormwater Management Model and EPANET (distribution system model)
     
  • Multiple mechanisms to apply for research funding. National Priorities and STAR are two primary mechanism that SSWR uses to solicit RFAs to develop and support the science and tools needed to solve water resource problems.

    Science to Achieve Results (STAR)
    EPA’s STAR program funds research grants through a competitive selection process.
    STAR engages some of the nation’s best scientists and engineers in research that complements EPA’s own research.
    The map shows extramural research grants, centers, and Fellowships active in FY15.

    1. National Priorities: Impacts of Water Conservation on Water Quality in Premise Plumbing and Distribution Systems
    EPA awarded grants to two universities to research water quality issues related to low flow conditions of drinking water in premise plumbing systems. Premise plumbing is the portion of the drinking water distribution system located within a building, including pipes, valves and faucets that carries water from its entry into a building all the way to the consumer’s tap.

    2. Water Quality Benefits
    EPA awarded funding to six universities to work with local communities to better understand the economic value of water quality. This research will help communities and environmental experts make more informed choices about the costs and benefits of actions that protect and improve the quality of their waterways.

    3. Human and Ecological Health Impacts Associated with Water Reuse and Conservation Practices
    EPA awarded grants to five institutions for research in human and ecological health impacts associated with water reuse and conservation practices. These research grants measure the health and ecological impacts of water conservation practices such as potable reuse and agricultural water reuse.

    4. National Centers for Innovation in Small Drinking Water Systems
    EPA awarded two national centers to perform innovative research in small to medium sized drinking water systems. These drinking water systems face many obstacles including limited resources, aging infrastructure and complying with a variety of regulations. These centers will help strengthen the technical, managerial and financial capacities of drinking water providers throughout the country.

    5. National Priorities: Systems-Based Strategies to Improve the Nation’s Ability to Plan & Respond to Water Scarcity & Drought
    EPA awarded grants to four institutions for research in system-based strategies to improve water scarcity and drought. These research grants investigate how drought may impact surface water and groundwater quality and availability.

    6. Centers for Water Research on National Priorities Related to Systems View of Nutrient Management
    EPA awarded four grants to research sources of water nutrients and tools to control them. Projects are based on a systems view of nutrient management. This type of view ties in behavior, technology and economics. Using a wide view of nutrient management, this research will consider methods of controlling the flow of nutrients to protect our water resources.
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