Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ikimokyklinis ugdymas Rusijoje


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ikimokyklinis ugdymas Rusijoje

  1. 1. Preschool education in Russia:EssenceProblems Practice Natalia Ryzhova, PhD. in Pedagogy, Doctor of Biology, Moscow Pedagogical University, Professor
  2. 2. Preschool Education in Russia The majority of kindergartens are state- owned, but there are private kindergartens too. Other preschool institutions: groups in schools, centers in kindergartens, family kindergartens etc. There are several basic and extra education programs. As a rule each kindergarten chooses a basic program and one or several extra programs and adapts them to local conditions In Russia the majority of children from 2 to 7 years attend early child care institutions from 8 am to 7 pm
  3. 3. ProgramsBasic Programs
  4. 4. Extra-programs Program “Nature is Our Home”by Natalia Ryzhova
  5. 5. How can we implement ESDideas in ECEC practice ?We implement ESD ideas and approachesin the author’s program ‘Nature Is OurHome’, which is spread in all regionsof Russia. The program and some of theprojects are also known in other countriesThe main purpose of the programis to develop child’s personality,to make him creative, sociallyactive, humane, capable of deepunderstanding and caring fornature and for all the world around himAge: from 2 to 10Over 40 textbooks, 16 DVD-movies,games published for the program
  6. 6. Teacher TrainingWorkshopsCompetitionsEducational symposiaAdvanced training courses
  7. 7. Training for teachers & students We conduct workshops indoors and outdoors, lectures, seminars, excursions, educational video-courses, interactive games, distant education, conferences, round tables, discussions, exhibitions Invisible threads of natureAdvertisementof an ecosystemMaking a model Child and adult:of mountains dialog form of communication Program involves thematic blocks that can be applied in different regions and natural zones
  8. 8. Web-sitesVideo, DVDWeb-librariesDistant educationWeb - conferences TeacherNetwork communication Training
  9. 9. International Projects UNESCO Project Moscow Education: from Infancy to SchoolOMEP ESD Comenius Project Project“We, You, Me” Project (Poland, Ukraine, Russia)
  10. 10. Resource centers: tasks & responsibility To associate kindergartens To develop new To organize methods & workshops & programs conferences To analyze and generalize the experience To publish papers
  11. 11. Project ‘Nature and Us’ The project is implemented as a part of pilot project in the field of ECEC ‘Moscow education: from infancy to school’ implemented in cooperation with UNESCO and dedicated to the DESDThis project implements complex Kindergarten No 2337approach (education of children, is the Resource Centerparents, teachers, collaboration of in a network of about 60kindergarten with other institutions). Moscow kindergartens.The project is based on integrative The project researchapproach and includes every type of supervisor ischildrens activity in the process of ESD Natalia Ryzhova
  12. 12. Project ‘Fairy tales for ESD’Directions: Karlsons ‘help’ children to research the air Analyzing fairy talesfrom the point of ESD Results:How to compose fairytales with children Author’s fairy tales Funny animal’s talesHow to use famous Children’s performancesfairy tales and its Children’s and parent’scharacters for books and illustrationseducation Workshops for teachers and students
  13. 13. Learning in the immediate surrounding Who lives under the tree bark? How does timber fungus destruct the log? Why there always appear a puddle in this place? How does the plant win over the stone? Children learn nature laws on kindergarten ground and in the park
  14. 14. ESD: ProblemsWhat problems do we have to solve? • Change paradigm from anthropocentric to ecocentric in methods and content • Change mentality of teachers and parents • Develop new social functions of kindergarten (museums, public libraries, NGO etc.)• Implement interactive learning• Organize communication on equal terms• Teach a child how to learn• Overcome estrangement from nature• Create conditions for interaction with nature• Educate for the future• Provide child’s right to live in a healthy environment and be adequatelyeducated
  15. 15. Surrounding for child’s development Children become young scientistsPlants & animals Children Lab in the group Winter gardens
  16. 16. Surrounding for child’s development types of Eco-trails in kindergartens At the kindergarten territory Indoors In wild nature
  17. 17. Surrounding for child’s development Models Models Climate change model of volcanos Model of the kindergartenchildren’s vision of an ideal playground
  18. 18. Nature and culturaldiversity in folklore, Cultural Diversitydance, celebrations,drawing etc. How does nature diversity influence cultural diversity? Attitude to nature in different cultures
  19. 19. Kindergarten and the CommunityUniversities National parks Scientific Inst. Museums Schools Family Kindergarten Libraries NGOs Public authorities Mass media
  20. 20. To use resources sparinglyToys & gifts Things for playing Massage mat Musical instruments Labs equipment Fancy dress
  21. 21. E-mail: Program “Nature is Our Home” Books & DVD for teachers, parents, children